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Nashville, Tenn.: 

Publishing House of the m. e. Church, South. 

Barbee & Smith, Agents. 


Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by 

A. H. REDFOKD, Agent, 
in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 

7 pgj . 






Dear Sir: — Indulge me in the pleasure of dedi- 
cating this humble volume to one whom I highly 
regard personally, whom I esteem as a minister of 
the gospel, and honor as a General Superintendent 
in the Church of my choice. You remain the only 
preacher who was a member of the Tennessee Con- 
ference in full connection at the time I was admitted, 
and who has never broken a link in his itinerant 
life. I have ever respected you as my senior, and 
my admiration increases as our years accumulate. 
I was your colleague for many years in the Annual 
Conference; I have served with you in several Gen- 
eral Conferences; I witnessed your election and 
ordination to the office of Bishop, and was present 
when you presided in your first Conference after 
you were inducted into office. Your long and faith- 
ful services in the Church entitle you to the esteem 



of your brethren, and it is gratifying to know 
that everywhere you are loved and honored as the 
Senior Bishop in our Connection. 

May the evening of your eventful life be bright 
and full of joy; and may the Chief Shepherd and 
Bishop of souls guide you; may his rod and staff 
comfort you; may you lie down in green pastures; 
and when you walk through the valley of the 
shadow of death, may you fear no evil! 
I am your brother in Christ, 

J. B. MoFerrin, 

Nashville, Jan. 20, 1873. 


After delays, growing mainly out of the calamity 
which befel the Southern Methodist Publishing House 
in February, 1872, the third volume of the History 
of Methodism in Tennessee has been completed. 

The work has been performed amidst other press- 
ing duties, and yet, in all the particulars, it is 
believed that facts and dates are accurately stated. 
It was expected that this volume would come down 
to 1844, but so full of interest was the subject that, 
after every effort to condense, the author was com- 
pelled to close with the year 1840. And here he 
proposes to rest for a season. What may follow 
hereafter is not promised or predicted with cer- 
tainty. The object had in view in writing the 
volumes now given to the Christian public was not 
gain. The copyright has been transferred to the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, without fee or 
reward. It is a free gift to the Church which has 
accomplished so much for the people of America, 
and especially in the South and South west. If 
God is honored and good accomplished, the com- 



pensntion will be ample. To embody the facts 
of history in the progress of Methodism, is essential 
to the future historian of the whole Church. This 
has been done without prejudice or partiality. By 
reference to "Vol. I., and a comparison with the close 
of Yol. III., the reader will see how the Methodist 
Church has progressed in Tennessee. In the num- 
ber of members, the number of preachers, houses 
of worship, Sunday schools, and scholars, it is far 
in advance of any other branch of the Christian 
Church. In schools and colleges much has been 
done; but it must be conceded that in institutions 
of learning — of high grade* for boys — the Church 
has not kept pace with its other movements. In 
providing for the education of girls, it has done 
nobly. Considering the number of Methodists in 
Tennessee, and their social position, it may be well 
said, Great is their responsibility. If they prove 
unfaithful, their crown will be given to another. 
God forbid that they should be wanting in any good 
work! J. B. McFerrin. 

Nashville, Jan. 20, 1873. 



Reference to 1818 — The statistics, progress, opposition, and 
various obstructions — Presbyterians, Baptists, "Reform- 
ers" — Conference met Oct. 1, 1818, at Nashville — Bishops 
McKendree and George present — The slave rule — Instruc- 
tion of children — Preachers admitted on trial — Sketches of 
preachers — Harwell, Brooks, the Browns, Bishop Paine, 
Thomas Maddin, Marshall, John Johnson 13 


Nashville — Early times — John Johnson — The Hoopers — 
Deeds to Church-property — Origin of Methodism in Nash- 
ville — Prominent laymen — Devoted women — Progress of 
the work — H. H. Brown, R. Paine, J. W. Allen, J. Rowe, 
J. M. Holland, L. D. Overall, P. B. Robinson 64 


Methodism in Nashville (continued) — McKendree Church 
erected — Bishop McKendree's last sermon delivered from 
its pulpit — John N. Maffitt — Western Methodist — Christian 
Advocate, Thos. Stringfield, editor — Messrs. Pitts, Alexan- 
der, and Moody — F. G. Perguson, McPerrin, and Jones — 
Robert L. Andrews — College Hill Church — Andrew, Mul- 
berry, and Elm Street — Simpson Shepherd — Green and 
Winbourn, Green and Sawrie, McFerrin and Yarbrough, 
Hanner, Sherrill, Wilkes, Thos. W. Randle, J. B. Walker, 
Neely, Riggs, M. Clark — 1844 to 1854 — Publishing House 
— Progress till 1860— Bishop Soule — War disasters — Prog- 
ress since the war — Origin of Sunday-schools — S. Anient, 
T. Maddin — Present condition 107 




Conference of 1820 at Nashville — Bishops Mi.Kendree and 
G eor g e — Members present — Strong men — The slave rule in. 
f orce — Drs. Taylor and Hargrove rejected — Protest of the 
minority — Local deacons and elders elected — Statistics — 
General Conference of 1820 — Annual Conference divided — 
The boundaries — "W. Peter, J. Bradfield, R. W. Morris, 
Ellison Taylor, Moses Smith, Flint, Gunn, Cole Browder, 
Samuel Patton — Hopkinsville Conference — Marcus Lindsey, 
President — Committee on Missions — Two sets of appoint- 
ments: one for Tennessee, the other for Kentucky — Mission- 
ary Society regularly organized — First missionary contribu- 
tion — Two missionaries west of the Tennessee River — 
Seminaries of learning considered — Reports of committees 
thereon — The beginning of educational institutions in Ten- 
nessee Conference — Preachers admitted on trial — Local 
preachers elected to orders — Statistics — Stations of the preach- 
ers — The future prospects of the Conference — E. Stevenson, 
L. C. Allen, B. M. Drake, J. B. Wynne, J.Williams, W P. 
Kendrick, E. Tidwell, I. dimming, Thomas Payne, W B. 
Peck, A. J. Crawford— B. P. Seweil— W- B. Carpenter 158 


Conference at Salem — Bishops McKendree and Roberts pres- 
ent — Philip Bruce present — Censures for offenses — Preach- 
ers admitted — Rufus Ledbetter, J. Belote, John Seay, T. A. 
Young, J. Hearn, F. P. Scruggs, A. Overall, N. R. Jarrett, 
John Rains, John Kelley, Robert Boyd, R. Neeley Mis- 
sionary work among the Cherokees — N. L. Norvell, George 
Home, D. dimming, Coleman Harwell, John Smith, O. 
Freeman, J. Cecil, Z. Munsey — Local preachers elected to 

orders — John Haynie — Missionary Society — Seminary 

Progress of the Church — Conference at Ebenezer — Bishop 
George — Thirty-eight admitted on trial — Hammett and 
others transferred to Virginia — Hammett, J. Carle, John 
Kerr, W Ledbetter, W. Conn — The bounds of the Confer- 
ence — I. W. Sullivan, A. B. Rozell, R. F. Jarrett, B. Brown, 
and others — John White, A. W McClure, and others — 
William Mulling, F. A.Owen, J. Y. Crawford— Resolutions 


of instruction — Local preachers elected to orders — Locations 
— Increase of members — Conference met at Huntsville in 
1823 — Prominent Methodists in Alabama — Camp-grounds, 
etc. — Bascom's preaching — Bishops McKendree and George 
at the Conference — Minutes lost — Preachers admitted — 
James McFerrin, T. A. Strain, I. Easterley, E. F. Sevier, 
Creed Pulton, J. "W. Kilpatrick — Numbers 197 


Conference met at Columbia, 1824 — Bishops McKendree and 
Soule present — Bishop Soule's heroism — Preachers admitted 
on trial — A. L. P. Green, Dr. Harris, T. P. Davidson, M. 
Berry, W. V Douglass, J. Somers, T. M. King, T. J. Brown, 
H. McPhail — Locations — T. J. Neely — Local preachers 
elected to orders — Missionary work — The slavery question 
again — Numbers in Society — Stations of the preachers — 
Division of the Conference — Holston Conference met at 
Knoxville — Bishop Boberts — Stations of the preachers — 
Number of members — Difficulties in the way — Delegates to 
the General Conference of 1824 — John Tevis — Tennessee 
Conference at Shelby ville, November, 1825 — Bishops Roberts 
and Soule present — G. Baker, Secretary — Protracted session 
— Complaints of maladministration — The Reformers — Im- 
pressions made on the mind of the author — Distinguished 
ministers — Preachers admitted on trial — G. T. Henderson, 
H. B. North, G. Garrett, S. Gilliland, J. Renshaw, D. C. 
McLeod, W L. McAlister, John New, W- P. Nichols, J. 
Tarrant — Local preachers elected — Holston Conference — 
"W- T. Senter, D. Flemming, Godson McDaniel, and others — 
Jonesboro — Preachers admitted on trial — Thomas K. Catlett, 
Hugh Johnson, J. McDaniel, IT. Keener, and others — Num- 
bers in Society 263 


Fifteenth session of the Tennessee Conference, 1826 — Bishops 
Roberts and Soule present — Course of Study — Education — 
Biblical schools — Christian Advocate — Sale of books — Sup- 
port of the ministry — Ordination of local preachers — Hols- 
ton Conference, 1826, at Abingdon, Virginia — Distinguished 
citizens — Preachers admitted on trial — Tennessee Confer- 



ence at Tuscumbia, Albania, 1827 — Early Methodists in 
Courtland and Russell's Valleys — Prosperous year — Ordin- 
ations — Bishop Soule — Peter Akers — Preachers admitted on 
trial — Green Kogers, Turtle Fields, and others — Local 
preachers elected — Educational movement — Missionary So- 
ciety and work — The election of delegates — Change of 
boundaries — A. Sale — Holston Conference at Knoxville, 
1827 — Preachers admitted on trial 313 


Conference at Murfreesboro, 1828 — Bishop Soule present — 
T. L. Douglass, Secretary — Door-keeper — Closed doors — 
Methodism in Murfreesboro — Preachers admitted on trial — 
Brief sketches — Elders elected — Local preachers elected to 
office — Missionary work considered — Preachers stationed 
among the Cherokees — Lagrange College projected — The 
year prosperous — Numbers in Society — Fifth session of the 
Holston Conference at Jonesboro — Numbers in Society — 
Preachers admitted on trial — Seventeenth session of the 
Tennessee Conference at Huntsville, Alabama — Bishop 
Roberts — Indians present — Lagrange College established — 
Robert Paine, his co-laborers and successors — Preachers 
admitted on trial — Brief notices — Tennessee preachers trans- 
ferred to the West and South — Missionary work — Holston 
Conference — Sixth session at Abingdon — Bishop Soule pres- 
ent — E. F. Sevier, Secretary — Preachers admitted — Brief 
sketches — D. R. McAnally — Rufus M. Stevens — Preachers 
admitted into full connection — Sad to see so many preachers 
locate — Increase of members — Eighteenth session of the 
Tennessee Conference held at Franklin, Tennessee — No 
Bishop present — L. Garrett, President — Preachers admitted 
on trial — Asbury Davidson and others — Resolutions of non- 
interference with politics — Article 6th, restrictive rules — 
Lagrange College — Numbers — Increase 340 


Twentieth session of the Tennessee Conference at Paris — 


connection— -Local preachers elected to orders — Locations — 
Delegates to the General Conference — Lagrange College — 
Missionary to the slaves — "Uncle Pompey " — Sunday- 
schools — Small increase of members — Holston Conference, 
eighth session — Bishop Hedding — Athens — Church-prop- 
erty — Not much progress — Preachers admitted on trial — 
Into full connection — Education — Tennessee Conference, 
twenty-first session — Bishop Andrew — Preachers admitted 
— Wesley Smith's letter — Holston, ninth session — Evansham 
— Bishop Emory — Preachers admitted — Property — Scarcity 
of preachers 376 


Twenty-second session of the Tennessee Conference — Bishop 
McKendree present — Giles county — Methodism — Bethel, 
and four other churches — W K. Brown — Preachers sent out 
from Bethel — Prospect camp-ground — Pulaski — T. Martin 
and others — The Conference session — Bishop McKendree's 
plan for raising money for the needy — Literature of the 
Church — Book-depository — Weekly papers — Western Meth- 
odist — Editors and their successors — Publishing House — 
Kesolutions concerning dress and drinking spirituous liquors 
— Lagrange College — Eemale schools — Preachers admitted 
on trial — Transfers — Increase in numbers — The tenth ses- 
sion of the Holston Conference — Preachers admitted — G. 
Atkin and W. Patton 409 


Twenty-third session of the Tennessee Conference — Bishops 
McKendree and Andrew present — Address by Bishop Mc- 
Kendree — Lebanon — Early Methodists — G. P. McWhirter 
— The cause of temperance — Preachers admitted on trial 
— Local preachers ordained — Literary movements — Funeral 
of L. D. Overall — Members in Societv — Cherokee Mission 
— John P. Boot — Votes of thanks — Mission to South 
America — Eleventh session of the Holston Conference — 
Minutes lost — Five Districts — Decrease in the numbers — 
Twenty-fourth session of the Tennessee Conference, held 
at Florence, Alabama — Florence — Wesleyan University — 
North Alabama Conference — Interesting session — Journal 


lost — Preachers admitted on trial — Prosperous year — Elec- 
tion of delegates to the General Conference — Twelfth ses- 
sion of the Holston Conference — Preachers admitted on trial 
— Delegates to the General Conference 431 


Twenty-fifth session of the Tennessee Conference — Bishop 
Morris, his son — Preachers admitted on trial — Contribution 
by H. R. W Hill — A singular trial — Decrease in the mem- 
bership — Transfers — Holston Conference, the thirteenth 
session — Preachers admitted on trial -—Presiding Elders' 
Districts — Twenty-sixth session of the Tennessee Confer- 
ence — Bishop Andrew — Somerville — Early citizens of West 
Tennessee — The fourteenth session of the Holston Confer- 
ence — Preachers received on trial — Emory and Henry Col- 
lege — J. M. Crismond — Twenty-seventh session of the 
Tennessee Conference — Huntsville — E. E. Pitts, President 
— Preachers admitted — Missionaries sent to Texas — Eowler, 
Strickland, Williams, Hord — Increase in the number of 
members — The Districts — 121 traveling preachers — The 
Bransford family — Fifteenth session of the Holston Confer- 
ence — Preachers admitted on trial — Numbers — Districts — 
Transfers 455 


Twenty-eighth session of the Tennessee Conference — The 
Centenary of Methodism — Preachers' Aid Society — Support 
of the preachers by extra funds — Education — Episcopal 
decision — The inauguration of Gov. Polk — Prayer by Bishop 

Andrew — Delegates elected to the General Conference 

Preachers admitted on trial — Col. Wilkes — The sixteenth 
session of the Holston Conference, T. K. Catlett presiding, 

D. R. McAnally, Secretary — Preachers admitted on trial 

Memphis Conference set off — The boundaries of the Tennes- 
see, Holston, and Memphis Conferences — The city of Mem- 
phis — Letter from G. W D. Harris — Statistics — Appendix.. 492 





Reference to 1818 — The statistics, progress, opposition, and 
various obstructions — Presbyterians, Baptists, "Reform- 
ers "t— Conference met Oct. 1, 1818, at Nashville— Bishops 
McKendree and George present — The Slave rule — In- 
struction of children — Preachers admitted on trial — 
Sketches of preachers — -Harwell, Brooks, the Browns, 
Bishop Paine, Thomas Maddin, Marshall, John Johnson. 

The reader was left jit the beginning of the year 
1818. So far ms the statistics can be correctly 
collected, there were at that time in the Tennessee 
Conference four Presiding Elders' Districts — name- 
ly, Salt River, Nashville, Cumberland, find Hol- 
ston; fifty traveling preachers, and 18,049 white 
members, and 1,352 colored. Without pretend- 
ing to Great accuracy in drawing the lines between 
the States of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolimi, 
vol. m. ,T ) 

14 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and Kentucky, each of which had territory in the 
Conference at that time, the author thinks it safe 
in saying that there were 10,500 white members, 
900 colored members, and thirty traveling preach- 
ers at the period here specified. The Church, up 
to this time, had passed through various phases. 
Prosperity had crowned the labors of the faithful 
ministers who occupied the field, and reverses had 
also been experienced. Great revivals had re- 
freshed the Church, and thousands had been con- 
verted; the earth had been shaken, and multitudes 
had been alarmed, and, under fear, had been 
prompted to seek refuge in the mercy of God. 
Christians of different names had harmonized in 
the work of the Lord, and had as one man labored 
in the cause of Christ. On the other hand, there 
had been, during this period, fearful wars with 
the hostile Indians and with Great Britain; great 
pecuniary distress in the land; a vast emigration 
to the new countries that were being annexed to 
the United States; a falling off of the unstable; 
and a struggle or conflict between the different 
denominations of Christians on doctrines and «-ov- 

The controversy between Calvinists and Armin- 
ians was warm, and enlisted many of the master 
minds on both sides of the questions involved. 
Then there was considerable discussion on the 
mode and subjects of baptism, one party contend- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 


ing for immersion as the only mode, and rejecting 
the baptism of infants; the other party strenu- 
ously advocating the practice of Pedobnptists. 
During this period the Arian heresy found advo- 
cates in Tennessee, and a sect sprung up called 
"New Lights," or "Schismatics." They were 
headed by some prominent Presbyterian ministers, 
the most distinguished of whom was Barton W. 
Stone, a man of considerable learning and decided 
popularity They called themselves "Christians," 
and led away hundreds who were influenced by 
their heretical teachings. Some others went into 
the organization of the crazy " Shaking Quakers/' 
The agitation created by these various parties, 
while it may have resulted in good, leading the 
public mind to investigate the doctrines of the 
Bible, for a season at least cooled the zeal of 
Christians, and gave the unbelieving world what 
they considered an argument against the divinity 
of our holy Christianity 

So far as the controversy concerning the doc- 
trines of the atonement was involved, it is a fact, 
which none will question, that Arminian senti- 
ments triumphed. The Presbyterians finally in 
a great measure modified their teachings on the 
" five points." Indeed, a party broke off and or- 
ganized a Presbytery, and finally a Church — the 
Cumberland Presbyterian — that discarded the 
harder features of Calvinism. This division in 

16 Methodism, in Tennessee. 

Ihe Presbyterian Church greatly weakened this 
respectable body of Christians, first in Middle 
Tennessee, and then in the eastern portion of the 
State. There were here, in an early day, very 
able ministers of the " Old School Presbyterian 
Church," and they had control of several of the 
most popular institutions of learning in the State, 
both male and female. There were the Doaks, 
the Andersons, the Gallaghers, the Hendersons, 
the Craigheads, the Blackburns, and hosts of 
others, who commanded the respect of all classes ; 
but their strength was decreased in the division, 
and many who were brought up under the influ- 
ence of their Church sympathized with the " new 
order." The doctrine of unconditional election 
and reprobation was the main feature in the " Con- 
fession" that sent so many to the Cumberland 
Presbyterians. In the course of time another 
rupture occurred, dividing the Church into what 
are technically called "Old School" and "New 
School," both holding, as they professed, to the 
doctrines of the "Westminster Confession of 
Faith," but construing the Creed very differently 
The result has been that the Presbyterians, with 
all their prestige in early times in Tennessee, have 
not made great progress ; they have not kept pace 
with the march of the times. 

The Baptists, in the early times of Tennessee, 
were nearly all what were called "Predestina- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 1 


rians." They not only taught the doctrines of 
particular and unconditional election and reproba- 
tion, but they were strenuous advocates of im- 
mersion and of "close communion." They were 
opposed to missionary efforts. Sunday-schools, and 
an educated ministry In the progress of the dis- 
cussion of the points in controversy there occurred 
numerous and serious divisions among them. The 
"Free-will Baptists" became a popular and influ- 
ential branch of the Church. They preached 
what they called "free salvation," or offered par- 
don to every sinner, affirming that none were un- 
conditionally reprobated; they favored revivals 
of religion, and worked zealously in the cause of 
Christ. These two divisions finally settled down 
in what are called the "Missionary" and "Anti- 
missionary Baptists." In time it became not so 
much a strife about doctrines as about "effort" 
and "anti-effort." 

In the progress of events, the "Campbellites," 
or followers of Alexander Campbell, of Bethany, 
Va., began what they called the "Reformation." 
They soon found sympathizers in the "New 
Lights," or " Schismatics," who, in a body, united 
with the "Reformers." These wrought terribly 
upon the Baptists, or those who had been brought 
up under Baptist teaching. The result was 
another great division among the advocates of 


18 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Alexander Campbell was a Scotchman by birth 
and education. He was a Presbyterian in faith, 
and a man of considerable research and respecta- 
ble learning. Besides, he had a commanding per- 
son, a flowing style, and a very popular manner. 
He came to America when young, united with the 
Baptists, and became a leader in that Church. 
He soon began to preach new doctrines, and finally 
produced a rupture in the denomination, he set- 
ting himself up as a "Reformer," and condemning 
all who rejected his opinions. In the outset of 
the "Reformation," Mr. Campbell was very dog- 
matic and illiberal toward those who rejected his 
teaching. In old age, however, he greatly modi- 
fied his teachings, became more tolerant, and, as 
the author believes, more evangelical in his views. 
His followers have no harmony among themselves 
in their interpretation of the New Testament 
Scriptures, many of them denying "spiritual re- 
ligion," while they contend earnestly for the 

The Methodists, during this whole period, con- 
tinued a unit in doctrine and government; no di- 
vision marred the body, but, steadily moving for- 
ward, preaching the doctrines of the Bible in the 
Arminian view of those doctrines, they continued 
steadfast in the faith of their fathers. The con- 
sequence of this unity will be fully seen in the 
sequel of this work, when a statistical summary 

Methodism in Tennessee. 19 

will be laid before the reader. Notwithstanding 
their fidelity, however, they were not free from 
the influence of the times. They were active, and, 
it may be said, were the foremost in contending 
for what they considered "the faith once delivered 
to the saints." Hence, at times they were so in- 
tensified in the defense of the faith of Christianity 
that their efforts were not so much directed to the 
immediate conversion of sinners as to the estab- 
lishment of the truth. They always claimed to 
be on the defensive. 

The next meeting of the Tennessee Conference 
took place at Nashville, Thursday, Oct. 1, 1818. 
Bishops McKendree and George w T ere both pres- 
ent, and alternately presided during the session; 
though the Conference was opened by Bishop 
McKendree, and the Journal was signed by him. 
Charles Holliday was elected Secretary. This 
was the first time the Conference ever convened 
in Nashville. The occasion was one of deep in- 
terest, and the session was protracted for eight 
days. From the Journal, now before the author, 
there seems to have been considerable harmony, 
and not much discussion on any particular subject. 
The " Slave rule" was up again, but the Confer- 
ence determined to repeal the " regulations" of 
the previous year, and adopted the following res- 
olution, viz. : 

"Resolved, That we receive the printed rule on 

20 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Slavery, in the form of Discipline, as full and suf- 
ficient on that subject." 

Up to this date no move had been made in the 
Conference for the organization of Sunday-schools; 
indeed, the author doubts whether, up to this time, 
there had been a Sunday-school west or south of 


Pittsburgh ; but the Church was not wholly indif- 
ferent to the instruction of children. Many of 
the first preachers, as far as they had opportunity, 
taught from house to house, and encouraged par- 
ents to bring up their children in the nurture and 
admonition of (he Lord. Measures were taken 
at this Conference for a more thorough and sys- 
tematic training of the children of the Church. 
The following plan for catechetical instruction was 
adopted : 

" 1. It shall be the duty of each assistant 
preacher — preacher in charge — to appoint a suit- 
able person in each class of his charge to keep a 
record of the names of the children baptized in 
that neighborhood. 

"2. Each assistant preacher shall appoint a suit- 
able person, or persons, in each class in his circuit 
or station, to meet and catechise the children of 
that neighborhood who have been baptized by us, 
or any others put under our care, at least once a 

" 3. Each assistant preacher shall meet and 
catechise the children baptized by us, with any 

Methodism in Tennessee. 21 

others put under our care, ;ts often as may be 
practicable, in his circuit or station." 

This was beginning in (he right \si\y 

The following preachers were admitted on trial, 
namely: George Brown, John Kesterson, Joshua 
Boucher, jr., John Brooks, Samuel B. Harwell, 
Obadiah Freeman, Samuel D. Sansom, Ancil 
Richardson, Robert Paine, Hartwell II. Brown, 
Sterling C. Brown, George Locke, Thomas Mad- 
din, Robert Hooper, Isaac E. Holt, Elisha Sim- 
mons, David Adams, Abraham Still, and Lewis 
S. Marshall. Several in this list became distin- 
guished preachers. A few of the number still 
linger on the shores of time; most of them, how- 
ever, have crossed the flood and are now at rest. 

Isaac Holt traveled one year, and was discon- 

Joshua Boucher, jr., was the nephew of Joshua 
Boucher, sr. He labored but a short time in 
Tennessee. He was in Ohio a few years since 
still preaching the gospel. 

Samuel B. Harwell still lives. He belongs to 
an extensive and respectable family, many of 
whom were and are ministers of Christ. He now 
holds connection with the Holston Conference. 
He is a strong preacher, and has been useful in 
the Master's vineyard. 

John Brooks was a character. His parents 
were Virginians, but removed to Georgia, where 

22 Methodism in Tennessee. 

John was brought up. His fjilher was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war, and he himself was in 
the Creek war, under Gen. Andrew Jackson, in 
1814. By the time he had grown to full man- 
hood, his lather emigrated to Tennessee and set- 
lied in Maury county John's mother died when 
he was an infant, and he was reared without 
maternal influence or example, and his father not 
being pious in early life, the young man knew but 
little of religion in either theory or practice. His 
mental training had been neglected, so that, when 
he was converted, he could barely read the New 
Testament. His early associations were un- 
friendly to a life of godliness, and consequently 
he became very wicked, and had but few thoughts 
of piety, till, through the instrumentality of the 
Methodists, he was awakened and was powerfully 
converted. He soon began to* exhort, and was 
licensed to preach; and, at the Conference in the 
autumn of 1818, he was admitted on trial. He 
made rapid improvements, and was in the midst 
of great revivals of religion for several years. 
He became an able expounder of the doctrines of 
Christianity, and was celebrated as a theological 
champion. It is said that he mastered Fletcher's 
" Checks," and was more than a match for any 
advocate of the peculiar tenets of the Calvinists. 
He very often preached on the cardinal doctrines 
of Christianity, and was regarded as a man of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 23 

gigantic intellect. His health', however, gave way, 
and, after about six years' active labor in the Con- 
ference, he retired to a farm where he spent sev- 
eral years of his life as a local preacher. He was 
happily married to Miss Yell, sister of the late 
Gov. Yell, of Arkansas; but she lived only a few 
years, and died, leaving him with a family of 
helpless children. By endorsing, and extending 
credit to those who proved faithless, Mr. Brooks 
lost his property, and was left destitute of means; 
and thus, without health, without money, and 
with a household dependent upon him, his condi- 
tion was very sad. His friends, however, came 
to his relief, and, by the good providence of God, 
his worldly prospects brightened a little. He was 
again married to an estimable Christian woman, 
and spent a few years of his declining life under 
more auspicious circumstances. During the late 
war he visited some of his family in Arkansas, 
where he sickened and died, and was buried 
among strangers. His death, however, was very 
remarkable. He was fully apprised of the ap- 
proach of the last messenger, and met the sum- 
mons not only with calmness and resignation, but 
with perfect triumph. It is said by several per- 
sons who were present, that there was, in the 
hour of his death, a halo around his head and a 
light upon his face that struck all present with 
wonder and amazement. 

24 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Mr. Brooks was tall, with a large frame and 
sallow complexion, and gave evidence of feeble- 
ness by protracted sickness. His mind, in his 
latter years, seemed to have been enfeebled ; but 
when aroused and duly excited, he exhibited 
those rare powers which gave him so much repu- 
tation in his younger years. 

Mr. Brooks published a small volume a few years 
before his death, in which he records many thrilling 
scenes that transpired during his active ministry 

Mr. Brooks resided for some years in North 
Alabama, where he discovered on his premises a 
valuable quarry of u whetstones," which he worked 
to some advantage, supporting himself by their 
sale in his old age. 

John Kesterson continued in the traveling con- 
nection until the year 184 7, when he located in 
the bounds of the Memphis Conference. Up to 
the time that he retired he was a faithful worker 
and a diligent servant of the Church. He spent 
several years in preaching to the colored people, 
and was successful in this praiseworthy mission. 
He also performed missionary toil in the South, 
preaching for a year on the Tuskaloosa Mission, 
as far back as 1819. From South-western Vir- 
ginia to the wilds of the Black Warrior, and from 
the Cumberland Mountains to the Mississippi 
swamps, John Kesterson preached the glad tidings 
of salvation. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 25 

George Brown traveled a few years, and his 
name disappears from the Minutes. 

Several names on the list of those admitted on 
trial this year became, in after years, conspicuous 
in the Church. Sterling C. Brown, Hartwell H. 
Brown, Robert Paine, Thomas Maddin, Lewis S. 
Marshall, and Abraham Still, were nil prominent; 
and some of them, as will be seen, became emi- 
nent in the ministry 

Sterling C. and Hartwell II. Brown were 
brothers, the sons of Lewis Brown, and were con- 
nected with a large and highly respectable family- 
They were born in Virginia, but their parents re- 
moved to Giles county, Tennessee, at an early 
day, and settled not far from Pulaski, the county 
seat. There were several families of the Browns 
in Giles, nearly all connected, and from whom 
descended a large posterity — the Rev. A. V 
Brown, the father of Gov A. V Brown, Roily 
Brown, Lewis Brown, Davis Brown, and others, 
all good men and active members of the Method- 
ist Church. The influence they left upon the 
public mind was very wholesome; and scores of 
them sleep in Jesus, and their dust honors Ten- 
nessee soil. Among their sons were many minis- 
ters of the gospel, to whom reference may be 
made in the progress of this work. 

Sterling C. Brown was an extraordinary man. 
Though fifty years have elapsed since he passed 

VOL. III. — 2 

26 Methodism in Tennessee. 

away, and notwithstanding he died young, yet 
his name is as ointment poured forth. The few 
remaining, who lived in his time and heard him 
preach, speak of his pulpit labors with rapture. 
He was converted only a few months before he 
began to preach. His education was fair for the 
times, and his business capacity more than ordi- 
nary when he arrived at his majority He was 
deputy sheriff of the county in which he was 
brought up, and was very popular with the mul- 
titudes. Tall and athletic, with a peculiar face, 
auburn hair, blue eyes, and pleasant manners, he 
was a favorite with the people. 

In the great revival that swept over Middle 
Tennessee, from the year 1818 to 1822, Mr. 
Brown was powerfully converted, and attached 
himself to Rehoboth Church, where his parents 
held their membership. He soon gave evUence 
of his call to the ministry, and, as we hav<', seen, 
entered the Conference in October, 181*>. He 
had, however, preached the year previous, under 
the direction of the Presiding Elder. Mr. Brown 
was remarkable for his earnestness and his faith. 
His sermons were delivered with pathos and 
power; but in his beginning he was not regarded 
as an accurate theologian; indeed, he had given, 
up to the time of his conversion, very little atten- 
tion to the study of the Scriptures. Several an- 
ecdotes are related of him, showing his £-rea^ d<v 

Methodism in Tennessee. 27 

ficiency in the knowledge of the New Testament; 
and yet, so rapid was his progress, that, within 
the space of two or three years, he had more fame 
than any young preacher had ever acquired in 
the South-west. He was a, flame of fire, a burn- 
ing and a shining light, and through his labors 
many were turned to righteousness. Vast crowds 
flocked to his ministry; and wherever he preached, 
on Sunday or in the midst of the busy employ- 
ments of the week, the multitudes eagerly fol- 
lowed him, and sat with amazement under his 
ministry Oftentimes scores and hundreds fell 
from their seats as men shot in battle. lie was 
a wonderful camp-meeting preacher, and, not un- 
frequently, preached several times in one day in 
the popular assemblies. A portable pulpit was 
improvised and placed at some convenient point. 
Here Mr Brown would begin service; soon hun- 
dreds were collected around him, and listened to 
his appeals with astonishment, while many, cut 
to the heart, would cry for mercy Leaving the 
slain in the hands of others, his pulpit would be 
removed to a distant point. Here he would 
preach again; and thus, on and on in his Master's 
work, till the whole encampment was strewed 
with penitents crying to God for deliverance. 

Mr. Brown traveled the Buffalo, Nashville, and 
Lebanon Circuits. On the last mentioned he fin- 
ished his work, and exchanged the cross for a 

28 Methodism in Tennessee. 

crown. He was buried at Ebenezer Church, in 
Wilson county, a few miles from Lebanon. Alto- 
gether, Mr. Brown was the most remarkable 
young man that the South-west has produced in 
the last half century 

Many who were converted under the preaching 
of Mr. Brown, entered the ministry Among 
others, the names of Lorenzo D. Overall, Wilson 
L. McAlister, and John Rains, occur to the writer, 
the former two of whom have sone to rest. 


One great secret of Mr. Brown's success was 
his faith, his firm reliance on the promise of 
Christ, "Lo, I am with you." He said to his 
brother — who inquired how it was that he was so 
successful in winning souls — that it was in answer 
to fervent, importunate prayer. Whenever he 
felt that God was with him, and would be with 
him in his public ministrations, and when he 
trusted in Christ for help, he never failed to bring 
sinners to the feet of Jesus. 

Hartwell Harwell Brown, a younger brother, 
was converted in the same revival, and commenced 
preaching at the same time with Sterling. He 
gave much promise at the beginning, and in a few 
years rose to eminence, and occupied a. large space 
as a zealous and able preacher. He filled several 
of the most important appointments in the Con- 
ference. After a few years, he was married to 
Miss Hern den, of Columbia, Tenn. Unfortunately, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 29 

he felt it to be necessarv for him to locate, to look 
after his temporal interests, determining, at the 
same time, to return soon to the pastoral work. 
He was possessed of a handsome fortune, and went 
to farming, and then to merchandising, and in the 
course of a few years failed in business, and lost 
all his property Under these discouraging cir- 
cumstances, he looked earnestly to the ministry 
once more; but, alas! his embarrassments for 
years would not allow him to reconsecrate himself 
to God. Temptations beset him, and his feet 
well-nigh slipped; but God in mercy sent him de- 
liverance, and in his declining years he again found 
a place among his brethren, and seemed happy 
that he might spend the remaining years of his 
life in laboring to cultivate Immanuel's land. He 
filled various appointments in the Conference, and 
was in a measure useful, but it was the sorest 
grief of his life that he ever abandoned the pas- 
toral work to engage in temporal pursuits, and he 
warned his younger brethren to avoid the rock on 
which he split. For two or three years before 
his death, he was superannuated, and, in a great 
measure, lost his mind. Continuing in this state 
of insanity, he gradually sank under the power 
of disease, and died in 1868. Mr. Brown was 
of robust person, had a fine voice, and agreeable 
manner in the pulpit. His sermons, in his palmy 
days, were full of thought, and delivered often 


Methodism in Tennessee. 

with much power. The author preached a funeral 
sermon in memory of the departed, to a vast con- 
gregation. The members of the Masonic frater- 
nity were present in large numbers, and partici- 
pated in the last solemn sepulchral rites. He left 
a. widow and several children to mourn his loss, 
and sleeps at the village grave-yard, at Petty sville, 
Limestone county, Alabama. 

Robert Paine was a native of Person county, 
North Carolina. His father, James Paine, Esq., 
to whom reference was made in volume ii., was a 
highly respectable farmer. He removed to Giles 
county when Robert was a youth. Here he gave 
his son the best educational advantages the neigh- 
borhood could afford, and Robert, being sprightly 
and studious, made rapid improvements. Before 
he had passed his "teens" he was converted, un- 
der the ministry of the Rev Thomas L. Douglass, 
at Mount Pisg.-ih Camp-ground. His conversion 
Avas bright and his call to the ministry clear and 
satisfactory Before he was twenty years of age, 
he was on a circuit; but he was very timid, and 
felt the cross to be so heavy that he was sorely 
tempted to abandon the thought of making a 
preacher. However, perseverance and a full con- 
secration to the cause of his Master, and firm per- 
suasion that he was moved by the Holy Ghost to 
preach Christ and him crucified, bore him up, and 
soon he began to develop into an able minister of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 31 

the New Testament. For many years he was an 
active itinerant, traveling circuits, filling stations, 
and having charge of districts. He was sent as a 
missionary to the country about Tuskaloosa when 
it was yet almost a wilderness; and he was Pre- 
siding Elder in West Tennessee when that coun- 
try was new and thinly settled. lie filled most 
of the important appointments in Middle Tennes- 
see, and was always popular and useful. His last 
pastoral w 7 ork was four years on the Nashville 
District. In the fall of 1829, he was elected su- 
perintendent of Lagrange College, situated in 
Franklin county, Ala. The college was in its in- 
fancy, without endowment, and dependent on the 
voluntary contributions of its friends and the 
friends of the Church. Under the skillful man- 
agement of Mr. Paine, it grew and became a pop- 
ular and useful institution. Many of the first 
young men of the South and South-west claim 
Lagrange as their alma mater. 

Mr. Paine was a member of every General Con- 
ference from 1824 to 1844. At the latter he was 
chairman of the committee who reported the Plan 
of Separation. He was a prominent member of 
the Louisville Convention, in 1845; and was 
elected Bishop in 1846, at the first session of the 
General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, at Petersburg, Va., and was or- 
dained, with William Capers, D.D., by Bishops 

32 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Soule and Andrew. He bad, several years prior 
to his election to the episcopal office, the degree 
of D.D. conferred upon him. Bishop Paine has 
been, at the time of this writing, nearly twenty- 
six years an active and effective General Superin- 
tendent. He is now the Senior Bishop of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, having out- 
lived Bishops Soule, Andrew, Capers, and Bas- 
com. Being still alive and in the active work, it 
is improper that more should be written. He is 
an able minister, a superior presiding officer, and 
a. refined, Christian gentleman. He has furnished 
the Church with an able and elaborate Life of 
Bishop McKendree, a, work that will live after its 
author shall have joined his colleagues who have 
preceded him to the home of the good. In this 
volume will be found an admirable likeness of 
Bishop Paine. 

Thomas Maddin was born in Philadelphia, of 
Roman Catholic parents, and was designed for a 
priest. Before he was fully grown, he was con- 
verted, and united with t he Methodists. He 
was, in consequence of this change, disinherited. 
He soon left home, and worked his way to the 
West, and stayed for awhile in the State of Ken- 
tucky Here, after many struggles, he yielded to 
the conviction that it was his duty to preach. He 
was admitted on trial, as has been seen, at the 
session of the Conference in 1818. He was ap- 

Methodism in Tennessee. S3 

pointed to Stone's River Circuit his first year. 
His second year he traveled the Cotaco Circuit, 
which lay south of the Tennessee River, embracing 
the counties of Lawrence and Morgan, in the State 
of Alabama. This work embraced much new and 
uncultivated country Mr. Maddin rose rapidly, 
and soon took high rank as a preacher, and, for 
several years, filled some of the most important 
appointments in the Conference. After six or 
eight years' labor, he located and settled in Co- 
lumbia, Tenn., where he remained several years 
in business, in the meantime exercising his gifts 
as a local preacher. In the fall of 1837, he was 
readmitted, and has continued in the itinerant 
work ever since, filling many of the most impor- 
tant stations in the Conference. He still lives, 
loved and respected, enjoying a green old age. 

Dr. Maddin, by request, has furnished the fol- 
lowing interesting sketch of his life : 

" Rev. J. B. McFeemn, D.D. : 

"Dear Brother: — At your earnest request, I 
send you the substance of the closing remarks, 
which I made when preaching my semi-centennial 
sermon at Shelbyville, Tenn., before the Tennes- 
see Conference, and preached at their request. I 
do not, however, think there is any thing worthy 
the attention of your readers in my very imperfect 

history. It is true that, in my early days, a spir- 

34 Methodism in Tennessee. 

itual religion, as taught by the ministry of our 
Church, was very unpopular, and connection with 
the Methodist Episcopal Church was by no means 
the way to promotion in religious or general so- 
ciety Indeed, it was an enigma the world could 
not explain. To take the veil or to retire into a 
monastery might be explained upon pious or pop- 
ular principles, but for any one, particularly the 
young, to join the Methodist Church was by many 
regarded as incipient lunacy- No one would take 
that step without first counting the cost; and the 
price then was much more than now, and but few 
were willing to pay it. It is true we have the 
same doctrines and the same 'General Rules,' but 
we had a more rigid interpretation of the latter, 
and, perhaps, we gave a more spiritual significance 
to the former. Self-denial, cross-bearing, and love 
of the world, were terms which had a different 
meaning then, with many, than now The mem- 
bers of the Church in that day were not permitted 
to indulge in worldly or popular pleasures or 
amusements without trial and censure. 

"I was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 13, 1796. 
My father was a Roman Catholic by birth and 
education; and, so far as the name is concerned, 
was, like thousands of that Church, without a 
spark of true religion, a blind devotee to the faith. 
My mother, who was brought up among (he Quak- 
ers (Friends), had never attached herself to anv 

Methodism in Tennessee. 35 

Church, and, though a pure and upright lady, 
lived long without religion. I was required by 
my father to attend the services of the Roman 
Catholic Church on Sunday morning, who gave 
no farther care of my religious character or culti- 

" By some means I acquired a habit of going 
to mass, then to confession, then, by order of 
my father-confessor, to do penance, by reading the 
seven penitential psalms, and by repeating the 
'Lord's Prayer' and 'Hail, Mary' seven times a 
day, etc., until my next confession.. So, after re- 
peatedly confessing, reading, praying, etc., as 
above, I obtained absolution, and was then thought 
worthy to receive the holy sacrament, which I did 
according to the formula of that Church. These 
acts, and the constancy of my attention upon the 
devotions of the Church, I presume, brought me 
into the notice of the priesthood. The fascination 
of the very imposing and often gorgeous ceremo- 
nies of that Church carried my young heart away, 
and, as though by a secret attraction, I was drawn 
into a constant attention upon the daily celebra- 
tion of the mass. I was soon after selected to 
attend the priest at mass, responding in Latin, at 
intervals, in the altar service. By degrees I ad- 
vanced until I became proficient even in the higher 
duties of thuriferarian. With two others, I was 
chosen to be put upon a preparatory study look- 


6 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ing to a preparation for the priesthood. Two of 
the class soon retired from this select school — one 
only obtained the contemplated honor. 

"Soon after this I was put to business in the 
city; and from that time I became the arbiter of 
my own fortune. Having passed from the con- 
trol of my parents, from whom I received but lit- 
tle religious instruction, I soon drifted off from all 
my religious associations ; and being necessarily 
exposed lo the companionship of bad men, whose 
example and influence were constantly exerting 
upon me an evil tendency, it was not long until 
almost every tie that bound me to the duties of 
my religious life was broken, and it was a mercy 
that I was not, at that early age, entirely ruined. 
My frail bark was tossed upon a stormy sea, and 
in imminent danger of beini>' wrecked amidst the 
quicksands of vice — nothing around to help, but 
much to hinder religious cultivation. Driven to 
the last extremity, and knowing that all my early 
piety had disappeared, I fell back upon my only 
hope, not 'once in grace always in grace,' but the 
only plank in the wreck I rested upon was the 
happy thought that I was born within the pale of 
the Roman Catholic Church, which, from my early 
education, I was taught to believe was the great- 
est blessing of life, believing, as I did, that had I 
been born out of that Church there was no hope 
for me. By a good providence my companionship 

Methodism in Tennessee. 37 

was changed, and good men became my daily as- 
sociates. I heard their conversation, I noticed 
their deportment; I was impressed with their 
pure morality, their uniform piety, their love for 
the means of grace. By degrees I yielded to 
their solicitude for my salvation, and was induced 
so far to violate my Roman Catholic prejudice as 
to go to a Methodist class-meeting; and I was 
very favorably impressed with what I there saw 
and heard. After attending Sunday meeting, I 
was led to the altar of prayer, where, through in- 
finite mercy, I found the pardon of sins, and was 
most powerfully converted. This event settled 
the question of Churches. My triumphant spirit, 
raised to the highest point of confidence and com- 
fort, let go all pretensions to the Romish Church, 
and willingly gave up all hope I had in it or from 
it, and at all hazards took upon myself the re- 
proach, contempt, and persecution, consequent on 
my conversion, that soon came flooding over me 
for 'the excellency of the knowledge of Christ 
Jesus my Lord.' In this greatest event of my 
life, there was nothing so powerfully governing 
my decision as the love of God shed abroad in my 
heart by the Holy Ghost given unto me. The 
religion of form was easily given up for the re- 
ligion of power — a religion of show for a religion 
of spirit and life. From that hour my strong at- 
tachment to the Roman Catholic Church ceased, 


8 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and I have never looked buck with the slightest 
shadow of desire to return to her since. It was 
a farewell, and a farewell forever — without regret. 

"The troubles consequent upon my religious 
profession went far toward disturbing the comfort 
of my native home; and too soon, alas! the love 
of Church rose higher than paternal affection, and 
the converted boy w T as informed that a, tie was 
broken which nothing could mend but an entire 
renunciation of the sacred profession he had most 
honestly made. But as such scenes were common 
in those days, we thought it no more than an af- 
fliction that brought more sw T eets than bitters, and 
we found no trouble in enduring. 

"A circumstance, just here, must not be omit- 
ted. My connection with the Roman Catholic 
Church was not to be entirely severed until the 
priest had done his duty in the premises. The 
Rev William V Harrold, to whom I made con- 
fession, and from whom I heard the mutterings of 
absolution over my penitent head, as I kneeled at 
his chair, must needs make an effort to reclaim 
the young wanderer. He kindly waited upon me 
and invited me to his house, where, at an ap- 
pointed time, I went, and held with him a private 
interview. The subject of my leaving the Church, 
etc., was introduced, to which I replied: 'Mr 
Harrold, you cannot expect me, a boy, to dispute 
with you, a man; but I have one thing to say — I 

Methodism in Tennessee. 39 

know that God, for Christ's sake, has pardoned 
rny sins.' He raised his hands in horror, and ex- 
claimed, 'You are a lunatic! you are a lunatic!' 
The only weapon I had in this conflict was my 
experience, and upon this I stood, not suffering 
myself to be led into controversy upon such une- 
qual terms. He found me invulnerable; we 
parted ; he threw his arm around my neck, ac- 
companied me to the door, and, in a very pleasant 
mood, said, 'I hope you will be a good Catholic 
yet ; you ought to read Catholic books,' etc. 

" One might suppose, from the very pleasant part- 
ing, that at least social recognition would be kept 
up; but not so. Mr. Harrold passed and repassed 
me after that in the city, and took no notice of 
me. This, however, gave me no uneasiness, for I 
was but too well pleased with my religious expe- 
rience and associations to be disturbed by the 
slight. What farther notice was taken of my case 
in the Church, I know not, nor did I ever inquire. 

"It is scarcely to be supposed that such a re- 
ligious convulsion should transpire in the family, 
without leaving its traces behind. My mother 
soon began to attend the ministry of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and was soon after sound- 
ly converted, joined the Church, and for forty 
years was a pious, happy, zealous member, walk- 
ing in the light of an unobscured experience, and 
most triumphantly departed this life in full pros- 

40 Methodism in Tennessee. 

pecfc of her happy home in heaven. She was one 
among the few whose religious experience was 
seldom or ever obscured by a passing doubt. Two 
of her daughters followed in her footsteps, re- 
nounced their connection with the Roman Catholic 
Church, and are now devoted and consistent 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The 
rest of the family, with few exceptions, have 
given up their Roman Catholic proclivities, and 
are free from the fetters that formerly bound 
them. The holy teachings and example of my 
pious mother have left a rich fragrance of piety in 
the family, which still, continues to exert a pow- 
erful influence for good among her children and 
grandchildren, and which is likely to move in 
widening circles through the generations follow- 

'•As to my call to the ministry, I can refer to 
no particular period in my experience in which I 
felt a special call to preach the gospel, as many 
or most of the ministers of our Church profess. 
From my conversion, I was filled with the desire 
to do good by persuading others to seek religion. 
I had obtained a great blessing, and I wanted 
others to share in the like favor. This impulse 
of early piety moved me to unite with those who 
were actively employed in public worship. Soon 
I was called upon to lead in prayer in our private 
prayer-meetings; and then to exhort; and then 

Methodism in Tennessee. 41 

in more public places in different parts of (he city; 
and so, without expecting or even thinking of 
ever being a preacher, I often found myself before 
the people talking about experimental religion. 
Thus I spent my nonage in the city of my birth, 
up to my twenty-first year. 

"Divers circumstances combined to urge me from 
my city home. Among the most powerful was 
the poverty of my circumstances, and the imprac- 
ticability of financial success in my surroundings. 
My eyes were turned to the 'far West.' The fas- 
cinations of these distant wilds threw a charm 
over my youthful mind ; and, after due considera- 
tion and preparation, I fixed upon the adventur- 
ous purpose, and bade farewell to the foome of 
my youth. In those days it was regarded as ro- 
mantic and adventurous, as it is, in later times, 
to make a voyage of discovery to the North Pole. 
Selecting a companion in the person of Robert 
Hooper, afterward a traveling preacher in the 
Holston Conference, as fearless as myself, and a 
little older, we started from the city on foot, 
accompanied by several friends, who traveled sev- 
eral miles with us as a farewell escort, destined 
for Pittsburgh, three hundred miles from Phila- 
delphia, the roads not then as now. A macadam- 
ized road extended to Lancaster, some sixty-five 
miles, and all beyond was as nature formed it, ex- 
cept that a survey and some grading of the turn- 

42 Methodism in Tennessee. 

pike had been accomplished. With many a weary 
step, we passed over the mountains and through 
the lovely valleys of our native State, and soon 
found ourselves safely landed in the noble city of 

"I name the above to show that a crisis in my 
history was reached at this place. I was intro- 
duced to a local preacher, who asked me to 
preach for him, a. few miles from the city, on 
the next day, Sabbath. Astonished at such an 
invitation, I told him frankly that I was no 
preacher, not even an exhorter. He replied, 'Sir, 
I know it; I know all about you; you must 
preach for me to-morrow ' We crossed the Mo- 
nongahela, walked two miles to the church, and, 
lo, I took the pulpit, and tried to preach. Here 
the scales fell from my eyes, and for the first time 
I felt the Spirit of God was upon me, as with a 
divine anointing. This I looked upon as approv- 
ing my coui'se. Our meeting was blessed of God 
for good. Often in my previous efforts clouds of 
gloom hung their somber curtains about my mind, 
and though sometimes cheered by my success, 
yet I was often discouraged, and feared to venture 
to speak again in public; but on that Sabbath all 
gloom fled from my mind, and never returned 
again. Still I did not entertain the idea of beinir 
a preacher, nor did I make an effort to obtain per- 
mission even to exhort. But here I was turned 

Methodism in Tennessee. 43 

into a new man. Was it intended that I should 
leave the city of Philadelphia, where there was a 
full supply, and find a field of labor in the South, 
where the laborers were but few? Standing upon 
the promontories of the Alleghanies, that over- 
looked the vast valley of the Mississippi, fields of 
enterprise called for the activities of the young, 
as well in the departments of religion as in any 
other. The inspiration of the subject was grand, 
glorious, and desirable, even to my young thoughts. 

" Here at Pittsburgh I bought a skiff of large di- 
mensions, sufficient for four bold spirits; and with 
my friend Hooper, and two strangers, young men 
hound for Cincinnati, we threw our bark upon the 
bosom of the Ohio, and set off for the Falls, seven 
hundred and fifty miles, thus floating day and 
night, through pleasant weather and under sunny 
and stormy skies ; we made safe our landing, fear- 
ing neither savages nor snags in all our pleasant 

" Now, in the noble State of Kentucky — the 
very name of which was an inspiration in those 
days to the young — I found myself a stranger, 
all alone. My friend Hooper left me for more 
distant fields. It was but natural that I should 
look to my resources, and avail myself of oppor- 
tunities of support. All I had on earth to look 
to was an empty purse, an honest heart, a willing 
nrind ; a sound body, and two or three lines on a. 

44 Methodism in Tennessee. 

small piece of paper certifying that I was a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church, signed by 
Martin Iluter, preacher in charge of St. George's 
Church, Philadelphia. I readily obtained employ- 
ment, and soon became known and invited into 
the social circle. It was not long before I was in- 
vited to take part in the public services of the 
Church, and was soon invited by the pious to lead 
off in those meetings; and after awhile I was 
found publicly preaching the gospel. Floods of 
invitations called me in various directions, and all 
without Church authority Knowing that I was 
a transgressor in this regard, I hastened at first 
opportunity to report my doings at head-quarters, 
and said to the circuit preacher, 'Now, say the 
word, and I will stop.' He kindly said, 'Go on.' 
This I did with great pleasure. Weeks, months, 
passed in this way I remonstrated against the 
wishes of friends to receive license to preach, only 
asking for the privilege of holding meetings for 
those who kindly invited me to do so, not expect- 
ing ever to take the high position of a preacher 
of the gospel, for which I did not think I was at 
all qualified. Occupying this strange position, I 
was an enigma to myself, delighting in trying to 
preach, and yet resisting all the wishes of my 
friends to accept of license to preach. 

"And now, my dear Brother McFerrin, I must 
close this matter, already too long, by stating 

Methodism in Tennessee. 45 

that in the fall of 1818, at the solicitation of an 
ex-Presiding Elder, the venerable James Ward, I 
consented that he should present my name to the 
Quarterly-meeting Conference of Jefferson Circuit, 
then in session, as a candidate for the ministry I 
was called before that stern mental giant, the Rev 
Marcus Lindsey, the Presiding Elder of the Dis- 
trict, who asked me two questions. I retired, and 
in a few moments was called in and informed that 
I was accepted and licensed to preach. Mr. Ward 
now said, 'Tommy, would you like to travel?' I 
replied, 'You have made me a preacher; you can 
do what you please now ' In a few moments I 
was recommended as a suitable person to be re- 
ceived into the Tennessee Annual Conference on 
trial. In a few weeks I w r as received and ap- 
pointed to the Stone's River Circuit in charge of 
that work — so scarce were preachers in those 

"And now T , my dear brother, you know the rest. 

"Affectionately, T Maddin." 

Lewis S. Marshall continued faithful, laboring 
in various fields until 1862, when he died in the 
bounds of the Wachita Conference, in the State 
of Arkansas. The last appointment he filled was 
the Wachita Circuit, in the Camden District. He 
was a sound and successful minister of the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

46 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Abraham Still lived many years, and continued 
to preach; but the author has no correct knowl- 
edge of his final end. 

In the year 1818 Nashville was first made 
a separate station. John Johnson was the 
preacher and William MeMahon was the Presiding 
Elder. Mr. Johnson continued two years in this 
work, and was eminently useful and very highly 
esteemed. Indeed, he was no ordinary man. He 
was born in Louisa county, Virginia., Jan. 7th, 
1783. His mother was left a widow with a large 
family when John was an infant. Her circum- 
stances were straitened; in fact, she was re- 
duced to poverty, and had no means of educating 
her son. When he had grown to be a young man, 
his mother, with some friends, made her way to 
Tennessee in an ox cart, and stopped near to 
where the town of Gallatin now stands, on the land 
of Mr. Douglass. This was about the year 1803. 
Here, young Johnson took his first lessons in the 
alphabet. It is stated in this wise: 

" Mr. Douglass had an old negro man, who lived 
in a cabin near by, and this negro knew the 
alphabet, but could go no farther To him John 
applied for help. He resorted to his cabin night 
after night, and, with no other light than that of 
the fire, they pored over an old piece of a spelling- 
book which the negro owned, till the alphabet 
was completely mastered. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 47 

"There was still a wide gap between this and 
being able to read ; but he had learned several 
hymns 'by heart' from hearing them sung; so 
he would have some one show him a hymn that 
he knew, in apiece of an old hymn-book — all th;it 
he had — and he would sometimes sit up till mid- 
night trying to decipher the words and learn to 
spell, with no light but that of a fire. Yet he 
progressed so well that in two or three months he 
could 'make out' any hymn in his book by going 
over it two or three times, and in six months he 
could read in the New Testament so as to be un- 
derstood tolerably well. 

" For learning to write he had two copies. 
Each one was a song-ballad, written by some of 
his friends. These ballads he copied, or tried tc 
copy, time after time, and until they were abso- 
lutely worn into shreds. By continued cultivation 
he improved the start thus obtained, till he wrote 
a pretty good plain hand." 

In 1807, he was powerfully converted, and re- 
ceived into the Church by Jacob Young. He was 
admitted into the old Western Conference on trial 
as a traveling preacher, at Liberty Hill, in 1808, 
and was sent to Hockhocking Circuit, Ohio. Up 
to this time he had made rapid improvements 
in study, and gave promise of future useful- 

His second circuit was White Oak, Ohio. Here 

48 Methodism in Tennessee. 

he had success. One sermon in particular made 
a profound impression. 

"At one appointment — a rude hut in ihe woods 
called a meeting-house — by some mistake his in- 
tention to preach had not been duly announced. 
He started before day, and rode about twenty- 
five miles to reach the place. He waited till 
after the hour, and nobody came. At last, as he 
was about to despair of having a congregation, 
and depart, he saw a woman coming, carrying a 
child in her arms — or rather, as the custom was, 
when a child was two or three years old, upon her 
hip, with its feet astride. She came in and sat 
down. He looked at her ; she seemed wearv and 
sad. He thought ©f preaching; but no one else 
came, and his solitary auditor was evidently poor, 
as her dress, though clean, was faded and worn. 
She looked downcast and disappointed, as if she 
divined at once that there would be no service. 

"At length he said to himself, < I came here to 
preach, and by the help of God I'll do it!' He 
did. His soul grew happy; the poor woman's 
heart rejoiced, and she shouted the praises of God 
aloud, and, as he used to say, ' There was one 
universal shout all over the congregation.' He 
bade her good-bye, with a word of exhortation • 
and as she went away, trudging along the path 
by which she came, he could hear her every few 
steps, in a low voice, but one full of emotion, say, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 49 

'Glory!' The next time he came around, the 
little cabin was filled to overflowing ; and on ex- 
pressing his surprise at the fact, after sermon, he 
found that the woman had given a glowing ac- 
count of the previous meeting, which had drawn 
out the whole settlement. And he was still 
more surprised when told that the woman, at his 
first appointment, had walked and carried her child 
ten miles on that occasion, as her husband perse- 
cuted her, and would not allow her to ride his 
horse to meeting. What a sad disappointment 
would that have been had Mr. Johnson failed to 
preach ! 

" But the effect of this sermon to a single 
hearer stopped not here. When she returned 
home, her husband growled out, ' Well, what 

kind of a fool did you have to preach out 

yonder to-day?' She mildly answered, 'He was 
a strange-looking man, but I never heard a man 
talk like he did in my life.' His curiosity was a 
little excited, and" he asked, ' Why, what did he 
look like?' 'He was a stout sort of a man, with 
very dark face, and his hair was very black, and 
about half a yard long. I was afraid to look at 
him, he looked so solemn.' c The d — 1 ! ' grunted 
he ; < and what did he talk like ?' ' Well, I don't 
know : he talked just like heaven and earth were 
coming together !' The man, whose name I believe 

was Baker, did not deign to make any remarks, 
vol. in. — 4 

50 Methodism in Tennessee. 

but wondered in himself what kind of a man and 
what kind of talking that could be. In a few days 
he found that the curiosity to hear the new 
preacher was common ; and before the next 
preaching-day came round, he had made up his 

mind to ' turn out with all the rest of the 


" To the utter astonishment of Mrs. Baker, her 
husband told her to ride to meeting ; he was going 
4 to see and hear the old cuss/ but he would 
walk. So he was one of the crowd that filled 
the little cabin when .Mr Johnson came on the 
second time. He was deeply convicted, but con- 
cealed his emotions till he got away from the 
crowd. He then frankly told his wife that she 
was right, and he was wrong. She knew not 
what to say to this, and said nothing. He walked 
on about a mile in silence, and then said, 'Wife, 
there's something the matter with me!' She 
answered, kindly, ' What do you think it is, 
Mr. Baker V ' Dogged if I know ; but I 'm sick — 
heart-sick.' 'Get up and ride,' said she, 'and I'll 
walk.' ' No,' said he ; and he walked more rapid- 
ly and uneasily along. No more was said about 
it; and Mrs. Baker thought the 'sick brash' had 
passed off. But after supper, he went out to feed 
his horse, and was gone rather long ; she went to 
the door as it grew dark, and was greatly alarmed 
to hear cries and groans of distress at the stable. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 51 

She flew to the spot, and there was the hardened 
persecutor upon his knees, pleading in deepest 
agony for mercy The ' sick brash ' had not 
passed off! She shouted awhile, and then prayed 
awhile, then tried to instruct him in the way of 
salvation; and after a terrible struggle of two or 
three hours, he was enabled to embrace Christ as 
his Saviour, and raised a shout that made the hills 
around ring again. The devout but somewhat 
exaggerating wife declared that 'he raised a shout 
that was enough to wake the dead.' 

" From this event there sprang up a glorious 
revival of religion ; and Methodism was planted 
on so firm a basis here, that it has always since 
been the ruling faith in all that section of country 
Baker's house became a preaching-place, a class 
was organized there, Baker was appointed leader, 
and faithfully and zealously did he act up to his 
profession down to the day of his death. So it 
may be safe to say, that that sermon to but one 
hearer was productive of more fruit than any 
other twenty sermons that Mr. Johnson preached 
during his ministry on this circuit." 

Having finished his year, he was next sent to 
the Sandy Circuit, in Western Virginia. 

" Toward the close of his labors on this circuit, 
he procured the services of a young licentiate for 
two or three weeks, and went over into Virginia 
to attend a camp-meeting held perhaps not far 

52 Method' sm in Tennessee. 

from Barboursville. He thought it would be a 
means of improvement to hear the educated 
preachers of the Old Dominion, and he hoped to 
have his spiritual strength renewed : he might 
assist in the labors at the altar, if need be ; but 
he had little expectation of being called upon 
to preach. It never once occurred to him, how- 
ever, that there was anything peculiar about his 
dress, or that that would influence his reception 
there. He wore a full suit of the coarsest quality 
of tow ; and this, by a dozen wettings in the rain, 
and twice as many in the Big Sandy and its trib- 
utaries, had been brought to a dingy hue which it 
is easier to imagine than to name. He wore a 
broad-brimmed white wool hat, which he had worn 
every day since his conversion in 1807 — four 
years. His shoes were just such as the people of 
Virginia usually bought for their negroes ; his 
pants were pinned over perfectly tight at the 
ankles ; and his hair, parted in the middle, hung 
down loose and long around his shoulders. His 
very dark complexion, and his long, jet-black hair, 
were in striking contrast with the dingy white of 
his dress. 

" Some inquisitive person about the camp where 
he lodged had managed to find out his vocation, 
and it was soon noised around that the strano- e - 
looking man was a preacher The ministers were 
very much perplexed when they heard it ; for it 

Methodism in Tennessee. 53 

would not do to slight a brother, nor would it by 
any means do to put him up to preach. They, 
however, agreed to send one of their number to 
wait on him with an apology. He came to Mr. 
Johnson and said, 6 My friend, I understand that 
you are a Methodist preacher.' ' I am, and a poor 
one at that,' was the response. ' Well, the people 
of this vicinity are proud and aristocratic,' our 
apologist proceeded ; ' and we are afraid that if 
we have you to preach for us, they will take 
offense on account of your dress and appearance, 
and harm may in some way be the result. Be 
assured that it grieves us to manifest even the ap- 
pearance of disrespect for one of our brethren. 
We entreat you, therefore, to take no offense at 
our not inviting you to preach.' 'I shall take no 
offense, brother,' Mr. Johnson meekly replied; 'I 
came not to preach, but in some humble way to 
do and to get good. Go on with your meeting, 
and suffer no uneasiness on my account.' 

u They did ' go on with their meeting.' Sab- 
bath came, and wore away; and still all was cold, 
formal, and lifeless. Not a shout nor a groan had 
been heard — except now and then a half-audible 
groan from Mr. Johnson, a little distance in rear 
of the stand — not a mourner answered to the calls 
and entreaties of the minister. Monday morning 
came. The crowd mostly dispersed, and all was 
bustle and activity on the part of the camp-holders, 

54 Methodism in Tennessee. 

packing op their goods, and hastening to get away 
The preachers had a little unfinished business to 
attend to, and they thought that, as it could now 
do no harm, Mr. Johnson might now preach at 
11 o'clock, while they completed their business; 
and they retired to (he most distant camp on the 
ground, that they might escape the mortification 
of witnessing his effort. It was bad enough for 
such a, 111:111 to preach, and too bad for them to 
have both to hear the sermon and to see how the 
people treated a strange brother. 

• u At the appointed hour the horn, sounded, and 
Mr. Johnson came solemnly and slowly along to 
the pulpit. lie had spent an hour in the grove 
in prayer, and came with a broken, an humbled, 
and an overflowing heart. There were sitting 
listlessly under the wast ' shed,' a woman, three 
men, and three or four boys. Not disheartened, 
but strong in faith, he began the song, 

Come, ye sinners, poor and needy, 

and his stentorian voice made the forest rin«\ 
Jle sang with such spirit and power that many 
paused a moment to listen; and one after another 
joined the little assembly He read, sang, and 
prayed; and ther„e was something in his prayer 
which silenced in a great measure the confusion 
that had reigned around, and threw a deep solem- 
nity over the place. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 55 

"By the time the preachers had concluded their 
business, Mr. Johnson was more than half through 
his subject, and his feelings and his voice were 
fast rising to the highest pitch. His voice became 
distinctly audible even to the ministers, and they 
be^an to listen and to catch his words. Finding; 
he was not 6 murdering the king's English,' as they 
had feared he would, they ventured to step out- 
side their tent; and, behold, the bustle of prep- 
aration to leave had ceased, and every soul on 
the camp-ground was gathered into the congrega- 
tion ! 

" Mr. Johnson was dwelling upon the consola- 
tions of religion. Soon an old sister raised a 
shout of joy The effect was electric. It added 
a large drop to many a brimming cup; and more 
than twenty voices joined the shout at once. Our 
fugitive preachers crept stealthily to the ' shed,' 
glided almost involuntarily clown the aisle to seats 
in the altar, where they sat with heads thrown 
back and streaming eyes, one excitable fellow 
among them ever and anon laughing out, i Oh, 
ho-ho-ho-ho, glory ! ' 

" Mr. Johnson now turned to the contrast, the 
terrible doom of the wicked ; and in a few minutes 
groans and screams were everywhere mingled with 
the praises, till the uproar would have drowned 
almost any other human voice but his. He now 
£ave the usual invitation to mourners, and de- 

56 Methodism in Tennessee. 

scended from the stand. The ministers rushed 
forward • to meet him, implored his pardon, em- 
braced him convulsively, and burst forth into 
shouts a little louder if possible than the rest. 
The altar was crowded by about forty mourners ; 
and it was nearly five o'clock in the evening when 
the congregation i broke up.' 

" The campers unpacked their goods ; those who 
had left returned ; the meeting was resumed ; it 
continued for two weeks, and resulted in the con- 
version of more than two hundred souls. So much 
more power has the man of warm emotions than 
the mere scholar, over the human heart." 

After closing his labors on Sandy Circuit, 
he was appointed to the Natchez Circuit, Missis- 
sippi. The distance was some twelve hundred 
miles, and had to be made on horseback through 
the Indian nations. But he went promptly t© 
his new field, and labored faithfully through the 

In 1812, he was appointed to the Nashville 
Circuit. The following were his appointments 
with the amounts paid him during the year : 


Nashville $8 43£ $1 25 $13 59 

Tate's 1 25 $3 56£ 

Blair's 50 2 25 125 

Carried forward ...$10 18£ #5 81V $1 25 $14 75 

Methodism in Tennessee. 57 

Brought forward... $10 18f $5 81£ $1 25 $14 75 

Stoner's Lick 1 25 

Moore's Meeting-house 1 00 2 50 

Sewell's 2 62-| 2 68-f 

Liberty Hill 4 00 1 25 1 50 5 00 

Waugh's 2 371 

Mason's 1 62£ 1 00 1 00 1 25 

Miles's 1 00 50 3 00 

Ralston's 2 12£ 1 18f 2 25 

Oglesby's 1 56£ 1 25 


Franklin 5 25 7 06 : } 

Dillard's 50 125 

Reese's Chapel 2 00 2 25 4 00 

McCracken's 1 87| 1 68} 

Cane Ridge 1 25 

May's 4 00 

Ray's Meeting-house 

Levin Edney's 87£ 4 37^ 3 31J 

Suggs's 50 37i 50 

Gower's 2 43| 2 75 2 68} 

Pisgah 50 

Salem Meeting-house 3 75 3 25 3 62 J 

Adams's 75 

$25 31£ $31 Zl\ $18 75 $59 31 


He traveled successively the Livingston and 
Christian Circuits, Kentucky, the Goose Creek 
Circuit, Tennessee, and then back to Livingston. 

As has been seen, he was stationed in Nashville, 
Oct., 1818. This was a great trial to him. He 
had never filled a city station, and feared the 
consequence of such appointment. He at first 

58 Methodism in Tennessee. 

positively declined, but after wards repented and 
went, where lie remained two years. Here are 
extracts from Mrs. Johnson's account of his work 
in this station : 

"William McMahon was the Presiding Elder ; 
yet from some cause we were much more intimate 
with Brother T. L. Douglass, then superannuated 
In our vicinity He was somewhat under the 
medium height, considerably inclined to corpulency, 
but very erect in his carriage. His demeanor was 
grave and dignified, his features handsome, and 
his countenance full of benevolence. His voice 
was full, round, and melodious, and his articulation 
unusually distinct. He did not look to be so 
much as forty years of age, yet I was told that 
he had been preaching for nearly twenty years. 
He had been Presiding Elder at Nashville four 
years, and after an interval of one year he again 
served a like period in the same place. I could 
not have thought that my poor body would out- 
live his vigorous frame — as I suppose I have — 
twenty-five years. 

•'At Nashville we found a comfortable home. 
We rented a house belonging to a youn«- man 
whose name , I do not now remember: it was 
situated in a suburb of the city which was known 
as Scuffletown, near Bass's tan-yard and West's 
spinning-factory I had never been in so lar^e a 
town before, and, as we first approached it, there 

Methodism in Tennessee. 59 

seemed to me to be a myriad of chimneys; and 
even after a long stay — for we were there nearly 
three years — I did not know, or greatly care to 
know, much about the town. I suppose the pop- 
ulation was then about 3,000. It was an incor- 
porated city, and contained a bank, a market-house, 
a college, an academy for young ladies, a rope- 
walk, two distilleries, and three churches — Meth- 
odist, Presbyterian, and Baptist. 

" I neA'er met with as kind and generous a 
people as we found at Nashville. Few days, in- 
deed, passed without some manifestation of this 
kindness. An article of dress for some of the 
family, some rarity for the table, some delicacy 
suited to the season, came with every week, and 
almost every day It tried my very heart to 
give up every thing to be sold on leaving our 
home in Kentucky, but I believe our friends in 
Nashville, by gifts alone, more than replaced all 
that I then gave up. And what a contrast 
between our pleasant home in the busy city and 
that of last year — a lonely cabin in the wilder- 
ness ! 

" I wish particularly to mention among our 
friends Jo. Elliston and his family, Matthew Quinn 
;tnd family, Drs. Roane and Newnan, E. H. Foster, 
Mrs. Harrison, Parson Hume, Principal of the 
Academy, Mr. Southard, or Suthard, Mrs. Ewing 
— but time fails. I might mention as kind friends 

CO Methodism in Tennessee. 

nearly every person whose acquaintance we formed 
in the city 

"Mr. Johnson kept an account of every thing 
that we bought for the table, and the Church made 
good this amount, and paid him the disciplinary 
allowance — which was then one hundred dollars 
to the* preacher, the same for the support of his 
wife, and sixteen dollars for each child under seven 
years of age. So our salary, besides table ex- 
penses, was about $232. 

" This was an ample allowance, and far more 
than we had ever received before ; yet I felt that, 
though rid of many of the difficulties and hard- 
ships with which I had had to contend heretofore, 
I was still bound to do what I could to aid in 
gaining a competency, and, if possible, 'something 
for a rainy day ' So, as soon as we were settled 
in our new home, I set out to find work to do. I 
soon found a hatter, a quiet little Methodist, 
whose shop was only a few rods from our door, 
and readily made an arrangement to trim hats for 
him at so much apiece. This kind of work was 
done in that day, I suppose, exclusively by hand, 
and chiefly by females. I allotted myself the 
task of earning 75 cents per day, and so zealously 
did I apply myself to the work, and so regularly 
did he furnish me work to do, that I think there 
were not a dozen days in the year that I fell 
short of that amount, except when sick. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 61 

" Mr. Johnson preached twice a week, and held 
pray er-mee ting once a week, besides attending the 
class-meetings every Sabbath. His preaching was 
with power, was very acceptable to the Church, 
and attended with the best results. Hardly one 
Sabbath passed without a shout being heard in 
our church, and I think he preached no sermon 
that was not heard by many with tears, or other 
manifestations of deep emotion. The Church 
seemed to be rather in a state of constant and 
vigorous growth than of frequent revivals. A 
great number both of infants and adults were bap- 
tized. I remember that a widow lady of the 
name of Snow, the mother of five or six children, 
had them all baptized at her house at the same 
time. It was a very pretty sight to see them all 
so neat and orderly, standing in a line in the order 
of their ages, as Mr. Johnson for their mother 
dedicated them to God." 

His second year is thus noted : 

" Mr. Johnson was again sent to Nashville by 
the Conference — the Tennessee Conference, for 
the Kentucky Conference was not yet formed — 
which met at Nashville, in October, 1819. He 
now proposed that the society pay him a fixed 
salary, and dispense with the necessity for keeping 
accounts. Brother Jo. Elliston and Dr. Roane 
declared that less than a thousand dollars would 
not support a family in Nashville — at least, it 

G2 Methodism in Tennessee. 

would not support either of theirs ; but Mr. John- 
son said six hundred dollars would be enough to 
support his family, and that was all he desired. 
At his request it was fixed at that amount 

" By this time the young man in whose house 
we had been living, was married, and had need of 
his house. Mr. Johnson now rented one from 
E. H. Foster, who, as before stated, was a rel- 
ative ; though after the contract was made, and 
we were comfortably quartered in the house, he 
told Mr. Johnson that we should pay no rent, and 
besides, if we would remain in Nashville, we 
should have a lease on the house and lot for ninety- 
nine years on the same terms. I do not remember 
the street, or number of the house — if it was 
numbered — but it was near the residence of 
General Carroll. I went out but little. I can 
never forget, however, the dignified politeness and 
affability of General Carroll, as he almost every- 
day passed our door." 

It was in Nashville that Mr. Johnson had a 
debate with Mr. Vardiman, a celebrated Baptist 
minister from Kentucky, on the mode and subjects 
of baptism. Mr. Johnson's victory was complete, 
and the cause of Pedobaptism triumphantly sus- 
tained. He followed Mr Vardiman to Clarksville 
and thence to Hopkins ville, Kentucky, and so 
demolished this champion of immersion, that 
he returned to Northern Kentucky under the 

Methodism in Tennessee. G 


impression that there were giants in the 

Mr. Johnson continued in the work of the 
ministry, filling many important appointments, as 
his health would permit, till 1857, when he died 
in peace, in the town of Mount Vernon, Illinois. 

Mr. Johnson attained to high position in the 
Church. He acquired considerable learning, and 
was a profound theologian. He was an able and 
very interesting preacher, and greatly devoted to 
the cause of Christ. His personal appearance 
was not commanding, and yet he bore the marks 
of intelligence and great humility The author 
had the pleasure of hearing him, and the sermon 
made a profound impression on the audience ; it 
was preached in Russellville, Kentucky, in the 
year 1832. 

64 Methodism in Tennessee. 


Nashville — Early times — John Johnson — The Hoopers — 
Deeds to Church property — Origin of Methodism in 
Nashville — Prominent laymen — Devoted women — Prog- 
ress of the work — H. H. Brown, R. Paine, J. W Allen, 
J. Rowe, J. M. Holland, L. D. Overall, P B. Robinson. 

As has been seen, the town of Nashville was 
constituted a station, or separate charge, in the 
fall of 1818, and John Johnson was the preach- 
er. Up to that time the town had been the 
head of the circuit; now it was thrown upon its 
own resources, and became responsible for the 
support of a preacher without any aid from 
the country The population was small, not 
numbering, perhaps, more than two or three 

The town of Nashville, in compliance with acts 
of the Assembly of North Carolina, was estab- 
lished in 1784, and was named in honor of Col. 
Nash, who was killed in the battle of German- 

The commissioners for the town were directed 
to lay off two hundred acres of land at the Bluff 

Methodism in Tennessee. 65 

(near to, but not to include, the French Lick), in 
lots one acre each, with convenient streets, lanes, 
and alleys, reserving four acres for the purpose of 
public buildings. A provision was made to allot 
to citizen subscribers such numbers as thev should 
draw, for which they were to receive deeds ; in 
which deeds there should be inserted the condi- 
tion that within three years the grantees should 
make certain specified improvements upon their 
lot or lots. 

Samuel Barton, Thomas Molloy, and James 
Shaw were the "directors and trustees" ap- 
pointed in the act, and deeds executed by them 
are among the first titles recorded in Davidson 
county They recite the " consideration, four 
pounds, lawful money, and the proviso and condi- 
tion that the purchaser should build or finish 
within three years on the lot, one well-framed, 
log, brick, or stone house, sixteen feet square at 
least, eight feet in the pitch."* 

The population in 1804 was four hundred ; in 
1806, the town was incorporated. Joseph Cole- 
man was the first mayor. At an early date the 
corporate authorities passed ordinances for the 
suppression of vice and the promotion of virtue. 
The following may be taken as a specimen : 

"Whereas, in well-regulated governments, ef- 

* Putnam. 

66 Methodism in Tennessee. 

fectual care is always taken that the day set apart 
for public worship be observed and kept holy, all 
persons are enjoined carefully to apply them- 
selves to the duties of religion and piety — to 
abstain from labor in ordinary callings. All viola- 
tions to be punished by fine of 10s. proclamation 
money " 

An ordinance was also passed against profane 
swearing, intemperance, lewdness, and other vices, 
and these were punished by law. 

As early as 1788, the gospel was preached in 
Nashville, which resulted in much good. Mr. 
Putnam states: 

"The ministers of the gospel often availed them- 
selves of the trials and condition of this people, 
and of passing events and incidents in their his- 
tory, to illustrate and enforce the divine teachings 
and the lessons of Providence. 

"By Craighead, the scholarly Presbyterian, and 
by several of the zealous Methodists, real Boan- 
erges, none of these resources for illustration or 
argument were neglected. This settlement was 
of ' the Lord's planting,' * the outpost,' 'the ad- 
vanced guard,' ' the nucleus,' ' the germ,' ' the 
seed-bed,' of civil and religious liberty. It must 
be cultivated, guarded ; it would flourish, and 
' o'er all the land prevail.' 

"These men prayed and labored for the advance 
and triumph of civil and religious liberty Thev 

Methodism in Tennessee. 67 

were a self-denying and godly set of men. They 
gloried, actually ' gloried, in the cross of Christ,' 
and were never i ashamed of it.' 

"A day of religious frenzy was approaching. 
It came, with its physical and mental contortions, 
the true 'iliac passion' in individuals and camp- 
meetings. A strange and anomalous condition. 
But it passed away — passed away as the storm 

passeth : 

Like broken wrecks along the shore, 
And others sank, to rise no more, 

there may yet be discovered sad evidences of deeds 
and doctrines which at one time may have been 
regarded as' the best proofs of l zeal for the Lord/ 
guarantees of lasting fame to the prominent actors, 
and teachings never to be forgotten by a grateful 

"Better so, a thousand times better so, than 
heartless infidelity, or to have yielded to any de- 
basing idolatry or hurtful superstition. In the 
very excess of the strange emotions, there was an 
awe and reverence for felt and present Deity - 
The beins: of God was recognized, dared not to 
be denied. An invisible and mighty Spirit was 
known to exist and to be able to operate upon 
the minds of men, and thus to show a power irre- 
sistible and subduing. 

"The residts were reformation and improvement. 
There w T as a careful study of the word of God, 

68 Methodism in Tennessee. 

much of exhortation and of prayer, and conse- 
quently an advance in useful knowledge and good 

How many members there were in the town of 
Nashville when it was first made a separate 
charge, the Minutes do not report, for the returns 
were made in connection with the circuit; but at 
the close of Mr. Johnson's first year, he reported 
75 white and 20 colored members. This was the 
beginning of what is technically called the ''Nash- 
ville Station." Mr. Johnson's second year, though 
he was popular, did not increase the numbers 
greatly There was a decrease of three among 
the whites, and an increase of twelve among the 

When the Methodist preachers first visited 
Nashville, they preached in private houses, and in 
the court-house, which was a small edifice on the 
Public Square. 

As early as Aug. 10, 1795, Absalom Hooper, 
who lived on White's Creek, a few miles north of 
Nashville, deeded to Bishop Asbury, "his elders, 
deacons, and helpers," a lot of land on which a 
church was erected. This may be regarded as 
the beginning of Methodism on White's Creek. 
Of the Hooper family there remain none of the 
old stock, but their descendants are stanch Meth- 
odists and zealous Christians. Claiborne Y. Hooper 
and his noble wife, Mary Ann Keeling, were Ion a; 

Methodism in Tennessee. 69 

members of the Church in the neighborhood of 
Hooper's Chapel, and their children and grand- 
children still cling to the Church. Mrs. Keeling, 
the mother of Mrs. Hooper, was a devout Meth- 
odist, and lived to see her whole household brought 
into the Church. A granddaughter of this excel- 
lent woman, Miss Moorman, became wife of the Rev 
S. H. Baldwin, D.D., and another the wife of the 
Rev. W R. Warren, of the Tennessee Conference. 

In 1802, Matthew Talbott deeded to Aquila 
Sugg, Thomas James, Thomas Hickman, George 
Ury, and Jeremiah Ellis, trustees, a lot on Lower 
White's Creek, adjoining the land of Christopher 
Stump. Here a house was erected, and called 
Zion, which, for many years, was a popular meet- 
ing-place, and where many souls were converted 
to Christ. The building has disappeared, and 
another house, built on an adjoining lot, has taken 
its place, where ministers of various persuasions 
hold forth the word of life. 

Mr. Thomas James and his wife long lived to 
bless the Church; and now that they sleep in 
Jesus, their posterity are firm in their attachments 
to the Church. The author has in the course of 
years performed the funeral rites of a number of 
this esteemed family Thomas Hickman lived to 
old age, and a few years since passed away So 
of Jeremiah Ellis. He was a good man, and died 
in the faith. 

70 Methodism in Tennessee. 

From these two Churches — Hooper's and Zion 
— went forth a good influence; and in the course 
of time other houses of worship were built. Meth- 
odism took hold on the public mind. Woodward's 
Camp-ground was established, where, for many 
years, an annual camp-meeting was held, and 
where, in the process of time, hundreds of souls 
were brought to the Saviour. At this camp- 
ground Mr. John McGavock and his family pitched 
their tent for many years. Mr. McGavock was 
an early settler. He came to Nashville in 1796. 
He is the father-in-law of the author, and at the 
time of writing is eighty years old. 

On Sept. 5, 1809, Newton Edney conveyed to 
Levin Edney, Aquila Sugg, and William Roach, 
a lot for a church, whereon a house of worship 
was erected, long known as Edney 's Meeting- 
house. This church was built west of the Har- 
peth River, near -to the Williamson county line. 
Edney's has been long a noted place for popular 
meetings. The old house was consumed by fire 
years since, but a new and elegant structure has 
taken its place. It is hoped that "the glory of 
this latter house shall be greater than of the for- 
mer." Of Levin Edney mention is made in vol- 
ume ii. of this work. 

In the town of Nashville, as has been already 
remarked, the preachers occupied private houses 
and the court-house. There was a stone build- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 71 

ing in the south-en sfc corner of the Square, which 
for awhile served as a place of public worship. 
After that building was abandoned, the Methodists 
preached at the jail, kept by E. D. Hobbs, who 
was himself a member of the Church and a class- 

Mr. Nicholas Hobson, still living, wrote a very 
interesting letter to the editors of the Western 
Methodist, which was published in Nashville in 
1833, from which the following extract is made. 
He says, when he came to Nashville in 1807, it 
" was then but a small village, principally of 
w y ooden buildings, not even affording a house for 
the public worship of God. There was a little 
handful of Methodists who used to hold their 
meetings in a private room in the county jail, 
where preaching and class-meetings where held on 
Sunday ; the jailer was the class-leader. 

'• Repeatedly have I walked to town on Sunday 
with my aged mother to- attend the Methodist 
class, of which she was a member, and, delighting 
in all the ordinances of God's house, would make 
any reasonable sacrifice to attend the means of 
grace. I was then but a stripling boy, and took 
much pleasure in attending to my mother's wants, 
who was a thorough-going Methodist. My father 
was a moral man, and, although friendly to re- 
ligion, it was always annoying to his feelings that 
my mother should go to the Methodist class- 

72 Methodism in Tennessee. 

meetings held in the jail ; the idea of the worship 
of God in the county jail was a new thing to 
him. In looking over the crowded assembly that 
now attend our church, I recognize the face of 
but one individual who was a member of the 
class at Hobbs's jail. They have all died or 
removed to some other clime; but he stands alone, 
his frosty locks evidencing that many winters and 
returning summers have passed over his head. 
(What a great change has taken place in the 
course of a few short years !) In some short 
period thereafter, a Methodist Church was erected, 
of brick, in that part of the town called the South- 
field, where we had an able ministry, and Method- 
ism was nursed and nourished by its warm ad- 
herents, and soon spread its hallowing influence 
over our then little village, until many families 
were made the happy subjects of God's converting 

"At no great period from this time I left the 
vicinity of Nashville for another State, where I re- 
mained for about nine years, when I returned to my 
home. I was astonished to seethe rapid improve- 
ment made in Nashville. I see splendid churches 
reared up ; the spirit of improvement spreading 
all over your town; the sound of the hammer and 
fix is heard in the morning and at noon; the 
great improvements made in your streets, Public 
Square, water-works, wharves, bridges, etc., etc., 

Methodism in Tennessee. 73 

reflect the highest credit upon your generous and 
enterprising citizens. The sight is beautiful and 
grand, to behold one of your large steamers 
plowing the proud waters of the beautiful 
Cumberland, puffing off its steam, denoting the 
arrival of a rich and valuable cargo; the rumbling 
wheels of drays and carts, repairing to the wharf 
to unlade the proud vessel of its cargo, seem to 
create an interesting excitement in the bosoms of 
the draymen, who in a few hours deposit the 
lading in its various places of destination. Your 
town has become quite a city And now, sirs, 
when we go to the house of wwship, we have a 
spacious church that will comfortably seat a 
congregation of upwards of two thousand souls ; 
an edilice that reflects honor upon your city and 
the society to which it belongs : other denomi- 
nations have their spacious houses of worship, and 
are receiving into their Churches a due proportion 
of members. 

"I feel thankful to God that Methodism has 
got out of jail, and is spreading her leavening 
grace upon the hearts of the people of Nashville 
and its vicinity; and the little band that used to 
worship in the county jail has become a little 
army in point of numbers. 0, what is too hard 
for God to do for his people?" 

The late Richard Garrett, of whom mention 
will be made in another place, informed the author 
vol. in. — 4 

74 Methodism in Tennessee. 

that circuit-preaching was kept up at his father's 
house for perhaps two years prior to the time of 
erecting the first regular house of worship. The 
dwelling was some two miles south from what is 
now the heart of the city, and in the neighbor- 
hood where the late Mr. Robert Woods long 

In 1812, it was resolved to build a church. A 
Jot of about an acre was secured, on what was 
then an outskirt of the town. It was situated on 
the north side of Broad street, between Vine and 
Spruce, opposite to the residence of the late 
H. R. W Hill. It was a small, square-looking 
brick building, and was, in later years, converted 
into a dwelling, and was occupied by the late 
Judge John White. 

The property was conveyed by Thomas Ruther- 
ford to John Moore, Wm. Crutchfield, William 
C.Morgan, Samson Turley,and Edward D.Hobbs, 
trustees. The lot cost $150. This is the South- 
field house of worship to which Mr. Hobson 
refers in his letter. Here, between 1812 and 
1818, Learner Blackmail and Thos. L. Douglass 
labored as Presiding Elders; and Samuel Kimr 
John Johnson, John Henneger, Baker Wrather 
Hardy M. Crycr, William McMahon, and Miles 
Harper, successively had charge of the circuit. 

It was soon ascertained that a mistake had been 
made as to the location of the church ; it was too 

Methodism in Tennessee. 75 

remote, and not sufficiently spacious. A new 
enterprise was set on foot. In 1817, George 
Poyser, probably an Englishman, gave to trustees, 
Benj. Sewell, Joseph T. Elliston, Richard Garrett, 
Matthew H. Quinn, John Price, James Bibb, 
Thus. S. King, and George Poyser, a lot, fronting 
forty feet on Spring street, and running back 011' 
New street sixty feet. This piece of ground lies 
a. little east of the present buildings of the Union 
and American office, on the north side of Spring 
street, about half-way between College and Cherry 
streets. A church edifice was erected here, cover- 
ing all the ground. It was a comfortable house, 
of high pitch, and had galleries on both sides and 
at one end. It was so constructed as to make 
all the space available ; consequently, though the 
audience-room was small, it accommodated a large 
number of people. 

This was the principal Methodist Church, in the 
city till 1833. 

It was about the time that this house was com- 
pleted that a separate station was organized, and 
John Johnson was the pastor. A new house, a 
new preacher, and a new station ! This was an 
epoch in the history of Methodism in Nashville. 

Of the early Methodists in Nashville the pres- 
ent generation has very little knowledge ; but 
their record is on high. The Manning family, the 
Garretts, the Bibbs, the Hobbses, Mrs. Hobson, 

76 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Mrs. Lanier, and many others, were the salt of the 
earth. They 'loved the class-meeting, and were 
firmly established in the doctrines and usages of 
their Church. Later there are names that should 
not be lost to posterity : the righteous shall be 
in everlasting remembrance. 

Joseph T. Elliston was from Kentucky He 
removed to Nashville Avhen it was a small village. 
He was a young man without family or fortune, 
but he had a good trade — he Avas a jeweler. By 
perseverance and probity he soon gained the 
confidence of the people among whom he had 
made his home. He- said when he reached Nash- 
ville he had one dollar in money and his vocation. 
By attention to business, he soon began to ac- 
cumulate property, and finally became a man of 
wealth. His first wife — Miss Mullan — having died, 
he was married the second time, to Mrs. Blackman, 
the widow of the Rev Learner Blackman, of whom 
mention has already been made. His house was 
the home of the ministers of Christ. Here, 
Bishop McKendree had a room, known as " the 
Bishop's room." He became a substantial pillar 
in the Church. He was a man of sound judgment, 
strict method, and great punctuality His financial 
skill was displayed in his management of the 
monetary affairs of the Church, and for a long 
time his presence and counsel were considered 
almost essential to success and prosperity; and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 77 

when he passed away, the question was asked, 
Who will fill his place ? 

In religion he was not very demonstrative, but 
his experience was sound, his conduct consistent, 
and his last days peaceful. His early literary 
advantages were limited, but his penetrating mind 
and large stock of common sense soon placed him 
in a position where he commanded the respect of 
the elite of the city Had he turned his atten- 
tion to government service, he would have made 
an able statesman or a superior diplomatist. Al- 
together, Joseph T. Elliston was a great man, and 
did much in building up the cause of Methodism. 
He was several times mayor of the city, where 
he lived for half a century 

When the father was laid in the grave, his son, 
William R., stepped forward and made every 
honorable effort to fill the place of his revered 
parent. And well did he perform his noble task 
for several years ; but death cut him down in 
middle manhood, and he went early to join sainted 
ones above. The mantle of the father and grand- 
father has fallen on Elijah B. Elliston, who bids 
fair to be an ornament of the Church and an honor 
to his family 

Matthew H. Quinn was a local minister, and 
belonged to a preaching family- He was brother 
to the Rev James Quinn, long a traveling preacher 
and a man of note. Matthew was a merchant in 

78 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Nashville, and married, as his first wife, the 
daughter of Joseph T. Ellis ton. Mr. Quinn was 
a zealous laborer in the cause of his Master; a man 
of good reputation; he lived to old age, and died, a 
few years since, in hope of heaven. His second 
wife was Mrs. Turner, formerly Miss Read. She 
lived to be nearly ninety years old, and was a 
faithful, intelligent Christian to the last hour. 
She was reckoned among the mothers in Israel, 
and, like the prophetess Anna, served God night 
and day These two aged Christians were 
identified with the Church in Nashville for half 
a century, and were among the last of the old 
members who passed to the rest of the saints. 
Their children are true to the interests of 

James Bibb, whose name occurs in a previous 
volume, was a noble specimen of a Christian 

John Price, one of the trustees above referred 
to, was an eccentric man. 'He was the son of a 
devout Christian mother, who was one of the 
early excellent members of the Church in Nash- 
ville. Mr. Price was a merchant, and was ex- 
tensively known ; and every one who knew him 
well, knew that he was a Methodist. 

He was zealous in the cause of the Church, and 
a great lover of the peculiarities of Methodism. 
He was particularly partial to class-meetings, and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 79 

contended earnestly for the doctrines of justifi- 
cation bv failh, regeneration, and the witness of 
the Spirit. He was very fond of camp-meetings, 
and was always zealous in revivals of religion. 
He was very shrewd, and was original in his ideas 
and his manner of communicating his thoughts. 
His first wife was Miss Rucker, of Rutherford 
county Her family were of high standing, and 
were genuine Methodists. 

Mr. Price, after he had passed middle age, 
removed -to Texas. On a business trip he fell a 
victim to cholera, in Vicksburg, Mississippi. He 
died among strangers, but those who witnessed 
his departure report that he left the world full of 
faith, and joyous in the hope of a glorious immor- 

His brother, Thos. K. Price, who recently died 
in New Orleans, and who was known to thousands, 
though much younger, was identified with the 
Methodists in Nashville some forty years since. 
He was a pillar in the temple of his God, and did 
a great work for the Church in New Orleans, 
the city of his adoption. 

His accomplished wife was converted several 
years after her marriage, at the Nashville camp- 
meeting, and devoted her after life to the cause of 
the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Richard Garrett was the worthy son of a pious 
parentage. He lived to be an old man, but main- 

80 Methodism in Tennessee. 

tained his confidence steadfast to the end. His 
daughter, Mrs. Warren Jackson, is a worthy 
member of the McKendree Church at the time of 
this writing. 

In the year 1818, Joseph Litton came to 
Nashville. He was a genuine Wesleyan Method- 
ist, and his excellent wife was a beautiful ex- 
ample of Christian character. They were both 
from Ireland. The family was an important 
acquisition to the Church. Mr. Litton was a man 
of good sense, genuine humor,and consistent piety 
He was a fine singer. He brought with him 
from Ireland some of Mr. Wesley's tune-books, 
which he highly prized. He led the singing in 
McKendree Church for some years. He was 
a most excellent Sunday-school superintendent ; 
and no one in Nashville was considered his 
equal in soliciting pecuniary aid for the Church. 
He knew how to approach all classes, and seldom 
came empty away The connection of Mr. Litton 
and his family with the Church was a, great 
advantage to the rising cause of Methodism in 
Nashville. Mr. and Mrs. Litton both died in 
Christ, and left a good record ; and their children 
honor them and the Church to which they be- 

Among the early Methodists in Nashville, 
Joel M. Smith was prominent, long the Recording 
Steward. He was a native of North Carolina, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 81 

and was the son of a Methodist preacher. He 
was at one time Marshal of Middle Tennessee, 
and had much to do with public affairs for many 
years. He was remarkable for his candor ; he 
was a strong friend, a consistent Christian, an active 
officer in the Church, and a stanch Methodist. 
Having served his generation faithfully, he de- 
parted in peace, leaving a good name, which is 
of more value than much riches. 

Hartwell H. Brown succeeded Mr. Johnson in 
the station. Thomas Stringfield, as appears from 
the Minutes, was appointed to succeed Mr. Brown, 
but after the session of Conference a change was 
made in the appointments ; Mr. Stringfield being 
sent to Huntsville, and Thomas Maddin to Nash- 
ville. Mr. Maddin was succeeded by Benjamin 
P Sewell, Mr Sewell by Lewis Garrett, sen. 
Up to this time the number of members did not 
increase much. The returns show only eighty- 
five white and thirty-eight colored members ; a gain 
of thirteen white and two colored in four years. 
No doubt the ground-work of future prosperity 
was laid, but in point of numbers the Church 
barely held its own. 

In the autumn of 1824, Robert Paine was ap- 
pointed to the station ; L. Garrett, sen., being 
the Presiding Elder. This was a successful year; 
the Minutes show the returns to be 145 white 
and 47 colored members. The next year Mr. 

8 2 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Paine was returned to the station, and Mr. 
Garrett to the District. There was a heavy de- 
crease this year, there being reported only 104 
whites and 51 colored. The following year, 
Robert Paine was placed on the District, and 
James W Allen was appointed to the station. 
There was a small increase this year; whites 112, 
colored 60. 

James W Allen was a young preacher, having 
been admitted on trial in the autumn of 1822. 
There were, at this date, but few "stations" in 
the bounds of the Conference, and Nashville was 
regarded as the most important among them. 
Mr. Allen, however, was a very promising young 
minister, and sustained himself well, and was 
appointed to Huntsville the following year. He 
continued in the ministry many years, much of 
the time, however, in feeble health. lie finally 
closed his life, Oct. 1, 1838 7 and is buried at 
Athens, Alabama. 

Mr. Allen was no ordinary man ; he was a close 
student, had a metaphysical mind, and was an 
eloquent preacher. He was a ready writer, and 
contributed much to the periodical literature of 
his times. He commanded the respect of all who 
knew him, whether or not they agreed with him 
in sentiment. He sleeps in the same cemetery 
with Joshua Boucher, James Rowe, and Albert 
G. Kelley 

Methodism in Tennessee. 83 

James Rowe was his successor in the Nashville 
Station; Robert Paine, Presiding Elder. Mr. 
Rowe was greatly blessed in his labors: a gracious 
outpouring of the Spirit was realized in his con- 
gregation, and many believed and were added to 
the Church. He returned at the ensuing Con- 
ference 202 white and 75 colored members. 
The year following he was stationed in Hunts- 

Mr. Rowe was a remarkable man in some re- 
spects. His person was tall and he was stoutly 
built. In the pulpit he attracted attention and 
was listened to with interest, and he preached to 
the edification of his hearers. His early literary 
advantages were limited, yet he had genius and much 
natural force of character. He was the nephew 
of the Rev James Faris, the famous preacher 
sketched in vol. ii. He spent much of his time 
in early life in Ohio, and had peculiar views on 
the subject of slavery and war. He was no abo- 
litionist, but was perhaps, so far as he himself was 
concerned, anti-slavery ; though on this question 
he was always prudent, and left every man to be 
fully persuaded in his own mind. He was stren- 
uously opposed to all wars, and believed that they 
were sinful and should never be waged. During 
the late struggle between the North and the South 
he was, a portion of the time, in the free States. 
He was a minister, and too old to enlist as a 

84 Methodism in Tennessee. 

soldier, and therefore w;is not expected to fight; 
but his Northern friends became infuriated because 
he would not preach war sermons and urge the 
people on to battle. So soon as the way was 
open he returned to the South, where he spent 
the remnant of his days. After laboring for 
several years as a traveling preacher, he located, 
and established a seminary of learning at Monta 
Sana, about four miles from Huntsville, Alabama,. 
Here he remained a few years, when his wife 
died, and he abandoned the enterprise, and devoted 
himself to secular pursuits, preaching, however, all 
the time as opportunity offered. He had great 
mechanical skill, and invented several kinds of 
machines, the most noted of which was known as 
" Howe's Crusher." Two or three years since, he 
died in Limestone county, Alabama, and is 
buried in the Athens cemetery He was ec- 
centric to some extent, but was a good man and a 
sincere Christian. 

James Gwin succeeded Mr. Rowe in Nashville. 
Robert Paine was still the Presiding Elder. The 
membership increased this year to 225 white and 
121 colored. At the end of this year the work 
had so enlarged and the population had so in- 
creased, that it was necessary to add another 
preacher to the station. Mr. Gwin was re- 
turned, and A. L. P Green was sent as his 

Methodism in Tennessee. 85 

Mr. Green was then a young man, just entering 
upon the sixth year of his ministry He had 
traveled five years in the Huntsville District, and 
was now stationed in a city for the first time. 
Two or three appointments had been added to the 
Church on Spring street. 

College Hill became a place of interest. Mr. 
Gwin had made a good impression on several of 
the prominent citizens of that vicinity, and a 
goodly number had been converted and added to 
the Church. Among these, Jolly, James, and 
Jesse Parish, three brothers, are names worthy 
of record. And then those devout sisters, Mrs. 
Groomes and " Mother Hughes," as she was 
familiarly called, will never be forgotten by those 
who lived in those times on College Hill. They 
were zealous, happy Christians, having the full 
confidence of all who knew them. 

Preaching was established and a Church or- 
ganized in a small log cabin on Front street. 
Besides, "New Hope," a small framed house two 
and a half miles from Nashville, on the Gallatin 
road, was a preaching-place. Here the Weakleys, 
the Vaughns, the Maxeys, and others held their 
membership. Mr. William Maxey, the father of 
the late John Maxey, M.D., and of P W Maxey, 
Esq., long lived in the vicinity of New Hope. 
His house was the home of the ministers of Christ, 
and was a favorite stopping-place with Bishop 

86 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Asbury and Bishop McKendree. Most of the 
family have passed away; those who remain 
are firm in their adherence to the Methodist 
Church. A granddaughter of William Maxey. 
daughter of P W Maxey, was recently married 
to the Rev J. W Hill, of the Tennessee Con- 

Another appointment added to the station 
about this time was the Nashville Camp-ground, 
some five miles west of the city, and near the 
Charlotte road, in what is known as "Robertson's 
Bend." Another still was the African Church, 
situated not far from the Sulphur Spring : here 
there was erected, for the colored people, a com- 
modious brick house, that was thronged with 
anxious hearers from Sabbath to Sabbath. 

The reader w T ill see that this whs work enough 
for two men, yet with the aid of local preachers 
the field was well cultivated, and a rich harvest 
was gathered into the garner of the Lord from 
among both the white and colored people. The 
returns at the next Conference were, whites, 392; 
colored, 283. 

Mr. Gwin's health, in a measure, failed, and 
he was made supernumerary, and John M. Hol- 
land and A. L. P Green were appointed as the 
effective pastors of the station. Mr. Holland 
was then in his full strength, and he, with Messrs. 
Green and Gwin, made a strong force. Under 

Methodism in Tennessee. 87 

their labors the Church was built up, and the 
numbers slightly increased. The statistics show 
402 whites, 305 colored. At the close of this 
year Mr. Green was married to Miss Mary Ann 
Elliston, daughter of John Elliston, deceased, and 
great-niece of J T. Elliston. Mrs. Green still 
lives, having reared her family, and having seen 
them all converted, and heard her youngest son, 
William M., preach the gospel of Christ, and seen 
him occupy a good position in the Conference. 

John M. Holland deserves a prominent and 
permanent record in the history of our Church. 
He was born in Williamson county, Tenn., 
about the year 1803 or 1804. His family was 
respectable, and his early advantages were better 
than were enjoyed by the mass of young men of 
that day; yet he could not be said to have had 
an extensive or thorough education. He had a 
well-balanced mind, and gave early indications 
that he was destined to take a prominent place in 
society He was converted in early life, and, in 
the autumn of 1822, when he was about nineteen 
or twenty years of age, was admitted into the 
traveling connection on trial. For twenty years 
he was a fervent, devoted minister of Christ, 
preaching the gospel within the bounds of the 
Tennessee, Mississippi, and Memphis Confer- 

The following is a list of Mr Holland's appoint- 

88 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ments during the successive years of his min- 
istry : — In 1823, he was appointed to Richland ; 
in 1824, to Bedford; in 1825 and 1826, to 
Huntsville; in 1827, to Dixon; in 1828, to the 
Nashville Circuit. In 1829 and 1830, he whs 
Presiding Elder on the Cumberland District. In 
1831, he was appointed to Nashville. In 1832, 
he was Presiding Elder of the Forked Deer Dis- 
trict; in 1833, 1834, and 1835, of the Memphis 
District; in 1836, of the Florence District. In 
1837, he was Agent for the Lagrange College. 
In 1838, he was Presiding Elder of the Holly 
Springs District, in Mississippi; in 1839, was 
Agent for the Holly Springs University ; and, 
in 1810, was Presiding Elder of the Memphis 

Few men combined so many elements neces- 
sary to constitute an able preacher as did Mr. 
Holland. His person was attractive. lie was 
about five feet ten inches in height, slender, but 
very erect and elastic; his face was smooth and 
his complexion ruddy ; his hair dark and eyes 
black ; his features well formed, and his counten- 
ance open and very pleasant. His manner in the 
pulpit was easy and graceful — no affectation — no 
attempt at display His voice was full, clear, 
musical; his articulation was distinct, and his 
pronunciation in accordance with the best stand- 
ards. His style was chaste, and his words well 

Methodism in Tennessee. 89 

chosen. His mind was logical, and his expo- 
sitions of the Scriptures clear and satisfying. 
His sermons were well matured, and delivered 
with earnestness and power ; and they seldom 
failed to produce conviction in the minds of his 
hearers. He sometimes exhibited deep pathos, 
and many of his appeals were strikingly eloquent. 
His doctrinal views were strictly in accordance 
with the accredited standards of his Church, and 
he showed excellent judgment in adapting his 
subjects to the circumstances of his congregation. 
It was not uncommon for his whole audience to 
be sensibly moved under his preaching. 

The author well remembers one scene with 
which he was connected, that produced a remark- 
able sensation — it was during the session of the 
Annual Conference. He was preaching in the 
afternoon of a week-day The congregation was 
large, but no extraordinary excitement prevailed. 
He was explaining the nature of saving faith, and 
describing the manner of the penitent's approach 
to Christ. An intelligent gentleman, who was 
inquiring for the way of salvation, followed him 
in his course of thought, till he was brought to 
the point of believing, and suddenly embraced 
Christ, and, rising to his feet, exclaimed, " I have 
found him — I have found him." His joy w r as full; 
and the preacher and all the Christians in the 
audience rejoiced that the prodigal had returned, 

90 Methodism in Tennessee. 

a penitent, to his Father's house. The effect on 
the coimTemition was overwhelming.* 

Mr. Holland was an indefatigable laborer — 
nothing was suffered to divert him from his work. 
In the city and on the frontier, he was alwjiys 
found at his post, the faithful and earnest preach- 
er, and the ever-watchful, diligent, and devoted 

At the end of his fourth j-ear in the ministry, 
he was happily married to a pious and intelligent 
young lady of Hunts ville, Ala. Mr. Holland in- 
herited a small estate, and his w T ife also possessed 
some property The two little fortunes, united, 
placed him and his family in comfortable circum- 
stances, so that, notwithstanding the meagerness 
of ministerial support in his day, he was enabled 
to prosecute the work of an itinerant without em- 
barrassment. He was an itinerant indeed. In the 
Cumberland Mountains, in the Valley of Middle 
Tennessee, along the margin of the Tennessee 
River, in North Alabama, through the western 
portion of his native State, as far as the banks of 
the Mississippi, and as far south as the waters 
of the Yalabusha, this eminent servant of Christ 
proclaimed, in eloquent strains, the tidings of 
salvation, and was instrumental in bringing many 
souls to God. 

* The Conference was at Lebanon, Tennessee; the con- 
vert was Albert H. Wvnn, Esq. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 91 

He was, however, not free from misfortune. 
In an evil hour, he was induced by friends — 
honest, well-disposed friends — to embark his 
little fortune in speculation. The fine country 
of the Chickasaws and Choctaws had been pur- 
chased by the government. North Mississippi 
came into market; the tide of speculation ran 
high ; men were pouring into the country, like 
miners into newly-discovered gold regions ; the 
door to fortune seemed open, and Mr. Holland 
was persuaded to enter. His plans were laid ; 
his means invested ; his credit extended. The 
revulsion of 1837 came, and he was wrecked in 
his finances. His means were all swallowed up, 
and he was left to strus^le with the world under 


a cloud. Still, he maintained his integrity, and 
prosecuted his work till the year 1841, when he 
fell asleep in Jesus in the prime and vigor of 
his manhood. 

His last appointment, as already stated, was 
on the Memphis District. Depressed by his 
pecuniary embarrassments, he went to his field, 
resolved, by God's help, to continue to the end. 
During the latter part of the summer of 1841, 
while on a remote portion of the District, he fell 
sick, and was conveyed to the town of Bolivar, 
where, on the 13th of August, he resigned his 
spirit into the hands of God. He died from 
home; died at his post; died giving glory to 

92 Methodism in Tennessee. 

God. His remains were interred in the place in 
which he died. His last work was performed at 
a quarterly-meeting, in preaching the gospel, and 
discharging the duties of a, Presiding Elder. 

Having known him well and known him long, 
the author's impartial judgment is that but few 
ministers in the South-west have surpassed John 
M. Holland in ability, zeal, and usefulness. His 
memory is precious to thousands. 

In the revival the preceding year, Samuel M. 
Kingston, an Irishman but recently from his 
native land, was converted, and at the proper 
time was licensed to preach, and recommended 
to the Annual Conference, and admitted on trial. 
The Conference was held at Paris, Tennessee, in 
the autumn of 1831, and Lorenzo D. Overall and 
John B. McFerrin were appointed to the station, 
James Gwin, supernumerary - 

The Lord crowned the labors of his servants 
this year with great success. There was a 
gracious revival of religion, and many were added 
to the Church. The interest began during the 
summer, and increased till the time of the camp- 
meeting, when God poured out his Spirit in a 
glorious manner ; over one hundred professed 
justifying faith at this meeting. At the close 
of the camp-meeting, services were resumed at 
the church in the city, and progressed, without 
much abatement, for several months. At the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 93 

next meeting of the Conference, the returns 
showed 550 white and 330 colored members. 
Many of the most substantial citizens were 
brought into the Church during this revival. 

At the camp-meeting, the congregation was 
favored with the presence and labors of the 
Rev. E. Stevenson, afterward Book Agent at 
Nashville, and the Rev N G Berryman. Mr. 
Stevenson's sermon, on Sunday, was one of great 
power, and produced a profound sensation. 

While the meeting progressed in the city, in 
addition to the labors of the resident and visiting 
brethren, the Rev. Littleton Fowler rendered 
valuable service. 

The Presbyterian Church, about the beginning 
of this Conference year, lost their pastor, the 
Rev. Dr. Jennings, who died, after a protracted 
life as a useful minister. Soon after his death, 
their house of worship was accidentally destroyed 
by fire. Having neither church nor pastor, many 
of the congregation were regular worshipers at 
the Methodist Church, among whom were the 
Rev Dr. Philip Lindsley and the Rev- 0. B. 

The Rev. Lorenzo D. Overall, with whom the 
author labored in this work, was a man of fine 
talents and deep piety. His personal appearance 
was attractive : he was tall and well proportioned ; 
neat in his person and apparel, and very modest 

94 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and unpretending. He was an indefatigable 
student, and had a well-disciplined mind. Not 
being very demonstrative, he was not properly- 
appreciated on first acquaintance, but he grew in 
one's esteem as he became better known. His 
greatest trouble was in contending against temp- 
tations to unbelief. His mind was of a meta- 
physical cast, and he was fond of dealing in 
abstractions, and hence Satan assaulted his faith 
and strove to upset his belief in the divine au- 
thority of the Scriptures. Hence he had many a 
sharp conflict, but he always triumphed; but still 
he complained of a want of full consciousness at 
all times that Christianity was a verity In his 
last sickness, his victory was triumphant ; he had 
most extraordinary manifestations of the power 
of saving grace, and spoke in raptures of the 
truth of the Christian religion, and of his personal 
experience of the love of God. He exclaimed 
just before his death, " It won't do ! It wont 
do!" "What won't do?" inquired a friend. 
" Heligion without the Spirit of God will not do," 
he answered. 

. "There is a glorious reality in experimental re- 
ligion, the love of God shed abroad in the heart 
by the Holy Ghost given to us." In these de- 
lightful transports he passed from the body into 
the presence of Him who is love, and where he 
enjoys the fullness of bliss. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 95 

Mr. Overall was not married, but, by some 
peculiar turn of mind, he resolved to retire from 
the pastoral work and devote himself to traveling 
and preaching at such places as he might select; 
not that he disapproved in the slightest degree of 
the economy of the Church — nay, he greatly ad- 
mired the itinerant plan; but having means, and feel- 
ing a desire to extend his information, he retired 
from the Conference and made a tour South. On 
his return he preached with more than usual 
power. The week before he was taken with his 
last sickness, he preached four sermons at Wilkes's 
Camp-meeting, ten miles south of Columbia. 
These sermons were delivered with much pathos, 
and produced a deep impression on the vast 
multitudes who were present on that interesting 
occasion. He died in Columbia, and his body 
sleeps on the margin of Duck River, awaiting the 
resurrection of the just. 

The following notice of his death, written by 
the Rev. Thomas Maddin, appeared in the West- 
ern Methodist of September 12, 1834. The au- 
thor offers no apology for copying the whole 
letter : 

Rev. Lorenzo D Overall. 

" Columbia, September 3, 1834. 

"Messrs. Editors: — It becomes my painful 
duty to announce to you the death of our be- 

96 Methodism in Tennessee. 

loved brother, Rev Lorenzo Dow Overall. He 
died in this town on the 28th ult., at eight o'clock 
p.m., of bilious fever, at the house of P Nelson, 
Esq. The comforts of that gospel he so often 
preached to others, sustained him in his last 
moments, when his redeemed and sanctified spirit, 
clad in the garments of salvation, took its flight 
to fairer worlds on high. 

" Brother Overall appeared to have some pre- 
monition of his death ; from the commencement 
of his affliction he said to his attending friends he 
never could recover, though the symptoms at first 
were by no means alarming. I w 7 as called upon 
to pray with him, which I did, and urged my 
petition at the throne of mercy for his recovery, 
after which he observed, ' Though I said amen to 
your prayer for my recovery, I said it without 
thought; my mind leads me onward; I do not 
expect to recover ; I desire to depart and be with 
Christ, which is far better.' 

" He spoke beautifully about his ministerial 
life, the disinterestedness with which he entered 
upon and continued his ministerial labors, that 
view of honesty that characterized his whole life, 
a single eye to win souls to Christ and secure his 
own salvation by obeying the will of God. He 
adverted to the care taken of his early years by 
his pious parents, in training him up in the way 
in which he should go. Many expressions fell 

Methodism in Tennessee. 97 

from his lips that are treasured up in the memory 
of his brethren and friends, the recollection of 
which will be to them a cordial in times of trouble 
and affliction. As he verged toward the spirit 
land, his sky became clearer and brighter, his 
hope stronger and stronger, until the last wave of 
affliction extinguished the vital spark; when, with 
the greatest possible composure, with a serene and 
heavenly countenance, he w 7 ent asleep in Jesus. 
Of his precious remains we might well say, 

Ah, lovely appearance of death, 
What sight upon earth is so fair! 

" Long will my recollection linger upon his 
death scene. Long will I remember those min- 
gled emotions of sympathy and joy, in contem- 
plating the departure of this watchman from the 
walls, this rendering up the commission of em- 
bassadorship, this going home of God's servant 
from labor to reward. In my imagination I followed 
the verging spirit as it was leaving the house 
of clay, when the soul for the last time looked 
out of those ' lack-luster ' windows, and prepared 
to take a long adieu of its tenement of clay, in 
cool resignation waiting the driving up of the 
chariot to convey it to the better land, to 'the 
house not made with hands, eternal in the heav- 
ens;' for him angels waited, and to him doubt- 
less it is said, 

vol. nr. — 7 

98 Method'sm in Tennessee. 

Servant of Christ, well done, 

Rest from thy loved employ, 
The battle's fought, the victory's won, 

Enter thy Master's joy. 

"Brother Overall was born July 18th, 1803, 
was convicted of his lost estate at Windrow's 
Camp-meeting, 1821, in that great revival under 
the Rev Sterling C. Brown (now in heaven), 
whose giant soul scattered salvation, through his 
indefatigable labors, all over these lands. Young 
L. D. Overall, after traveling to this place on 
foot, about twenty miles, was then and there 
literally struck to the ground under conviction, 
and for two whole days and nights neither ate nor 
slept, crying for mercy From this meeting he 
went home with a bleeding heart, still inquiring, 
6 What must I do to be saved?' About tw T o 
weeks after, with fifteen of his unconverted asso- 
ciates, he left home for a Cumberland Presbyterian 
camp-meeting, eight miles from Murfreesboro, at 
which place he, with fourteen of his companions, 
obtained the pearl of great price. It was not 
long before our young brother was moved by the 
Holy Spirit to call sinners to repentance. It was 
'like fire shut up in his bones ;' nor could he rest 
until he broke from the scenes of his boyhood. 
With the silver trump of the gospel, he mounted 
the walls of Zion and filled it with the sound of 
salvation. 0, how delightful to hear the thrilling 

Methodism in Tennessee. 99 

Durs«; of divine inspiration from the heaven-com- 
missioned youth, the burning fervor of whose 
zeal tells that his heart is warm to win souls to 
Christ, that communicates itself as sacred elec- 
tricity, and is seen in the joyful countenances and 
brim-full eyes of his attentive hearers; whilst ever 
and anon ' the groans of the wounded are heard 
in the blast,' the sure external evidence that he 
has done the will of God ! With these feelings 
and exercises, young Overall entered upon his 
ministerial life, at the age of twenty He was 
licensed to preach at the District Conference for 
Nashville District, held in this place in 1823. It is 
worthy of remark that here he commenced and 
here he closed his ministerial labors, and perhaps 
was not in Columbia more than half a dozen times 
in the interim. From this he was recommended 
to the Tennessee Annual Conference as a suitable 
person to travel, in the bounds of which he has 
labored for eleven years, as a traveling preacher, 
upon the following circuits and stations — viz., in 
1823, Smith's Fork Circuit; 1824, Obion; 1825, 
Hatchie; 1826, Stone's River; 1827, Richland ; 
1828, Madison; 1829 and 1830, Courtland Sta- 
tion ; 1831, Florence; 1832, Nashville; 1833, 
Huntsville ; at the close of this year he located 
at the Pulaski Conference, and has since traveled 
and preached extensively in the States of Ten- 
nessee, Alabama, and Mississippi. Thus for the last 

100 Methodism in Tennessee. 

twelve 3 ears oar beloved brother has been a faith- 
ful minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
whose doctrines and discipline were his delight, 
and to sustain which he made every necessary 
sacrifice of time, home, friends, health, ease, and 
money, and with an uncompromising perseverance 
he urged his onward course. 

" In what relation soever we view our beloved 


brother, we find him to have been a person of no 
ordinary character. As a gentleman, he possessed 
those unassuming, bland, and dignified manners 
which made him the delight of every circle in which 
he moved. His retiring modesty, and humble views 
of himself, caused him often to remain unnoticed, 
until brought forward by those who were well 
acquainted with him to occupy the stand to which 
his virtues and talents entitled him. He was slow 
in forming his friendships, but, when formed, was 
unwavering and indissoluble in his attachments. 
He was distinguished for honesty and sincerity of 
heart, that regulated both his words and actions ; 
his expressions of friendship were not unmeaning 
and fulsome expressions of the sycophant, that 
congeal upon the lip and disappoint the .un- 
wary expectant, but the sentiments of a true and 
undisguised heart. 

"As a Christian, sincere and honest at heart, 
he engaged in his religious history with the purest 
motives, and followed it up with care and con- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 101 

stancy Always satisfied in his own mind with his 
relation to God, he kept the candle burning in his 
own bosom, and seldom made a loud profession of 
his own experience. His piety was not of that 
morose cast that would render it repulsive, as 
though religion had a tendency to crush and 
crucify all those generous passions and noble exer- 
cises of the human heart, nor of that enthusiastic 
character which is always fluctuating with the 
sunshine or shade of religious excitement or 
worldly circumstances, but clear, consistent and 
substantial; not identified with the evanescent 
scenes of human frailty, but the clear sunbeam 
of heavenly inspiration, that governs, warms, 
animates, and sublimates the inner man of the 

a As a minister of the gospel, he was clear in 
his call, sound in the faith, diligent in his duties, 
obedient to his superiors in office, and useful in 
his ministrations, in establishing the Church, and 
winning souls to Christ. Possessing a good 
English education, united with intense study, 
extensive traveling, and close observation, he 
had opportunities of information and improvement 
as a minister which could not be obtained in any 
other w T ay His talents were of no ordinary 
grade. True, w T e did not discover in him the 
fickleness of fancy, the scintillations of wit and 
humor, nor the burning sallies of satire ; but his 

102 Methodism in Tennessee. 

efforts were the close, thoughtful, calculating 
deduction of a profound mind. I refer to the 
many sermons we have heard from his lips ; 
sermons that would have been heard with interest 
in any pulpit in Europe or America; sermons 
that would do honor to the head or heart of any 

'•'Brother Overall intended to purchase some 
desirable spot he might call home, there to spend 
the remainder of his days ; Heaven, however, saw 
fit to disappoint his expectations in this antici- 
pated good, but gave him an infinitely more 
valuable possession in the heavenly inheritance, 
and now upon some delightful spot in the heavenly 
Canaan he rests from cares and business free, 
whether upon the glory-lit hills, or in the flowery 
plains; whether upon the stream that gladdens 
the city, or under life's fair tree ; whether near 
or more distant from the resplendent throne of 
the great I AM, heaven's grand center, or ultim- 
ately enjoying the whole, we pretend not to say ; 
but this one thing delights our contemplative 
minds, that his location is infinitely superior and 
more desirable than the most favored situation 
upon the broad surface of this sin-defiled world. 

" Let me die the death of the righteous, and 
let my last end be like his. 

" Very affectionately, 

" T. M***** " 

Methodism in Tennessee. 103 

Mr. Overall requested that the Rev- Robert 
Paine should preach a funeral discourse at the 
approaching Conference, from the text, "For I 
am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ," etc.; 
and sent a message to his brethren. The sermon 
was preached at Lebanon, November, 1834, the 
Conference in a body being present. The sermon 
was, perhaps, the greatest effort of the preacher's 
life; the house was filled with the glory of God, 
and the congregation was overwhelmed with the 
presence and power of the Spirit. 

The year following, Alexander L. P Green 
and Pleasant B. Robinson were appointed to the 
station, and James Gwin to the African Mission 
in Nashville and vicinity The glorious work 
went on, and abundant success crowned the labors 
of his servants ; 780 white members were re- 
turned, and 810 colored. Mr. Robinson, the co- 
laborer of Mr. Green, was an indefatigable worker, 
and was a true yoke-fellow of his colleague. Mr. 
Gwin had almost unlimited influence with the 
colored people, and accomplished much good 
among them. Mr. Robinson was sent the next 
year to Huntsville, Alabama, where he had a large 
success. He married, studied medicine, located, 
and practiced his profession for many years. His 
zeal never abated; he was constant in ministerial 
toil, as far as his practice would permit, and he 
maintained an unsullied reputation. He, however, 

104 Methodism in Tennessee. 

was never satisfied till he reentered the traveling 
connection, which he did before his death. The 
following is the official record of his death : 

" Pleasant B. Robinson, M.D., left the militant 

for the triumphant Church, Oct. 2, 1861, at his 

home in Huntsville, Ala. He entered the traveling 

connection in 1827, in the Tennessee Conference; 

was ordained deacon by Bishop Roberts, 1829, 

and elder by the same Bishop, 1831, and located 

in 1837 During these ten years he filled the 

Tuscumbia, Athens, Nashville, and Huntsville 

Stations, in all of which he was greatly beloved 

and extensively useful. He was readmitted in 

1856; filled the Huntsville African Mission for 

several years, after which he was stationed in 

West Huntsville, at which post he fell. Dr. 

Robinson was ardent, zealous, and deeply pious, 

and his first conflicts proved him a man of valor. 

He was willing to serve at any post to which he 

might be appointed by the authorities of the 

Church, and was often found in the thickest 

of the fight. Well did he sustain the positions 

assigned him, and often was he seen carrying off 

the spoils of the well-fought field. He was truly 

a good preacher; his mind was strong, vigorous, 

and active; his preaching was distinguished by 

good sense, a rich flow of thought, fervent zeal, 

pure piety, and deep pathos. His success as a 

preacher was very extensive, and many were the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 105 

seals to his ministry He was always acceptable, 
popular, and useful, wherever he labored. In the 
altar he had few superiors, and his willing mind 
entered largely and successfully into this depart- 
ment of the work. Many of his converts have 
gone before him to the better world, and many 
still remain to mourn their loss in his departure. 
He was a martyr to his Master's work. Having 
an iron constitution, he feared no labor or ex- 
posure. Despite the caution of his friends, he 
labored on, fearing no evil consequences. 

"At a late revival in West Huntsville Station, he 
was found continually employed often to the late 
hours of the night, in the crowded church, inhaling 
a heated and impure atmosphere, excited in body 
and mind to the highest point. In this condition 
he was called upon, as a physician, to visit a 
patient some miles from the city The cold air 
of the midnight hour checked perspiration, and 
induced a chill, from the effects of which he never 
recovered. He was connected with the M. E. 
Church, in Huntsville, Ala., for many years, and 
shared largely in the labors that gave it stability 
and prosperity He had its interests at heart, 
and spared neither labor nor sacrifice in promot- 
ing its prosperity No heart felt more deeply 
than his for that Church, and no one ever la- 
bored more unselfishly for its good. The poor, 
the afflicted, and the almost uncared for, found in 

106 Methodism in Tennessee. 

him a sympathizing friend, an attentive physician, 
and pious minister of grace. 

" The last days of our beloved brother were 
days of great peace. He remarked to the writer, 
v ho visited him on his way to Conference, when 
a?ked what he should tell his brethren when his 
name was called at Conference, 'All is peace; my 
conversion was clear as light, my call to the min- 
istry was no less clear. I have tried to do my 
duty to God : he has greatly blessed my ministry, 
and now all is peace. At times my feelings are 
so ecstatic that, from the feebleness of my body, 
I am incapable of giving them utterance.' In 
t) is frame of mind he continued, until his spirit 
t( )k its flight to the skies." 

Methodism in Tennessee. 107 


Methodism in Nashville (continued) — McKendree Church 
erected — Bishop McKendree'slastsermon delivered from its 
pulpit — Jno. N. Maffitt — Western Methodist — Christian 
Advocate, Thoa. Stringfield, editor— Messrs. Pitts, Alex- 
ander, and Moody— F. G. Ferguson, McFerrin, and 
Jones — Robert L. Andrews — College Hill Church — 
Andrew, Mulberry, and Elm street — Simpson Shepherd — 
Green and Winbourne, Green and Sawrie, McFerrin and 
Yarbrough, Hanner,Sherrill, Wilkes, Thos. W Randle, 
J. B. Walker, Neely, Riggs, M. Clark— 1844 to 1854— 
Publishing House — Progress till 1860 — Bishop Soule — 
War disasters — Progress since the war — Origin of Sun- 
day-schools — S. Anient, T. Maddin — Present condition. 

The Conference in 1833 was held at Pulaski. 
The Rev Thos. L. Douglass was placed on the 
Nashville District, and F E. Pitts, Daniel F. 
Alexander, and Samuel S. Moody were appointed 
to the station ; Nashville African Mission, James 

Mr. Pitts was in the full tide of his popularity, 
and the two young men with him were regarded 
as very promising. The church on Spring street 
had been too small for two or three years for the 

108 Methodism in Tennessee. 

growing congregation in the heart of the city. 
In the autumn of 1832, a new edifice was pro- 
jected, while Messrs. Overall and McFerrin were 
in the station. During the next year, the 
building was completed, under the pastoral super- 
vision of Messrs. Green and Robinson. And now 
the new preachers were ready to 'occupy the new 
and spacious building. It was determined to call 
the church McKendree, in honor of Bishop 
McKendree, which name it bears till this day 
The lot of ground was selected with great care, 
and was well chosen. Spring street was then al- 
most entirely built up with family residences, and 
while the location was central, it was quiet, being 
free from the noise of drays and wagons as they 
thronged the more business portions of the city. 

Bishop McKendree preached several times in 
the church, and delivered his last public discourse 
from its pulpit. About the time the McKendree 
Church ,was opened, the Rev- John Newland 
Maffitt visited Nashville and preached a series of 
revival sermons : the result was, many were 
added to the Church. 

Toward the close of this year, 1833, the Rev L. 
Garrett, sen., and Mr. Maffitt began the publica- 
tion of a weekly paper, called the Western Method- 
ist. This paper was issued from Nashville, and 
w T as a popular and well-sustained religious journal. 
Mr. Maffitt, after some months, transferred his 

Methodism in Tennessee. 109 

interest in the paper to Mr. Garrett, who became 
the sole proprietor, publisher, and editor. In his 
editorial labors he was aided first and last by Mr. 
Forbes, a writer of rare gifts, and the Rev. John 
W Hanner. Mr. Garrett proposed to sell the 
paper and office to the General Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. The General Con- 
ference, which convened at Cincinnati in 1836, 
appointed a committee who were authorized to 
consummate the trade, changed the name of the 
paper to that of the South-western Christian Advo- 
cate, and elected the Rev Thomas Stringfield the 
editor. Thus was introduced in Nashville a pub- 
lication which resulted finallvin the establishment 
of the Southern Methodist Publishing House 
within its limits. 

Mr. Maffitt preached many sermons in Nash- 
ville, and made the city the place of his residence 
for some years. He was a minister of extra- 
ordinary gifts. An Irishman by birth and edu- 
cation, he had all the vivacity of his countrymen, 
and was a master of elocution. His power over the 
multitudes was wonderful, affecting all classes ; 
and wherever he went he gathered many into the 
Church. Mr Maffitt was low of stature, but well 
proportioned and compactly built, with great 
power of endurance. He was remarkable for his 
neatness of person and apparel. He was eccentric, 
and oftentimes exhibited a want of discretion. 

110 Methodism in Tennessee. 

There was a child-like simplicity in his manners that 
frequently ran into undue familiarity and un- 
ministerial dignity and propriety These things 
marred his usefulness, and gave his enemies the 
advantage of him ; hence he was bitterly perse- 
cuted, and encountered many sore trials ; yet, 
after all, Mr. Maffitt gave evidence of sincerity 
as a Christian ; and with all his infirmities his 
motives were obviously pure, and doubtless he 
made good his retreat from life's conflicts. 

He surely ranked among the first class of pul- 
pit orators in his day; not so much for strength 
as for beauty and perfection of elocution. He 
had many seals to his ministry, and made many 
warm friends as well as bitter enemies. He died 
at Mobile, Alabama, a few years ago, and was 
mourned by thousands who had been blessed by his 

Mr. Pitts and his colleagues were all popular 
and useful; yet there was a decrease in the mem- 
bership ; the returns showing 605 white and 450 
colored. Among the whites the declension may 
be accounted for in several ways. 1. In a new 
and growing city there is always a floating popu- 
lation; tills class sometimes swell and then de- 
crease the membership of any Church. 2. In 
revivals there are always stony-ground hearers 
who soon fall away and become unfruitful. 3. 
Sometimes it happens that Church registers are 

Methodism in Tennessee. Ill 

incorrectly kept, and when subjected to close re- 
vision the true numbers are smaller than was 
anticipated or previously reported. Among the 
colored people, Mr. Gw T in had, the year previous, 
in his charge the African Church at Nashville 
and in the vicinity; now r he only served those 
in the city 

Mr. Alexander was a tall, fine-looking, and very 
promising young man ; he afterward transferred 
to the Alabama Conference, and served the 
Church in Columbus, Mississippi, where he married. 
He located soon afterward, studied medicine, 
practiced his profession for several years, and 
died. He was the brother of the Rev Robert 
Alexander, D.D., a pioneer missionary in Texas, 
where he still lives, in the confidence and affection 
of the people. 

Samuel S. Moody long lived to honor God and 
serve the Church. The following official memoir 
we copy from the Annual Minutes : 

" Samuel S. Moody was born in Powhatan 
county, Va., May 1, 1810; professed religion 
in Henry county, Tenn., at Chapel Hill, four miles 
from Paris, in the fall of 1828. Three months 
previous to this event he became the subject of 
awakening grace, and united himself, as a seeker 
of religion, to the M. E. Church. This event he 
regarded as one of the most important acts of his 
early religious history, and has left on record, in his 

112 Methodism in Tennessee. 

diary, the following interesting item : i I would 
say, as my last advice to all truly awakened 
persons, Join the Church of God as soon as cir- 
cumstances will permit;' advice not only ap- 
proving the policy of our Church, but demonstrat- 
ing its great utility in the experience of thousands. 
In the fall of 1830, Brother Moody was recom- 
mended by the Quarterly Conference of Sandy 
Circuit, to the Tennessee Annual Conference, to 
be received on trial in the traveling connection ; 
and, as he records, i to my astonishment I was re- 
ceived and appointed to the Wesley Circuit.' 

"In 1831, he was appointed to the Lebanon 
Circuit; in 1832, to the Sandy Circuit; in 1833, 
Nashville Station; in 1834, Memphis Station; in 
1835, Florence Station; in 1836, to Montgomery 
Circuit; in 1837 and 1838, to Lebanon District; 
in 1839 and 1840, to Murfreesboro District; in 
1841, at the earnest solicitation of Bishop Waugh, 
he was transferred to the Memphis Conference, 
and appointed to Jackson District; in 1842, to 
Memphis Station; in 1843, to Jackson Station. 
In 1844, he was transferred back to the Tennes- 
see Conference, and appointed to Murfreesboro 
Station; in 1845, 1846, and 1847, to Huntsville 
District; in 1848, to Nashville District. On this 
work his health failed, so that he thought it 
prudent to desist for awhile from the labor of the 
regular work; but submitting his case to his more 

Methodism in Tennessee. llo 

experienced brethren, he was induced to take 
light work, and was appointed, in 1849, to Athens 
Station; in 1850, to Florence Station. Here he 
records the following melancholy fact : 'At the 
close of this year, I was compelled to ask to be 
stricken from the effective list. I have traveled 
twenty-one years, and feel that I have been a 
very unprofitable servant.' 

" Through all these years of labor and travel, 
our dear brother experienced those vicissitudes 
incident to the life of Methodist traveling preach- 
ers. Often, in early life, they find a crisis in 
their history, which, when successfully passed, 
learns them ' to endure hardness as a good soldier.' 
A period of this kind occurred early in the first 
year of Brother Moody's ministry, where he 
found, by contrast with the comforts and ease of 
his paternal home, that the life of a young itinerant 
Methodist preacher was far from being spent in 
an earthly paradise. Hungry, cold, wet with the 
falling rain, sitting on his horse, after having rode 
many miles, and preached to a cold and hard- 
hearted congregation, who gave him neither 
friendly salutation, food, nor shelter, he felt like 
deserting a work for which he felt he had neither 
adaptation nor encouragement. In this tempest 
of emotion, his mind balancing between riding 
ten miles, in the rain, toward his next appoint- 
ment, where he might be as coldly received as at 

114 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the one he had just filled, and his father's house, 
where he would find warm hearts, cheerful faces, 
and ( enough and to spare,' reason, conscience, 
piety, and perhaps a sense of duty, preponder- 
ated in favor of one more trial, and so urged his 
way to the hospitable home of Dr. Dunn, of 
whose family Brother Moody records the follow- 
ing : 'A man of wealth and hospitality, whose 
family were among the best friends I ever found 
in this selfish world. After a good meeting the 
next day, I took courage, blessed God, and went 
on.' Now, fully over the shoals, and out at sea, 
our brother moves on without the slighest diffi- 
culty on that subject ever after. 

" Brother Moody was among the most pious 
and popular ministers of our Conference ; wher- 
ever Providence cast his lot he moved as an angel 
of light and love. His calm spirit, meek deport- 
ment, and benignant conversation, always opened 
a way to the inward warm affections and confi- 
dence of all who knew him. Perhaps no man of 
our Conference was more universally beloved ; 
indeed, the virtues of this holy man will live in 
the memories of thousands as long as life shall 
last: he never had an enemy; our Church has 
seldom produced so pure a specimen of our holv 
religion. His very appearance, his calm and 
heavenlv countenance, clothed, as it was at all 
times, with gentleness and love, disarmed all op- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 115 

position. When he rose in the pulpit, before he 
uttered a word, saint and sinner united in be- 
lieving that ' he was a man sent of God.' In 
business life, in the social circle, around the 
domestic hearthstone, the purity of religion never 
censed to shine. For many years he was the 
subject of much bodily affliction ; his pale face and 
his hectic cough often called for and received the 
sympathy of his brethren, regarding thern as sure 
indications of a speedy exit from our midst; but 
God, in goodness to the Church and to his family, 
kept him a long time in sight of heaven before he 
called him home. After years of wasting afflic- 
tion, in which he had many sudden and alarming 
attacks, and from which his recovery was an as- 
tonishment to his family and friends, his wasted 
and worn body at last yielded to the invasion of 
the grim messenger, and calmly and gently met 
the foe : here his faith and confidence became 
stronger as his body became weaker, and his 
Christian graces shone with supernal beauty The 
holy eloquence of this dying saint even exceeded 
in confidence, comfort, and hope, the even and 
uniform tenor of his previous piety, until, Avound 
up to visions of rapture and joy, he cried out in 
ecstasy, ''Tis the hope, the blessed hope, which 
Jesus' grace has given ! ' After giving the ex- 
pressions of his piety in terms of confidence and 
love, followed by many exhortations and much 

116 Methodism in Tennessee. 

fid vice to bis many friends and family, as well as 
his faithful domestics, he cried out, '0, the hope 
of a blessed immortality!' 

"At length, finding his end at hand, he called 
his family to his bedside to give them his last 
exhortation ; but sinking fast, he called for water, 
to enable him the more readily to speak; but no 
— the mournful group waited, but no word was 
uttered, no voice was heard, neither text nor ser- 
mon came; the Master called, the chariot was in 
waiting, the spirit fled, all was silence, and naught 
was left of this gifted, pure, and devoted minister 
of God, but the lifeless form of the beloved Moody 
upon his bed of death. Many interesting expres- 
sions of happiness and comfort were uttered by 
him to his family and friends, which will be long 
preserved as jewels of heavenly brightness in the 
casket of memory; and the older members of this 
Conference will long cherish the memory of his 
many virtues, and class him among the brightest, 
and best, and most beloved of its members. He 
departed this life on the 5th day of May, 1863. 
The funeral sermon of our beloved brother was 
preached by Dr. McFerrin, on the 7th, to a large 
and sympathizing audience, from Matt. xxv. 23." 
Mr, Moody was married, at the proper a«;e to 
Miss Cannon, of Shelbyville, Tenn. His mantle 
has fallen on his son, who has been for several 
years a worthy member of the Tennessee Confer- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 117 

ence, and this year (1872) has been appointed to 
the work on the Pacific coast. 

At the next meeting of the Annual Conference, 
the station was divided and made two charges in- 
stead of one, among the whites. Mr. Pitts was 
returned to McKendree, and F G. Ferguson was 
appointed to College Hill. During this year there 
was a call for missionaries for South America. 
Mr. Pitts volunteered for that important work, 
and spent a } r ear in planting the standard of the 
gospel in Buenos Ayres and neighboring cities. 
It is to be regretted that the Methodist Episcopal 
Church (North) failed to give the South due credit 
in the matter. Mr. Pitts was the pioneer mis- 
sionary in South America. 

In the membership there was a great decrease 
in numbers this year. The statistics show, Nnsh- 
ville (which was McKendree), 230; College Hill, 
96; African Mission, 616. 

The Rev Frederick G. Ferguson was convert- 
ed near Courtland, Ala., and was admitted on trial 
in the autumn of 1829, and continued a faithful, 
useful, and popular preacher in the Tennessee 
Conference for many years, when he was trans- 
ferred to the Alabama Conference. The Annual 
Minutes say: 

"Frederick G. Ferguson was born in Spartan- 
burg District, S. C, April 4, 1809; converted at 
Mountain Spring Camp-ground, in Lawrence coun- 

118 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ty, Ala., July 28, 1828. He was licensed to ex- 
hort Jan. 8, 1829, and in the fall of the same year 
was licensed to preach, and recommended to the 
Tennessee Annual Conference held at Huntsville, 
where he was admitted on trial and appointed to 
the Lawrence Circuit. He rilled various appoint- 
ments in that Conference, one of which was among 
the Cherokee Indians, with acceptability and use- 
fulness to the Church. He was transferred to the 
Alabama Conference, and after several years spent 
as Principal of the Macon Female Institute, he 
entered upon the regular work of the itinerancy, 
traveling extensively, and laboring with great zeal 
and fidelity His last appointment was the Mont- 
gomery District, which he filled with his usual 
diligence and earnestness, caring for and watching 
over the interests of the Church. The cause of 
God lay near his heart; the wants of the poor 
called forth his active efforts for their relief, and 
the claims of his country always met a ready and 
cheerful response. His piety and his patriotism 
were indissolubly connected, and for both Church 
and country he was always ready to give his labor, 
to pray, to suffer, and to die. Returning from a 
quarterly-meeting on the 31st of August last, he 
was taken violently ill with congestion, and after 
suffering greatly for four days he slept in Jesus, 
and went home to heaven. When told that he 
must die, and asked how he felt, he replied in- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 119 

stantly, 'Sweet peace!' 'Blessed Jesus!' '0 
sing to me of heaven, when I am called to die!' 
His entire illness was a continued triumph, and 
though toward the close his mind wandered, it was 
still on his work. He called sinners to come to 
Christ; he went through the invitation to the 
Lord's table, or repeated some lines of the sweet 
songs Avherewith he had so often cheered and en- 
livened the people he served. He honored God 
in his life, and was honored of him in his dying 

The next year the two charges were again con- 
solidated, and J. B. McFerrin and Heuben Jones 
were appointed to the station ; L. Garrett, super- 
numerary ; and James Gwin to the African Mission. 
Thomas L. Douglass was the Presiding Elder. 
For some reason the African Mission this year 
stood in connection with the Cumberland District. 
The station barely held its own in numbers, 
there being 308 returned ; among the colored 
there were reported 710, being an increase of 
nearly one hundred. The membership seemed 
to be well settled, and the spiritual condition 
healthy, though there was no particular advance 

Mr. Jones, the junior preacher, was a young 
man of solid piety and respectable attainments. 
He was modest, yea timid, but he was esteemed 
by the congregations. He was subsequently trans- 

120 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ferred to the Virginia Conference, where he united 
with the Baptist Church. He continues a minis- 
ter of that denomination, having charge of two 
Churches in the vicinity of Norfolk. Mr. Jones 
is yet ardently attached to the Methodists. 

At the session of the Conference in the autumn 
of 1836, the Rev. F E. Pitts was appointed Pre- 
siding Elder, and the Rev. Robert L. Andrews to 
the station; Thomas L. Douglass, supernumerary; 
James Gwin, Superintendent of the African Mis- 
sions in Nashville and vicinity; Thomas String- 
field, Editor of the South-ivestern Christian Advo- 
cate. This was a year of great affliction to the 
Church, owing to personal difficulties among some 
prominent members. The result was that Mr. 
Andrews, the preacher in charge, had many sore 
conflicts, and saw but little fruit of his toil. There 
was no increase in the number of the white mem- 
bers, but a decrease, the statistics showing only 
278. Mr Andrews was a faithful man and a 
good minister of Christ, but the elements were un- 
favorable for revival influence; yet, like breaking 
up the fallow ground, or subsoiling the field, an 
honest administration of discipline prepares the 
soil for more abundant crops. 

Robert L. Andrews was brought up in William- 
son county, Tennessee, and was connected with a 
large and reputable family He professed sav- 
ing faith in the morning of life, and was admitted 

Methodism in Tennessee. 121 

on trial in the Tennessee Conference in 1829. 
He made rapid improvement, and soon rose to po- 
sition in the Church. He filled many important 
and responsible stations in the Tennessee and 
Memphis Conferences. On the circuit, in the city 
station, on the District as Presiding Elder, every- 
where he was useful and beloved. His person 
was agreeable, his manners gentle, his spirit kind, 
his disposition amiable, and his piety deep and 
uniform. He reared a large family, and had 
around him an abundance of worldly goods, but 
was stripped of nearly all during the progress of 
the dreadful war. In the winter of 1864, he re- 
moved his family to a more quiet location, in Mis- 
sissippi, and here he found rest; for, during the 
year 1865, he fell asleep in Jesus, after thirty-five 
years' faithful toil as a minister of Christ. The 
name of Robert L. Andrews is cherished by hun- 
dreds who remember his labors with pleasure. 

It will be seen that Mr. Andrews had no col- 
league. The place of worship on Front street had 
become dilapidated, and too small to accommodate 
the congregation. It was therefore resolved to se- 
? lect a lot and erect a church on College Hill. This 
purpose was carried out the ensuing year, and a com- 
fortable house was built on the corner of Market 
and Franklin streets. The deed was made by 
James Gray to Nicholas Gordon and others, trus- 
tees. Here the College Hill congregation wor- 

V~>T TTT (\ 

1.22 Methodism in Tennessee. 

shiped for ten years, when it was resolved to bnild 
a larger and more commodious house. Accord- 
ingly, in 184 7, Joseph T. Elliston conveyed to 
Isaac Paul and others seventy-two feet fronting 
on Franklin street, whereon was erected Andrew 
Church, so named in honor of Bishop James 0. 
Andrew- In course of time, Mulberry street was 
built and occupied as a second station on College 
Hill. This was the result of a preaching-place on 
the premises of Isaac Paul, called "Elysian 
Grove." Y/ithin the last few years, Andrew 
Church and the Mulberry street house have both 
been sold, and the congregations consolidated at 
Elm street, a new and elegant place of worship. 

This year the Rev- Simpson Shepherd, of Nash- 
ville, was admitted on trial. Mr. Shepherd was 
an Irishman by birth, a merchant, and had been 
for many years a local preacher. He had advanced 
in years, but was robust and full of vigor He 
was a,n eloquent preacher and superior lecturer. 
He did not long hold his connection with the itin- 
erant ministry, but he continued to preach till old 
age, and died a few years since in Louisiana or 

Alexander L. P Green and Alexander Win- 
bourne were appointed to the station this year, 
F E. Pitts, Presiding Elder. The year was more 
prosperous than the past, taking the numbers as 
evidence. The reports were, whites, 423; colored, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 123 

475. There was no missionary to the colored 
people, but the pastors of the white congregations 
had charge of the Africans. There was a mis- 
sionary appointed to the Cumberland African 
Mission, the Rev John Rains, who reported 425 

Mr. Winbourne was a noble young man whose 
race was short. At the end of the Conference 
year, he was transferred to the Alabama Confer- 
ence and stationed at Greensboro. His health 
failed, and he returned to Nashville, and closed 
his useful life at the residence of his brother, eight 
miles from the city He sleeps in the Nashville 
cemetery, having died in the faith. A neat stone 
marks the place of his repose, erected by the Ten- 
nessee and Alabama Conferences, as a token of 
their appreciation of this servant of God. 

F E. Pitts was returned to the District, and 
A. L. P Green to the station, with William D. F. 
Sawrie, and one to be supplied. There was a 
good work this year, but, strange to say, no sta- 
tistical reports from the Conference were furnished 
the Editor of the General Minutes. 

At the next session of the Conference, 1839, 
the work was divided, and J. B. McFerrin was 
stationed at McKendree, Solomon S. Yarbrough 
at College Hill, and John Rains had charge of the 
colored people. F- E. Pitts was still the Presid- 
ing Elder The year was prosperous to a consid- 

124 Methodism in Tennessee. 

erable extent. The returns show the membership 
of McKendree to be 31 5; College Hill, 180; Af- 
rican Mission, 618. Mr. Yarbrough, at the Con- 
ference, was placed on the supernumerary list; his 
health afterward improved, and he was transferred 
to Texas, where he still remains, laboring in the 
cause of Christ. Two young men converted in 
previous revivals were this year licensed to preach 
in Nashville, and recommended to the Conference 
— Lewis C. Bryan and Robert G. Irvine. They 
were both admitted, and remain till this day faith- 
ful workers in the Master's vineyard. J B. Mc- 
Ferrin was elected editor of the South-western 
Christian Advocate, which made Nashville his resi- 
dence. In this office he continued nearly eighteen 

A. L. P Green was appointed Presiding Elder 
of the District ; John W Hanner to McKendree, 
S. S. Yarbrough, sup.; to College Hill, John 
Sherrill. There was no separate preacher for the 
colored people. There was a decrease in the 
membership at McKendree of 55, and an increase 
at College Hill of 70. Among the colored there 
were returned only 390 members. The work 
among this people was always changing. Some- 
times they were in charge of the pastor of McKen- 
dree, then they had a preacher of their own, and 
then they were put in connection with country 
work; so that it is almost impossible to trace their 

Methodism in Tennessee. 125 

progress in the city Many of them were excel- 
lent, consistent Christians, while multitudes were 
unstable, and ran well only for a season. The 
reader will perceive, too, that there was a continual 
ebb and flow among the white members ; this is 
a striking feature in the American people, who are 
a restless, moving class, always looking for a 
better country 

In 1841 Mr. Hanner was returned to McKen- 
dree, and W H. Wilkes was appointed to College 
Hill. The membership increased this year at 
McKendree ; the report shows 406 white and 
415 colored. In the College Hill charge there 
was a small decrease, the numbers returned being 

In the autumn of 1842 Thos. W Handle was 
stationed at McKendree, and Joseph B. Walker 
at College- Hill, A. L. P Green, Presiding Elder. 
There was a small increase this year in McKen- 
dree charge, and a small increase in the College 
Hill and African Churches. McKendree, 396 ; 
College Hill, 263; colored, 480. 

Thomas W Handle was one of several brothers 
who were brought up near Paris, Tennessee, and 
entered the ministry 

Thomas Ware Handle was the son of Thomas 
and Nancy Handle, and was born in Stewart 
county, Tenn., April 13, 1815. His parents died 
when he was young; hence his education and 

126 Methodism in Tennessee. 

moral training were confided to others, who, it 
seems, performed well their duty While Thomas 
was quite a boy, he professed saving faith in 
Christ, at Manley's Chapel camp-meeting, and 
united with the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 
the autumn of 1832 he was admitted on trial in 
the Tennessee Conference. Thus, before he was 
eighteen years old, he was an itinerant preacher, 
engaged actively in calling sinners to repentance, 
and for more than twenty-six years rendered 
efficient service in the regular work, never losing 
any time in secular pursuits. The following are 
the fields he occupied : Circuits — Gibson, Wolf 
River, Jackson, Lagrange; Stations — Clarksville, 
Jackson (two years), Gallatin (two years), Colum- 
bia, Nashville, Murfreesboro, Athens (tw T o years), 
Lebanon, Gallatin again ; Stone's River Circuit, 
Murfreesboro District, four years in succession ; 
Murfreesboro Station again ; Clarksville, two 
years ; and then three years on the Huntsville 
District, where he ended his toils. The ground 
he occupied extended from the Mississippi River 
to the Cumberland Mountains, and from the Ken- 
tucky line to North Alabama, embracing some 
hard frontier work and many of the most import- 
ant appointments in the Conference. He was 
several times a delegate to the General Conference. 
He was a Christian gentleman. His piety was 
deep and uniform, and his conduct without re- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 127 

proach. He was remarkable for his modesty, and 
was always kind toward his brethren. Indeed, 
his example was a beautiful model, and worthy 
the imitation of his younger brethren. His 
talents as a preacher were excellent, and his zeal 
knew no abatement : he often, especially on the 
District, labored beyond his strength, and came 
to Conference exhausted by his arduous toil. 
His last sickness was protracted : for months he 
lingered with wasting consumption, in which he 
suffered much ; yet, in all his afflictions, he was 
patient, exhibiting the power of divine grace in 
the hour of trial. His death was very triumphant. 
He was calm and rational ; he did not discover a 
single symptom indicating the dethronement of 
reason to the very last. At one time, when 
several friends and brethren were present, he 
requested them to sing, which they did. When 
far out in the river of death, he was frequently 
heard to say, " Home, home, home ! " He exhorted 
his friends present to meet him in heaven, then 
quit his earthly tenement and went to a palace in 
the skies. He died August 26, 1859. He sleeps 
in the cemetery at Hunts ville, Alabama, in hope 
of a glorious resurrection. 

The Rev. Joseph B. Walker, D.D., has filled 
many important stations in the Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, and Louisiana Conferences. He was long 
one of the pastors of the Church in New Orleans, 

128 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and is now in charge of the First Church in 
Galveston, Texas. He is a noble, eloquent, and 
successful preacher of the gospel. 

In 1843 Philip P Neely was stationed at 
McKendree, and Adam S. Riggs at College Hill; 
Nashville African Church, Martin Chirk; A. L. 
P Green, Presiding Elder. The preachers were 
successful. The statistical reports show an in- 
crease of numbers in both charges. Numbers : 
McKendree, 407; College Hill, 285. No report 
from the African Church. 

Messrs. Neely, Riggs, and Clark have all gone 
to their reward. 

Philip Phillips Neely was a man of superior 
preaching ability He was a native of Rutherford 
county, Tenn., and was born Sept. 9, lb 19. He 
was connected with a highly respectable family, 
and had considerable early educational advantages, 
which proved to be of great service to him in 
after life. 

He was converted in 1836, and admitted into 
the Tennessee Conference in 1837 He made 
rapid improvement, and soon attracted multitudes 
of anxious and delighted hearers. His first ap- 
pointment was Jackson Circuit, West Tennessee, 
as junior preacher with the Rev. Arthur Davis. 
A great revival was the fruit of their toil. Youno- 
Neely went forward in his work, rising in popu- 
larity until he gained a national reputation. He 

Methodism in Tennessee. 129 

filled many of the most important stations in 
Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama. Franklin, 
Columbia, Huntsville, Nashville, Holly Springs, 
Columbus, Mobile, and many other fields, shared 
the benefit of his labors. He founded a female 
seminary at Columbia, over which he presided 
two years. He was afterward transferred to the 
Alabama Conference, where he took high rank, 
and was considered among the foremost of his 
brethren. He was honored more than once with 
a seat in the General Conference. He was made 
a D.D., in virtue of his attainments as a minister 
of the gospel. 

Bishop Paine thus writes of his friend : " In 
1847, at the solicitation of Dr Bascom, he ac- 
cepted an appointment from the bishop as agent 
for Transylvania University, which position he 
held for a year or two. In the following year he 
was transferred to the Alabama Conference, and 
was the Presiding Elder of Tuskaloosa District. 
Subsequently he repeatedly filled the stations of 
Columbus, Marion, and Mobile, and during ,his 
seventh year's pastorate in the latter city he 
' ceased at once to work and live,' amidst the re- 
spect and regrets of the whole community. 

a As a preacher, Dr. Neely had few equals. 

He was keenly alive to the beautiful and the 

sublime, and his rare powers of description enabled 

him to portray his vivid conceptions with thrilling 

130 Methodism in Tennessee. 

effect. He was always attractive and instructive, 
and sometimes was almost overwhelming. His 
pleasing and impressive person, his tall and erect 
form, his easy and graceful manners, and his clear 
and musical voice, like a fine-toned instrument in 
Ihe hands of a skillful musician, gave him great 
advantages. He had read and studied much, 
and his mind was stored with various knowl- 

" He was a persuasive preacher. The wisdom, 
power, and goodness of God, as seen in creation, 
providence, and grace, his infinite love, as dis- 
played in redemption, the holy consolations of 
true experimental piety, and the bliss and rapt- 
ures of heaven, were his favorite themes. He 
rarely dwelt upon the terrors of the lav/; but 
when he did, the enormity of sin and the terrible- 
ness of hell were fearfully depicted. 

u He was a useful preacher. His labors were 
often crowned with revivals, and wherever he 
labored long many were added to the Church, and 
his return was always desired. 

" Owing to an affection of his throat, and at 
the suggestion of his physician, he was in the 
habit, especially in the latter part of his ministry, 
of reading his sermons ; but such was his facility 
of reading them, and so thoroughly did he pre- 
pare himself, that they were delivered in so 
natural a manner, that most of his hearers were 

Methodism in Tennessee. 131 

not aware of the fact that they were written. 
Doubtless it detracted from the efficiency of his 
discourses, and can only be excused, as an in- 
variable practice, upon the score of the necessity 
which required it." 

His brethren of the Mobile Conference bear 
this testimony : 

"Philip P Neely was born in Rutherford 
county, Tenn., Sept. 9, 1819, converted Sept. 9, 

1836, and died in the city of Mobile, Ala., Nov 
9, 1868. He was admitted into the itinerancy 
and joined the Tennessee Conference Sept. 9, 

1837, and appointed junior preacher on Jackson 
Circuit, West Tennessee. In 1840, at the divis- 
ion of the Tennessee Conference, he became a 
member of the Memphis Conference, and was 
stationed at Holly Springs, Miss., Oct., 1841. 
He was then transferred to the Tennessee Con- 
ference. During the two years immediately 
following, he was stationed in the city of Hunts- 
ville,Ala.,and in the year succeeding was appointed 
President of the Columbia Female College, and 
two years after traveled as agent of the Transyl- 
vania University In 1848 he was transferred 

to the Alabama Conference, since which time 
some of the most prominent and important sta- 
tions within the bounds of the Conference have 
received the benefits of his labors. 

"In person, Dr. Neely was above ordinary 

132 Methodism in Tennessee. 

stature, and his bearing was commanding and 
attractive. In the pulpit, his manner was marked 
by perfect ease and grace, and his voice was 
peculiar for its melody and compass. His style 
of preaching was highly ornate, and, combining 
within himself the powers of successful decla- 
mation, he was eminently fitted to address large 
assemblies on popular occasions, seldom, if ever, 
failing to acquit himself to the satisfaction, and 
even delight, of all — frequently thrilling his au- 
diences with the eloquent utterances of his gifted 
tongue. Though his style of preaching was, for 
the most part, highly embellished, and richly 
festooned with the most gorgeous imagery, yet 
nothing unsound in sentiment or heterodox in 
doctrine marked or marred his discourse. He 
was capable of successful and powerful extem- 
poraneous effort, yet most of his sermons preached 
in the latter portion of his ministry were carefully 
written out and delivered from manuscript, and 
we think it the opinion of the thousands who 
have sat under his ministry that, as a reader, he 
has seldom, if ever, been surpassed. In temper- 
ament he was singularly kind, affable, and, as a 
friend, ever true and steadfast. Having that 
charity which < suffereth long and is kind, is not 
easily provoked, thinketh no evil, beareth all 
things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, 
endureth all things,' he was ever disposed to put 

Methodism in Tennessee. 133 

the very best construction upon the conduct of 
others. The law of kindness was on his lips, and 
spoke through his life. Being eminently catholic 
in sentiment and feeling, he exhibited affectionate 
and fraternal regard for all the people of God. 
He was seldom absent from the annual meeting 
of his brethren of the Mobile Conference, and 
expressed, as we are informed, an ardent desire 
to be with us at our present Conference. In the 
providence of God, this has, however, been denied 
him, but it becomes us to bow with adoring sub- 
mission to the behests of Him who doeth all 
things well. 

'•Autumn before last, he was attacked by 
yellow -fever, from the effects of which, it is 
thought, he never fully recovered. His last 
illness lasted about one week, during which he 
suffered much from excessive nervous prostration. 
Thus, in the forty-ninth year of his age, the 
thirtieth of his ministry, and in the zenith of his 
strength and fame, Philip P Neely has passed 
from our midst, and his spirit has gone to take 
part in the spiritual and eternal verities of another 
world. With the message, i Tell my brethren I 
die in the faith, and true to my Church,' lingering 
upon his quivering lip, he breathed his last and 
passed away " 

Dr. Neely died in the city of Mobile, Ala., Nov. 
9, 1868. 

134 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Martin Clark was a riiitive of Virginia, but his 
parents removed to Williamson county, Tennes- 
see, when he whs about eight years old. His 
education was respectable, and he selected a mer- 
cantile life as his occupation, after several years 
of agricultural pursuits. His fortune was considered 
ample when he entered fully upon the career of 
life. In 1820 he was powerfully converted at 
Windrow's Ca,mp-ground, under the ministry of 
Sterling C. Brown. In 1824 he began to preach 
the gospel, and continued in the local ranks till 
the autumn of 1841, when he was admitted into 
the Tennessee Conference. 

Mr. Clark visited the republic of Texas before 
it was annexed to the United States, and was 
among the first Protestant ministers who preached 
the gospel in that beautiful land. He was the 
first chaplain to the Texas Congress, and re- 
mained at the seat of government for many 
months, and was active and energetic in preaching 
the gospel and disseminating the great truths of 
the Christian religion. 

His business transactions failed, and he lost 
most of his worldly goods. This he verily be- 
lieved was because he had neglected, when first 
called to the work of the Christian ministry, to 
devote his whole life to the cause of Him who 
said, " Go ! and lo, I am with you." 

After he was admitted into the traveling con- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 135 

nection, he was happy in his Master's work, and 
performed faithful labor for nearly twenty years. 
He filled many important appointments on cir- 
cuits, in stations, and as a Presiding Elder on a 
District. His worldly circumstances improved, 
and he had the pleasure of seeing his family 
surrounded with the comforts of life. He finally 
closed his useful life on the 25th of February, 

Mr. Clark's person was tall, his features manly, 
his manners pleasant, his voice full and musical, 
and his ministrations successful. He labored un- 
der a serious infirmity — dimness of vision. This 
hindered his studies to some extent, yet he was a 
man of fine information and a large share of com- 
mon sense. He left the world in full hope of a 
glorious immortality The author pronounced his 
funeral-discourse to a vast multitude of weeping 
friends. He was indeed an excellent man. 

But few men connected with the Conference, 
since Mr. Ki^s entered it, had more friends than 

co y 

he. Here is his record, as prepared by a com- 
mittee, adopted by the Annual Conference, and 
published in the General Minutes, the data being 
furnished by the author of this work : 

Adam S. Rigffs was a model man. Though 

CO o 

subject to all the infirmities of our common fallen 
nature, he certainly manifested fewer of its frail- 
ties than ordinarily falls to the lot of the most 

136 Methodism in Tennessee. 

perfect of our species. From early childhood he 
was inclined to be pious. Led on by devoted 
parents, whose example and prayers made indeli- 
ble impression on his heart, in the morning of life, 
by true repentance, earnest prayer, and genuine 
faith, he sought justifying grace and the renewal 
of his heart by the Holy Ghost. He was 
soundly converted, and knew by a happy expe- 
rience the love of God in the pardon of sin, and 
the renewing power of the Holy Ghost. Like 
Samuel, he was dedicated to God from his youth; 
like Timothy, he w T as instructed in the Scriptures 
from his childhood. Thus adopted into the family 
of Christ, he joined himself to the visible Church, 
and addressed himself earnestly to the work of 
his personal salvation. He made regular progress 
in religion, and soon became an ornament to the 
Church. No man in our times maintained a 
higher character for honesty, uprightness, deep 
and uniform piety, than Adam S. Riggs. As hus- 
band, father, citizen, neighbor, Christian, where 
shall we find his superior? His mind was w ell- 
balanced. His judgment was sound, his reason 
clear, his perception quick, and his powers of dis- 
crimination strong. His mind, like his body, had 
a completeness not often surpassed. His early 
advantages were limited to a plain English educa- 
tion, yet, with a mind so well poised and so thor- 
oughly disciplined, he made rapid progress, great 

Methodism in Tennessee. 137 

improvement, and acquired a large fund of theo- 
logical lore and general knowledge. As a minister 
of the gospel he was evangelical, faithful, popular, 
and abundantly useful. Though not what the 
world calls a "brilliant" preacher, yet he was 
sound, clear, pungent, and at times powerful. He 
was a preacher who was always fresh, always ac- 
ceptable. In the city, in the country, with the 
rich, the educated, and the illiterate, he was alike 
popular. He never failed to give more than sat- 
isfaction. His Conference, by a resolution, re- 
quested each member to prepare a brief sketch of 
himself, and file it w 7 ith the secretary. Brother 
Riggs, always prompt in the discharge of duty, 
penned the following brief outline : 

"Adam Springs Riggs was born in Williamson 
county, Tenn., near Riggs's Cross Roads, June 6, 
1816. His parents, David and Sophia Riggs, 
moved to Bedford county during his childhood. 
They were members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and gave him such opportunities as the 
Church afforded in that dny and time. In answer 
to the prayer of a pious father and mother, and 
through the instrumentality of the Rev- Charles 
B. Faris, of the Tennessee Conference, he em- 
braced religion while alone at prayer in the secret 
grove, in Bedford county, Tenn., near Shelbyville, 
on Sunday evening, the 19th of June, 1836. The 
next Saturday, June 25, 1836, he was received 

138 Methodism in Tennessee. 

into the Methodist Church, by the Rev Jesse 
Hord, then of the Tennessee, now of one of the 
Texas Conferences. He was licensed to preach 
by the Rev F G. Ferguson, Presiding Elder, at 
Center Camp-ground, Bedford county, Sept. 21, 
1839. He was received on trial in the Tennessee 
Conference, at Nashville, in the autumn of 1839, 
and appointed to the Rock Creek Circuit, as junior 
preacher, with Gerard Van Buren in charge. In 
1840 he was sent to the Bedford Circuit, with 
Joseph Smith in charge; in 1841, to the Stone's 
River Circuit, with Elbert J. Allen in charge. In 
1842 he was stationed in Columbia. In 1843 he 
was stationed at College Hill Church, Nashville, 
and alternated in the pulpit, during the year, with 
Philip P Neely, who was stationed at McKendree. 
In 1844 he was appointed Presiding Elder of the 
Dover District. On March 5, 1845, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Sarah M. Hurt, of Maury county, 
Term., and in the fall of 1845 was stationed in 
Clarksville. In 1846 he was stationed in Hunts- 
ville, Ala. In 1847 he returned to Huntsville. 
In 1848 he was stationed at McKendree Church, 
in Nashville; in 1849, stationed at Franklin; in 
1850, returned to Franklin; in 1851, stationed at 
Lebanon; in 1852, stationed at Pulaski; in 1853, 
appointed Presiding Elder of the Murfreesboro 
District ; in 1854, returned to the Murfreesboro 
District; in 1855, appointed Presiding Elder of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 139 

the Lebanon District; in 1856, stationed at Mo 
Kendree Church, Nashville; in 1857, appointed 
Presiding Elder of the Nashville District; and in 
1858, 1859, and 1860, returned to the Nashville 
District. In 1861 he was appointed Presiding 
Elder of the Murfreesboro District, where he re- 
mained eight years, the Bishops not counting the 
four years of the war in their appointments. In 
1869 he was appointed Presiding Elder of the 
McMinnville District." At his late Conference 
he was reappointed Presiding Elder of the Mc- 
Minnville District. 

Brother Biggs served the Church as an itinerant 
preacher thirty-one years. Nearly all of his fields 
of labor were in the most important portions of his 
large Conference. He was placed in charge of 
heavy stations and large Districts; but he always 
proved himself equal to his position. He was an 
able and judicious officer of the Church, and ad- 
ministered discipline without partiality or preju- 
dice. He was a wise counselor, and a friend to 
the young preachers, especially to those in his 
own District. In his hospitable home they always 
found a welcome, and received many tokens of 
affection and Christian love. He was honored by 
his brethren, and was chosen several times as a 
delegate to the General Conference. He w T as 
modest, firm, and faithful in every place to which 
he was called by the Church. He never flinched; 

140 Methodism in Tennessee. 

he never wavered. Sometimes he served the 
Church in much bodily affliction ; but on he went, 
constrained by the love of Christ. He had a com- 
fortable home, a loving and beloved family, but 
these hindered him not. He counted not his life 
dear to him, so that he might finish his course, and 
win souls to Christ. His last sickness was pro- 
tracted. Alternating between hope and fear, his 
friends watched through long days and weary 
nights — now thinking him better, then apprehend- 
ing the worst. The struggle was long and fearful, 
and finally the Christian soldier, who had con- 
quered in many a battle, fell a victim, and lies be- 
fore us as one of death's trophies. But, thanks 
be to God, he shall live again ! This mortal shall 
put on immortality, and this corruptible shall put 
on incorruption. Then shall be brought to pass 
the saying that is written, "Death is swallowed 
up in victory " Thanks be to God who giveth 
us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 
His last sermon on his regular work was from 
Rev. vii. 13, 14. His last two sermons were fu- 
neral sermons — both from the same text — 2 Sam. 
xii. 23: "But now he is dead, wherefore should I 
fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to 
him, but he shall not return to me." How appro- 
priate ! Death and heaven ! 

Brother T. B. Fisher, one of our young min- 
isters, who is a relative of the family, and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 141 

was an inmate of Brother Riggs's house, says : 
" Brother Iiiggs was taken sick on Monday night, at 
the Conference which convened at Pulaski, Oct. 5, 
1870. He suffered intensely; was delirious part 
of the time ; recovered enough to return home on 
Saturday the 15th ; was affected with stupor the 
following day or two. Tuesday night he became 
much worse. Wednesdny I (ailed at his house, 
en route for my appointment, Trinity; found him 
quite low When I entered his room he beckoned 
me to his bedside ; said he was glad to see me ; 
that he had made his will ; had said all he wished 
to say; thought he might get well, but it was all 
riirht with him ; that I must not leave him until 
he died or began to get well. He talked about 
death as a thing indifferent; seemed happy all the 
time. These were constant expressions: 'Bless 
the Lord ! ' * Bless the Lord, my soul, and all 
that is within me, bless his holy name!' His 
physician advised against conversation, which re- 
straint he could not well bear He said 'volumes 
Avere constantly passing through his mind, and he 
was not allowed to express them;' 'that he had 
visions and views of Jesus and glory, such as he 
had never expected on earth.' He dwelt upon 
the fullness of the gospel of Christ; said to me : 
' You need not be afraid to 

Preach him to all, and cry in death, 
Behold — behold the Lamb!' 

142 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Speaking of the preachers, he said : ' If there is a 
body of men on earth I love, they are Methodist 
preachers ; with them I could be chained to the 
stake — could endure anv thing.' He mentioned 
several by name — McFerrin, Green, Hanner, 
Summers, Hunter, and others — said: 'Tell mv 
brethren of the Tennessee Conference, there is not 
a man of them but I love ; tell them that I passed 
away as clearly as I could under the circum- 
stances, not being allowed to talk.' Between four 
and five o'clock one morning during his sickness 
he thought himself dying; his family and friends 
were assembled around his bed, when he called 
for Bishop McKendree's farewell song, 'All is 
well.' No one knew it but his wife, who was 
weeping as though her heart would break. She 
told him she could not sing. We sung a few 
stanzas of the hymn, '0 sing to me of heaven.' 
He again asked us to sing, 'AH is well' — said if 
we could not he would sing it himself. She com- 
menced — her tremulous voice rose like the sound 
of a broken harp. In the second stanza he joined 
her; a smile of triumph illumined his face as they 
sung : 

There's not a cloud that doth arise 
To hide my Saviour from my eyes; 
I soon shall mount the upper skies, 

and while she, utterly overcome by emotion, ceased 
to sing, he finished — 'All is well!' It was the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 14 '3 

most moving scene I ever beheld — a wife singing 
the triumph of her dying husband ! During the 
day he called his family to him, one by one, gave 
them his dying counsel and his last blessing; his 
language seemed to me as eloquent as heaven's 
own dialect. I cannot forbear repeating some 
things that were spoken. To his wife he said : 
'You have been to me all that a wife could be to 
a husband; keep the children together; send them 
to school; train them for God.' One sentence de- 
serves a green and flowery immortality: 'You 
have never hindered me from going to an appoint- 
ment.' To his oldest daughter, an affectionate, 
fragile creature, whom he called the idol of his 
heart, he said: 'Sue, you'll be the last to leave 
me, I reckon, and the first to greet me on the 
other shore — live religious, and meet me in heav- 
en.' Thus he talked to each one of them, and 
when he came to Kelly, the youngest, a little girl 
of five brief summers, he said: 'Now bring my 
babe and lay her in my bosom.' When brought, 
he folded her in his arms, saying : ' Kelly, to me 
you are the sweetest gift God ever gave ; be a 
good girl, mind your ma, love your brothers and 
sisters, and may the blessings of God, the Father, 
Son, and Holy Ghost, be yours forever! Now 
kiss me again, again, again, again, again.' To his 
son-in-law he said : 'John, I gave you the idol of 
my heart. I make this request : I want you to 

144 Methodism in Tennessee. 

join the Church with her, live a Christian, and 
meet me in heaven.' He then called his neighbors 
who were present, and spoke to each one of them, 
encouraging those who were Christians to live re- 
ligious, and exhorting those who were not to be- 
come so. He then said to me : '0 that I could, 
like Samson, slay more at my death than in my 
life.' " 

He still lingered on the shore for several days, 
although he said he had entered the cold waters 
of death. The author wrote to the Advocate: 

" I reached his home on Thursday night. He 
was sinking, but perfectly rational. He knew me 
He reached out his hand, grasped mine with eager- 
ness, and in a whisper said, ' I am almost gone, 
but all is right!' From time to time he assured 
me that all was right, all clear. Several times 
with a loud whisper he praised the Lord. I said 
to him, l Brother Riggs, St. Paul said, " For to me 
to live is Christ, and to die is gain;" it is better 
to be absent from the body and present with the 
Lord ; nevertheless, for the sake of the Church, 
he was willing to remain. You are willing yet to 
live and labor, if the will of God be so.' He said, 
' Yes.' ' But if God call you, are you willing to 
die?' <Yes,' he responded. 'Glorious death!' 
He continued in this frame of mind till eleven 
o'clock Saturday night, Oct. 29, when he quietly 
fell on sleep." 

Methodism in Tennessee. 145 

"His funeral took place in Shelbyville on Mon- 
day, Oct. 31 All business houses were closed, 
and a solemn stillness, broken only by the knell 
which sounded forth from the steeples of all the 
churches, attested the profound grief of the entire 
community- A special train was sent by the su- 
perintendent of the railroad to take a large com- 
pany from Nashville who wished to show their 
respect for their former pastor and friend. The 
remains, by particular request, were conveyed to 
the Presbyterian Church — the largest in Shelby- 
ville — the cortege being the most imposing ever 
seen in that city The church was crowded to 
its utmost capacity- Many ministers of different 
denominations were in attendance; the Rev. Mr. 
Bryson, pastor of the Presbyterian Church, the 
Rev. Drs. Young and Kelley, and Felix R. Hill, 
assisted in the service. Solemn dirges were sung 
by the choir, and a discourse was delivered by the 
devoted friend of the deceased, the Rev Dr. Mc- 
Ferrin, upon Psalm xxxvii. 37 The discourse was 
highly appropriate, and produced a powerful effect 
on the vast audience. After its delivery, the re- 
mains were conveyed to the cemetery, and depos- 
ited by the side of those of his first Presiding 
Elder, the Rev. Samuel S. Moody — one of the 
noblest men that ever lived and died. There they 
lie, sleeping together sweetly until the voice of 
the archangel and the trump of God shall wake 
vol. ni. — 10 

146 Methodism in Tennessee. 

them from their long repose. What a greeting 
when they shall rise together at the resurrection 
of the just ! The solemnities at the grave were 
performed by the Masons, of whose fraternity he 
was a worthy member." 

The following year, May, 1844, the General 
Conference met at New York, where the work of 
division began, which resulted in the separation 
of the Southern and Northern Conferences, and 
the organization of two General Conferences in 
the United States. The Churches in Nashville 
adhered, it may be said unanimously, or nearly 
so, to the Southern branch of the Connection, and 
so remain till this day Henceforward, Method- 
ism in Nashville is to be regarded as an integral 
part of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
And, truly, amidst all the calamities that have 
befallen the Southern country and the Southern 
Church, she has prospered beyond the hope of her 

It is not the purpose of the author in the 
present work to trace in detail the history of the 
Methodist Church in Nashville later than the year 
1844; and yet he must not deny himself the privi- 
lege of giving a brief general view of its progress 
and present status. 

Between 1844 and 1854, the Church prospered. 
From time to time the congregations were blessed 
with seasons of refreshing, and many pious and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 147 

devout members died in Jesus, and went to the 
family above. In 1854, the statistical reports 
show that the membership at McKendree was 
395; Andrew Chapel, 272; Spruce street, 150; 
Edgefield, 106; South Nashville, 90; colored, 

Spruce street, it will be seen, was a new charge. 
This was a neat little brick house, west of the 
State Capitol, which was destroyed by fire during 
the late war. By South Nashville, the reader 
will understand Elysian Grove, afterward Mul- 
berry street. Another new appointment on the 
list was Edgefield. This was a small charge, 
organized in a school-room, about one mile from 
the city of Nashville, on the Gallatin turnpike. 

In 1860, farther progress is noted. The num- 
bers were — McKendree, 462; Andrew, 148; 
Mulberry street, 174 ; City Mission, 231 ; Hob- 
son Chapel, 82 ; Edgefield, Trinity, and Russell 
street, 139 ; German Mission, 20, with 272 pro- 
bationers. Colored members, 838, and 87 proba- 

This was a fair showing of the condition of the 
Church in Nashville, when the late unhappy war 
commenced between the Northern and Southern 

Houses of worship : McKendree ; Andrew ; 
Mulberry; Claiborne Chapel, a neat, small church 
in the eastern portion of the city; Spruce street; 

148 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Capers Chapel, a large brick edifice near the 
Nashville and Chattanooga depot, erected for the 
colored people ; Andrew Chapel, a small frame 
house, south of Broad, for the use of the colored 
members. In Edgefield : Hobson Chapel ; Tulip 
street, not completed ; North Edgefield, a small 
frame house ; and Trinity, a neat brick building, 
two miles from the city 

In 1854 the General Conference located the 
Publishing House at Nashville, which brought 
an additional number of able ministers to the 
city With the number of churches above speci- 
fied, all supplied with the faithful ministers of 
Christ, and the resident agents, secretaries, etc., 
Nashville Methodism had glowing prospects. 
Besides, Bishop Soule, the senior Bishop of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, took his position 
with the South, and made Nashville his home. 
A comfortable house was built and offered to 
him during his natural life, and after his death 
it was to be a dwelling for any Southern Bishop 
who might choose to occupy it. The Bishop's 
presence and counsel were of great value to the 
Church in Nashville. 

In 1861 the dreadful war began, and in Feb., 
1862, the Federal troops occupied Nashville. 
The population was scattered ; many of the 
preachers went South ; the churches which were 
not destroyed were turned into hospitals or oc- 


Methodism in Tennessee. 149 

cupied by Northern preachers, who accompanied 
the army, or were sent by the Bishops of the 
Northern Methodist Church to take possession 
of Church property, and, under the order of the 
Secretary of War, to hold and use churches, 
parsonages, etc. When Generals Lee and John- 
ston surrendered the Confederate troops, and the 
soldiers came back, and refugees who had aban- 
doned their homes returned, the Southern Method- 
ists had no place of worship. The McKendree 
church and parsonage were occupied by the Rev. 
Mr. Gee, an appointee of a Northern Bishop; 
Andrew was occupied by the colored people, under 
the protection of the government troops; Clai- 
borne was destroyed; Spruce street was burned; 
Hobson Chapel had been turned into a slaughter- 
house or meat depot ; North Edgefield had been 
t«*iken down and the materials removed ; the 
African churches had been appropriated by other 
colored organizations, and the members, with few 
exceptions, alienated from the Church; Trinity 
had no congregation ; the German Church had 
been disbanded ; and Mulberry was occupied as a 

When the Conference met in October following, 
at Tulip street, the statistical report showed the 
following numbers : McKendree and Capers 
Chapel, colored, 220 ; Andrew and Andrew 
Chapel, 170; Mulberry street, Claiborne, and City 

150 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Mission, 130; Hobson Chapel, 80; Tulip street, 
Edgefield, and Trinity, 79. Thus it will be seen 
that at one stroke the Church lost, in members 
and probationers, 679 whites, and nearly all the 
colored members, amounting to 908. In the 
autumn of 1865, then, the Church set out anew, 
with 679 white members, the churches destroyed 
or out of repair, when returned by order of 
President Johnson, and but few colored members 
left to the Church, South. The Publishing House 
had been pressed, and appropriated to the use of 
the government as a printing-office, mechanics' 
shops, and places of deposit. But, nothing 
daunted, the preachers and people went to work, 
trusting in God, and confiding in one another, and 
soon signs of life and power were exhibited in 
every direction. 

President Johnson restored the Publishing 
House; the doors of the establishment were 
thrown open; the publication of the Christian 
Advocate was resumed ; and the preachers, to 
some extent, occupied their old pulpits. A. L. P 
Green was returned to the District as Presiding 
Elder. McKendree and Capers, 8. D. Baldwin, 
and Elisha Carr, supernumerary; Andrew, C. C. 
Mayhew ; Mulberry street, Austin W Smith, and 
W R. Warren, supernumerary ; City Mission, 
W D. F. Sawrie ; Tulip street and Hobson 
Chapel, R. A. Young; Trinity and Ewins; 

Methodism in Tennessee. 151 

Chapel, F R. Hill. J B. McFerrin, Book 

From that time forward till the present date, 
1872, the inarch of the Church has been onward. 
McKendree has been remodeled and improved, at 
a cost of some fifteen thousand dollars, and in 
1871 numbered 748 members. Andrew and Mul- 
berry have been sold, and Elm street Church, 
a new and elegant house, located in a central 
point, has taken the place of both, the congrega- 
tions having been consolidated. It now numbers 
430 members, and is rapidly growing. 

Claiborne has been rebuilt, and now numbers, 
with Sawrie Chapel, a new brick church in 
North Nashville, erected since 1865, 260 mem- 

Capers Chapel was restored — at the end of the 
law — and has been transferred to the Colored 
Methodist Episcopal Church in America, where 
there is now a flourishing congregation. 

Tulip street has been completed, and is now a 
beautiful edifice, with a fine congregation, and a 
membership of 275. A new Hobson Chapel has 
been constructed in a beautiful grove, two miles 
from the heart of Nashville. It has a member- 
ship of 100. 

A house has been erected in North Edgefield, 
and has a membership of 73. Trinity has been 
repaired, and has an excellent membership of 56. 

152 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Thus, in six years the membership has been in- 
creased 1,263, and now sums up 1,942, exclusive 
of the colored people. 

Tens of thousands of dollars have been ex- 
pended in church buildings and church repairs ; 
and the pastors are more liberally supported than 
at any former period. Truly have the Churches 
in Nashville reason to say, " The Lord hath done 
great things for us, whereof we are glad." 

The Sunday-school in Nashville has been quite 
prosperous. We are indebted to Mr. Samuel P. 
Ament, still living in Nashville, for much valuable 
information on this subject. Mr. Ament is the 
son of Gabriel Ament, spoken of in Bedford's 
" History of Methodism in Kentucky" He came 
to Nashville in June, 1820, when he was quite 
young. He knew no one, except the Hon. Felix 
Grundy and his wife. They were Kentuckians, 
but removed to Nashville in early times. Mrs. 
Grundy was a devout Christian, and a member 
of the Presbyterian Church. Having invited 
young Ament to her house, she informed him 
that a few friends had determined on establishing 
a Sunday-school in the town, for the purpose of 
educating the poor children who might choose to 
avail themselves of the advantages of such an 
institution, and for the religious instruction of the 
children generally, for the New Testament was 
excluded from the common schools. She asked 

Methodism in Tennessee. 153 

his cooperation : he readily consented to be one 
of the teachers. 

Mr. Ament says : " She set the day, the first 
Sunday of July, 1820, as the time. The place 
of meeting was a small frame house in the rear 
of where the McKendree Church now stands. 
The little building was in a very dilapidated con- 
dition, and there was no glass in the windows. 
The house was surrounded by a grove of cedar, 
elm, and sugar-trees, and no other buildings near 
the place. At the first meeting there were 
present Mrs. Grundy, Nathan Ewing, Mildred 
Moore, Samuel P Ament, and fifteen children. 
Our school was opened with prayer and singing, 
the first prayer being offered by Mr. Ewing. We 
used the common Webster's Spelling Book and the 
New Testament. Our school met regularly every 
Sunday morning, at eight o'clock, and each one of 
us led in prayer in succession, and each of us be- 
came a missionary to solicit children to join, 
which subjected us to persecutions in almost every 
conceivable way We were called Sabbath-break- 
ers, and violators of the laws of the land, and 
that we deserved punishment as disturbers of the 
peace. The finger of scorn was hurled at us on 
all occasions, and all the Churches pronounced 
against us, declaring that we should not be coun- 
tenanced. From this source, our opposition was 



154 Methodism in Tennessee. 

"About the middle of October application was 
made to the Church authorities to remove our 
school to some one of their basements ; but this 
request was refused, and consequently we had to 
abandon our school during the winter. In the 
spring of 1821 the school was revived by Mrs. 
Grundy and Mrs. McGavock, in an old house 
built by the government about the year 1811, 
situated on the corner of Church and Front 
streets, and where French's warehouse now stands. 
At that time the building was occupied by Win. 
Garner, and used as a cabinet shop for the manu- 
facture of furniture. Mrs. Grundy obtained 
permission from Mr. Garner to occupy one of the 
rooms in the basement story This room had, 
up to that time, been the resort of hogs, where 
they had wallowed and slept for years ; and in 
cleaning it out, we came in contact with innumer- 
able little insects with hopping propensities. M. 
Quinn, P W Maxey, Isaac Paul, Joseph Litton, 
and others, came to our assistance, and took a 
deep interest in Sunday-school affairs." 

Mr. Ament details the particulars of the con- 
version of two bad boys, whom he met on the 
street in a fight on the Sabbath day: he conducted 
them to the Sunday-school, where they were 
reformed, taught, grew up to a position in society, 
and both made men of superior talents and high 
moral and Christian character. These are a few 

Methodism in Tennessee. 155 

of the fruits of the first Sunday-school in Nash- 

Mr. Anient says that the Rev Thomas Maddin 
came to their assistance in 1822, and did a great 
deal to encourage their hearts and hold up their 
hands. Through his influence much of the oppo- 
sition gave way All the Churches previously 
doubted the policy and questioned the morality 
of Sunday-schools. Mr Anient says : 

"One morning during the year 1822, while on 
my way to our little Sunday-school, and while 
passing up Church street, my attention was at- 
tracted to a large pasteboard that was suspended 
on the door of the Methodist Church. I crossed 
over the street to read the notice, and found in 
large letters the following words : ' No desecration 
of the holy Sabbath, by teaching on the Sabbath 
in this church.' Dr. Maddin, Mrs. Porter, and 
Mrs. McGavock are of the opinion that this 
notice was put up in the spring of the year above 

" There is some little difference of opinion 
between Dr. Maddin and myself in regard to the 
origin of the Sunday-schools. About this time 
he claims to have put in operation the first reg- 
ularly organized Sunday-school. But of this I 
will not contend with him. During this spring 
and summer quite a number of brethren came to 
our assistance, among whom I recollect the names 

156 Methodism in Tennessee. 

of N. McNairy, Kingsley, Lanier, Smiley, Berry- 
hill, M. Quinn. We felt greatly encouraged. 
Our school was now in a growing and prosperous 
condition. Winter was fast approaching, and Ave 
determined to make another effort to get our 
school in the Churches, and this time we were 
successful. It was in November, 1822, the 
Churches opened their doors, and invited us in. 

"Dr. Maddin may have organized the first 
Sunday-school in connection with the Church, but 
ours, which was the first, had connection with no 
particular Church." 

Mr. Anient says that Mr Henry Ewing threw 
his influence in favor of the enterprise, and soon 
organized a school among the colored people, in 
which he took an active part. 

In the winter or early spring of 1823 Isaac 
Paul came to Nashville an apprentice boy He 
soon, with the assistance of some friends, or- 
ganized a Sunday-school in the old barracks, a 
large frame building north of Broad street, the 
present site of Dickey's flouring depot. From 
this place the school was removed to a place of 
worship opened by J Parish, on Front street; it 
was a cedar log-cabin; thence to the New 
Church, on the corner of Market and Franklin 
streets ; and then to Andrew Church. Mr. Paul 
organized another school on his own premises, 
called "Elysian Grove;" this, in a few years, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 157 

was transferred to Mulberry street. Now, these 
schools are incorporated in the school at Elm 
street and Claiborne Chapel. 

Mr. Ament says the war did much to injure 
the Churches, and did effectually stop all the 
Sunday-schools ; but that over, though impover- 
ished, the members of the Church went to work 
to resuscitate the schools. They succeeded beyond 
nil human calculation ; and now, the Methodists 
have in their schools 1,000 or 1,200 children. 

Among the fruits of these schools, Mr. Ament 
points to many of the communicants in the various 
congregations in the city, and says, "These were 
trained in the Sunday-schools." He mentions the 
names of Scruggs, Bryan, Brewer, the two 
Graveses, Myers, and Warren, as having gone 
from these schools into the work of the ministry 
Mr. Ament still lives in the enjoyment of a green 
old age, full of zeal, and constant in labor for the 
good of the rising generation. For the instruction 
of the children and prosperity of Sunday-schools, 
his zeal knows no abatement. 

108 Methodism in Tennessee. 


Conference of 1820 at Nashville — Bishops McKendree and 
George — Members present — Strong men — The Slave rule 
in force — Drs. Taylor and Hargrove rejected — Protest of 
the minority — Local deacons and elders elected — Statis- 
tics — General Conference of 1820 — Annual Conference 
divided — The boundaries — W Peter, J. Bradfield, R. W 
Morris, Ellison Taylor, Moses Smith, Flint, Gunn,Cole, 
Browder, Samuel Patton — Hopkinsville Conference — 
Marcus Lindsey, President — Committee on Missions — 
Two sets of appointments, one for Tennessee, the other 
for Kentucky — Missionary Society regularly organized — 
First missionary contribution — Two missionaries west of 
the Tennessee River — Seminaries of learning considered 
— Reports of committees thereon — The beginning of ed- 
ucational institutions in Tennessee Conference — Preach- 
ers admitted on trial — Local preachers elected to orders — 
Statistics — Stations of the preachers — The future pros- 
pects of the Conference — E. Stevenson, L. C. Allen, B. 
M. Drake, J. B. Wynns, J. Williams, W P. Kendrick, 
E. Tidwell, J Gumming, Thomas Payne, W B. Peck, 
A. J. Crawford— B. P. Sewell— W B. Carpenter. 

The Conference for 1820, as stated in the Min- 
utes, was held at Nashville, beginning Oct. 1, 1819. 
Bishops McKendree and George were present and 

Metltodism in Tennessee. 159 

presided, but the Journal was signed by Bishop 
George. Charles Holliday was elected Secretary, 
and William Adams, Assistant. The members 
present at the opening were William MeMahon, 
Thomas D. Porter, Barnabas McIIenry, Marcus 
Lindsey, Charles Holliday, Jesse Cunnyngham, 
Presiding Elders ; John Johnson, Thomas L. 
Douglass, Benjamin Malone, Joshua Boucher. 
William Stribling, James G. Leach, William Hartt, 
William Adams, Henry B. Bascom, John Craig, 
John Smith, Peter Cartwright, George McNelly, 
George Ekin, Timothy Carpenter, Andrew Mon- 
roe, John Hutchinson, Benjamin Edge, Nicholas 
Norwood, Simon Peter, elders ; James Simmons, 
Benjamin Peeples, Clinton Tucker, Thomas String- 
field, Lewis Garrett, jr., W S. Manson, Ebenezer 
Hearn, Edward Ashley, and William Allison, 

This was a body of strong men and able minis- 
ters. Among them were many who became dis- 
tinguished throughout the whole Church; men 
known to fame, whose names will live in the an- 
nals of the Church in ages and generations to come. 
The session was important, and went far to fix the 
relations of many to the ministry and to the 
Church ; ay, kept scores and hundreds, if not thou- 
sands, out of the Methodist Church altogether. 

William Peter, Elijah Kirkman, John Bradfield, 
Meredith Benau, Jacob Whitworth, Richard W 

160 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Morris, Ellison Taylor, Moses Smith, Martin 
Flint, Samuel Patton, William Gunn, Josiah 
Browder, Thomas W Norwood, and Cheslea Cole, 
were admitted on trial. 

John Bowman, William Allgood, John Watson, 
David Goodner, and Thomas Stillwell, were read- 

Peter Burum and Gilbert D. Taylor were rec- 
ommended as proper persons to be admitted on 
trial, but both were rejected because they were 
slave-holders ; and Dudley Hargrove, of the Tus- 
kaloosa Circuit, and others — local preachers — ap- 
plicants for deacon's orders, were rejected for the 
same reason. 

This called forth the following protest, which 
was spread upon the Journal of the Conference : 

"Be it remembered that, whereas the Tennessee 
Annual Conference, held in Nashville, Oct. 1, 1819, 
have taken a coarse in their decisions, relative to 
the admission of preachers on trial, in the travel- 
ing connection, and in the election of local preach- 
ers to ordination, which goes to fix the principle 
that no man, even in those States where the law 
does not admit of emancipation, shall be admitted 
on trial or ordained to the office of deacon or el- 
der, if it is understood that he is the owner of a 
slave or slaves. That this course is taken is not 
to be denied, and it is avowedly designed to fix the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 161 

principle already mentioned. Several cases might 
be mentioned, but it is deemed unnecessary to in- 
stance any except the case of Dr. Gilbert D. Tay- 
lor, proposed for admission, and Dudley Hargrove, 
recommended for ordination. We deprecate the 
course taken as oppressively severe in itself and 
ruinous in its consequences, and we disapprove of 
the principle as contrary to, and in violation of, 
the order and discipline of our Church. We there- 
fore do most solemnly, and in the fear of God, 
as members of this Conference, enter our protest 
ag.'iinst the proceedings of Conference — as it re- 
lates to the above-mentioned course and principle. 
"Thomas L. Douglass, Thomas D. Porter, 
William McMahon, Benj-. M alone, 
Lewis Garrett, Barnabas McHenry, 
William Allgood, William Stribling, 
Ebenezer Hearn, Timothy Carpenter, 
Thomas Stringfield, Benjamin Edge, 
Joshua Boucher, William Hartt, 
John Johnson, Henry B. Bascom." 

This is a strong paper and a solemn protest, 
and it had great influence upon the Church in 
Kentucky, Tennessee, and farther South. This 
document was taken to the General Conference, 
with an address from the local preachers of Tennes- 
see. The papers were referred to the Committee 
on Slavery, but nothing definite was accomplished, 

162 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and the question was still allowed to agitate the 

As Dr. Taylor was the principal person refused 
admission into the Conference, it will be proper to 
say that he was a devout Christian, a man of fine 
culture, and one who desired to devote all his life 
to the service of God, in the work of the ministry 
He belonged to a wealthy family, and inherited a 
number of slaves. After his conversion, wishing 
to conform to the rules of the Church, and being 
very conscientious, he determined to make the 
effort to emancipate his servants. He selected 
two of the more intelligent, and better prepared 
for freedom than any of the rest ; he resolved to 
make the experiment. One of them was an ex- 
cellent blacksmith and a Baptist preacher, a man 
in whom the Doctor placed great confidence. Both 
of these freedmen soon fell into bad habits, lost 
their morals, and went to ruin. The Baptist 
preacher, especially, sunk into deep degradation, 
and died a drunken sot. This failure deterred 
him from farther effort, and he determined to re- 
tain the remainder of his slaves, and treat them 
as a kind, Christian master should. A few years 
afterward he was admitted into the Annual Con- 
ference, and became a distinguished minister of 
the gospel. The following memoir is a just tribute 
to his memory, written by the author, and adopted 
by Conference: 

Methodism in Tennessee. 163 

"We may truly say, in reco:ding tlie death of 
Dr. Taylor, that 'a. great man in Israel is fallen.' 
Gilbert D. Taylor was born at Hare Forest, on 
the Rapidan River, Orange county, Va., Nov- 18, 
1791 — in the same house in which his relative, 
Gen. Z. Taylor, was afterward born. Having 
passed his course of literary training, he devoted 
himself to the study of medicine, and attended the 
lectures in Philadelphia. He removed to the 
town of Pulaski in the year 1811, when the coun- 
try was just emerging from a wilderness state. 
Here he entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion, and soon gave evidence of his skill and abil- 
ity as a physician. In the war of 1812, he was a 
surgeon in Gen. Andrew Jackson's army, and 
served through the whole campaign ; he was pro- 
moted to the General's staff, and, b}' his skill and 
various acts of courage, made himself conspicuous, 
and endeared himself to his commander-in-chief. 
The war over, he resumed his practice in Pulaski, 
Tenn., and was highly esteemed. He, however, 
was wicked, profane, and knew but little of re- 
ligion, till about the year 1816, when he was pow- 
erfully converted while wrestling alone with God 
in private prayer, in the suburbs of the town, in 
the dark hours of the night. He soon united with 
the Methodists, who were a feeble band in the 
town where he resided. About the year 1819, he 
felt it to be his duty to preach the gospel; he ac- 

164 Methodism in Tennessee. 

cordingly applied for license, and was recommend- 
ed to the Annual Conference, intending to sacri- 
fice wealth and worldly honor for the cause of 
Christ and Methodism. He, however, met with 
serious obstructions ; he had inherited slaves, and, 
though a kind master, certain members of the Con- 
ference, who were strong anti-slavery men, would 
not tolerate him while he was a slave-holder, and 
he was rejected. Not daunted by this hard treat- 
ment, he determined to preach in a local sphere, 
though denied the right of ordination. In a few 
3'ears, however, a change came, and he was re- 
ceived into the Tennessee Conference, and, for the 
most part of his after life, held connection with 
the Conference. He filled many important ap- 
pointments on circuits, missions, and on Districts, 
as Presiding Elder. He was honored by his 
brethren, and was chosen more than once as a 
delegate to the General Conference. Dr. Taylor 
was a man of fine attainments; in literature and 
theology he took high rank. As a preacher, he 
was very popular and eminently useful. His mind 
was sound, and his imagination chaste. His style 
of preaching was simple, yet forcible and full of 
unction. He often moved the multitudes, and 
won many souls to Christ. Though modest and 
timid, shrinking from prominent positions, and 
seeking the most obscure places, yet when under 
the inspiration of the Holy Spirit he was as bold 

Methodism in Tennessee. 165 

as a lion, and fearless of all opposition. His zeal 
knew no abatement. He was large in his liberal- 
ity, and, by kindness and generosity, sacrificed a 
large part of his worldly goods. As a husband, 
father, and friend, he had no superior His heart 
glowed with friendship, and he loved his brethren 
with an ardor that was seldom equaled. Plis life 
was blameless, and all who knew him regarded 
him as a spotless Christian. He was particularly 
kind and regardful of the poor, giving attention 
not only as a minister of Christ to the sick and 
dying, but ministering as a physician without fee 
or reward. He was a devoted Methodist, while he 
was tolerant toward all who professed to love the 
Lord Jesus Christ. He was specially attached to the 
itinerant system, and exhorted his younger breth- 
ren never to abandon the pastoral work. In his 
declining years he passed through the flood and 
the flames. He was robbed, during the late war, 
of most of his property, and at times had scarcely 
a morsel of food for his helpless family, while his 
frame, trembling under the weight of years and 
infirmities, shivered in the cold. Yet his faith 
failed not; he trusted in God, and deliverance 
came. His last years were full of peace, full of 
joy. He died as the good man dieth ; not a cloud 
obscured his setting sun. He retained his senses 
till the last, and departed in full hope of a glorious 
immortality- He gave directions as to his funeral, 

166 Methodism in Tennessee. 

requesting to be buried in a plain, unostentatious 
manner, as he had endeavored to live a plain and 
unpretentious man. He died at his residence in 
Pulaski, Aug. 6, 1870, in the 79th year of his 
age. Full of years and full of honor, he has gone 
to reap the reward of the righteous." 

William Gamble, of Knox Circuit; William 
Crutch field and William Burgess, of Powell's 
Valley ; Thos. Elliott, of the Cumberland Circuit; 
Jonathan Nichols, of Fountain Head; and Moses 
Smith, of Duck River, were elected to the office 

of deacon. "John J , for want of talents, 

and James S , for want of talents and neglect 

of family government," were rejected. 

John Paxton, from the Duck River Circuit; 
Thos. Archer, from the Shoal Circuit; and David 
Jay, from Caney Fork Circuit, local deacons, 
were elected to elder's orders. 

Ebenezer McGowan, of Stone's River Circuit, 
was recommended for elder's orders ; the record 
says, " No objection appeared against him, except 
his holding slaves; he was not elected." 

Mr McGowan lived to an advanced age, was 
a man of fine learning, and an excellent preacher. 
Perhaps no man in the Stone's River Circuit 
occupied a more elevated position. He has gone 
to rest, and left the savor of a good name. He 
did not long remain without orders ; the policy of 
the Conference changed, and he and others were 

Methodism in Tennessee. 167 

advanced, who had hitherto been denied their 

The subject of the Bible Society and Mission- 
ary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
was considered ; the Constitutions approved, and 
Jesse Cunnyngham was elected Vice-President.* 

The following persons were elected delegates to 
the General Conference, to be held in Baltimore, 
May 1, 1820 : Marcus Lindsey, Jesse Cunnyng- 
ham, Charles Holliday, Peter Cartwright, James 
Axley, William Adams, and Andrew Monroe. 

The statistical reports of the membership show 
21,244 whites, 1,920 colored, total 23,164, an 
increase of 2,488 over the previous year. The 
reader will bear in mind that the Conference still 
included portions of other States. 

Among those admitted on trial this year, there 
were several very valuable men. The name of 
Wm. Peter should be mentioned. He fell into 
the Kentucky Conference upon the division, but 
he labored several vears in Tennessee, on the 
lied River, Fountain Head, and other circuits. 
His work reached the neighborhood of Nashville, 
while on the Red River Circuit. He preached on 

* The voung reader will perhaps learn for the first time 
that the Methodist Episcopal Church once organized a 
Bible Society of its own ; it was, however, soon dissolved, and 
the Church sustained the American Bible Society. 

1G8 Methodism in Tennessee. 

White's Creek and at Woodward's Camp-ground, 
and visited the city, where he preached with ac- 
ceptance. But one report was ever heard from 
him, and that was, that he was a good man and a 
faithful minister of the Lord Jesus Christ. John 
Bradfield continued in the traveling connection a 
few years, and located in the bounds of the 
Ilolston Conference in the year 1825. Elijah 
Kirkman continued to travel till the fall of 1827, 
when he located. He was a useful preacher, and 
during his itinerancy traveled, among others, 
the Nashville and Dixon Circuits. Meredith 
Ilenau was sent to Alabama, and finally fell into 
the Mississippi Conference. Jacob Whitworth, 
after traveling one year, became embarrassed by 
security, and was discontinued. Richard W 
Morris traveled a few years, and located. He 
afterward became identified with the Methodist 
Protestants. In his latter days he removed to 
Texas, and died, as the author believes, in connec- 
tion with the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
Ellison Taylor was a minister of fine talents. 
He was born in South Carolina,, in 1788. In early 
life he removed to Tennessee. Soon after his 
marriage he was converted, and began to preach 
in 1816. As has been seen, he joined the Con- 
ference in the autumn of 1820. He continued 
in the work till 1825, preaching most of his time 
in North Alabama. At the Conference which 

Methodism in Tennessee. 169 

convened in Shelby ville, Term., 1825, he was 
taken ill, and in a few days after the adjournment 
he died, full of faith, leaving a clear testimony of 
the power of Christ to save. Moses Smith only 
continued a short time in the traveling connection; 
he located, and settled near Mount Pleasant, 
Maury count}', Tenn., where he long lived, an 
active supporter of the institutions of the Church. 
On his land was erected a house of worship and 
camp-ground, where many souls were brought to 
Jesus. He died in Illinois, a few years since. 
He has left a very reputable posterity He was 
connected with a large and respectable family, 
and left an untarnished reputation. 

Martin Flint, William Gunn, Cheslea Cole, and 
Josiah Browder, fell the year following into the 
Kentucky Conference. Mr. Browder, after 
several years, procured a. transfer to Tennessee, 
labored for a few years in the itinerancy, and 
located. Mr. Gunn, to whom reference has 
already been made in the previous volume, lived 
a long and useful life, became a prominent 
member of his Conference, and died in full 
manhood, loved and lamented by thousands. He 
was gifted with power of song to a most extra- 
ordinary degree, and often thrilled hundreds 
while they listened to him, alone, pouring forth 
a volume of praise to God that moved the mul- 

VOL. III. — 8 

170 Methodism in Tennessee. 

The most remarkable man admitted on trial at 
this session was Samuel Patton, who came from 
Caney Fork Circuit, which lay on the Upper Cum- 
berland, and along the mountains dividing East 
and Middle Tennessee. 

Mr. Patton was born in Lancaster District, 
South Carolina, 27th of January, 1797 His 
father, John Patton, of Irish descent, and a rigid 
Presbyterian, was a native of Pennsylvania, but 
removed to South Carolina in time to take part in 
the struggles of the Revolutionary War, 

His mother (Miss Nichols) was of a family of 
Scotch Seceders. He was strictly brought up in 
the West minster Creed, and knew but little of 
Methodists or Methodism till he had grown al- 
most to manhood. His early advantages were 
limited, and he worked on his father's farm a 
portion of each year, in order to assist in support- 
ing the family At intervals he went to school, 
and progressed well with his studies. In early 
life he acquired a taste for reading, which increased 
with his years and his attainments. Though 
trained morally and taught from his infancy to 
revere the sacred Scriptures, he heard no good 
word for the Methodists, and was not allowed, 
while young and under parental authority, to 
attend their meetings. The Methodists, however, 
continued to preach in his neighborhood, and in 
the course of a few years all the prejudices of the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 171 

Pattern family gave way, and the household, 
parents and children, united with the Methodist 
Church. This occurred in 1813, when Samuel 
was about sixteen years old. 

Mr. Patton's father, stopping one year in 
Georgia, removed to Tennessee, where Samuel 
was licensed to preach and recommended to the 
Tennessee Conference. Pie was admitted on 
trial, and appointed to Sequatchie Valley, a beau- 
tiful country lying on the Tennessee River, east of 
the Cumberland Mountains. Here he won many 
souls. His second appointment was Clinch Cir- 
cuit, lying in East Tennessee and South-western 
Virginia. At the close of this year, Mr. Patton 
was received into full connection, ordained deacon, 
and, at the request of Bishop McKendree, was 
transferred to the Mississippi Conference, and was 
appointed to the Tuskaloosa Circuit, Alabama — 
Alabama then being within the bounds of the 
Mississippi Conference. He was continued two 
years on the Tuskaloosa work, and one year on 
the Alabama, Circuit, when he located and re- 
moved to East Tennessee, where he had, the 
year previous, been married to Miss Morrison. 
He was promptly readmitted into the Holston 
Conference, where he remained, faithful, popular, 
and useful, till he exchanged labor for rest. He 
filled many of the most important appointments 
in the Conference as circuit preacher, Presiding 

172 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Elder, and stationed preacher. In 1846 he com- 
menced the work of editing the Methodist Episco- 
palian, afterward called the Holston Christian Ad- 
vocate. In this arduous work he continued till 
his death, which occurred Aug. 1, 1854. He was 
an able writer and a firm Methodist. The follow- 
ing sketch we copy from his biography, written 
by the Rev D. R. McAnally, D.D.: 

" 1st. As a man. He was a man of medium 
stature ; rather slender, perhaps ; of delicate 
health and feeble constitution. Our acquaintance 
with him was intimate, and only lacked a few 
months of extending through a period of thirty 
long years. It was often to us a matter of as- 
tonishment how, in his feeble health and severe 
bodily sufferings, he could perform the mental 
and physical labor which he did. But he was a 
man of one work. A zeal for God, and an 
ardent love of his cause, urged him on. But for 
this — had he been less pious, and less devoted to 
the Church — he had desisted from traveling 
many, many years ago. Often, when our heart 
has desponded, and we were tempted to think 
the lot of a Methodist preacher a hard one, have 
we looked at him, heard the stirring pathos of 
his sermons and exhortations, taken courage, and 
gone on. 

" His mind was naturally far above the ordi- 
nary grade, and had been well cultivated. What 


Methodism in Tennessee . 173 

his early advantages were we cannot say now ; 
but we know that his scientific attainments were 
by no means inconsiderable. To classical learn- 
ing he made little or no pretensions. His heart 
wns warm, his affection for his brethren strong 
consequently he was always ready to do them anj< 
service in his power. He had a particularly 
tender regard for the feelings of others ; and, in 
his intercourse with his fellow-men, few men 
were ever more invariably influenced by the law 
of kindness ; yet, in matters of duty, he was 
prompt, firm, and unyielding. No matter how 
painful, if it were a duty, he did it, without fear 
or favor. We have known him to be severely 
tried, and never yet knew him to shrink from the 
discharge of duty; and, as a Presiding Elder, 
and the President of Quarterly, and sometimes, 
in the absence of a Bishop, of Annual Confer- 
ences, he often had trying and painful duties to 
perform. Much, indeed, might be said in com- 
mendation of the manner in which he demeaned 
himself in all the relations of civil, social, and 
domestic life ; but we forbear, and allude to him, 

" 2d. As a Christian. The word of God w 7 as 
the i man of his counsel.' By this rule he en- 
deavored to walk and live. His piety was deep, 
fervent, and consistent. He was not given to 
outbursts of feeling, on the one bind, nor murmur- 
ings and complainings, on the other, though some- 

174 Methodism in Tennessee. 

times greatly dejected. His feeble health, and 
the occasional partial prostration of his nervous 
system, subjected him, particularly in later life, 
to seasons of great despondency This, perhaps, 
was only known to his most intimate friends, but 
such was frequently the case. In the deep and 
silent watches of the night have w T e joined our 
humble petitions with his earnest strugglings for 
relief from such despondency 

" He was a man of much prayer. At home, 
on his District, by the way, wherever he was, 
prayer — deep, earnest, fervent prayer — charac- 
terised him. We have known him, for instance, 
at camp-meetings, while one preacher after another 
occupied the pulpit, to spend his time in the 
preachers' tent, remaining on his knees, wrestling 
with God for his blessings on the preachers and 
people ; and in the dead hour of night, he would 
often rise, to entreat God's blessing on him, his 
family, the people of his charge, and the whole 
family of man. 

" He was remarkable for his uniformity, as well 
as consistency What he seemed at one time, he 
seemed at all times. His peculiar trials and 
temptations he kept, for the most part, entirely 
to himself. He was no 'croaker,' but took a 
calm, serious, and dispassionate survey of what 
was around him. He noticed closely the 'signs 
of the times' in the Church, and always sought 

Methodism in Tennessee. 175 

to put the best construction possible on every 
change that might threaten to affect her interests. 
He lived for God, for his Church, and the inter- 
ests of his fellow-men. 

" 3d. As a minister, he ranked far above medi- 
ocrity Few men were more thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the doctrines of the Bible, or 
exhibited them from the pulpit more readily or 
correctly His manner of delivery was solemn 
and impressive — particularly so ; and, perhaps, 
none ever heard any thing like lightness or frivolity 
in his public ministrations, or any thing foreign 
from the distinctive mission of a minister of 
Christ. It has rarely been our privilege to listen 
to a public speaker who seemed to have less diffi- 
culty in expressing his thoughts, or with whom 
there was so little redundancy of words. He 
rarely, if ever, used notes or manuscripts in the 
pulpit, and yet so thoroughly had he studied, and 
so fully mastered, the subjects which he discussed, 
that it seemed as if he were reading an elaborated 
and carefully-written discourse. His theme an- 
nounced, he commenced at once, right there and 
then, and, without circumlocution, without tau- 
tology, without repetition, pressed through, often 
holding hundreds, and sometimes thousands, as 
if chained to the spot, though few men had less 
of the arts and so-called graces of studied oratory 
Plain, pointed, and perfectly natural in all he did, 

176 Methodism, hi Tennessee. 

he, perhaps, exhibited as little mere mannerism as 
any man to be found ; yet there was in his ser- 
mons such a remarkable correctness of style, that 
even, the devotee of belles lettrcs would rarely 
find any thing to which he could object. We 
have scarce, if ever, known a man who, in the 
pulpit, so invariably used good language, without 
ever seeming to make it an object of special 
study Not only was it grammatically correct, in 
the common acceptation of that term, but those 
nice distinctions between words, so often over- 
looked, or not understood, by the mass of modern 
speakers and writers, seemed all familiar to him, 
as if by intuition, so that one was rarely, if ever, 
used for another. 

" But the best of all, and that which makes 
his memory most dear, was, he always preached 
* Jesus and the resurrection.' The plain, simple 
story of the cross, with him, was first, last— all 
the time. In reference to the political and com- 
mercial affairs of the nation he kept himself in- 
formed ; but, as a preacher, he meddled not with 
the one or the other, nor turned aside from his 
legitimate work of preaching the gospel, as far as 
in him lay, to every creature. 

"In all his public ministrations, it was mani- 
fest that he deeply felt the solemn responsibility 
which rested upon him. He felt the force of the 
truths which he uttered, and often his persuasive 

Methodism in Tennessee. 177 

appeals to dying sinners were almost resistless. 
But we must forbear. -To allude to him 

u As a writer, it is scarcely necessary. In this 
respect, he was 'known and read' of thousands. 
Besides his writings as editor of a religious paper, 
he was the author of several small works, which 
seemed called for by the exigencies of the times 
in which they were written. 

" We feel it due alike to the living and the dead 
that, in this connection, we make a remark or two 
farther. Within the recollection of the present 
writer, the Methodist Church in East Tennessee 
and Western Virginia has passed through two 
separate seasons of fierce and bitter controversy 
In point of time, these were over twenty years 
apart. Her doctrines, her institutions, and her 
usages, were most bitterly assailed by the ablest 
ministers of a sister denomination. A number 
of those ministers were men of learning, of 
talent, and influence. Their attack on Methodism 
was so fierce and bitter, that they seemed to have 
determined on a war of extermination. They 
were met; and if they were satisfied with the 
result, sure the Methodists had no reason to com- 
plain. Bev Thomas Stringfield, almost single- 
handed and alone, met them in their first crusade, 
and Samuel Patton in their second. To the 
labors of these two men does Methodism in that 
country owe more than to any other two that 

178 Methodism in Tennessee. 

were ever there. In both instances, the con 
troversies were carried on through the press, am 
the first contest was very unequal, at least ii 
point of numbers. It was carried on principally 
by Rev. Messrs. Gallaher, Ross, and Dr. Nelson 
on one part, and Rev T. Stringfield, on th< 
other. The first were stationary, and wrote a 
their leisure ; the latter was not only single 
handed, but, during the most of the time, was ii 
charge of a large District, doing- the work of t 
Presiding Elder, and at the same time, contendim 
against this heavy, and apparently fearful, odds 
yet, he contended to ' the bitter end' — contended 
until two of his opponents thought proper U 
abandon the field, and remove West, and tin 
third retired to more private life. In this struggle 
for the very existence, in that country, of the 
Church of his choice, Mr. Stringfield spent nol 
only his time and mental labor, but hundreds, an< 
perhaps thousands, of his worldly means, foi 
which he w T ill never, in this world, be recom- 

"Yet, by these labors and sacrifices, he gave an 
impulse to Methodism, the result of which may 
be distinctly traced all along her history there, 
from that day to the present. In the second 
^reat controversy, the now lamented Samuel 
Patton was leader; and, though he labored under 
far less disadvantages, and had more assistance, 

"Methodism in Tennessee. 179 

than the former, he was sorely beset, but ac- 
quitted himself, and sustained his cause, nobly 

" One of these men has gone to his reward. 
The other we may see no more in the flesh ; but, 
though far removed now from the scene of these 
transactions, we have felt it due to bear the 
above testimony, and have spoken that ive do ltnoivT 

The General Conference convened at the time 
designated, and the delegates from Tennessee were 
in their seats. During the session, the Tennessee 
Conference was divided, or rather, the Kentucky 
Conference was set off. 

The boundaries of the old Conference are thus 
described: "The Tennessee Conference shall in- 
clude the Nashville, French Broad, and Holston 
Districts, together with the New River Circuit, 
heretofore belonsrin^ to the Baltimore Conference, 

do ' 

and that part of Tennessee District north of Ten- 
nessee River " 

The reader will not likely know by these lines 
what were the real geographical limits of the Con- 
ference. The division being made by Presiding 
Elders' Districts, and having some reference to 
natural boundaries, left all that part of the State 
of Tennessee north of the Cumberland River in 
the Kentucky Conference; so, also, Dover and 
Dickson Circuits, lying between the Cumberland 
and Tennessee Rivers. That part of North Ala- 
bama south of the Tennessee River, long in the 

180 Methodism in Tennessee. 

bounds of the Tennessee Conference, as will be 
seen, was in this division thrown into the Missis- 
sippi Conference, the Tennessee River being the 
dividing line between the Mississippi and the 
Tennessee Conferences. Going east of the moun- 
tains, the reader will find in the Holston District 
several circuits, indeed most of the appointments, 
in Virginia and North Carolina. The Conference, 
by the new arrangement, extended from New 
River, South-western Virginia, west to the Missis- 
sippi River, and from the Cumberland River south 
to the Tennessee River. This included all East 
Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, except what was 
set off with the Kentucky Conference, and West 
Tennessee ; but it will be recollected that up to 
this date there had been but few settlements and 
scarcely any preaching west of the Tennessee 
River. The country was new and just opening 
up to immigrants. 

The Conference for the next year, 1821, was 
held at Hopkinsville, Ky., Oct. 4, 1820. No 
Bishop being present, Marcus Lindsey was elected 
President, and conducted the deliberations with 
ability and impartiality, for which he received a 
vote of thanks. This, let it be remembered, was 
in the autumn of the same year in which the Gen- 
eral Conference resolved to divide the Tennessee 
Conference into two. All the members met at 
Hopkinsville, according to previous appointment. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 181 

The question arose as to the legality of the meet- 
ing, some one introducing a resolution that those 
preachers who intended to identify themselves 
with the Kentucky Conference should meet in a 
body by themselves. This resolution was over- 
ruled by the President, and the business was con- 
ducted as usual. The proceedings of the Confer- 
ence were interesting. No Bishop was present, 
and a member of their own body presided. It was 
their last meeting as one body in an Annual Con- 
ference. The place was new, a Conference never 
before having held its session there; besides, sev- 
eral new topics were introduced and discussed. 

A committee was appointed to examine manu- 
scripts proposed for insertion in the Methodist 
Magazine. The committee consisted of George 
McNelly, Jonathan Stamper, John Johnson, 
Thomas Stringfield, and Henry B. Bascom. Were 
all the articles now offered for the press required 
to pass such an ordeal, many a writer would die 
unknown to fame. 

Several efforts were made to organize a Ken- 
tucky Conference, or to ascertain who would con- 
stitute the new Conference, or where it should be 
held, but the President and a majority were firm, 
and held the body together till the hour of ad- 
journment, reading out the appointments for each 
Conference as though nothing had transpired to 
change the boundaries. The Conference pro- 

182 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ceeded to fix by ballot the place of holding the 
next session of the Tennessee Conference, but the 
President fixed the place of holding the Kentucky 

It was at this session the Conference took the 
first step toward the organization of a regular 
Missionaiy Society, auxiliary to the Parent Soci- 
ety, which had been constituted only a short time 
previous, and submitted the constitution to the 
Annual Conference. Thomas L. Douglass, Alex- 
ander Cummins, and James Axley, were appointed 
a committee to consider the matter and report. 
After a few days, the committee was released, and 
another, consisting of Jesse Cunnyngham, Jonathan 
Stamper, and Thomas D. Porter, selected. A 
move had also been made, and a committee ap- 
pointed, to consider the subject of education and 
the establishment of seminaries of learning;; this 
committee was also released, and the subject re- 
ferred to a new Committee on Missions. 

The first missionary contribution, so specified, 
is noted in the Journal in this wise : 

" Thomas L. Douglass informed the Conference 
that $27 had been placed in his hands by Brother 
Cunnyngham for missionary purposes, and moved 
that said money be equally divided between the 
preachers who may be appointed to the mission 
in Jackson's Purchase. Seconded, voted, and car- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 183 

The Committee on Missions m.-ule two reports — ■ 
viz. : 

I. "The committee appointed to take into con- 
sideration the subject of missions reported, and 
the following resolutions were adopted : 

"1. The President of the Conference be directed 
to send two missionaries to that part of Jackson's 
Purchase included in Tennessee and Kentucky 
States, who shall be considered members, the one of 
Kentucky and the other of Tennessee Annual Con- 
ference ; and these missionaries be directed to re- 
port in the ensuing spring each the true situation of 
that country in which he has labored to the Presid- 
ing Elders of Nashville and Green River Districts, 
whose duty it shall be to send them assistance, if 
necessary; and that said missionaries be the one 
under the direction of the Presiding Elder of Nash- 
ville District, and the other under that of the Pre- 
siding Elder of Green River District. 

"2. That the Conference proceed to establish 
a Society auxiliary to the Missionary Society of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church in New York, 
by appointing a committee to draft a constitution, 
which shall be presented to the next Tennessee 
Annual Conference. Thomas L. Douglass, James 
Dixon, Thomas D. Porter, were elected the com- 
mittee to carry this resolution into effect. 

"3. That during the present year the Presiding 
Elders and preachers in charge of circuits and sta- 

184 Methodism in Tennessee. 

tions do make collections for the support of those 
missionaries who may be employed for the pres- 
ent year." 

The missionaries appointed to that part of Jack- 
son's Purchase embraced in the States of Kentucky 
and Tennessee were Hezekiah Holland and Lewis 
Garrett, jr. 

II. "The Committee on Missions submitted the 
following as another report — viz.: 

"The Committee on Missions, to whom w T as re- 
ferred the subject of seminaries, reported, and 
the following resolutions were adopted : 

"1. Resolved, That a committee be appointed 
by this Conference to confer with the Trustees of 
the Bethel Academy, at Nicholasville, Jessamine 
county, Ky. 

" 2. And the committee be instructed to meet 
as soon as possible, and enter into such measures 
as may seem best in their judgment, to employ a 
teacher as soon as the present session concludes. 

" 3. And that the committee have power to 
enter into such measures as they may deem most 
expedient for raising such sum or sums of money 
as may be necessary, and that they communicate 
such plan to the Presiding Elders of the Ken- 
tucky Conference, whose duty it shall be to put 
such plan or plans into operation. 

" 4. Resolved, That the Presiding Elders of 
Tennessee Annual Conference be instructed to 

Methodism in Tennessee. 185 

make inquiry with respect to the most eligible 
site for erecting a seminary, and of the most 
probable means of raising money for its establish- 
ment, as also to receive any donations that 
may be given, conditionally or otherwise, for the 
purpose, and report to the next Annual Confer- 

This may be considered the first effort at an 
attempt to build an institution of learning in the 
Tennessee Conference. 

The following long list of names is recorded as 
those admitted on trial, October, lb20 : 

Shelton Jameson, Wm. Young, Edward Steven- 
son, John Evans, Wm. Martin, David Gray, Esau 
Simmons, Allen B. Dillard, W II. McReynolds, J 
W McReynolds, Blatchley C. Wood, L. C. Allen, 
John Denham, Jo. B. Wynns, Jos. Williams, Elias 
Tidwell, Henry Gregg, W P Kendriok, Jos. 
dimming, Thomas Payne, John Paulsaul, W. 
B. Peck, B. M. Drake, Aquila Sampson, A. J. 
Waters, A J Crawford, Benjamin P Sewell, 
Wm. B. Carpenter, Jacob Sullivan, Samuel 
Hyneman, and Isaac Reynolds — thirty-one in 
number. Of these, thirteen were from Ken- 
tucky, thirteen from Tennessee, and five from 

The following local preachers, from the Tennes- 
see portion of the Conference, were elected to 
deacon's orders : Richard Bibb and Richard Moore, 

186 Methodism in Tennessee. 

from Fountain Hend Circuit; Edward Patterson, 
John Pollard; and John P Horton, from Lime- 
stone Circuit, Ala., and N. Speaks, from Abing- 
don, were also elected. No note is taken here of 
a large number coming from the Kentucky portion 
of the work. 

The following local deacons w T ere elected to 
elder's orders : James Bibb, from Limestone Cir- 
cuit; Robt. Dugan and James W Faris, from 
Flint. A number from Kentucky were elected, 
as the Conference sat in the limits of that 

The numbers in Society were all returned as 
heretofore, and showed a total of 31,105 white 
and 3,454 colored members. 

The President, at the close of the Conference, 
announced the following appointments : 

Nashville District. — Thos. L. Douglass, P 
Elder; Nashville, Hartwell H. Brown; Lebanon, 
Sterling C. Brown, W B. Carpenter; Caney 
Fork, Wm. Allgood, Jacob Sullivan ; Franklin 
and Columbia, Thomns Mnddin ; Murfreesboro 
and Shelby ville, Robert Paine; Buffalo, Moses 
Smith, Elias Tidwell; Stone's River, John Brooks, 
Jo. B. Wynns ; Nashville Circuit, Samuel B. 
Harwell, R. W. Morris; Duck River, Elijah 
Kirkman, Andrew J. Crawford. 

Tennessee District. — Thos. D Porter, P Elder; 
Pond Spring, Joseph Williams; Jackson, ; 

Methodism in Tennessee. 187 

Flint, Thomas String-field, Wm. McMahon, sup. ; 
Limestone, Lewis S. Marshall; Richland, Joshua 
Boucher, Ellison Taylor ; Shoal, John Craig, 
Alsom J Walters. 

French Broad District. — James Axley, P 
Elder; Noliehucky, James dimming; Powell's 
Valley, Jesse Green; Tennessee Valley, Obadiah 
Freeman, Robert Hopper ; Sequatchie Valley, 
John Kesterson, John Paulsaul ; Little River, 
Abram Still, Wiley B. Peck ; Knox, David 
Adams, Jesse Cunnyngham, sup. ; Knoxville 
and Greenville, James Dixon; Iliwassee, Thomas 

Holston District. — John Tevis, P Elder; 
Lee, James Witton; Clinch, Samuel Patton ; 

Tazewell, John Brad field ; New River, ; 

Ashe, John Bowman; Abingdon, Ancil Richard- 
son ; Holston, "William S. Manson, William P 
Kendrick ; Carter's Valley, George Ekin. 

Missionaries to the Jackson Purchase : Ilez- 
ekiah Holland and Lewis Garrett, jr. 

Thus the newly-arranged Tennessee Conference 
embraced four Presiding Elders' Districts, having 
within their bounds thirty-one circuits and sta- 
tions, and one mission ; with forty-six effective 
preachers, two supernumeraries, and two super- 
annuated. A fine, growing country opened up 
before them; they had the prestige of former 
success to encourage them, and a band of ab.e 

188 Method' sm in Tennessee. 

mid tried veterans to lend them. Douglass and 
Porter, Axley and Cunnyngham, Dixon and Mc- 
Mahon, were ministers of high grade and wonderful 
popularity A host of young men, full of promise, 
followed : Paine, Maddin, the Browns, Stringfield, 
Boucher, Jesse Green, Tevis, Kendrick, Patton, 
and others, were destined to high position in the 
Church. It will he interesting to mark their 
progress and witness their many victories in the 
name of Jesus Christ, the Captain of the hosts 
of Israel. 

Among those admitted on trial at Hopkinsville, 
there were several, who became eminent, who 
were assigned to the Kentucky Conference, and 
properly belong to the " History of Methodism 
in Kentucky " Among these, mention should be 
made here, for obvious reasons, of Edward Ste- 
venson, Luke C. Allen, and Benj. M. Drake. 

Mr. Stevenson took an elevated rank in the 
Kentucky Conference as a preacher. He, in his 
mature years, was elected Book Agent of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in which he 
served the cause of Christ with Great zeal. He 
was honored by the degree of D.D., and died a 
few years since, full of hope. He lies buried 
near Russellville, Ky., where he spent his latter 
years, at the head of a female seminary of a 
respectable grade. 

Luke C. Allen traveled in the Tennessee por- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 189 

tion of the Kentucky Conference for a consider- 
able time, especially in the Goose Creek country, 
Sumner county Here he married a daughter of 
the Rev. Nathaniel Parker, and here he had great 
reputation as a pulpit orator, a preacher of much 
pathos and remarkable power. He was a man of 
faith and deep spirituality 

Benjamin M. Drake was transferred soon after 
this to Mississippi, where he long lived, holding 
a prominent place in his Church and in the 
country- Few men have been more honored in 
their day than Doctor Drake. His memory is 
precious to the people he so long and so faithfully 
and ably served. He was the life-long friend of 
Dr. Winans, and the two were regarded in Mis- 
sissippi as a tower of strength. 

Those who were admitted on trial and appointed 
to circuits within the Tennessee Conference 
should be mentioned more distinctly Joseph B. 
Wynns, after a few years, located, lived in Middle 
Tennessee, and exercised his gifts as a local minis- 
ter He yet lives in a green old age, and is, so 
far as the author is informed, a worthy minister 
of the gospel. 

Joseph Williams was a man of moderate 
abilities. He retired from the itinerancy and 
occupied a local sphere, preaching and buffeting 
with the world, striving, as many a Christian man 
does, to sustain a large and dependent family Mr. 

190 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Williams had a good person, a fine voice, and was 
sometimes powerful in the application of his ser- 

William P Kendrick soon grew to be a very 
attractive and popular preacher. He was a 
minister of rare gifts, and was followed in his 
palmy days by multitudes. In East Tennessee 
and Southwestern Virginia, where he first ac- 
quired fame, he was regarded as almost un- 
equaled. And, then, there was a power in his 
pulpit appeals that was almost irresistible. His 
person was agreeable ; his face and features fasci- 
nating, when he w r as in animated discourse ; his 
voice was smooth and pleasant, and his articula- 
tion peculiar, accompanied with what might be 
called a slight lisp ; his elocution w T as good, his 
style easy and natural, and his logic powerful. 
Altogether, he was an extraordinary preacher, 
excelled by few in his day He retired from the 
Conference, and entered into secular pursuits, and 
mixed to some extent with politics. He, in a 
great measure, lost the spirit of his early mission, 
but still he preached occasionally, and maintained 
his integrity, it is hoped, to the end. Though 
advanced in years, he went as a chaplain with the 
Confederate army, and died while preaching 
Christ to the soldiers. He was honorably con- 
nected, and greatly admired because of his high 
order of mind. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 191 

Elias Tidwell still lives, a superannuated mem- 
ber of the Memphis Conference. Pie has been a 
plain, working preacher most of his life, and is 
waiting for his change. He is truly " a worn- 
out preacher." So does James Cummin g still 
survive. He is connected with the Indian Mis- 
sion Conference, and for many years has been on 
frontier work. Having passed his three-score 
and ten, his physical strength has failed, but his 
faith and zeal know no abatement. 

Thomas Payne, a faithful man, has gone to his 
reward. He gave to the Church a son, the Rev 
Wm. C. Payne, who was a noble spirit, and fell 
at his post in the Mississippi Conference, a victim 
to yellow-fever. 

Wiley B. Peck was connected with a large and 
respectable family, the Hon. Judge Jacob Peck, 
of East Tennessee, beimr one of his brothers. 
His early advantages were superior to most of the 
young preachers in his day ; his attainments were 
respectable, and he was appointed to several im- 
portant stations. He, however, failed in a 
measure to meet the high expectations of many 
of his friends; he became dissatisfied with his 
surroundings, united with the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church, and went somewhere North. Whether 
living or dead, the author cannot decide, but he 
went into comparative obscurity when he with- 
drew from the Methodist Church. 

192 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Mr.. Peck was a gentleman of good manners, 
and, so far as known to the author, of good morals; 
but he made the sad mistake, that too many since 
have made, of going into a Church where the 
ministry is ever trammeled with ritualistic cere- 
monies. The pulpit of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church is an unfavorable arena for exhibiting the 
power of divine truth. The word of God should 
not be bound. To make unjustifiable Avar on 
others is not only unchristian, but in bad taste ; 
and yet it is hard to avoid the impression that 
men who at mature life change their ministerial 
relations are actuated by improper motives. For 
a well-educated Methodist minister, of years 
standing, and with the opportunity and time to 
investigate, to diliberately adopt the fable of 
apostolic succession and baptismal regeneration, 
as held by high-toned Episcopalians, is so sur- 
prising, that one scarcely knows how to believe 
such a person sincere in his professed change 
of sentiments. 

Andrew Jackson Crawford, who was recom- 
mended from the Nashville Circuit, was a young 
man of promise. It is said he was a relative ot 
the distinguished General, whose name he bore. 
Mr. Crawford, after traveling several years, was 
married to Miss Kelly, daughter of the Rev 
George Kelly, a local preacher of Madison county, 
Alabama. He located, and received an office 

Methodism in Tennessee. 193 

from the hand of the government, as will be ex- 
plained in the following memoir, furnished after 
the death of Mr. Crawford : 

"Andrew Jackson Crawford was one of the 
oldest members of the Mobile Conference, having 
for a number of years occupied the relation of a 
superannuated preacher. He was born in Tennes- 
see, and fought in the battle of New Orleans 
during the war of 1812, under the distinguished 
General whose name he bore. While yet a 
young man, he embraced religion, and became a 
member of the Tennessee Conference, at the time 
including the territory south of the Tennessee 
River and east of Mississippi. He was sent out 
by the United States Government as a surveyor 
of lands in the Cherokee Nation, at the same 
time preaching as a missionary to the Indians. 

"About the year 1835, he emigrated to Ala- 
bama, and served for some years as Register of 
the Land-office at Demopolis. After this, he be- 
came a member of the Alabama Conference, and 
traveled for several years as an itinerant preacher. 
When his health became too feeble to travel 
longer, he settled at his home in Marengo county, 
and continued for many years, by his intelligence 
and public spirit, a useful citizen as well as an 
earnest and devoted Christian. He died in July, 
1866, leaving an aged widow and several grown- 
up children in comfortable circumstances. The 
vol. nr. — 13 

194 Methodism in Tennessee. 

characteristics of Brother Crawford were firm- 
ness of purpose, inflexible integrity of character, 
and pureness of heart. In the various relations 
of life, he was known as a man of principle, 
touched with something of the imperious and 
uncompromising spirit of his great commander, 
but ever accessible to the appeals of justice or 
of mercy Hence, he was popular with his fel- 
low-citizens, and was invested by them ,with 
offices of public trust. As a Christian, his life 
was pure and spotless, and his devotion to the 
Church was only limited by his strength and 
means. A lengthened and varied experience of 
human life led him through many labors and 
trials, but his faith remained pure, and his love 
for mankind waxed stronger, while his zeal for 
Christ never abated from declining years or in- 
creasing infirmities. As a preacher, his style 
was clear and vigorous, his manner earnest and 
persuasive, and the substance of his sermons 
rich and instructive. His white hair and florid 
complexion rendered his appearance venerable, 
and none ever doubted the sincerity of his belief 
in those truths which he had preached from 
youth to old age, to men of every race, white, 
red, and black, and to every class of society, 
whether civilized or savage. His death still 
farther thins the ranks of the pioneers of Meth- 
odism who planted the seeds of the gospel in the 

Melliodism in Tennessee. 195 

virgin soils of the great South-west, but he real- 
ized in himself the promise to the good man of 
being full of days, riches, and honor, and we 
consign his memory, with confidence, to the keep- 
ing of the generations that are to come after him 
and after ourselves." 

Benjamin P Sewell was the son of the Rev 
John Sewell, a pioneer preacher, noticed in vol. i. 
of this work. Benjamin was converted in early 
life, and entered the ministry while a youth. He 
improved rapidly, and soon attracted much at- 
tention. He was popular and eloquent, and much 
flattered. The result was that he lost the spirit 
of his work, apostatized, and was finally expelled 
the Church. This was regarded not only as a 
sad event in the history of young Sewell, but a 
peculiar affliction to the Church. He had filled 
several of the most important appointments in 
the Conference, among the number the Nashville 
Station. Mr. Sewell submitted to his punish- 
ment without complaint, retired to private life, 
and followed his secular pursuits till his death. 
He, however, in the meantime, was reclaimed, 
was readmitted into the Church, and restored to 
the ministry, and modestly exercised his gifts in 
a local sphere till death released him from the 
gloom of life, which hung over him in some de- 
gree as long as he lived. He mourned the sad 
events that eclipsed his bright morning light, and 

196 Methodism in Tennessee. 

left him in clouds and shadows the remnant of 
his days. How many promising young men 
have lost all by the flattery of deceitful lips or 
the indiscreet and incautious praise of sincere 
but misguided friends ! 

William B. Carpenter came recommended from 
the Nashville Circuit, with Crawford and Sewell. 
He was a faithful man and a good minister ol 
Jesus Christ. He, however, had a slender con- 
stitution, and was not able to continue in the 
itinerant work many years. He located, and 
resided, for many years, about twelve miles from 
Nashville. He was a zealous local preacher, and 
commanded the esteem and confidence of all who 
knew him. He has gone to rest. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 197 


Conference at Salem — Bishops McKendree and Roberts 
present — Philip Bruce present — Censures for offenses — 
Preachers admitted — Rufus Led better, J. Belote, John 
Seay, T. A. Young, J. Hearn, F. P. Scruggs, A. Overall, 
N. R. Jarrett — -John Rains, John Kelley, Robert Boyd, 
R. Neeley — Missionary work among the Cherokees — N. 
L. Norvell, George Home, D. Gumming, Coleman Har- 
well, John Smith, O. Freeman, J. Cecil, Z. Munsey — 
Local preachers elected to orders — John Haynie — Mis- 
sionary Society — Seminary — Progress of the Church — 
Conference at Ebenezer — Bishop George — Thirty-eight 
admitted on trial — Hammett and others transferred to 
Virginia — Hammett, J. Carle, John Kerr, W Ledbetter, 
W Conn — The bounds of the Conference — I.W Sullivan, 
A. B. Rozell, R. F. Jarrett, B. Brown, and others — 
John White, A. W McClure, and others — William 
Mullins, F A. Owen, J. Y. Crawford — Resolutions of 
instruction — Local preachers elected to offices — Loca- 
tions — Increase of members — Conference met at Hunts- 
ville in 1823 — Prominent Methodists in Alabama — 
Camp-grounds, etc. — Bascom's preaching — Bishops 
McKendree and George at the Conference — Minutes 
lost — Preachers admitted — James McFerrin, T. A. Strain, 
I. Easterly, E. F Sevier, Creed Fulton, J. W Kilpatrick 
— Numbers. 

The next session of the Conference was held 
at Norvell's Camp-ground, Bedford county, Ten- 

198 Methodism in Tennessee. 

nessee. beirinnimr Nov 7, 1 S21 . The name in 
the Journal and in the printed Minutes is errone- 
ously spelt "Norrells." As already noted in 
this work, this camp-ground, where there is a 
church, is more properly called Salem, and is 
situated near Bell-Buckle. 

At this Conference there were two Bishops 
present, McKendree and Roberts. Thirty-one 
preachers responded to the roll-call on the first 
day Bishop McKendree opened the Conference 
with the usual devotional exercises, and "a few 
appropriate remarks." Bishop Roberts then took 
the chair, when Thos. L. Douglass was chosen 
Secretary, and the Conference proceeded to 

The Rev Philip Bruce was present, and, 
though a superannuated member of the Virginia 
Conference, was made chairman of the com- 
mittee " to examine the graduates." 

Soon after the opening of the Conference a 
complaint was brought against one of the Presid- 
ing Elders for ''admitting and encouraging a 
private subscription for his particular benefit." 
After considerable discussion, his character passed; 
but the President expressed his views freely in 
opposition to the practice, and directed that it 
should not be followed in future. The preachers 
were not expected to love money 

At a subsequent session, a complaint was made 

Methodism in Tennessee. 199 

against a preacher for neglecting to go to his ap- 
pointment, and that " he had contracted with 
another preacher, giving him boot in swapping 
circuits." lie was publicly reprimanded. Preach- 
ers, in those days, were held to rigid account for 
their official as well as their personal conduct. 
The name of A. J. W was called ; nothing ap- 
peared against his moral character, but it was 
considered that he would not make a useful 
preacher; he was, therefore, " dropped." 

A local preacher applied for deacon's or- 
ders, " but," says the record, " as he gives the 
people whisky at corn-shuckings, he is not 

The following preachers were admitted on trial 
— viz. : 

Rufus Ledbetter, Jonas Belote, John Seay, 
Jacob Hearn, Thomas A. Young, German Baker, 
Finch P Scruggs, James G. H. Speer, Abraham 
Overall, Nathaniel R. Jarre tt, Absalom Harris, John 
Rains, John Kelley, John Rice, Robert Boyd, Benj. 
F Liddon, Richard Neeley, Francis R. Cheatham, 
John Patton, Nathan L. Norvell, James Edmiston, 
William Patton, Thos. J Brown, George Horn, 
David B. dimming, Peter Burum — twenty-six. 

This was a noble contribution to the itinerant 
ministry, and increased the number of efficient 
laborers greatly . 

Absalom Harris, B. F Liddon, F R. Cheatham, 

200 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Jas. Edmiston, Jno. Patton, and Peter Burum 
were not continued the next year. 

Iiufus Ledbetter was the son of the Rev. 
Charles Ledbetter, already referred to in this 
work. He was a young man of fine personal 
appearance, and deep piety He traveled a few 
years in the Tennessee Conference, and was 
transferred to Virginia. There he labored till his 
health, in a measure, failed, and he located, and 
returned to Tennessee, where he lived till about the 
year 1864, when he died in great peace. He was an 
able preacher and a good man. After his return 
to Tennessee, his labors were abundant, sometimes 
on the circuit, and sometimes in a local sphere ; 
but he was always the same devout, conscientious 
servant of God and of his Church — respected and 
honored by those who knew him well. 

Jonas Belote was a promising man ; he, how- 
ever, traveled only a few years, and the author 
knows nothing of his after life. John Seay still 
lives; long since, he went into the local ranks, a 
bachelor, and continues unmarried. He is a man 
of means and strong impulses. He became some- 
what disaffected toward the South durin^ the 
late civil struggle, but still he bears his brethren 
of former years in the arms of his affection, and 
makes frequent demonstrations of his love to the 
cause of missions by contributing material aid. 
His extensive family are firm in their attachments 

Methodism in Tennessee. 201 

to the Church of their fathers. Thos. A. Young 
was a strong preacher — married, located, and lives 
in retiracy Jacob Hearn traveled several years, 
and located ; he still lives, a man of faith, prayer, 
and consistent piety German Baker was a 
young man of respectable attainments, made a good 
preacher, had delicate health, and has spent a 
long and useful life in preaching and teaching. 
He lives on the shore of the last river. 

Finch P. Scruggs, to whose family reference has 
been made in this work, is still an active member 
of the North Alabama Conference. He has filled 
many important appointments, and has always 
been acceptable and useful. 

Mr. Scruggs, as has been seen, belonged to a 
large family, several of whom became eminent 
preachers. He commenced his Christian life in 
Nashville, where he also began to exercise his 
gifts as a preacher. He was the first colleague 
of the author, and has always been esteemed by 
him. Mr. Scruggs is a gifted preacher. 

James G. H. Speer was sketched in our first 

"Abraham Overall belonged to a large and 
respectable fnmily, noted for their piety and de- 
votion to the cause of Christ and of Methodism. 
When he was a young man, he was awakened 
under the ministry of the distinguished Sterling 
Brown. He was converted in the year 1820 or 

202 Methodism in Tennessee. 

1821, and soon after entered the Tennessee Con- 
ference, where he traveled until his physical 
system gave way He, however, continued among 
us as a supernumerary till he had passed, perhaps, 
his three-score years. He was remarkable for his 
plainness of manners and originality of style. 
He was a bold advocate of the doctrines of the 
Bible, and his rebukes of sin made him a terror 
to evil-doers. He ever maintained his consistency 
of character, and had the confidence and esteem 
of the Church and the w 7 orld. They respected 
and reverenced him as a man of God. He died 
suddenly in 1862, after having, in an evening 
prayer, commended himself and family to God. 
He was a good man, full of faith and the Holy 
Ghost, and has left to his family and the Church 
the savor of a good name. The committee re- 
gret the absence of dates and facts, but present 
this brief memorial of a highly esteemed brother 
and fellow-laborer." 

Such is the testimony of his brethren. He is 
buried among his kindred, in Rutherford county, 

Nathaniel R. Jarrett was the son of a Method- 
ist preacher, and became a distinguished minister 
of the gospel. He was a native of North Caro- 
lina, but removed with his parents, in early life, 
to the neighborhood of Lebanon, Tennessee. 
Here he was converted, and here he beizan to 

Methodism in Tennessee. 203 

preach the gospel. Having joined the Confer- 
ence when he was quite a youth, and giving signs 
of future usefulness, and superior pulpit ability, 
he soon attracted crowds to his appointments, 
and wielded great influence as a preacher of 

All through Middle Tennessee, in North Ala- 
bama, in the Holston Conference, in West Ten- 
nessee, and in North Mississippi, Nathaniel R. 
Jarrett was a tower of strength. Few men of 
his day excelled him in pulpit oratory In his 
latter days he was inclined to despondency, and 
uttered the sentiment, again and again, that a 
traveling preacher should never locate. He had 
located : he continued in the faith, however, and 
left the world in full hope of heaven. He died 
at his home, in Marshall county, Mississippi, Jan. 
21, 1862, in his 61st year. 

John Rains is still a member of the Tennessee 
Conference. Fie was local, however, many years, 
because of feeble health, and the pressing cares of 
a large family He has the confidence and es- 
teem of all who know him. 

John Kelley was a native of Wilson county, 
Tennessee, and was born Jan. 26, 1802. In 1820 
he was converted and united with the Church ; 
admitted on trial in 1821, he was appointed to 
the Knox Circuit. 

"John Kelley, son of Dennis and Elizabeth 

2 )1 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Kelley, was born in Wilson county, Tenn , Jan. 
20, 1802. He professed religion in September. 
1820, and was licensed to preach the gospel Oct. 
18, 1821 ; was admitted on trial in the traveling 
connection in November, 1821, and was ap- 
pointed to Knox Circuit, East Tennessee. The 
following year he was appointed to Beech River 
Circuit, which was a very large and laborious 

"In the fall of 1823 he was ordained deacon, 
by Bishop George, at Huntsville, Ala., and was 
sent to Carter's Valley Circuit, in East Tennes- 
see, where four hundred and fifty persons were 
added to the Church. In the year 1824 he was 
sent to Giles Circuit, in Western Virginia. In 
the fall of 1825, at the Conference in Jonesboro, 
East Tennessee, he was ordained elder by Bishop 
Soule, and sent to Greenville Circuit, where 
several hundred persons were united to the 
Church. In the fall of 1826 he was sent to 
Hiwassee Circuit. In 1827 he volunteered to go 
to the Missouri Conference, with Brother Peery 
He traveled, successively, the White River and 
Hot Springs Circuits, in Arkansas. From the 
Conference of 1829 he was sent to the White 
River Circuit again, and in the following year he 
traveled Cape Girardeau Circuit, in Missouri. 
At the Conference of 1831 he was appointed to 
Washington Circuit, in Arkansas. During this 

Methodism in Tennessee. 205 

year he was transferred back to the Tennessee 
Conference, and was appointed to Smith's Fork 
Circuit. The following year, 1832, he traveled 
Caney Fork Circuit, and in 1833 the Lebanon 

" On January 25, in this year, John Kelley was 
married to Miss Lavinia Campbell. Then, for two 
years in succession, he was appointed to Fountain 
Head Circuit. In the year 1836 he labored on 
the Mill Creek Circuit; and the following year 
on the Sumner Circuit. From the fall of 1838 
to about the year 1848, he was variously em- 
ployed on the effective list — on circuits, stations, 
and Districts. In the fall of 1848 he took a 
supernumerary relation on account of infirmities 
and declining health. This relation he held to 
the day of his death, which occurred May 16, 
1864. Much might be said of our beloved 
brother's usefulness, through forty-three years of 
ministerial labor. He was remarkable for his 
zeal, industry, and integrity, in all his official re- 
lations to the Church. His house was ever a 
home for God's ministers, and his hands were 
full of blessings for the poor. During the many 
years of his life, he endeared himself in a pecul- 
iar manner to his extensive list of acquaintances, 
by his sympathy, extending to every physical 
and spiritual want of the people. His calm 
judgment, and the confidence of the public in his 

206 Methodism in Tennessee. 

unswerving principles, brought scores of all 
classes to him for advice and aid. They found 
him ready with both. During his last illness, 
these people thronged the house and yard from 
the beginning to the close. He talked calmly of 
his condition, confident of his speedy departure 
to his immortal home. He died peacefully, 
commending the weeping throng around him 
to the care of the Lord, in whom he had 

He was the father of the Rev David C. 
Kelley, D.D., now 7 a prominent member of the 
Tennessee Conference. 

Robert Boyd was a young man of giant intel- 
lect and robust constitution, but, by the mysterious 
providence of God, he died in the second year of 
his ministry He said, a few moments before his 
departure, "I shall soon pass the shining stars on 
my way home to the city of God." Wayne 
Circuit was his last appointment, as the colleague 
of Richard Neeley 

Richard Neeley was born in North Carolina, in 
1802. His parents removed, while Richard was 
young, to Rutherford county, Tennessee. 

In 1819 he was converted and united with the 
Church. Two years afterward he was admitted 
into the Conference, and continued until February, 
1828, when he fell asleep in Jesus. He was the 
honored instrument of introducing the gospel 

Methodism in Tennessee. 207 

among the Cherokee Indians, and was success- 
ful in establishing our first mission among that 
interesting people. His circuit lay along the north 
side of the Tennessee river. He crossed over to 
the neighborhood of " Creek Path " — Gunter's 
Landing — and opened his mission at the house of 
Richard Riley, an intelligent half-breed. He re- 
ported the success of his enterprise to the ensuing 
Annual Conference, when that body took the 
following action : 

" Whereas, it appears to us, from representa- 
tions made, that there is a favorable opening for 
the establishment of a mission among the Indians 
of the Cherokee Nation, several of whom seem 
de'sirous that we should take them under our 
care and superintendence; therefore, 

" 1. Resolved, That we take them under our 
care, and establish a mission among them. 

" 2. That a missionary shall be appointed to 
reside in Mr. Riley's neighborhood, to preach to 
the Indians and instruct their children. 

" 3. That a committee be appointed to raise 
subscriptions and solicit donations for the support 
of this mission ; to make such application, in a 
prudent way, of the money raised as they may 
judge expedient, and make report of their pro- 
ceedings, and of the state of the mission, at the 
next Tennessee Annual Conference. 

"4. That the Presiding Elders of Holston, 

208 Methodism in Tennessee. 

French Broad, Huntsville, Nashville, and Forked 
Deer Districts, for the ensuing year, be appointed 
a committee to act as above directed." 

The Conference also appointed a committee 
consisting of William McMahon, Thomas String- 
field, and A. J. Crawford, to address Mr Riley 
on the subject of the mission to be established in 
his nation. 

Thus a work began, which has progressed for 
fifty years, and resulted in the salvation of thou- 
sands of the " red men " of the forest. Andrew 
J. Crawford was the first regularly appointed 
missionary, but the Indians desired that Mr. 
Neeley should be returned to them ; accordingly, 
at the close of Mr. Crawford's year, he was ap- 
pointed to " Lower Cherokee Mission." From 
this work he was never again removed, but con- 
tinned with the Cherokees till he surrendered to 
his Master his credentials as an embassador of 

Mr. Neeley was married to Miss McNair, an 
accomplished and beautiful young lady, who was 
a native, but fair and well educated. He, how- 
ever, was not long permitted to live and labor 
among his adopted people. He died young, and 
was buried among those who loved him as a 
minister of peace and a messenger of mercy 

Mr Neeley was about medium size, fair com- 
plexion, dark hair, and brown eyes. He was 

Methodism in Tennessee. 209 

considered handsome, and was very modest and 
graceful in his manners. The author remembers 
him well. Mr. Neeley was present when he was 
converted ; indeed, he was kneeling at his side, 
singing a beautiful and encouraging hymn, when 
light from heaven fell upon his redeemed and en- 
raptured spirit, and caused him to rejoice with 
joy unspeakable. 

It is no unreasonable statement to affirm that 
no missionary enterprise in North America, 
among the Indians, has ever been more successful 
than the Methodist Missions among the Chero- 
kees, Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws. The 
Cherokees, in particular, made rapid progress, 
after the gospel was introduced among them by 
the preachers of the Tennessee Conference. 

Nathan L. Norvell, who was of the family 
where the Conference was held, has been a 
uniform Christian and faithful preacher, some- 
times local and at other times traveling, till he is 
now advanced in years, awaiting the call of the 

George Home was born in Wythe county, 

Virginia, August 9, 1796, and died in Fayette- 

ville, Tennessee, May 2, 1868 He claimed to be 

a descendant of Bishop Home, of England. He 

had literary advantages above many of the young 

men of his time, and was engaged for awhile as a 

teacher. Soon after his conversion, he entered 

210 Methodism in Tennessee. 

upon the work of the ministry, and continued 
several years in the traveling connection. He 
was very successful; great revivals of religion 
were the fruits of his toil, and he brought many 
into the Church. After his marriage he located, 
and entered upon secular pursuits, continuing, 
however, to preach wherever he went. He was 
a great traveler, and preached the gosped in 
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, 
Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, 
and Kentucky He spent a year in an expedi- 
tion to California, moved, he said, by the "gold 
fever," which subsided without any pecuniary 
gain to him. He says, in his journal, that in this 
enterprise he " paid dear for the whistle." 

Thousands of others had a like experience. It 
is always sad to see a man, called of God to the 
work of the ministry, turn aside after secular 
pursuits. Sometimes it seems to be necessary to 
a subsistence, but that only renders the case the 
more sorrowful. They that preach the gospel 
should live of the gospel, and those who receive 
spiritual things should minister, to the embassa- 
dors of Christ, temporal things. Mr. Home, like 
nearly every preacher who made the experiment, 
regretted the hour of his location. 

Mr, Home wrote much. His contributions to 
the newspaper press were numerous, besides 
essays, and many pages of manuscript not pub- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 211 

lished. Bat his work is done, and he has gone 
to his reward. He was a good man, and his 
works follow him. 

David B. dimming, long a member of the 
Holstbn Conference, was put on the superannuated 
list of the Indian Mission Conference, Oct. 4, 1872. 
He labored among the Cberokees before their 
removal West. In 1838 he was transferred to 
Arkansas, was appointed to missionary work, and 
continues faithful to the Master's cause. His 
strength is almost expended ; doubtless, his re- 
ward will be irlorious. 

Coleman Harwell, sr., was readmitted at the 
Conference. He was an able minister, a meek, 
modest, retiring Christian, and a worthy example 
to the young preachers. He belonged to a 
preaching family, and left, when he passed 
away, two sons and a grandson in the work. 
His name occurs in another connection in this 

John Smith and Obadiah Freeman located at 
this Conference. 

John Cecil, Zach. Munsey, John Pendleton, 
John Marsh, Jacob Whit worth, Peter Faust, 
Charles Fearell, William McGuire, A. Perkins, 
and Lent Brown, local preachers, were elected to 
deacon's orders ; and Ebenezer MacGowen, 
Green Hill, William Necesary, David Munsey, 
John Haynie, Nathaniel Moore, Hainan Bailey, 

212 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Josiah Brandon, Leven Covey, R. W Cardwell, 
and Isaac Conger, local deacons, were elected to 
Elder's orders. 

Among the local preachers in those days there 
were many faithful and able ministers, who did 
a good work for the cause of Christ and Meth- 

Among those above-mentioned, there were 
many useful and godly men. Nathaniel Moore 
was married to a sister of Bishop McKendree. 
He was a man of considerable wealth for those 

Josiah Brandon was a plain man, of sound 
mind and good understanding. He was the 
father of the Rev Lemuel Brandon, and of 
Thomas and William Brandon, who long lived 
at Huntsville, Alabama, and became promi- 
nent citizens, leading Methodists, and men of 

Perhaps the most prominent in the list of 
Elders was John Haynie. He long lived at 
Knoxville, Tennessee, and was a successful mer- 
chant. About 1825 he removed to Tuscumbia, 
Alabama, then a new and thriving village. Here 
he opened a mercantile house, and was successful 
in business. He was an active, popular, and 
very useful preacher He was small of stature, 
but had a voice of great compass and power. At 
camp meetings, he could be heard without diffi- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 213 

cult)' by thousands, and often moved the multi- 
tudes by his powerful appeals. 

Mr. Haynie removed to Texas, and in 1839 
was admitted on trial in the Mississippi Confer- 
ence, w 7 hich then embraced the Texas Mission. 
He was appointed to Austin, where he was con- 
tinued two years. When the Texas Conference 
was organized, Mr. Haynie took position with his 
brethren in that new and broad field. He con- 
tinued in the Conference till 1860, when he died 
full of hope. He lies buried at Lagrange, on the 
margin of the Colorado, awaiting the morning of 
the resurrection. 

At this session of the Conference, Bishop 
Roberts presented the Constitution of the Mis- 
sionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. The Conference voted to establish an 
auxiliary society, to be located in Nashville, and 
Thos. L. Douglass was elected Vice President of 
the Parent Society, in New York. The Confer- 
ence also recommended, by vote, that branch socie- 
ties should be formed in the various stations and 
circuits throughout the Conference. 

The Conference considered the propriety of 
establishing a seminary of learning, when, on 
motion of Robert Paine, the Conference voted 
that a committee of three be appointed, one of 
whom shall correspond with the Mississippi Con- 
ference, and propose a cooperation with them in 

214 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the establishment of such an institution; and, in 
case they should unite with us, to appoint a com- 
mittee to act in conjunction with a committee of 
this Conference, in fixing on the place, and to pro- 
ceed in giving shape to the business, and to carry 
it into effect; and, in case the Mississippi Confer- 
ence should not think proper to unite with us, the 
committee appointed by us shall be authorized 
to carry the business into effect for the Tennes- 
see Annual Conference only, as they may judge 
proper, by fixing on the place, employing a 
teacher or teachers, collecting funds, etc., and 
report to our next Annual Conference. The 
Presiding Elder of the Nashville District, the 
stationed preachers at Franklin and Columbia, and 
the Presiding Elder of the Tennessee District 
were appointed to act as the committee on the 
above business, in strict conformity to the plan 
and regulations recommended by our Church. 

This was, perhaps, the first decided step taken 
in the Tennessee Conference for the building up 
of literary institutions. Very little more, how- 
ever, was done for several years; still, the minds 
of the preachers and people were stirred up and 
kept awake till the time for more definite action. 

What progress the Church made may be 
gathered from the extension of the work, the 
multiplication of the preachers, and the increase 
of the membership. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 215 

In the list of appointments, the names of 
seventy-three preachers are found, a few of whom 
were supernumeraries ; and the members num- 
bered 15,823 whites, 1,810 colored, total 17,633. 
For the stations of the preachers, reference must 
be had to the printed minutes; but it is proper to 
note that Thomas Stringfield, who was appointed 
to "Nashville Town," and Thos. Maddin, who 
was assigned to Huntsville, Alabama, were ex- 
changed, and Mr. Maddin filled the Nashville 
Station, and Mr. Stringfield, Huntsville. 

Two missions were established west of Nash- 
ville, in what was called, as has been seen, 
"Jackson's Purchase:" North Mission — Sandy 
River, Benjamin T. Crouch and Lewis Parker 
were the preachers. South Mission — Broad 
River, Jacob Hearn ; Forked Deer, Andrew J 
Crawford ; Big Hatchie, Abraham Overall. 

The next Conference convened at Ebenezer, 
Green county, Tennessee, Oct. 16, 1822. Bishop 
George was present and presided. Thirty-eight 
members were present, and answered to their 
names, at the opening of the session. This, of 
course, did not include those on probation or 
who were candidates for admission. This might 
be considered a full attendance, when it is re- 
membered the distance to be traveled on horse- 
back to the seat of the Conference was so great. 
Some of the preachers had been on work near to 

216 Methodism in Tennessee. 

where the city of Memphis now stands, and others 
on New River, Virginia. 

Ebenezer was an interesting place for the as- 
sembling of the brethren. It was one of the 
first houses of worship erected in Tennessee; it 
was the place where Asbury had often preached, 
and where many of the pioneer preachers had 
dispensed the word of life. 

Thomas L. Douglass was elected Secretary, and 
the Conference proceeded with business. 

Willie Ledbetter, Josiah Smith, John M. Hol- 
land, William Johnson, Francis A. Owen, Benj. 
S. Clardy, Joseph Carle, Lorenzo D. Overall, 
Felix Parker, Lewellen Jones, Ephraim Jones, 
John Cannon, James D. Harris, William Conn, 
Isaac W Sullivan, William Mullin, Abner Bowen, 
Coleman Harwell, jr., J. W Allen, James Y 
Crawford, John W Witten, William Cumming, 
Isaac Lewis, William Hammett, Arthur W Mc- 
Clure, Edward T Peery, Ashley B. Rozell, Rich. 
F Jarrett, Nicholas D. Scales, John W Camp, 
Thomas H. Cannon, Thomas J Neely, Thomas 
Smith, Greenberry Garrett, Ambrose F Dris- 
kill, Barton Brown, Josiah Rhoton, John White, 
John Kerr — in all, thirty-nine — were admitted on 

Of these, ten were transferred to the Virginia 
Conference — viz.: Joseph Carle, Lewellen Jones, 
Ephraim Jones, Felix Parker, William Hammett, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 217 

John Cannon, James D. Harris,* Thomas H. 
Cannon, John Kerr, and J. W Witten. 

Joseph Carle, in after years, located, and re- 
turned to Tennessee, where he long lived as a 
local preacher. William Hammett acquired great 
fame, located, went into polities, and was finally 
a member of Congress from Mississippi. He 
abandoned the ministry altogether. John Kerr 
continued a faithful servant of the Church for 
long years, died in old age, and went peacefully 
to rest. He was a superannuated member of the 
Virginia Conference. 

Of those remaining in the Tennessee Confer- 
ence, only eighteen were received into full connec- 
tion, and elected to deacon's orders. 

Thus it has been, from the beginning, that many 
who thought they were called to be traveling 
preachers, upon making a trial find that they are 
not adapted to the work, or that the toil and 
sacrifice of an itinerant life are not suited to 
their tastes or circumstances. And it not un- 
frequently happened that the Conferences judged 
the candidates destitute of qualifications to make 
useful preachers ; hence, they were discontinued, 
or, as it was termed, " dropped." 

Willie Ledbetter was a younger brother of 

*This name is found among those remaining on trial in the 
Tennessee Conference in the following year. It is presumed 
his transfer was revoked. 
vol. rrr. — 10 

218 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Rufus. The following brief sketch, published in 
the Christian, Advocate, Sept. 6, 1844, will answer 
as a sketch of Mr. Ledbetter; it was furnished by 
the Rev M. Yell : 

"The Rev. Willie Ledbetter, son of Charles and 
Francis Ledbetter, was born July 31, 1803. He 
was converted in early life ; licensed to preach in 
1821, and joined the Tennessee Conference, 1822. 
lie traveled three years and located, but rejoined 
in a short time, we think in 1827 

u The situation of his family caused him to 
locate anain. In this relation he remained several 
years, a pious, faithful, and useful minister in the 
country in which he resided. In 1842 he moved 
to Tishamingo county, Mississippi, and, so soon as 
he arranged his business, his attention was again 
directed to the itinerancy, and he was readmitted 
by the Memphis Conference, at Paris, Nov 11, 
1843, and appointed to Tishamingo Circuit. He 
entered on his work immediate! v, and labored 
faithfully day and night. He was truly a man 
of prayer and faith — he a: ose early to pray and 
search the Scriptures on his knees. lie never 
entered the pulpit to deliver God's word only 
from his knees, and verily the great Head of the 
Church attended the word with the Spirit. He 
closed his labors at Hopewell on the 8th inst, 
and his sermon on that day will not be forgotten 
on earth until this generation shall pass away, and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 219 

we trust never in heaven. On the 9th, he left for 
Lome, to visit his sick family He was indis- 
posed, and on arriving at home took his bed, not 
to rise again. During his confinement he was 
patient, resigned, full of faith and the Holy Ghost. 
He often exhorted his son, William Charles, then 
confined, to put his entire trust in God, and also 
advised his wife to look to the same great fount- 
ain in her distress and trial. Shouts of glory to 
God often burst forth from his happy and enrap- 
tured soul, in this his final trial and victory here 
below. A rare, blessed, and glorious scene — 
father and son, on their death-bed, encouraging 
each other in the faith of Christ. Let fathers 
and mothers live by faith in God, and bring up 
their children in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord, and they will be biassed in life, death, 
and eternity 

" On the 16th iust., at 3 o'clock, p.m., the son, 
William Charles, in his 19th year, died in the 
triumphs of the gospel. When the death of the 
son was announced to the father, he remarked 
that his family was diminishing on earth, and in- 
creasing in heaven — that his son was then in 
heaven, but that he yet remained to suffer, 
though he thought but for a few moments. From 
this hour Brother Ledbetter declined rapidly, and 
on the next morning, at four o'clock, died. 
17th inst., in his 41st year, and twenty-third 

220 Methodism hi Tennessee. 

of his ministry. His Inst words were, 'Glory to 
God.'" He has two sons now in the ministry 

William W Conn is a local preacher in the 
bounds of the Tennessee Conference, a good man 
and true. Isaac W Sullivan located, studied 
medicine, practiced his profession, and preached, 
till a few years since, when he died a good man. 
A. B. Rozell, after a few years, retired from the 
work; he, at the time of this writing, is a citizen 
of Nashville, enjoying a green old age. U. F 
Jarrett located. Barton Brown traveled many 
years — for awhile among the Cherokees — located, 
and now lives in Sumner county, Tennessee. 
He has given two sons to the ministry: Hardy 
W Brown, of the North Alabama Conference, 
and Robert K. Brown, of Tennessee. N D. 
Scales was a gifted young man, of tine attain- 
ments. He was sent as a missionary to the 
Cherokee Nation ; he lost his position as a min- 
ister, and died out of the Church. He was con- 
nected with a large and highly respectable family 
Thomas J. Neely is an elder brother of the Rev. 
P P Neely, D.D. He is yet a member of the 
Memphis Conference. Thomas Smith is dead. 
A. F Driskill is still an active worker in the 
North Alabama Conference. 

John White was born in September, 1804, in 
Anson county, North Carolina. " He was admitted 
on trial at the Tennessee Conference of 1823, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 221 

and appointed to the Forked Deer Circuit. In 
1824 he was appointed to Wayne Circuit. At 
the following Conference he was admitted to 
deacon's orders, and appointed to Hatchie Circuit, 
where he closed his life and his labors. In July 
his health began to decline, and on the 7th of 
August he was violently attacked with a bilious 
fever. Although he received the kindest atten- 
tion at the place where he lodged, both from the 
family and from physicians, all attempts for his 
restoration proved abortive, lie expired on the 
18th of August, 1825, and left a world of sin and 
sorrow for a world of glory He was well re- 
ceived in the places where he traveled; and his 
name will long be dear to many of the pious. In 
his affliction he was not heard to murmur. After 
his speech failed, one of his friends requested 
him to 'raise his hand, if he had gained the 
victory ' He did so, and, without a groan, left 
the world in triumph." 

"Arthur McClure, of worthy and precious mem- 
ory, w T as born in East Tennessee, on the 16th of 
February, 1801. About the eighteenth year of 
his age, he was happily brought to experience the 
power of divine grace, and became a member of 
the Methodist Society. Soon after this, he made 
great improvements in his knowledge of divine 
things, and received license to exhort. On the 
29th of September, 1821, he was licensed to 

222 Methodism in Tennessee. 

preach; and, having joined the traveling connec- 
tion in October, 1822, he was appointed to the 
New River Circuit, where he labored with success, 
and was greatly beloved by the. people of his 
charge. Nature had formed him for hardship, 
study, and usefulness. His improvements were 
rapid, and his labors were always acceptable. In 

1823 he was appointed to Jackson Circuit, and in 

1824 to Limestone Circuit, where he ended his 
days, on the 26th of September, 1825. He sunk 
under the attack of a violent bilious fever, which 
baffled all the attempts of physicians. He re- 
viewed, on his dying-bed, with heart-felt satisfac- 
tion, the truth of the doctrines which he had 
taught, and on which he now rested the eternal 
interests of his soul, in the destinies of a future 
world. In his last moments, he opened his eyes 
and, with a smile upon his countenance, exclaimed, 
' 0, Jesus ! the sweetest name that ever saluted 
my ears.' He continued rapidly to decline until 
the heavenly messenger came to conduct him 
home, and then departed in glorious triumph. It 
may be added, in relation to the labors of our 
beloved brother, that one of the most distinguished 
revivals of religion ever witnessed in the Hunts- 
ville District prevailed upon the Jackson and 
Limestone Circuits, while he was laboring in 

Mr, McClure was one of the most promisin 


Methodism in Tennessee. 223 

and gifted young ministers in his day The 
author knew him well, and only knew him to love 
and admire him. 

Coleman Harwell, jr., was a native of North 
Carolina, removed to Tennessee while young, 
entered the ministry at twenty-two years of age, 
traveled the Shoal, Lebanon, Beech River, Forked 
Deer, and Wayne Circuits; was taken with con- 
sumption, and lingered till July 5, 1830, when he 
died, exclaiming, " Now, Lord, lettest thou thy 
servant depart in peace." 

Wm. Mullins was a Virginian by birth ; when a 
youth, he removed, with his parents, to Bedford 
county, Tennessee. In 1820 he was converted, 
and entered the Conference, as we have seen, in 
1822. He was full of zeal, and did a good work 
for several years; but his health failed, and he 
located. After several years, his health some- 
what improved, and he was readmitted, and con- 
tinued in the active work until his constitution 
gave way He died, March 18, 1870, a good 
man, and much beloved. He traveled in Middle 
and West Tennessee, and is remembered with 
affection by hundreds. 

Francis A. Owen, who was admitted this year, 
is still in the itinerant connection. He traveled 
in East Tennessee, was Superintendent of the 
Indian Missions before the Cherokees were re- 
moved West; was stationed at Natchez, Missis- 

224 Methodism in Tennessee. 

sippi; traveled in North Alabama, Middle and 
West Tennessee, and in North Mississippi; edited 
the Christian Advocate, at Memphis, Tennessee, for 
a season, and was four years one of the Book- 
agents of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
He is now a member of the North Mississippi 

Benjamin S. Clardy located, and afterward 
retired from the ministry 

For the facts contained in the following sketch 
the author is indebted to Mrs. Mary Crawford, the 
widow of the deceased : 

James Y Crawford was born in South Carolina, 
January 26, 1799; died May the 21st, 1850, in 
Hawkins county, Tennessee, aged fifty-one years, 
three months, and twenty-five days. In his child- 
hood, his parents removed to Bledsoe county, Ten- 
nessee. He became the subject of converting grace 
in youth, and declared publicly that he was a fol- 
lower of Jesus. He attached himself to the Church 
of his choice, ever adhering to its doctrines. 
He was appointed class-leader at the age of eight- 
een. Shortly afterward, he was licensed to exhort, 
then to preach, and was admitted into the travel- 
ing connection. In 1823 he traveled the Green 
Circuit, with Rev W S Manson, under Rev Thos. 
Stringfield. He was ordained deacon at Knox- 
ville,by Bishop R. R. Roberts, November 30, 1824. 
There was a collection made at this Conference, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 225 

of $22.50, for the benefit of James Y Crawford, 
who was sent, as a missionary, to the Cumberland 
Mountain. He traveled the Knoxville and Car- 
ter's Valley Circuits the next two years. August 
30, 1827, he was married to Mary, daughter of 
Rev. George White, of Rogersville, Tennessee. 
He traveled the Greenville Circuit in 1828, where 
he sowed the good seed in tears ; but the Lord 
blessed his labors, and many precious souls were 
brought to the knowledge of the truth. Near 
the close of this year, he professed sanctification, 
a doctrine in which he always took great delight. 
In 1829 he was returned to the Greenville Cir- 
cuit, where the Lord still crowned his labors with 
success. At Stone Dam Camp-meeting, eighty 
professed to find peace, and over one hundred 
united with the Church. In 1830-1 he trav- 
eled the Sullivan Circuit. In 1832-3 he traveled 
the Rogersville Circuit; in 1834 the Rutledge 
Circuit; in 1835 the Abingdon Circuit, where the 
Lord owned and blessed his labors in the conversion 
of many souls. In 1836 he was severely afflicted 
with a pain in his head, so that he could not travel 
and preach ; he was advised by his friends to locate, 
which he did with much reluctance. While in a 
local position, he did not forget his holy calling, 
but was continually engaged in the service of his 
Heavenly Father, preaching when able, organizing 
Sunday-schools, holding prayer and class-meet- 

226 Methodism in Tennessee. 


ings, laboring in protracted and camp-meeting 
visiting the sick, and doinu; all that lie could to 
promote Christ's kingdom on earth. In 1847—8 
he was appointed Bible-colporteur In 1848 
he again joined the Holston Conference, and 
was appointed to the Estillville Circuit. In 1850 
he was appointed to the Jonesville Circuit, Lee 
county, Virginia, about twenty-five miles from his 
home. He always visited his family once a 
month, which was a source of happiness. He ad- 
monished his children to seek the Lord while 
young. But the period came when he should 
visit them the last time. The last week in April, 
1850, he spent a few days with his loved family, 
but was not well; had a pain in his side, but was 
able to be up all the time, and held family devo- 
tion, a thing that was always punctually kept 
up. May the 4th, he bade farewell to his family, 
and started to his circuit. The Presiding Elder, 
the Rev- Joseph Haskew, invited him to aid in a 
quarterly-meeting at Anderson's Meeting-house, 
on the Clinch Circuit, en route to his work ; he 
consented; he was not able to preach, but de- 
livered an address to the Sabbath-school. Sun- 
day evening, he grew worse, and sent for his wife. 
lie lingered till the 21st of May, praising God and 
speaking of his goodness, when he fell asleep in 
Jesus. On Wednesday, the 2 2d, his remains were 
deposited in Rogersville cemetery, amidst the tears 

Methodism in Tennessee. 227 

of many dear friends, who deeply sympathized 
with the afflicted wife and eight orphans. 

In person, Mr. Crawford was commanding, and 
his manners were easy and graceful ; he was six 
feet four inches in height ; his chest broad and full, 
eyes blue, complexion fair, hair dark, till whitened 
by age and affliction ; his forehead high, features 
well proportioned ; and his countenance mild and 

From other sources, the author learns that Mr. 
Crawford was, at times, a powerful preacher. He 
left a good name and a happy influence where 
he had long lived and labored as a minister of 

The following resolutions were presented to the 
Conference by the Chair : 

"Resolved, That we do hereby recommend to 
the next General Conference to add the following 
item to the Constitution, or to the restrictive regu- 
lations — viz. : 

" Whenever a resolution or motion, which goes 
to alter any part of our Discipline, is passed by 
the General Conference, it shall be examined by 
the superintendent, if there be but one, or super- 
intendents, if there be more than one ; and if he, 
they, or a majority of them shall judge it to be 
unconstitutional, they will, within three days 
after its passage, return it to the Conference, with 
their objections, in writing; and whenever a reso- 

228 Methodism in Tennessee. 

lution is so returned, the Conference shall re- 
consider it; and if passed by a majority of two- 
thirds, it shall be deemed constitutional, and 
become a law, notwithstanding the objections of 
the superintendents. If it be not returned within 
three days, it shall be considered not objected to, 
arid become a law. 

"2. Resolved, That the General Conference 
may alter or correct the phraseology of the above 
item at discretion, but preserve the sense and true 
meaning of the law 

" 3. Resolved, That we request the superintend- 
ents to submit a copy of the above resolutions to 
each of the Annual Conferences. 

" Signed, by order, in behalf of the New York 

"June 26, 1822. Enoch George." 

This was a memorial to the General Conference, 
to invest the Bishops with the veto power, a pre- 
rogative now granted to the Bishops of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

The committee appointed at the last Conference, 
on the subject of literary institutions, was con- 
tinued another year. 

George Yost, Gilbert D. Taylor, John Wood, 
James B. Sharp, John Bolding, John Nix, Wm. 
Gwinn, local preachers, were elected to deacon's 

Charles McAnallv, Obadiah Bolding, Josiah 

Methodism in Tennessee. 229 

Daughtery, William Dugan, and Stephen Brooks, 
local deacons, were elected to Elder's orders. 

Thomas D. Porter, William Allgood, James 
Axley, Ancil Richardson, James Whitten, and 
Robert Hooper, located. 

There was a net increase in the membership, 
this year, of 3,533. This was truly encourag- 
ing, and it stimulated the preachers to farther 

Eighty-five preachers were stationed this year, 
besides those transferred. Here was an increase 
of preachers in proportion to the increase of the 
members. The Lord favored his servants, and 
" much people was added unto the Lord." 

November 20, 1823, the Conference met at 
Huntsville, Alabama. The country was new 7 and 
the town young, but one of the most beautiful in 
all the South-west. Situated in a vallev, at the base 
of a lofty mountain, from which flows a fountain 
of living water, running in a volume almost suffi- 
cient to float a light steamer, winding its way 
through natural meadows and beautiful groves, it 
was charmingly picturesque. The inhabitants 
were intelligent and refined, and the citizens 
celebrated for their hospitality Here the Method- 
ists preached, and, as early as 1823, had a good 
church as well as a prosperous and growing congre- 
gation. Among the first Methodists in Hunts- 
ville there were many noble spirits ; and perhaps 

230 Methodism in Tennessee. 

a better class of women, for the number, could 
nowhere be found. 

The limits of this work will not allow of ex- 
tended notices of these worthies ; but the history 
of Methodism would be incomplete without refer- 
ence to a few of the leading-spirits of those times. 
Prominent were Dr David Moore, the son of the 
Ilev. John Moore, an aged local preacher, and 
his wife, who was the daughter of Judge Hay- 
wood, of Tennessee. They were devout followers 
of Christ, and she, especially, was an ornament to 
the Christian religion. 

Thomas and William Brandon were strong 
pillars in the Church, and their excellent wives 
were worthy examples. Mrs. Eliza Brandon 
died in the noonday of womanhood ; her death 
was so triumphant, and her victory so complete, 
that many were constrained to glorify God, who 
had given her so great joy in believing. Who 
among the modern preachers at Huntsville did 
not know her daughter, Mrs. Jordan, who was 
of herself a host? Perhaps few women, any- 
where, ever exerted a more godly influence 
upon society than did Mrs. Margaret Brandon 

Mrs. Governor Bibb, Mrs. Doctor Manning, 
Mrs. Cain, Mrs. Lang, Mrs. At wood, Mrs. Wyatt, 
Mrs. Pope, Mrs. Byrd Brandon, Mrs. Ewing, 
Mrs. Stokes, Mrs. Lewis, Mrs. McClun<r, and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 231 

scores of others, were true to the cause of God 
and Methodism. 

John R. B. Eld ridge, Daniel and Richard 
Harris, the Stegers, the Malones, the Jordans, 
the Bibbs, and hosts of others in the country, 
were true soldiers of the cross, and faithful 
workers in the cause of Christ. 

" Father Hancock," a local preacher, is worthy 
to be held in remembrance. 

Among the influential citizens, the Rev. and 
Hon. John M. Taylor stood prominent. He was 
the brother of the Rev. Dr. Gilbert D. Taylor, a 
Virginian by birth, and a high-toned gentleman; 
but he was proud and skeptical, and had no re- 
gard for religion. The Lord humbled him, by 
the loss of his fortune and other afflictions. He 
paused, he repented, he listened, he was con- 
verted; and he became a Methodist, and a Method- 
ist preacher. He was an eminent lawyer, and 
for a long time was a judge of one of the higher 
courts of Alabama. His character was spotless, 
his piety fervent, his zeal unabating, and his 
efforts to do good tireless. He preached wher- 
ever he had opportunity, and wielded a great 
influence in favor of the cause of Christ. His 
family, highly cultivated, became devoted Chris- 
tians. He removed South, and, a few years since, 
died, and left a good testimony that religion is 
true. A great and good man was he, saved by 

232 Methodism in Tennessee. 

grace, through the instrumentality of the Meth- 

The most remarkable man in the vicinity of 

Huntsville, was the Rev- David Thompson. He 
was a Scotchman by birth, and after his arrival 
in Virginia, he was converted, and became a 
Methodist preacher. He removed to the vicinity 
of Huntsville soon after North Alabama was 
opened for settlers. He taught a classical school 
for many years, and educated most of the young 
men of Madison and the adjoining counties. He 
was learned, and especially was he skilled in 
teaching the Latin and Greek languages. He was 
an able preacher, and was faithful in the discharge 
of his ministerial duties, as long as he had 
strength. He lived to an advanced age, and died, 
in the year 1830, full of honors and full of faith. 
He lies buried near the waters of Elk River, not 
far from the Tennessee line. His posterity are 
worthy Methodists, and an honor to their pro- 

Madison and Limestone counties were inhabited 
by an in f elligent and enterprising population, 
many of whom were Methodists. Great re- 
vivals of religion blessed the country, and 
the Church grew and its numbers increased. 
There were many camp-meetings in those coun- 
ties in early times, which were attended with 
great power. The most famous encampments were 

Methodism in Tennessee. 233 

Blue Spring, Jordan's, Ford's, Brownsboro, Beaver 
Dam, Nubbin Ridge, and Cambridge. There were 
others of less note. At these meetings many 
converts were made, and the Church was greatly 

It was at Blue Spring, four miles from Huntsville, 
that Dr. Bascom preached his celebrated sermon, 
in 1831. He, at the solicitation of the Rev 
Wm. McMahon, who was then the Presiding Elder 
of the Huntsville District, attended this meeting. 
The fame of the preacher, and the popularity of 
the ground, brought a vast multitude together 
Mr. Bascom was at his zenith, in full health, fired 
with zeal, and inspired by the presence of im- 
mense crowds of intelligent hearers. He preached 
on Saturday, and again on Sunday ; he was suc- 
cessful, and only created a more eager desire to 
henr the distinguished preacher. Monday the 
audience was equal to that on Sunday At 11 
o'clock he took the stand, and, after a solemn 
hymn, sung as camp-meeting congregations alone 
can sing, and a solemn prayer, the preacher an- 
nounced as his text: "The Lord is risen indeed" 
Every e}'e was on the speaker, a profound silence 
reigned throughout the encampment ; only one 
sound was heard, and that was the voice of the 
preacher. The exordium fixed the attention of 
every hearer; the argument followed: infidelity 
was demolished, skepticism blushed for shame, 

234 Methodism in Tennessee. 

objections were swept as chaff before the wind, 
the faith of believers was confirmed, the cause of 
Christ maintained, and the triumphs of Chris- 
tianity portrayed in colors that none but the 
preacher could paint. The conclusion was irre- 
sistible. The vast multitude was spell-bound ; 
every mind was convinced, every heart subdued, 
every bosom heaved with emotion, but a profound 
silence pervaded the whole assembly ; then the 
multitude sat as if petrified — the stillness was 
like that which precedes an earthquake. On 
and on went the preacher ; " peal on peal " 
excited to greater intensity the interest of 
the wondering crowd. Finally, with a grand 
climax, the sermon closed, and the preacher, ex- 
hausted, sank upon his seat. For a moment, the 
silence became more profound ; and then came the 
reaction, when, in subdued tones or audible shouts, 
the whole audience exclaimed : THE LORD IS 

The author has heard many grand sermons, 
and has witnessed the power of oratory on the 
multitudes, but the overwhelming influence of this 
discourse perhaps exceeded any to which he ever 
listened. Though forty years have elapsed since 
it was delivered, to those who were present, and 
survive, it seems almost as fresh as if it had been 
preached but yesterday 

Bishops McKondrce and George were both 

Methodism in Tennessee. 235 

present, and sixty preachers answered to their 
names on the first call of the roll. Thomas L. 
Douglass was elected Secretary, and Robert Paine 
Assistant Secretary 

The Journal says that both Bishops presided, 
but, singular enough, only a portion of the pro- 
ceedings is recorded. The Secretary makes this 
note as explanatory, after recording the minutes 
of Monday : " The balance of the minutes, con- 
tained on a loose sheet, was given to one of the 
preachers to transcribe, and was mislaid, or lost." 
Hence, we have only a partial record of this in- 
teresting session; we learn enough, however, to 
know that James J Trott, James McFerrin, Thos. 
A. Strain, Robert Kirkpatrick, Francis A. Jarrett, 
Elbert F Sevier, Creed Fulton, John Dye, Jesse 
F Barker, and Felix Parker were admitted on 
trial, and Lewis Garrett, si\, and Joshua W 
Kilpatrick were readmitted. Among these are 
names known to the whole Church as ministers of 
prominence, because of their zeal, ability, and 
valuable services. 

James J. Trott, for many years, was regarded 
as a plain, firm, and faithful preacher. He was 
appointed several } ; ears as a missionary to the 
Cherokee Nation. Here he married a native, be- 
came disaffected, withdrew from the Church, and 
became a preacher in the " Christian Church," or, 
as commonly called, a Campbellites.'' What caused 

-36 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Mr. Trott to make this change is unknown. He 
has gone to the world of spirits, where he knows 
Avluit is true and what is false. 

James McFerrin, the father of the author, was 
born in Washington county, Virginia, March 2d, 
17S4. The llev A. P McFerrin, fourth son of 
James McFerrin, furnishes the following sketch : 

" His father, William McFerrin, was a farmer, 
a discreet and orderly gentleman, of the Pres- 
byterian persuasion, a strict observer of the holy 
Sabbath, and was esteemed for his sobriety, 
good judgment, and intelligence. He shared in 
the perils and struggles of the American Revo- 
lution, fought at the battle of King's Mountain, 
and lived out nearly his hundred years. The 
more remote ancestry — supposed to have been 
originally from Scotland — emigrated from Ireland 
to this country about the year 1740. The family, 
so far as can be traced, has always been Protest- 
ant, and has, from time to time, furnished a 
goodly number of ministers of the gospel. 

" The subject of this sketch did not enjoy good 
educational advantages; but, passing the years of 
his minority mainly in looking after the interests of 
his father's farm, he was led to acquire habits of in- 
dustry and enterprise. On his twentieth birthday, 
he was married to Jane Campbell Berry, in whom 
he ever found a judicious counselor and an affec- 
tionate and sympathizing companion. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 237 

" Shortly after this event, he removed from 
Virginia to Rutherford county, Tennessee. The 
country was new, its resources undeveloped, and 
many of the settlements constantly exposed to 
depredations by the Indians, who still lingered 
near in formidable numbers. Hardships and 
dangers were necessarily incident to such a con- 
dition of society; but none were better qualified 
to encounter them successfully than the adventur- 
ous settlers continually flocking in from the older 
States. Energy .of character and personal cour- 
age were then regarded as paramount claims to 
places of distinction. Independently of the din- 
gers arising from the neighboring tribes of savages, 
the relations of this country with Great Britain 
were every year becoming more and more threat- 
ening ; and. to meet emergencies that mmht sud 
denly arise, the militia of the country, by proper 
equipment and training, were looked to as the 
main, if not the sole, reliance for protection. As 
a consequence, military office was eagerly sought 
as the most direct way to honorable distinction. 

"Mr. McFerrin early gave much attention to 
military tactics, in w 7 hich he at once took great 
delight, and became thoroughly skilled. In 1813 
— war with England having been declared — he 
was called into service, and, as captain of a com- 
pany of volunteers, had but a short respite before 
they were called upon to make a campaign against 

238 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the Creek Indians, a powerful and warlike tribe, 
who had aroused the indignation of the country, 
on account of their treachery and murderous 
cruelty Fort Mimms, to which helpless families 
had fled for safety, was, at an unguarded moment, 
surprised by the wily foe, who murdered the in- 


mates with the most terrible barbarity Captain 
McFerrin, at the head of his company, was soon 
on his way to the place of conflict. The com- 
bined forces of the various volunteer companies, 
under the command of General Jackson, by forced 
marches, surrounded the enemy at Talladega,, 
and, after a sharp engagement of a few hours, 
caused a complete rout of the savages, leaving 
hundreds of the mightiest warriors of this power- 
ful tribe slain on the battle-field. 

" The sufferings endured, during this campaign, 
were most appalling. The troops, by forced 
marches, had penetrated far into the wilderness, 
making arrangements for the necessary supplies of 
provisions to follow These arrangements failing, 
they found themselves in the most destitute con- 
dition. Delays brought little or no relief; and 
starvation, for a considerable time, seemed to 
await them; and it was only by resorting to 
acorns, and scraps of raw hide, and like preca- 
rious resources, that the unequal struggle against 
nature could be maintained. Time eventually 
restored them to the comforts of home. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 239 

" Captain McFerrin was now elected colonel- 
commandant of the fifty-third regiment — a post 
which he held for several years, and for which he 
proved himself to possess superior qualifications. 
The governor, in a general review of the militia, 
unhesitatingly declared his regiment to be more 
efficiently drilled and thoroughly organized than 
any other in the State. 

" Being now about thirty-six years of age, his 
whole course of life was changed in a sudden and 


marked manner. Up to this time, his life had 
been an irreligious one ; and his position and asso- 
ciations had not only been most adverse to serious 
reflection, but had led to a habit of positive pro- 
faneness. Generous, confiding, brave, and im- 
pulsive, his course of conduct was always of the 
most decided character — there was no wavering 
in his purposes when they were once formed ; and 
his views and motives, whatever they might be, 
were always too transparent to admit of reason- 
able doubt. A whole-souled man of the world, 
those who knew him would feel assured that, if 
he became a Christian at all, he would be nothing 
short of a zealous, enterprising worker in the 
cause of Christ. 

" Of the Methodists he had little knowledge, 
except what was gathered from witnessing oc- 
casionally some of the scenes attending the mighty 
revivals of the times. Having, in 1820, been led 

240 ftfethodi'sm in Tennessee. 

to attend one of their camp-meetings, he was 
brought under deep conviction of sin, and, after a 
severe conflict of several weeks, was enabled to 
rejoice, with exceeding great joy, as a believer in 
the Lord Jesus Christ. Conversion, in his case, 
must be taken in the full sense of all that is im- 
plied in the term — the transition was complete, 
marked, permanent. His companions and asso- 
ciates were both astonished and awed at the 
sudden and marvelous transformation of which 
he was the subject. 

" His prepossessions — the result of religious 
education and of former associations — were in 
favor of his becoming connected with the Presby- 
terian Church; but, after due deliberation, he 
united, heart and hand, with the Methodists. 

" From the day of his conversion, it became his 
all-controlling purpose to render the utmost serv- 
ice in his power to the great cause in which he 
had enlisted ; and his influence for good was ap- 
parent wherever he went. According to Meth- 
odist economy, there is always work for every 
worker who offers himself; even the ministerial 
ranks are ever open to receive recruits fresh from 
any of the walks of life — the expounders thereof 
supposing they find a warrant for it in the New 
Testament, where Paul, the philosopher, and 
Peter, the fisherman, are equally commissioned 
to bear the message of salvation to dying sinners. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 241 

So with Mr. McFerrin — he began at once to pro- 
claim the glad tidings of salvation by Christ; and 
his brethren, and the Church with which he had 
united, at once gave him a. cordial recognition as 
a preacher of the gospel, bidding him God-speed 
in the glorious work in which he had engaged. 

" Having a large acquaintance, he became ex- 
tensively engaged in his new calling, going from 
place to place, and, wherever he went, preaching 
Jesus and the resurrection. But, deeming it 
proper that his labors should now be more 
systematically directed, he, in the autumn of 
]823, became a regular member of the Tennessee 
Annual Conference, and was appointed to the 
Jackson Circuit, situated in the northern part of 
Alabama, and to which he had, a year or two 
previously, moved his family He had charge of 
this circuit two years, and the happy results of 
his labors there show how devotedly he had 
entered upon the duties of his itinerant life. 
During these two years, he preached four hundred 
and thirteen times, and had an accession of six 
hundred and seventy-three members. The two 
subsequent years (1826 and 1827), he traveled 
the Limestone Circuit, and, at the close of this 
period, removed to the vicinity of Courtland, Ala., 
where he purchased a farm and remained for 
several years. This was in the Franklin Circuit, 
which he traveled in the years 1828 and 1829. 
vol. rn. — 16 

242 Melhoil'.sm in Tennessee. 

A remarkably gracious work pervaded the entire 
circuit, extended to all ranks of society, and 
brought into the Church, within the two years, 
about twelve hundred persons. During this 
period, he attended the General Conference held 
in Pittsburgh, 1828, having been elected a delegate 
only two days after he was eligible. lie was also 
a delegate to the General Conference of 1832, 
held in Philadelphia. 

"At the close of his labors on the Franklin Cir- 
cuit, he was made Presiding Elder of the Rich- 
land District, which he traveled four years. The 
District was large and laborious, extending from 
the range of mountains in North Alabama, north- 
ward into Middle Tennessee, as far as the town 
of Columbia. In the year 1834, having deter- 
mined to remove to Western Tennessee, and 
knowing that his removal would necessarily do- 
mand much of his time and personal attention, he 
deemed it proper to locate for one year, till he 
should be settled in his new home. In 1835 he 
was readmitted into Conference, and appointed 
to the Wesley Circuit — in the bounds of which 
i he had settled his family — which he traveled for 
two years. His next appointment was to Ran- 
dolph and Harmony, for one year; and he was 
appointed to the Wesley Circuit for the year 
1839, which proved to be the last of his itinerant 

Methodism in Tennessee. 24 


"These last several years after his readmission 
to Conference found him, as ever, fervently and act- 
ively engaged in the work, his labors being abund- 
ant and abundantly blest. However, during this 
period, he was called to pass through several per- 
sonal afflictions, being subjected to attacks of the 
prevailing fever of that region, by which his hitherto 
robust frame and firm constitution were seriously 
impaired; and, in view of the state of his health, 
he again called for a location at the Conference 
of 1839. 

" Mr. McFerrin kept a, brief, though clear and 
exact, record of the results of his labors, even a 
slight examination of which shows that his heart 
was always in his work, and that his ministerial 
career was one of uninterrupted success. In 
every field of labor, he left behind him the savor 
of a good name, which, after the lapse of a quar- 
ter of a century, is still cherished in the minds 
and hearts of thousands, with the most grateful 
and endearing recollections. 

" His term of two years' work on a single cir- 
cuit shows an accession of twelve hundred meni^ 
bers to the Church. Among his papers is the 
following record, made in 1839 : i I have this day 
been taking a retrospective view of my life. I 
find that I have come short of my duty in many 
things that I owe to God; yet, through his mercy, 
I have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus 

244 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Christ. Since I joined Conference, November 25, 
1823, I have preached two thousand and eighty- 
eight times; baptized five hundred and seventy- 
three adults, and eight hundred and thirteen in- 
fants ; and have taken into Society three thousand 
nine hundred and sixty-five members. May the 
blessings of God rest upon them ! Amen.' 

" Mr. McFerrin directed his labors much in 
reference to present practical results — he looked 
for the fruits — expected them— nothing less could 
satisfy him. But the devoted minister of Christ 
can never, in time, know the full results of his 
labors — eternity alone can make them fully mani- 
fest. So with the subject of this sketch. Though 
his life and labors terminated nearly thirty-two 
years ago, still new and unlooked-for witnesses 
continue to come forward, claiming him as the 
instrument, in the hands of God, in bringing them 
to a saving knowledge of Christ. 

" There are thousands who }'et remember him 
as one of prepossessing and marked appearance, 
with straight, firm, and compact frame, of about a 
hundred and seventy pounds weight; nearly six 
feet, when erect ; with fair and rather florid com- 
plexion ; dark hair, slightly inclined to auburn; 
clear, blue eyes, and pleasing expression of coun- 
tenance, indicative of a lively turn and quick 
apprehension. His fine conversational powers, 
ready wit, and keen sense of the humorous, erer 

Methodism in Tennessee. 245 

rendered him the life of the social circle. When 
a boy but twelve years of age, he was regarded 
as a splendid performer on the violin ; and, in 
after years, as a preacher, his gift for song was 
often turned to good account. 

"As a preacher, in manner and style, Mr. 
McFerrin was peculiarly himself — he studied no 
model — he belonged to no particular school. Of 
a fearless and generous spirit, he never flinched 
when duty seemed to call. Having, from early 
manhood, mingled much in public life, his knowl- 
edge of men and the ways of the world was ex- 
tensive; and he had that indescribable influence 
over the multitude peculiar to a leader among 
the people — hence, his ready access to the hearts 
of his congregations. The doctrines of his Church 
he well understood, and the word of God was the 
man of his counsel. Scriptural truths, drawn 
fresh from the divine record, were the truths 
upon which he relied ; and for their amplification 
and application he could draw copiously from the 
great volume of every-day practical life, of which 
few had a larger knowledge than he. So clear 
was his voice, so distinct his enunciation, so pointed 
his illustrations, that the remotest hearer could, 
without effort, gather the whole discourse; and 
the forcibly put truths, the earnest appeals, were 
just such as to tell in their happy and lasting 
results. Many are the witnesses pointing to him 

246 Methodism in Tennessee. 

as the instrument, in the hands of God, of bringing 
them to a precious knowledge of the Saviour of 

" From the day of his conversion, the religion 
of Christ had, to a great extent, monopolized 
both the powers of his mind and the affections of 
his heart. So marked was his conversion that 
he seemed measurably free from many of those 
after doubts that often disturb the repose of the 
earnest Christian. And so, in his last earthly 
sufferings, there were no clouds, no doubts, no 
misgivings — with the peace which passeth all 
understanding, he was enabled to welcome the 
messenger of death. 

"He died on the 4th of September, 1840, in 
the fifty-seventh year of his age. His grave is 
in Tipton county, Western Tennessee, hard by the 
church where his voice had often been heard in 
proclaiming the Christ in whom he now sleeps, 
and the resurrection in hope of which he now 

"Mr McFerrin was married to Jane Campbell 
Berry, a native of Washington county, Virginia, 
on the 25th of March, 1804— the day that com- 
pleted his twentieth year. They reared a family 
of six children, four sons and two daughters, all 
of whom, with the much-revered mother, still 
survive him — all members of Christ's Church, and 
all of them favorably and independently circuni- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 247 

stanced in life.* Three of the sons are ministers : 
J B. McFerrin, D.D., Book-agent of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. South — at the time of 
this writing Secretary to the Board of Missions ; 
Rev. William M. McFerrin, of the Memphis Annual 
Conference, and the youngest son, entering the 
ministry at a more recent date. With the ex- 
ception of the removal of the father, death has 
not entered the family for about forty-five years. 
The eldest daughter is the widow of the late 
Bev Samuel Gilliland,-)- for many years a member 
of the Tennessee Conference, and widely known 
as an eloquent and gifted preacher " 

Thos. A. Strain traveled several years, located, 
and settled in North Alabama, where he lived for 
many years, and devoted much time to the 
preaching of the gospel. He was a man of slen- 
der constitution, but of ardent piety and burning 
zeal for the cause of Christ. He was highly en- 
dowed by nature and sanctified by grace, so that 
he was a popular and useful preacher. He rests 
from his labors. 

* Mrs. Gilliland is since dead. 

f Samuel Gilliland joined the Tennessee Conference in 
1825, and filled various respectable positions, as an itinerant 
preacher, until 1836, when the state of his health obliged 
him to locate. He was married in 1837, and continued 
preaching usefully and acceptably till his death, which 
occurred in 1856. 

248 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Isaac Easterly w;is a native of East Tennessee. 
In 1817 he was converted, and united with the 
Methodists. After his admission into the Con- 
ference, he traveled several hard mountain circuits, 
but was happy and successful in his work. In 
1828 he located, and in 1836 he removed to Mis- 
sissippi, where he preached as a local and travel- 
ing preacher for a number of years. Thence he 
removed to Livingston Parish, Louisiana, where 
he died in Christ, December 19, 1869. 

Francis A. Jarrett belonged to a large and very 
respectable family, many of whom were preach- 
ers. He traveled for a number of years, and 
then located. 

Elbert F Sevier filled a large place in Tennes- 
see, and especially in the Holston Conference, of 
which he was a lending member for many years. 
The author is indebted to an intimate friend for 
the following interesting facts : 

Elbert F Sevier was the eldest son of James 
and Nancy Sevier, of East Tennessee, born 30th 
September, 1802, and was the grandson of Gen. 
John Sevier, the first Governor of Tennessee. 
His mother was the daughter of Col. Henry Con- 
way, of the Revolutionary War, a brave officer, 
whose wife, Sarah Conway, was a member of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church, but became 
convinced that she had rested in the mere form 
of religion, and knew nothing of its saving power. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 249 

She sought earnestly the forgiveness of her sins 
through Jesus Christ, and was powerfully con- 
verted ; and ever afterward she bore testimony to 
that religion which creates us anew in Christ 
Jesus, and gives the witness of the Spirit that 
we are the children of God. Her fervent spirit 
and deep piety very favorably impressed her 
young daughter with the genuineness of the re- 
ligion she professed, and as it was held and taught 
by the few Methodists then in the country The 
result was that the mother of E. F Sevier em- 
braced religion, and joined the Methodist Church, 
under the labors of the first minister who preached 
in the neighborhood, after she was married and 

Toward the close of the year in which she 
had become a Christian, the minister intimated to 
her that he was not going to return their house 
as a preaching-place to his successor ; but she 
pleaded with him so earnestly not to leave them 
without preaching that he finally agreed that, if 
she could find six who would become members of 
the Church, at his next appointment there, four 
weeks from that time, which was his last for 
the year, he would continue it as a place of 
preaching. She got on her horse, and rode round 
in the neighborhood, urging her neighbors to join 
the Church ; reasoning with them, and trying to 

show them how much good might result to them 

1 1 * 

2-jO Melliodism in Tennessee. 

Jill, and to their children, by securing preaching 
in the neighborhood another year ; and she con- 
tinued her efforts, until she got that number to 
agree that they would join the Church at the 
next meeting, which they did. These earnest 
efforts on the part of one good woman, accom- 
panied by prayer and the faithful preaching of 
the word, resulted, during the next year, in a 
revival of religion, during which some sixty or 
seventy persons were converted, and a good 
church was built, and the cause of Christ perma- 
nently established. 

This estimable and faithful Christian woman 
did much to mold the character of her son for 
usefulness, and for the high position he afterward 
occupied in the Church of God, and in the esti- 
mation of all who knew him. After E. F. Sevier 
left school, he went to Jonesboro and studied 
law, and was licensed to practice. It occurred 
just at the time that a merchant, II. R. W Hill, 
visited Jonesboro on business, and, during his 
stay, held prayer-meetings. Very few attended 
at first, but the interest soon increased, and a 
gracious revival of religion commenced. Young 
Sevier and others attended, at first, through 
curiosity ; but he soon became concerned for sal- 
vation, and, in company with others, was found at 
the altar of prayer. It was not long until he 
and 0. B. Ross, with a number of other vounsr 

Methodism in Tennessee. 251 

people, were converted. The conversion of such 
young men as E. F Sevier and 0. B. Ross greatly 
increased the excitement and interest in the 
meetings : the house was soon crowded at every 
meeting, and many young persons of the best 
families in the community became religious, and 
the prayer-meeting revival continued until sixty- 
five were converted. Soon after his conversion, 
Mr Sevier felt that it was his duty to preach the 
gospel; and, with a courage and decision worth} 1 " 
of all praise, lie gave up the flattering prospects 
which lay before him at the bar to become a 
traveling Methodist preacher, which at that day 
required great sacrifices. About six months after 
his conversion, he received a license to preach, 
and that fall was admitted on trial in the Ten- 
nessee Conference, and was appointed as junior 
preacher on Abingdon Circuit, with W P Ken- 
drick. His second appointment was on Knox 
Circuit, his third on Maryville, and his fourth on 
Green Circuit. At the close of that year, he was 
appointed Presiding Elder of Abingdon District, 
by Bishop Roberts ; and for the next four years 
he was on that and the Greenville District. At 
the close of his fourth year on the District, he 
went to Alabama, and was married to Miss 
Powell, of Shelby county ; and for nine years he 
remained local, returning to the Conference at its 
session in Greenville, October, 1839. From that 

252 Methodism in Tennessee. 

time until his death, which was about twenty- 
three years, he filled many of the most important 
appointments in the Holston Conference. His 
health was feeble for a number of Years. The 
last appointments he filled were Chattanooga Sta- 
tion and District. In the latter part of the sum- 
mer of 18 j2 he buried his second wife, who was 
the daughter of the Rev. Jesse James, a very 
sensible and most estimable lady After the 
death of his last wife, in Chattanooga, his health 
declined very rapidly, and it was apparent to his 
friends that he was speedily passing away The 
Holston Conference was to meet that year at 
Athens, Tennessee, on the 15th of October. For 
several weeks previous, though very feeble, he 
looked forward to the meeting, and expressed great 
anxiety to attend; he thought they would have 
a stormy session, and he wanted to be there to 
help manage the interests of the Church ; but as 
the time approached, he grew worse, and when 
he could speak, and as long as he could utter 
a word, he spoke of the Conference and of his 
brethren in the ministry ; and as he went down 
into the cold waters of death, relying alone upon 
the merits of Christ for salvation, he seemed to 
feel that his brethren in the ministry, with whom 
he had labored so long, were all standing around 
him. On the day before his death, he suggested 
all the arrangements for his funeral, requesting 

Methodism in Tennessee. 253 

that, when he died, they should telegraph to the 
Conference, then in session, for Brother J. Atkins 
to come and perform his funeral services — but not 
to preach his funeral sermon until some future 
time. About 12 o'clock the next day, Saturday, 
the 18th of October, 18G2, he died in great 
peace, giving every assurance that, through the 
merits of Christ, he was entering upon a blissful 
immortality Thus passed away one of the most 
popular and gifted members of the Holston Con- 
ference, sustained and comforted in death by the 
power of that gospel which he had so eloquently 
preached for thirty-nine ye;irs. 

Mr. Sevier was frequently a member of the 
General Conference, and was esteemed as a man 
of talents and sound Methodistic views. 

Creed Fulton became a distinguished preacher, 
He filled many important circuits and stations, 
and was one of the most popular preachers in the 
Holston Conference, into which he fell w T hen the 
Conference was divided in 1824. Mr. Fulton 
was a strong friend of education, and did more 
than any man, minister or layman, to establish 
and endow Emory and Henry College. That 
flourishing institution, located in Washington 
county, Virginia, is a monument of the enterprise, 
zeal, and eloquence of Creed Fulton. Mr. Fulton 
devoted years to the training of the youth of the 
country He was for years president of a flour- 

251 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ishing female institution of learning in Georgia. 
He was a member of the Louisville Convention, 
which ratified the action of the Southern Annual 
Conferences in reference to the Plan of Separa- 
tion, as provided for by the General Conference 
of 1844. 

Mr. Fulton died a few years since, in South- 
western Virginia. It is intended to remove his 
remains to the seat of Emory and Henry College, 
and erect a monument in honor of the acknowl- 
edged and distinguished father of the institution. 
Mr. Fulton lives in the memory and affections of 
thousands, while he is reaping the reward of a 
life of virtuous toil. 

John Dye, Felix Parker, and Jesse F Bunker 
retired from the work. Of their end the author 
has no information. 

At this Conference, Joshua W Kilpatrick was 
readmitted. Mr. Kilpatrick was no ordinary 
man. To his son, the Hon. W II. Kilpatrick, 
the author returns thanks for valuable items in his 
father's history 

Mr. Kilpatrick was born the 7th of April, A. D 
1782. in Iredell (then a part of Rowan) county, 
North Carolina. He was descended from a Scotch 
family The name should be written Kirkpatrick, 
as old papers and traditions in the archives of the 
family clearly show that he was lineally descended 
from that old and well-known family How the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 255 

orthography of the name was changed it is no part 
of the object of this sketch to explain. After 
the strictest sect, he was brought up a Presby- 
terian; his father, Andrew Kilpatrick. being one 
of the ruling Elders of one of the celebrated Dr 
James Hall's churches — a divine justly celebrated 
as an orator and patriot of the American Revolu- 
tion. When he was quite young, he had the 
misfortune to lose his mother. This was, indeed, 
one of the greatest of calamities, as she is repre- 
sented to have been a woman of no ordinary 
character, Nature had endowed her with a hand- 
some person, a clear and vigorous intellect, and a 
most lovely and amiable disposition. Added to 
this, she was a genuine follower of the meek and 
lowly Saviour. Her example and her teaching 
left a lasting impression on the mind and heart of 
her son. Her death seems to have produced in 
her husband great despondency, which, in its 
turn, reflected many evils upon the large famih r 
of children that were left thus bereaved. The 
father of the subject of this sketch was a man of cul- 
ture, for the times and part of the country in which 
he lived. But with the loss of his wife departed 
that mainspring of his energies and manliness. 
To this cause is attributed the poor educational 
advantages which Joshua, and others of the 
famity, obtained. 

Although Joshua was trained according to the 

256 Methodism in Tennessee. 

" old blue-stocking rule," yet lie did not readily 
yield his heart to the influences of divine grace. 
He was social in his disposition, and was quite 
fond of the amusements and pastimes of youth- 
ful company As he grew up to manhood, al- 
though he did not participate in any outbreak- 
ing sins and dissipations, he was a votary of 
the pleasures of youth. The great revival of 
1800, in its spread, reached the Carolina s and 
Virginia; in this revival, after a long and severe 
struggle, he was most powerfully and happily 

He soon felt it impressed upon his heart that 
it was his duty to preach the gospel; and, with all 
the energy and zeal of his nature, he set about 
making preparations to fulfill his great commis- 
sion. About this time, the Methodist itinerant 
preachers were beginning to attract great atten- 
tion in that part of North Carolina, and also to 
be greatly persecuted on account of the heretical 
doctrines they were reported to set forth. Among 
the number was the Rev Mark Whittaker. Young 
Kilpatrick, in his thirst after truth,, went to hear 
him. The observant eye of Whittaker soon 
found him out, and sought his companionship. 
From Whittaker and others Joshua W Kilpatrick 
imbibed the doctrines of his beloved Methodism. 
He became convinced of, and satisfied with, the 
soundness of those doctrines. He became a con- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 257 

vert to them, and to them he yielded the devo- 
tion of his heart and mind, and the labors of his 
after life. 

In his preparation for the ministry, his Pres- 
byterian brethren had, up to this time, given him 
all necessary encouragement, and also considerable 
assistance. Now, however, when they found he 
had turned Methodist, thev withdrew their coun- 
tenance, and he became the object of no little 
persecution from them ; and the foremost among 
them were some of the members of his own 
family All this, however, did not divert his 
purpose, or work any change in his mind. He 
cast his lot with this persecuted people. Nor did 
he ever reszret it. 

On the 1st of March, 1805, he joined the Vir- 
ginia Conference, held at Granville, North Caro- 
lina. That year he was appointed as junior 
preacher to the Richmond, Hanover, and Wil- 
liamsburg Circuit, with the Rev. Humphrey Wood 
as preacher in charge. This was in the Rich- 
mond District, and Rev. Stith Mead as Presiding 
Elder. In 1806, with the same Elder and col- 
league, he was appointed to Cumberland Circuit, 
in the Richmond District. 

On the 3d day of February, 1807, he was or- 
dained a deacon at Newbern, North Carolina, by 
Bishop Asbury That year (1807) he was ap- 
pointed as preacher in charge of the Mecklenburg 

258 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Circuit, with the Rev James E. Glenn sis a helper. 
This was in the Norfolk District, and Rev. Philip 
Bruce was the Presiding Elder In lb08 he was 
transferred to the Yadkin District, the Rev Thos. 
L. Douglass being his Presiding Elder, and sent 
to Salisbury Circuit as preacher in charge, with 
the Rev John French as his colleague. It was 
during this year, perhaps, he formed that close 
and lasting friendship with the Rev. T L. Doug- 
lass that was so strikingly exhibited by both as 
long as they lived. 

On the 12th day of January, 1809, he was 
united in marriage with Sally Hobson, of Cum- 
berland county, Virginia, who still survives him, 
in the eighty-second year of her age.* This year, 
he located, and resided in Virginia until December, 
1809. He then moved to North Carolina, where 
he lived in the vicinity of his relations during 
the years 1810 and 1811. In the winter of 
1811-12 he emigrated to Maury county, Tennes- 
see, where he "settled" himself, with his little 
family, about five miles from the town of Colum- 
bia, near to Duck River. 

In the fall of 1823 he was readmitted in Elder's 
orders, elected a delegate to the General Confer- 
ence, and appointed to the Nashville Circuit. Up 
to this time, he was not engaged in the regular 

* Several months ago. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 259 

work of the ministry all the time, yet he was not 
idle. He labored zealously and successfully in 
Maury, Giles, Lincoln, Bedford, Williamson, and 
Davidson counties — promoting revivals, organizing 
societies, and doing the work of an evangelist 
generally Mr Kilpatrick was kept out of the 
Tennessee Conference for several years by the 
efforts of some of the members, who were deeply 
imbued by the anti-slavery spirit. Mr. Kilpatrick 
was among the first preachers of the Tennessee 
Conference to engage in the work of missions 
among the colored people. In this work he was 

One trait in Mr. Kilpatrick was his uniform 
habit of declining prominent positions and taking 
fields of labor among the destitute and the poorer 
classes of the people. When urged at one time 
to take a prominent appointment, he declined by 
saying that that was an appointment which there 
was no difficulty in supplying; the membership 
on that work were able to procure, and generally 
had, the best preaching ability in the Conference ; 
and, although not rich himself, he could supply a 
more destitute portion of the work, even if they 
could not pay him. This was the spirit that ani- 
mated him. 

In December, 1834, he removed from Maury 
county, Tennessee, and settled with his family in 
LaGrange, Alabama, 1835; and in 1836 he was on 

260 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the Franklin Circuit. In 1837 he organized and 
supplied the Courtland Colored Mission. In the 
fall of 1837 he located, and removed from the 
bounds of the Tennessee Conference, and settled 
with his family in Monroe county, Mississippi, 
about five miles east of Cotton Gin Port. He was 
here in the bounds of what was then the Alabama 
Conference. As soon as he was " fairly righted 
up" at home, with his accustomed zeal and energy 
he again began, as a local preacher, to preach to 
the people. The community in which he lived 
were generally imbued with the doctrines of Cal- 
vinism, as held and practiced by the Primitive 
Baptists. Without attacking these, or waging 
Avar against them, he preached the truth, " as it 
is in Jesus," according to the doctrines of his be- 
loved Methodism. He had not a Sabbath unoc- 
cupied ; and often his labors for the week on his 
farm gave place to preaching at some point where 
he thought the people needed that means of grace 
and a door was opened unto him. Soon, the fruits 
of his labors were apparent. Gracious revivals 
broke out at his appointments. At Athens, 
Cotton Gin Port, at Aberdeen, and other points, 
the work of God revived, and societies were or- 
ganized; and, for that country, great numbers were 
added to the Church. Indeed, he felt that preach- 
ing the word of God — Christ and him crucified 

was his great work — the work to which God 

Methodism in Tennessee. 261 

had, by his Holy Spirit, called him. And he had 
arranged his business, set in order his household, 
with the view of offering himself to the Alabama 
Conference, at its approaching session. But, alas! 
his r;ice was well-nigh run, his labors were nearly 


During the latter part of the month of Septem- 
ber, 1839, in over-exertion to try to save the 
property of a neighbor from being destroyed by 
fire, an attack of congestive fever was brought 
on. From the first he did not believe he would 
recover. He resigned himself into the hands of 
his God. His death occurred on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839, at his residence in Monroe county, 
Mississippi. By turning to the files of the Nashville 
Christian Advocate of that year (if to be found), 
you will see an account of the circumstances at- 
tending his death. In his last moments he was 
not deserted by his God — the Being whom he had 
preached and served. 

He had been selected to preach the sermon on 
the Centenary of Methodism, at a camp-meeting 
that was held not far from him, during his last 
illness. The remarks that he had prepared in 
manuscript for that occasion were carried off by 
a friend and never returned. 

Mr Kilpatrick's frame was stout, his carriage 
firm, his manners gentle, and his conduct grave 
and ministerial. In the pulpit, he was often a 

2G2 Methodism in Tennessee. 

preacher of great power, and was instrumental In 
many gracious revivals of religion. He left a 
worthy family, whom he had trained in the fear 
of God. 

Great prosperity attended the ministrations of 
the preachers this year. There was an increase 
of 3,862 white members, and 481 colored. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 263 


Conference met at Columbia, 1824 — Bishops McKendree and 
Soule present — Bishop Soule's heroism — Preachers ad- 
mitted on trial — A. L. P Green, Dr. Harris, T. P. 
Davidson, M. Berry, W V Douglass, J. Summers, T. M. 
King, T. J. Brown, H. McPhail — Locations — T. J. Nee- 
]y — Local preachers elected to orders — Missionary work 
— The slavery question again — Numbers in Society — 
Stations of the preachers — Division of the Conference — 
Holston Conference met at Knoxville — Bishop Roberts 
— Stations of the preachers — Number of members — Diffi- 
culties in the way — Delegates to the General Conference 
of 1824 — John Tevis — Tennessee Conference at Shelby- 
ville, November, 1825 — Bishops Roberts and Soule pres- 
ent — G. Baker, Secretary — Protracted session — Com- 
plaints of maladministration — The reformers — Impres- 
sions made on the mind of the author — Distinguished 
ministers — Preachers admitted on trial — G. T. Hender- 
son, H. B. North, G. Garrett, S. Gilliland, J. Renshaw, 
D. C. McLeod, W L. McAlister, John New, W P. 
Nichols, J. Tarrant — Local preachers elected — Holston 
Conference — W T. Senter, D. Flemming, Godson Mc- 
Daniel, and others — Jonesboro — Preachers admitted on 
trial — Thomas K. Catlett, Hugh Johnson, J. McDaniel, 
U. Keener, and others — Numbers in Society. 

The Conference met, in the autumn of 1824, 
at Columbi.'i, Tennessee. Bishop McKendree 

264 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and Bishop Soule were both present. Thomas L. 
Douglass, Secretary Bishop McKendree opened 
the Conference, and introduced Bishop Soule. 
Bishop Soule was ordained the spring previous, and 
was now just fairly entering upon the duties of 
the Episcopal office. He was elected four years 
previously, but declined to receive ordination, be- 
cause of the passage of certain resolutions, limit- 
ing the power of the General Superintendents, 
and infringing upon the Constitution of the 
Church. Four years, however, wrought a great 
change in the minds of the preachers and people, 
or rather developed the true sentiments of the 
Church, in opposition to the changes proposed, 
when Mr. Soule was again elected; he now ac- 
cepted the office, and was ordained May, 1824. 
His future life and administration justified the 
wisdom of his brethren in his selection for 
the responsible position. He was a profound 
preacher, a sound theologian, a wise legislator, 
and was thoroughly versed in Methodist law and 
ur.age. Now that he has gone to his reward, it is 
the deliberate opinion of the author that the 
American Chimh never produced his superior. 
He was as firm as he was wise, and would have 
sacrificed his life rather than compromise the 
principles of truth and righteousness. He evinced 
his honesty and integrity of character, as well as 
his moral heroism, when, in 1844, he threw him- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 265 

self in the breach, and endeavored, by every 
honorable means, to ward off the calamity which 
he saw coming upon the Church, by what he 
regarded a violation of the Constitution of the 
Church and the rights of his Southern brethren; 
and when he failed, though a Northern man by 
birth and education, and living at the time north 
of the line, he fearlessly stepped forward, as- 
sumed the cause of his injured brethren, identi- 
fied himself with the Southern Church, removed 
to Tennessee, and died in Nashville, where he 
sleeps in hope of the resurrection of the just. 
He was a noble specimen of sanctified manhood. 

The presence and presidency of Bishop Soule, 
in the Conference at Columbia, gave great pleas- 
ure to the brethren. From that time till the 
day of his death, he had the profound respect of 
the Tennessee Conference; and it is a mournful 
pleasure that his dust, as well as that of Bishop 
McKendree, sleeps in Tennessee soil. 

Columbia, the seat of the Conference, is a 
beautiful and flourishing town, situated on the 
south bank of Duck River, in the county of 
Maury Maury county is justly celebrated for 
the richness of 'its soil and the intelligence of its 
inhabitants. Here, Methodism was planted in 
an early day, and took deep root, and continued 
to grow and prosper. Mount Pleasant, Wilkes's 
Camp-ground, Bigby, Williamspert, Spring Hill, 
vol. in. — 12 

266 Met J tod ism, in Tennessee. 

Pruett's Lick. Hurt's Cross-roads, Peak's, and 
many other places, were and are celebrated for 
the triumphs of Methodism. A Church was 
organized in Columbia at an early day, and has 
continued to grow and prosper — subject to fluctu- 
ations — till the present time. Among the early 
members, mention should be made of the Plum- 
mers, the Dales, the Herndons, the Yateses, the 
Guests, the Nelsons, the Vaughts, the Porters, 
the Brandons, and others. Here, the Revs. W 
T and J R. Plummer were born, educated, and 
converted. Here, long lived their esteemed 
father, James R. Plummer, si\, whose pious wife 
made the ministers of Christ welcome ; and here 
resided Dr. McNeil, w T ho, at one time, was a 
Presbyterian Elder and a Methodist class-leader. 
Here, Dr. Church for many years conducted a 
flourishing seminary, where hundreds of young 
ladies were handsomely educated, and sent abroad 
to bless the Church and adorn society. Columbia 
has often, since the year 1824, entertained the 

Richard H. Hudson, John Summers, Alexander 
L. P Green, Thomas M. King, Isaac V Enochs, 
George W D. Harris, Samuel R. Davidson, Thos. 
P Davidson, Henry J. Brown, Amaziah Jones, 
Jeremiah Jackson, William V Douglass and 
Michael Berry, were admitted on trial. 

Of these, only a few remain, most of them 

Methodism in Tennessee. 267 

having finished their work. Alexander L. P 
Green has been in the work without intermission, 
find is still an efficient laborer. He has filled 
many of the most important appointments in the 
Tennessee Conference, and has been prominent in 
the councils of the Church — both in the General 
and Annual Conferences — for many years. He 
has a worthy son in the ministry, the Rev. Wm. M. 
Green, and all his family are members of the 
Methodist Church. As Dr. Green yet lives, it 
will not be expected that an extended notice 
should be made of him. That will be the work 
of a future historian or biographer. But it is 
just to say that he has a wide reputation, and 
wields a large influence in the Church. He re- 
tains his mental and physical vigor in a remark- 
able degree. 

George W D. Harris, though advanced in 
years and broken down by continued labor, 
heavy work, and much exposure, still lives ; 
he is a superannuated member of the Memphis 
Conference. Like Dr Green, Dr. Harris has 
filled many important positions, and has wielded 
a great influence in the Church of God. He per- 
formed nearly fifty years' work without intermis- 
sion. He is the brother of ex-Governor I. G. 
Harris, and belongs to a large and respectable 
family. He now awaits patiently the coming of 
the Masted Dr. Harris has given three sons to 

268 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the ministry, one of whom has gone to his reward. 
Thomas P Davidson, a brother of Samuel R., is 
a member of the Memphis Conference, enjoying a 
green old age, full of zeal, and is a successful 
laborer. Michael Berry located, and remains a 
faithful servant of God in that relation. His son, 
U. N. M. Berry, was admitted on trial into the 
Tennessee Conference October 21, 1872. 

William V Douglass was transferred to the 
Mississippi Conference in 1825. So far as the 
author is apprised, the remaining members of this 
class have all gone to rest. Perhaps John Sum- 
mers may live, but, if so, he has retired from the 
itinerant work. 

Samuel H. Davidson, Jeremiah Jackson, and 
Thomas M. King were all acceptable preachers. 
Henry J Brown labored for years in Missis- 
sippi; he was a worthy member of the Brown 
family of Giles county, and brother to the Rev. 
James Brown, who died comparatively young, 
but left several sons, two of whom entered the 

John Nixon, Elijah Kirkman, and Hugh Mc- 
Phail were readmitted into the Conference, in 
Elder's orders. Mr. Nixon has already been al- 
luded to as the father of the Rev Thos. Nixon, 
who, since the reference to him in a previous 
volume, Iris gone from labor to rest. Mr Mc- 
Phail was transferred to the South, Avhere he 

Methodism in Tennessee. 269 

ended his useful life. Mr. Kirkman traveled a 
few years and retired from the pastoral work. 

The following preachers located — viz. : John 
Rice, Andrew J Crawford, W B. Peck, Richard 
F- Jarrett, and Thomas J. Neely 

As has already been noted, Mr, Crawford 
returned to the Conference, and died in the 
traveling connection. Mr. Neely is still living, 
and is a member of the Memphis Conference. 
He was an elder brother of the Rev. P P 
Neely, D.D. 

Charles Sibley, John Lane, William Ramsey, 
Edward Patton, Joseph Williams, Noah Parker, 
George Vanzandt, Benjamin Franks, William 
Gwinn, and Jeremiah Jackson, local preachers, 
were elected to deacon's orders; and William 
V Douglass, Booth Malone, and Absalom Bostick 
were elected to Elder's orders. 

Among these local preachers, there were several 
whose names are as ointment poured forth. John 
Lane was an example of good works; Edward 
Patton, a brother to Dr. Samuel Patton, was an 
able preacher ; Noah Parker was full of zeal, and 
generous in his support of the Church of God. 
Absalom Bostick belonged to a large and respect- 
able family, many of whom lived and died in Wil- 
liamson county- He was a good preacher, a man 
remarkable for wit and good humor. 

At this Conference, Thomas L. Douglass, the 

270 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Superintendent of the Cherokee Mission, made a 
report of the condition of the work; and a com- 
mittee, consisting of Robert Paine, William Mc- 
Mahon, and Ellison Taylor, was appointed to 
estimate the amount necessary to sustain each 
missionary the ensuing year. They reported as 
follows : 

" The expenses necessary for a married man 
and his family, $350; and for each single man, 
$150. Contingent expenses, $100." 

Here the reader may see how pioneer Method- 
ist preachers lived, and subsisted, and prospered 
in their vocation. Truly, they might have said, 
We covet no man's gold or silver. Three preach- 
ers were appointed to this mission at this Confer- 
ence — viz. : Nicholas D. Scales, Richard Neely, 
and Isaac W Sullivan. 

The subject of slavery came up in a new form. 
"An Address from the Moral Religious Manumis- 
sion Society, of West Tennessee," was presented to 
the Conference, and read; on Avhich, the following 
motion was offered by Robert Paine and seconded 
by W B. Peck — viz. : 

" Resolved, That the address from the Moral 
Religious Manumission Society be returned to 
committee, accompanied with a note stating that, 
so far as the address involves the subject of 
slavery, we concur in the sentiments that slavery 
is an evil to be deplored, and that it should 

MetJwdism in Tennessee. 271 

be counteracted by every judicious and religious 

Thus it will be seen that Methodist preachers, 
as far back as 1824, conceded that slavery was 
an evil, and should be counteracted. This con- 
cession was made for the sake of peace, and in 
good faith. The resolution was offered by two 
members who themselves — or their parents — 
were slave-holders. But the reader will note the 
condition : whatever was done must be done 
judiciously, and in the spirit of Christianity 
What a misfortune that this sentiment had not 
always obtained ! — treating the matter in " a reli- 
gious manner," and not intermeddling with it as 
a civil question. 

Numbers in Society : 11,828 whites, 1,749 col- 
ored. Increase, 1,546 whites,* 191 colored. 

It should be borne in mind that this was the 
first session after the Holston Conference had been 
set off. 

The following are the stations of the preachers : 

Nashville District. — Lewis Garrett, P Elder; 
Nashville Town, Robert Paine; Nashville Cir- 
cuit, Elijah Kirkman, William V Douglass, Thos. 
L. Douglass, sup.; Duck River, Joshua W Kil- 
patrick, Thomas A. Young; Columbia, W B. 
Peck ; Dixon, John Nixon, Benjamin P Sewell ; 

* In the numbers, 189 Indians are included. 

272 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Richland, German Baker, William B. Carpenter; 
Bigby, William Mullins, John Summers; Dover, 
Josiah Browder, John Dye. 

Forked Deer District. — Joshua Boucher, P 
Elder; Shoal, Jeremiah Jackson, Isaac V. Enochs; 
Wayne, Ashley B. tlozell, Amaziah Jones ; Wolfe, 
John Seay ; Hatchie, Francis A. Jarrett, John 
White ; Beech, Coleman Harwell, Thomas P 
Davidson ; Sandy, Ambrose F Driskill, Henry 
J Brown ; Forked Deer, Thomas Smith, James 
J Trott; Cypress, Thomas Mad din. 

Caney Fork District. — James Gwinn, P 
Elder; Smith's Fork, Nathaniel R. Jarrett, 
Willie Ledbetter; Roaring River, William W 
Conn, Benjamin F Liddon ; Lebanon, Nathan L. 
Norvell, William Johnson ; Mountain, Jesse F. 
Bunker; Caney Fork, Benjamin S. Clardy, Rich. 
H. Hudson ; Pond Spring, George W D. Harris, 
Michael Berry; Bedford, John Brooks, J W 
Allen; Stone's River, Finch P Scruggs, Lorenzo 
D Overall. 

Huntsville District. — William McMahon, P 
Elder; Madison, Ellison Taylor, Samuel R. 
Davidson ; Huntsville, John M. Holland ; Lime- 
stone, Gilbert D. Taylor, Arthur W McClure ; 
Jackson, James McFerrin, Alexander L. P 
Green ; Paint Rock, Barton Brown, Thomas M. 
King; Franklin, Rufus Ledbetter; Lawrence, 
George W Morris, Thomas A. Strain ; Upper 

Methodism in, Tennessee. 273 

Cherokee Mission, Nicholas D. Scales ; Lower 
Cherokee Mission, Richard Neely ; Middle 
Cherokee Mission, Isaac W Sullivan. Hugh 
McPhail was transferred to the Mississippi Con- 

Here was a Conference of sixty-three traveling 
preachers without a superannuated member, and 
but one supernumerary. These sixty-three were 
to cover all the territory embracing Middle and 
West Tennessee — except what lay north of the 
Cumberland River — and North Alabama. This 
was an extensive country, stretching from the 
Cumberland Mountains, on the east, to the 
Mississippi River, west, and from the Cum- 
berland River, north, to the base of the Black 
Warrior Mountains, south. Much of the country 
was newly settled, especially in West Tennessee. 
The rivers were unbridged, ferries scarce, the 
roads unblazed, the accommodations rough, and 
the support meager ; and yet, as will be seen, 
their progress was rapid, and their success almost 

It has already been noted that the General 
Conference, which met in May, 1824, provided 
for the organization of the Holston Conference, 
which, up to this date, had been an important 
part of the Tennessee Conference. Indeed, East 
Tennessee was visited by the pioneer Methodist 
preachers before they reached Middle Tennessee, 

274 Methodism hi Tennessee. 

or, as it was at that time called, the " Cumberland 
Country " 

" The Ilolston Conference included ^ all that 
part of the State of Tennessee lying east of the 
Cumberland Mountains, and that part of Virginia 
and North Carolina embraced in the Hoist on 
District; and also the Black Mountain and French 
Broad Circuits, formerly belonging to the South 
Carolina Conference." 

This was a large territory, embracing many 
beautiful valleys and lofty mountains. The lands 
were fertile and the country romantic and healthy 
The rivers and smaller water-courses were clear 
as crystal, while the thick forests everywhere, with 
the ever-varying scenery, made the country grand. 

The first session of the Conference was held in 
Knoxville, where the body was organized; Bishop 
Robert R. Roberts presiding. 

Forty-two preachers were stationed at this first 
Conference, besides one who located, one who was 
transferred, and one superannuated. 

The following is the list of appointments which, 
being the first, will be read with interest: 

Abingdon District. — David Adams, P Elder; 
Lee, Abraham Still, Branch Merremon ; Clinch, 
John Craig, John Henley; Tazewell, Edward T. 
Peery ; Giles, John Kelley, Pax ton dimming; 
New River, Josiah Rhoton, William dimming; 
Ashe, James D. Harris ; Blountsville, James G. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 275 

H. Speer, Creed Fulton ; Holston, Josiah Daugh- 
tery, David Flemming. 

Knoxville District. — Thomas Stringfield, P 
Elder ; Knox Circuit, George Horn, Elbert F 
Sevier; Powell's Valley, Josiah R. Smith; Cum- 
berland Mountain, James Y. Crawford; Kingston, 
Lewis Jones ; Washington, John Bowman, Good- 
son McDaniel ; Sequatchie, John Bradfield ; 
Tellico, Abraham Overall, Robert Kirkpatrick ; 
Hiwassee, William Senter; Upper Cherokee Mis- 
sion, to be supplied. 

French Broad District. — Jesse Cunnyngham, 
P Elder ; Carter's Valley, William P. Kendrick, 
Moses Kerr ; Hawkins, Jacob Hearn ; Green, 
William S. Manson, Francis A. Owen; Newport, 
James dimming, Robert J Wilson; French 
Broad, David Cumming; Black Mountain, Isaac 
Easterly ; Little River, George Ekin ; Mary ville, 
Thomas J. Brown. 

John Tevis transferred to the Kentucky Confer- 
ence. James Dixon, superannuated. 

There was a membership in the Conference, 
including local preachers, of 13,343 whites and 
41 colored. 

Thus the Holston Conference entered upon its 
career, October, 1824. The field they had to 
cultivate was, in many places, new, and the coun- 
try rough ; yet, nothing daunted, they proceeded 
to the work. 

276 Methodism in Tennessee. 

There were other and more serious difficulties 
to encounter than new and uncultivated regions. 
They met with but little encouragement from 
Christians of other names ; indeed, many of these 
sorely persecuted the " people called Methodists." 

The following extract from the " Life of Samuel 
Patton, by the Rev D. R, McAnally, D.D.," will 
give the reader a correct idea of the religious 
condition of the country at the period now under 
consideration : 

" The opposition they were called to encoun- 
ter was formidable, and of a very firm and de- 
cided character; while their means of contending 
against it were, in the eyes of the world, 
' weak and contemptible.' There was not, at 
that time, in all the bounds of the Conference, a 
single school of high grade under their control, 
or over which they could exercise any important 
influence ; and, though the religion of the country 
was decidedly Protestant, there was by no means 
a unanimity among the sects. The Presbyterians 
— and it is recorded of them without the most 
remote design to censure — had obtained the con- 
trol of every important educational institution in 
the territory embraced in the Conference. There 
were the Washington and Greenville Colleges, 
both founded in 1794; the East Tennessee Col- 
lege, afterward the East Tennessee Universitv, 
founded in 1807 — all of which, together with the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 277 

South-western Theological Seminary, at Mary- 
ville, Tennessee, were under their influence, and 
had been manned by such men as the Doaks, 
Carricks, Coffins, and Andersons — men of decided 
ability, of very respectable attainments, and of 
high moral worth, who were as thoroughly anti- 
Methodistic, and as decidedly Presbyterian, in 
their opinions, feelings, and manner as it is usual 
to find men anywhere. Besides, nearly every 
Presbyterian minister in all the country had a 
school in connection with his ministerial and 
pastoral work, by which he was enabled not only 
to secure a better support for himself and family 
than his Church was, perhaps, able to give, but 
also to do something as a teacher in the way of 
gaining influence as a minister. These, all deeply 
.imbued with the peculiar tenets of the Church to 
which they belonged, felt it incumbent on them to 
do all in their power to counteract the tendency 
and curtail the influence of Methodism. They 
were sincere, earnest, and, no doubt, conscien- 
tious in this opposition. Honestly believing, as 
they did, that Methodism was erroneous, they 
opposed it from a sense of duty ; and, although 
they may have carried this opposition to an 
unjustifiable extent, they were not to be blamed 
for a rigid adherence to what they believed to be 
true, and an honest antagonism to its opposites. 
On no point did they insist with greater earnest- 

278 Methodism hi Tennessee. 

ness than on the necessity for a classically edu- 
cated ministry; and, however much maybe said in 
support of that view, there can be but little doubt 
but that, in this case, it was pressed too far, and 
did an injury In the first place, by this means, 
an undue prejudice was excited against well- 
informed, pious, talented, and useful men, simply 
because they were supposed to have a very im- 
perfect knowledge, or no knowledge at all, of the 
dead languages ; and, in the second place, it 
tended, in the end, to lessen the influence of the 
very class of men who were so earnest in its 
advocacy They talked and wrote so much on 
the subject that expectations were raised in the 
public mind which they could not meet; and, 
upon a well-known principle of human nature, by 
just so far as they failed to meet the expecta- 
tions themselves had raised, by just so far they 
failed to get full credit for what they really de- 
served. The undue prominence given to this one 
single point, and its constant reiteration before 
the public, caused the people to look for and, 
perhaps, tacitly demand of them more than they 
could possibly give ; hence, in influence and suc- 
cess, they fell below what they otherwise might 
have experienced. And farther : It soon occur- 
red to the public mind that learning consists in 
the acquisition of ideas, and that some knowledge 
might be acquired of the so-called dead lana-naii-ps. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 279 

while the same man might, to a very great ex- 
tent, be destitute of a store of those practical 
and useful ideas necessary to the various avoca- 
tions of life, and particularly to the successful 
discharge of the duties of a minister. At the 
same time, there were men all around who did 
not claim to be ' versed in classic lore,' yet pos- 
sessed minds well stored with a large fund of 
useful knowledge, which they could easily bring 
to bear upon the every-day occurrences and for 
the every-dny purposes of life, and thereby gain 
great success as ministers. Men will judge of 
the importance and value of learning, as they 
judge of other things, by its practical results ; 
and, estimating by this standard, they, perhaps, 
in the instance referred to, were led, in the end, 
to place a lower estimate on classical learning 
than that to which it is really entitled. Hence, 
regarding these things in the calm, clear light 
which the history of the past, in connection with 
more recent experience and observation, affords, 
it must be admitted that, on this as well as other 
topics discussed at that day, the parties ran to 
opposite extremes — the one placing too high and 
the other too low an estimate on this particular 
means of human culture — one giving it an undue 
importance, to the neglect of other things of 
equal value, and the other, in some cases, ignor- 
ing it altogether. 

280 Methodism in Tennessee. 

"In the influence the Presbyterians had over 
the literary institutions of the country, and the 
active part they took in the education of the 
youthful mind, they possessed a very great ad- 
vantage over the Methodists. They had here a 
lever of wonderful power, and, at first view, it is 
rather remarkable that it was not used with 
greater efficacy and success. 

" The educational institutions are the control- 
ling power in any and every country. As are the 
schools, so is the country; and as are the teach- 
ers, so are the schools. A denomination control- 
ling the schools ought largely to control the 
country Why, then, was it not so in the case 
under notice ? They once had the control of the 
schools, as stated ; and though, as a denomina- 
tion, they have sustained themselves, and, doubt- 
less, done much good, the Methodists have greatly 
outstripped them in numbers, at least equaled 
them in influence, and now have a more control- 
ling influence in the educational operations of the 
country There is no reason to suppose they 
were unfaithful to their trusts as educators, or 
that their interest and zeal for the success of 
Christianity, as developed through their ecclesias- 
tical organization, had at all abated. But there 
was a counter influence found in the economy of 
Methodism, which, when carefully considered, at 
once reveals the reason for this chance. It was 

Methodism in Tennessee. 281 

their system of itinerancy- Men may be edu- 
cated out of schools as well as in schools ; and 
while Presbyterians were lawfully and laudably 
educating hundreds in schools, the Methodists were 
educating thousands out of schools ; and these 
thousands were scattered throughout the entire 
country, and included persons of all ages, ranks, 
and conditions. The system of itinerating 
carried the preachers along the highways and 
along the by-ways — among men in easy circum- 
stances and among the poor and obscure. They 
had access to all, and upon the minds of all left 
the impress of their doctrines. Silently, but 
certainly, these influences worked out their own 
legitimate results, and the change alluded to was 

"Had the Presbyterians, in connection with the 
advantages possessed by their influence in the 
institutions of learning, adopted some system by 
which their ministry could have reached the 
great masses of the people, in all parts of the 
country — stirred the public mind to its depths, 
in every department of society — their influence 
? would have been almost resistless. But this was 
not done, nor even attempted, until the field had, 
for the greater part, been preoccupied. 

" Some few years subsequent to the date now 
referred to, some attempts of this kind were made, 
through the agency of the Home Missionary 

282 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Society, but without those results that, in all 
probability, would have followed like efforts made 
at an earlier date. 

" The system of itinerating, as practiced by the 
Methodists, not only gave to them important 
advantages over their brethren of other denomi- 
nations, but it was also the means of carrying the 
word of life to thousands and tens of thousands 
who, but for this system, might have long re- 
mained destitute of it. Whole districts of coun- 
try, in the bounds of that and other Conferences, 
might be pointed out where no other than a 
Methodist preacher was ever seen or heard for 
years together; and, but for the attention of these 
preachers, the thousands who inhabited these 
districts might have remained destitute of the 
means of grace for an indefinite period of time — 
destitute, perhaps, until the present hour. The 
system was carried on with severe toil, much 
sacrifice, and under great privations; but it 
brought its reward. It laid wide and doe}) 
the foundations of Methodism in almost every 
neighborhood, and gathered men by thousands 
into the fold of Christ. Never, perhaps, since 
the days of the apostles, has there been adopted 
more efficient means of filling the mission of 
the Christian ministry, especially in reference to 
preaching the gospel to the poor, and calling all 
to repentance, than by going, so far as possible. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 283 

into all the world. It has accomplished much, 
but its mission is far from being ended. There is 
still for it an open road and a great demand ; and, 
whatever may be said in favor of independent 
Churches and a settled ministry, there are thou- 
sands upon thousands of perishing souls who are 
not at all likely ever to be reached except by the 
joint efforts of federated Churches and an itiner- 
ating ministry 

"Another advantage the Methodists possessed 
over other denominations, in the country under 
notice, was found in the doctrines they preached. 
Without any design or desire to institute a com- 
parison between these doctrines and those incul- 
cated by Calvinistic teachers, it may be proper to 
remark that those of the Methodists were pe- 
culiarly adapted to the whole people — of all 
classes and conditions, and in every place. Re- 
garding all men as sustaining naturally the same 
relation, both to the moral government of God 
and the atonement of Christ — believing the 
Saviour died for all, and that all might be saved — 
they went forth and preached to all — offered life 
and salvation to all, upon the same terms^' re- 
pentance toward God, and faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ ' — offered a sufficient and a present 
Saviour, to be received by faith alone. Hence the 
doctrines of original sin, of justification by faith 
m Christ, of regeneration and sanctification by 

284 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the Holy Spirit were themes of constant and 
earnest discussion before the people. 

" These were days of doctrinal preaching. The 
leading points of difference between the Calvinistic 
and Arminian theories were kept before the public 
ear and eye, and the advocates of each maintained 
their views with all the zeal and ability they 
could command. There was then no temporizing. 
The doctrines of predestinarianism, in all their 
peculiar shades and bearings, were boldly avowed 
and ably discussed by the ministers of the Cal- 
vinistic denominations, and as boldly opposed by 
those of the opposite faith. The struggle was 
earnest and long-continued, both parties claiming 
victory at the last; though it is undeniable that 
thirty years have witnessed a great change in the 
manner of presenting the leading doctrines of 
predestination before the public where these things 
occurred. The views held and taught by the 
Methodists impressed the public mind as being 
most consonant with the character and moral 
government of God, most favorable to the idea 
of a great brotherhood among men, and most in 
accordance with the scriptural teachings as to jus- 
tice and righteousness, goodness, mercy, and love. 

" These things are given as a matter of history, 
without any direct reference to the merits of the 
doctrines referred to. In subsequent chapters, 
the reader will find a more particular account of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 285 

the controversies which were carried on in the 
country under notice, as also of the points dis- 
cussed, together with the persons engaged in the 
discussion. The present design is to exhibit, as 
accurately as may be, the religious condition of 
the country, and the influences against which 
Methodism had to contend, as well as the advan- 
tages and disadvantages attending its operations. 

"Next to the Presbyterians, the Baptists were 
the most formidable opponents of Methodism, and 
these operated among a class of the community 
to which the others had gained but little access. 
The former were mostly in the villages and popu- 
lous neighborhoods, while the latter had extended 
their labors and influence to the remoter sections; 
and justice to them demands that it be said they 
did much for the religious interests of the poorer 
and more obscure classes of the people. Next to 
the Methodist itinerants, they were most assiduous 
in preaching the gospel to the poor. But their 
views of Methodism, as a system, were no more 
favorable than those entertained by Presbyterians. 
Both were then rigidly Calvinistic in theory, and 
while the one met the approaches of Methodist 
doctrines at the towns, villages, and populous 
neighborhoods, the other, with less ability, per- 
haps, but no less zeal and earnestness, did the 
same in the less prominent and more remote 
sections ; so that one thing is clear : If Meth- 

286 Mclho<H-<m iti Tennessee. 

odism be a system of error, or if it be in any 
way detrimental to the public weal, or has entailed 
evil upon the people of the country under notice, 
the Calvinistic ministers of that day were not 
chargeable with its introduction and subsequent 
propagation. It was no fault of theirs. It was 
not through apathy, inattention, or indifference 
on their part that these things were done. They 
opposed them with whatever zeal, industry, and 
ability they could command. 

" It is not, however, to be understood that they 
made no distinction between what they regarded 
as the errors of a system and the people holding 
and teaching those supposed errors. This was 
not the case ; and, however strong and uncom- 
promising was their opposition to Methodism, 
they, as a general thing, cherished and manifested 
a becoming respect for the feelings, rights, and 
privileges of Methodists, as a people; and, to the 
honor of both parties be it written, this was duly 
reciprocated, and the instances of departure from 
a course alike honorable to both were compara- 
tively few. It was not with each other, but with 
each other's doctrines, that the controversy ex- 
isted and was carried on. Each believed the 
other to be wrong in theory, and the theories 
were respectively opposed and combated, with 
but occasional allusion to each other's feelings 
and practices. Each regarded the other as be- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 287 

Jieving and teaching much sound and wholesome 
truth, but mixed with a good deal of error, and 
as readily acknowledged the one as they opposed 
the other ; hence, they often met on a common 
ground, preached, prayed, praised, and rejoiced 
together, and demonstrated a truth, of which the 
public should never lose sight — that truly Chris- 
tian people, while they, perhaps, necessarily 
differ in their views on some points of Christian 
doctrine, are, nevertheless, one in Christian feel- 
ing, being baptized with the Spirit. The religion 
of the Bible consists in supreme love to God and 
universal love to man ; and that this may exist, 
in its saving efficacy, amidst a great diversity of 
opinions on minor points of doctrine, there can be 
no reasonable doubt. That it did exist, to a 
greater or less extent, among the different parties, 
at the time alluded to, there can be no question. 
There were thousands who, though strong re- 
ligious partisans, were moved, in all the friendly 
offices and charitable deeds of life, as readily 
toward one of a different as toward one of the 
same religious persuasion. They felt the soften- 
ing, refining influence of grace, acknowledged, in 
a Bible sense, the brotherhood of man, and were 
ready, as far as in them lay, to do good to all 
men. In all the protracted and earnest contro- 
versies which characterized that country, it was 
only once or twice, and then for comparatively 

288 Methodism in Tennessee. 

short periods, that the social relations oflife were 
disturbed; and this because the intemperate zeal 
of a very few mistaken or bad men led them to 
leave the field of fair and honorable disputation, 
and make unjustifiable and inexcusable attack* 
upon the personal character and reputation of 
their opponents. This course once commenced, 
those concerned were, properly enough, perhaps, 
under the then existing circumstances, met on 
the field of their own choosing, and made keenly 
to feel the error they had committed, by a violent 
and destructive reaction against themselves. But 
these were exceptions, which, fortunately, w r ere 
few in number and of short continuance. They 
disturbed rather the surface than the depths of 
religious feeling pervading the community The 
effects soon passed away, and the holding of 
religious meetings, preaching, praying, singing, 
praising, and, except the Baptists, communing 
together at the Lord's-table, by the ministers and 
members of the different denominations, exhibited 
the pleasing fact that they acknowledged a com- 
mon Saviour — a common Christianity — had im- 
bibed the same spirit from on high, and were seek- 
ing the same rest in a brighter and better world. 

"There was one thing more that greatlv tended 
to extend and build up Methodism in that country, 
and should be specially noticed. It was the ex- 
tensive circulation of denominational books. These 

Methodism in Tennessee. 289 

were engines of moral and theological power that 
had tremendous force in molding the public 
mind and directing popular opinion. From the 
first, the Methodists have regarded the press as 
a powerful agent for the accomplishment of good 
in the world, and no people have used it more 
diligently or more successfully than they Their 
books and periodicals have gone coextensively 
with their itinerants, and acted as silent but 
efficient monitors when the preachers themselves 
were elsewhere. What has been accomplished 
by these means the light of eternity only can 
fully reveal. The country immediately under 
notice was, until \evy recently, cut off from the 
hurry and bustle of the commercial world. The 
avenues of trade were few, and the inducements 
to engage in speculations by no means great. 
The people were almost wholly engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits, and consequently could com- 
mand much time for reading, the improvement of 
the mind, and the cultivation of the social feelings. 
Where goods had to be brought by wagons over 
a rough, hilly country, on uneven roads, for a 
distance of from three to five hundred miles, at 
a cost for freight of from five to ten dollars per 
hundred pounds, merchants were not likely to 
buy many books. The cost of transportation was 
too great, and the profits on sales too small, to 
induce them to go beyond a few of the commonest 
vol in. — 19 

290 Methodism in Tennessee. 

kind, and they were kept merely for the accom- 
modation of customers who purchased largely 
of other things. These circumstances all com- 
bined to make this an inviting field for the sale 
of the publications of the Church; and well did 
the preachers improve the opportunity. To 
scatter these books was both their duty and their 
interest — their duty, because it was part and 
parcel of their work, as Methodist preachers, i to 
see that each Society was duly supplied with 
books;' and their interest, in that, by the ar- 
rangements then existing at the Publishing House, 
at New York, they could realize a small profit on 
the sales made, and thus add to their scant v 
receipts from the Church. During that period in 
the history of the Holston Conference, which 
properly comes under notice in this work, the 
amount of Methodist books sold and scattered 
among the people was astonishing. Though the 
territory was small, compared with that embraced 
in some other Conferences, the people generally 
poor, and the difficulty of procuring the books 
considerable, yet, from 1824 to 1804, there were 
sold, estimating at catalogue prices, not less, it is 
believed, than one hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars' worth, or an average of five thousand 
dollars' worth a year. For nearly twenty of 
the thirty years alluded to, the writer of this 
"was either a committee or one of the committee 

Methodism in Tennessee. 291 

to settle, annually, the accounts of the preachers 
for books purchased of the Book Concern; and he 
knows well it was no uncommon thing, with 
several of the preachers, to pay from three to 
five hundred dollars each for books bought and 
sold by them during the year preceding the Con- 
ference session at which the settlement was made. 
From 1834-5 to 1844 were the years during 
which most was done in this way. Subsequently 
to the last-named date, much less was done than 
previously, owing to the increased difficulties of 
procuring books, and the temporary derangement 
of affairs, growing out of the division of the 

" This amount of books, of the character they 
were, scattered over the country, could not fail 
to exert a happy influence in behalf of the Church. 
Besides their general theological character, they 
set forth, explained, and defended the distinctive 
theology of the Church, together with its govern- 
ment, history, and usages. They were teaching 
constantly, and, by finding their way, as they 
did, to the cottages of the poor, as well as the 
dwellings of those in easier circumstances, they 
impressed all classes. The preacher might not 
be able to defend the doctrines, or Discipline, or 
usages of the Church with the ability the emer- 
gency demanded ; but he could, and did, circulate 
books that did the work effectually As a conse- 

292 Methodism in Tennessee. 

quence of this course, there is not, perhaps, to be 
found on the continent an equal number of Meth- 
odists who, as Methodists, are more intelligent, or 
better indoctrinated in all the distinctive peculiar 
ities of the Church, than those in the bounds of 
this Conference. And what is true of them, in 
this respect, is true, also, of the aggregate of the 
members of other denominations in the same 
country The controversies carried on from the 
pulpit and press — the full, free, and able discus- 
sions of the points of difference in the creeds of 
the sects, respectively — were such that the public 
mind became well informed in regard to them ; 
and, as there was little or no theoretical infidelity 
in the country, a very large majority of the whole 
people were classed as adhering to one or the 
other of the religious sects. 

" Besides the denominations already referred 
to, there were some others of the Protestant 
faith, though less numerous and influential than 
these; while, until within a few years past, a 
Romanist, and more especially a Romanist priest, 
was scarce known or heard of in all that country " 

Knoxville is an old city, and is the metropolis 
of East Tennessee. It is located on the west 
bank of the Holston River, in the heart of a 
picturesque country It has been long celebrated 
for its educational advantages, as well as for its 
health and sound morality It has been for many 

Methodism in Tennessee. 293 

years regarded as the center of all the grand 
movements — religious, educational, and political — 
in the eastern portion of the State. Here, Method- 
ism began its work when Knoxville was a village. 
Strong opposition soon showed itself; yet, by 
the indefatigable labors of the early preachers, a 
Church was planted, which grew to be a strong 
and commanding organization. Here, Dixon, and 
Wilkerson, and Stringfield, and Patton, and Mc- 
Anally, and hosts of others, contended earnestly 
for the faith; and success crowned their labors. 

At the time of the breaking out of the late 
war, Methodism was a power in Knoxville. But, 
alas ! that power was greatly weakened. Divis- 
ions came : the members sympathizing with 
the South were put at a disadvantage; their 
house of worship was seized, and placed in what 
were regarded "loyal" hands. The flock was 
scattered, as sheep without a shepherd or a fold. 
When the war ended, those who had remained 
firm had no place of worship. Cast down, but 
not destroyed, they collected the remaining frag- 
ments, and went to work in good earnest; a new 
house was erected, a great revival followed ; 
another house w T as built, and now two flourishing 
congregations stand as proof that God has not 
forsaken his people. The congregations, in 1871, 
numbered 451 communicants, and hopes are en- 
tertained that their property will be recovered. 

294 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Up (o this d;ite the preachers in the East and 
West had met together annually, reported pro- 
gress, interchanged " plans," and blessed each 
other; their delegates to the General Conference, 
chosen in common, had together represented them 
for the last time; in future they were to be two 
organizations, yet all of the same family, and all 
laboring for. the same purpose, and striving to 
accomplish the same end — the glory of God and 
the salvation of sinners.* 

Henceforth, for sixteen years, in studying the 
history of Methodism in Tennessee, we are to 
have regard to the Holston and Tennessee Con- 
ferences, covering the East, Middle, and West 
Divisions of the State. They are not to be con- 
sidered rivals, but as co-workers in different por- 
tions of the Master's vineyard, each emulous of 
the other. Tennessee, as has been stated, had a 
membership of 11,828 whites and 1,749 colored, 
with 63 traveling preachers. Holston numbered 
13,443 whites, 1,495 colored, and 41 traveling 

Of the delegates, II. IT. Brown, Wm. McMahon, 
Thomas L. Douglass, Robert Paine, J. W Kil- 

* The Delegates to the General Conference in 18*24 
were Hartwell IT. Brown, Thomas Stringfield, William 
McMahon, Robert Paine, George Ekin, Joshua W Kil- 
patrick, John Tevis, Thomas L. Douglass, and Thomas 

Methodism in Tennessee. 295 

patriok, and Thomas Maddin fell into the Tennes- 
see Conference; while Thomas Stringfield, George 
Ekin, and John Tevis were placed in the Holston 
Conference. Mr. Tevis was transferred at the first 
session of the Holston Conference to the Ken- 
tucky Conference, where he long lived, hon- 
ored and esteemed. He and his accomplished wife 
founded Science Hill Academy, in Shelby ville, 
Ky., which still sends forth its graduates to adorn 
and bless society. Mr. Tevis has closed his use- 
ful life; but Mrs. Tevis, still active, though far 
advanced in years, stands at the head of the 
institution, working with a will and an energy 
peculiar to herself. 

Of the nine delegates, only two remain this 
side the flood, seven have crossed, while Bishop 
Paine and Dr. Maddin have been spared to see 
these sister Conferences grow and multiply, till 
they have become the honored mothers of many 
Conferences, and sent out their sons to the East 
and to the West, to the North and to the South, 
bearing tidings of good. 

The next session of the Tennessee Conference 
was held at Shelbyville, beginning Thursday, No- 
vember 10, 1825. Bishops Roberts and Soule 
were both present, and presided alternately The 
meeting was protracted, holding over till Saturday 
evening, the 19 th. Several causes combined to 
extend the session. One was the trial of several 

296 Methodism in Tennessee. 

preachers who had been accused, some of im- 
moral conduct, and some of maladministration. 
One unfortunate minister was expelled, and went 
away weeping and lamenting his fall. Years 
afterward he was restored, but never regained 
his popularity or power as a preacher. Let him 
that Ihinketh he standeth take heed, lest he also 
fall. It is \ery sad to see the light of a flaming 
preacher extinguished, or obscured, by his own 
misdoing. Better die than to bring a reproach 
upon the cause of Jesus or the character of the 

Complaints were made against certain preachers 
that they had violated the rules of the Church 
in the trial and expulsion of local preachers and 
private members who had taken sides with those 
who were denominated " Reformers " These "Re- 
formers " were the advocates of a change in the 
economy of the Church, so as to dispense with 
the office of Bishop, to make the Presiding Elders 
elective, and sundry other modifications in the 
government of the Church. The parties became 
warm, and the controversy waxed hot; the result 
was that measures were taken for the expulsion 
of offenders which were not warranted by the 
Book of Discipline, and which inured to the 
injury of the accused. The Annual Conference 
promptly corrected the errors in the administra- 
tion, after a patient and impartial hearing of all 

Methodism in Tennessee. 297 

the cases, mid ordered .that those who had been 
unfairly or illegally tried or punished should be 
restored, or have the opportunity of a fair and 
impartial investigation. The time devoted to 
these exciting cases was well spent, and the 
action of the Conference, under the wise ruling 
of Bishops Roberts and Soule, exercised a most 
salutary effect. It disarmed those who complained 
of the oppression of the administration, and gave 
the members of the Church generally a more 
exalted opinion of the government of the Church, 
and the impartiality of those whose business it 
was to guard the rights of the members. The 
result was that the " Reformers " never made 
much progress in Tennessee, and the peace and 
harmony of the Church were preserved. 

This was the first Annual Conference the author 
ever visited. It made a profound impression 
upon his mind. There were strong men in the 
body; men not unknown to fame. There were 
Thomas L. Douglass, William McMahon, Lewis 
Garrett, James Gwin, John Page, Alexander 
Sale, Robert Paine, Thomas Maddin, John Brooks, 
Joshua W Kilpatrick, and others, who were able 
ministers of Christ. The two figures that most 
attracted his attention were the Bishops. He 
had never before seen a Bishop. There they were, 
living, moving men. Bishop Roberts was of 
medium height, in full health, and very rotund. 

298 Methodism in Tennessee. 

His face was large, full, comely, and his counte- 
nance mild, pleasant, benignant. His voice was 
so full, mellow, and musical that it attracted all 
who came within its compass ; his dress was plain 
and his manners simple. He wore an old-fashioned 
Methodist or Quaker coat, short breeches, long 
stockings, and a broad-brimmed white hat. His 
walk was deliberate, and his manner, in the chair 
and in the pulpit, simple and earnest. He was a 
great preacher ; great, in that he moved the 
audience and produced a powerful effect on his 
hearers. His style was popular, and the multi- 
tudes hung upon his lips with rapture. His 
sermon on Sunday morning made a fine impres- 
sion. Bishop Soule was nearly six feet tall, 
very erect and martial in his movements. His 
head, face, voice, and manner, all, indicated that 
he was not an ordinary man. His figure would 
have been marked in the midst of a multitude. 
His dress, like that of his colleague, was plain, 
but neat and well adjusted. His step was elastic, 
and yet firm, and his every movement showed 
that he was born to govern. His sermon on Sun- 
day afternoon was profound, and, as I heard the 
preachers say, was the production of a master- 

Such were the men who were appointed leaders 
in the itinerant ranks, captains in Israel, in whose 
footsteps the young preachers were expected to 

MitJiodism in Tennessee. 299 

trend. And truly the}' were worthy patterns. 
They rose early ; were in the chair at the time ; 
prayed fervently; preached with power; traveled 
horse-back, and never complained of hard work or 
poor pay. 

The Conference convened in an upper room, a 
short distance from the public square, and uni- 
formly sat with closed doors while upon the ex- 
amination of character. German Baker acted as 
Secretary, assisted by Robert Paine. A part of 
the Journal now before the author is in his neat, 
plain hand- writing. 

Shelbyville is a handsome town, situated on 
the north bank of Duck River, and is the seat of 
Bedford county The lands in Bedford are fer- 
tile, and well adapted for agricultural purposes. 
Methodism, as has been seen, was introduced into 
the Duck River country at an early period, and 
in portions of Bedford county made rapid prog- 
ress. In the towm of Shelbyville, the Methodists 
have not been so numerous as they are in other 
towns and cities of Tennessee ; yet there has 
always been, since its first organization, a respect- 
able Church, which numbered among its members 
some of the most worthy and honored citizens of 
the place. The Turrentines, the Ruths, the Can- 
nons, the Knotts, the Blakemores, the Shaphards, 
the Browns, the Holts, the Moodys, the Wilhoits, 
and others equally worthy, have been and are 

300 Methodism in Tennessee. 

connected with this Church. In the county of 
Bedford, the Methodists are numerous, and exert 
a wholesome influence upon the public morals. 

The following preachers were admitted on 
trial : Greenbury Garrett, Samuel Gilliland, John 
Ilenshaw, Dixon C. McLeod, Thomas L. Garland, 
A. J. Blackburn, William H. Holliman, Wilson L. 
McAlister, John B. McFerrin, Greenville T. Hen- 
derson, John New, Henry B. North, James Tar- 
rant, William P Nichols, Henry Meek, and 
Richard Moore. 

A. J. Blackburn and Richard Moore were dis- 
continued at the end of the first year; of the 
remaining fourteen, so far as the author is in- 
formed, all are dead except Greenbury Garrett, 
G. T. Henderson, H. B. North, and J. B. Mc- 
Ferrin. Mr. Garrett is a superannuated member 
of the Alabama Conference, having been disabled 
for many years. Pie is the nephew of Lewis 
Garrett, sr., and the brother of Lewis Garrett, jr. 
Mr. Garrett has been a faithful worker, and has 
the respect of his brethren. He is awaiting the 
coming of the bridegroom. 

Messrs. Henderson and North, after having 
spent a number of years in the local ranks, have 
returned to the pastoral work, and are now actively 
engaged — the one on a District, as Presiding 
Elder, the other on a circuit, where he is perform- 
ing faithful labor. They are both good men and 

Methodism in Tennessee. 301 

true, and will fill a paragraph in the history of 
Methodism in Tennessee, as it may be written in 
future. The author only adds that he holds his 
classmates in high esteem, and loves them for 
their works' sake, because they are worthy of his 
confidence, being sound ministers of the gospel, 
and genuine Methodist preachers. 

Samuel Gilliland was born in Virginia, but he 
was brought by his parents to Rutherford county, 
Tennessee, when he was but a child. His early 
educational advantages were limited, but he was 
endowed with a strong mind and a warm heart. 
Converted in his youth, he devoted his life to the 
service of God. lie entered the itinerant work 
at about twenty years of age, and labored faith- 
fully for many years, when failing health induced 
him to retire to the local ranks ; he, however, 
continued to preach as long as he lived, and was 
an able, popular, and useful minister of the Lord 
Jesus Christ. His death was triumphant, and his 
memory is precious to thousands. He died in 
Shelby county, Tennessee, leaving a widow — sister 
of the author — and a large family of children. 

John Renshaw was a mature man before his 
conversion, but his zeal and piety accomplished 
much for the cause of Methodism. He has gone 
to his reward. He was for years a member of the 
Memphis Conference. 

Thomas L. Garland retired from the pastoral 

302 Methodism in Tennessee. 

work, and of his latter days the author knows 

"William M. Holliman died young, having per- 
formed only two or three years' labor in the work 
of the ministry He was a young man of good 
person, fine talents, and much promise. 

Dixon C. McLeod was a faithful laborer, and 
continued in the work of his Master till released 
by death. He was a native of North Carolina, 
and was born March 13, 1802. He was small 
of stature, but had a wiry frame, and was able 
to endure much fatigue. He had a fair complex- 
ion and blue eyes, which indicated his Scotch 
ancestry He was a sound preacher, and true to 
his callins;. The following extract from his mem- 
oir will give a brief view of his labors and suffer- 
ings for the space of fifteen years : 

"After exercising his gifts for some time as a 
local preacher, he was admitted upon trial as a 
traveling preacher in the Tennessee Conference, 
in the year 1825, and was appointed to the 
Dixon Circuit. In 1826 he was sent to the 
Nashville Circuit. In 1827 he was sent as a 
missionary to the Cherokee Nation, where he con- 
tinued to remain for five years, the last two of 
which he filled the office of Superintendent of the 
whole Cherokee Nation. His field of labor was a 
difficult one, stretching over a considerable terri- 
tory, rough and mountainous. His might well be 

Methodism in Tennessee. 30 


called missionary labor — his rides were long and 
dreary — his accommodations often poor, and his 
whole life, so far as civilized society was con- 
cerned, was a life of desertion ; but none of these 
things moved him. Upon one occasion, because 
of his attachment to his work, and his devotion 
to the interests of the people whom he served, he 
was arrested by the pretended officers of justice, 
deprived of his own horse, and dragged on foot 
the distance of seventy or eighty miles, as a 
prisoner ; but he whose crime was only that of 
doing good was soon released, that he might 
quietly return to his work again. Although 
beaten, worn down, and exhausted, we still find 
him at his post ; where, by his godly zeal, he 
won his way to the heart of the native sons of 
the forest, and for himself honors as imperishable 
as were the souls he labored to save. These were 
labors and sufferings of which few of the present 
race of ministers can boast. In 1832 he was 
stationed in Columbia and Pulaski; in 1833 in 
Murfreesboro ; in 1834 Nashville Circuit; in 1835 
on Hatchie Circuit; in 1836 Wesley Circuit. 
In 1837 he was appointed Presiding Elder of the 
Memphis District, where he was continued till 
his death, which took place on the 10th day of 
April, 1840. His death was occasioned by the for- 
mation of an abscess, which reduced him to a skele- 
ton, and in many instances was the source of most 

304 Methodism in Tennessee. 

exquisite pain, nil of -which was home with 
almost unexampled fortitude and Christian resig- 
nation. His death was peaceful, triumphant, and 

happy " 

A. G. Blackburn was discontinued at the end 

of one year. 

Wilson L. McAlister died in Texas, March 30, 
in the vear 1859, holding, at the time of his death, 
connection with the Indian Mission Conference, 
and being Presiding Elder on the Choctaw Dis- 
trict. He was a native Tennesseean, and was born 
near Nashville. He devoted more than thirty-four 
years to the work of the ministry, most of that 
time in the itinerant ranks. He preached in 
Tennessee, in Mississippi, in Arkansas, in Texas, 
and among the Indians. He filled many impor- 
tant positions in the Church. He was circuit 
preacher, stationed preacher, Presiding Elder, 
missionary, having the charge of mission-schools, 
was often Secretary of the Annual Conference, 
and served as a delegate in the General Confer- 
ence. He was of medium size, compactly built, 
with a handsome face, sparkling eyes, sweet 
voice, and was full of fire. He was always pop- 
ular and useful in every place. He finished his 
course with joy, and rests from his labors. Two 
of his sons, Jesse Summerfield and Milton, both 
became traveling preachers, both very promising, 
and both died young. Mysterious is the provi- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 305 

dence of God. "His workmen die, and still the 
work goes on." 

John New belonged to a respectable Methodist 
family, was a plain, useful man. He located, and 
lived and died a faithful servant of the Church. 

James Tarrant was a Virginian, lived a few 
years in South Carolina, removed to Tennessee, 
traveled about ten years, lost his health in a 
degree, retired from the pastoral work, but con- 
tinued to preach, as his strength would permit, 
until January, 1859, when he fell asleep in Jesus, 
a good man and a useful preacher. Two or three 
of his sons entered on the work of the ministry 

Henry Meek traveled a few years, and located. 

William P Nichols whs a Kentuckian by birth. 
He commenced .his ministry in North Alabama, 
in the year 1824, and continued faithful to his 
trust till 1859, when he ceased to work and live. 
He preached the gospel in Alabama, Tennessee, 
Kentucky, Illinois, and Missouri. He labored 
faithfully for thirty-five years, and won many 
souls to the cross. He was somewhat peculiar in 
his style and manners, but he was honest, sincere, 
unaffected, and had power with God and the 
people. He died in hope. 

Complaint was mnde against a member of the 

Conference for having "joined the Masons." He 

defended himself, was reprimanded, and afterward 

withdrew from the Church. 

306 Mcihodlsm in Tennessee. 

A local preacher made application for deacon's 
orders, but it was alleged that he did not provide 
for his family, and his application was rejected. 
Two had died during the year, both good men 
and true — John White and Arthur W McClure. 

Joshua C. Hill, Francis Moore, Merideth Bushy, 
Armstrong J. Blackburn, John C. Hicks, Wil- 
liam Copeland, Samuel Hankins, Michael Holt, 
John Clarriage, John Spinks, John Wheeler, Jo- 
seph Lindsey, James Smith, Lemuel Saunduland, 
Josiah Moore, Henry J Hunley, Quinn Morton, 
William Horsley,' and Henry W Sale were each 
elected to the office of deacon. These were all 
local preachers. 

John Pax ton, James Tarrant, Jesse Smith, 
Turner Saunders, Augustus Darrell, and John Jar- 
re tt, were elected Elders. They were local deacons 
who were thus advanced to the highest order 
known to the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

The President called upon the members for 
their annual subscription to the cause of missions. 
Seventeen responded, and contributed each one 

Some miscellaneous business having been trans- 
acted, the appointments were read out late on Sat- 
urday, in the afternoon, and the famous Conference 
of 1825 closed. The Bishops remained till Sun- 
day, and Bishop Soule preached again in the 
morning; then the two remarkable men, on horse- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 307 

back, took up their line of march for the Missis- 
sippi Conference, which was convened at Washing- 
ton, Mississippi, on the 8th of December. 

The work prospered this year in the bounds of 
the Tennessee Conference, notwithstanding the 
conflicts through which the Church passed. There 
wjis a net increase this year of 4,048 whites and 
363 colored. 

The Eolston Conference, which convened at 
Kuoxville, admitted nine on trial — viz. : William 
T. Senter, David Flemming, John Henley, Branch 
Merremon, Moses E. Kerr, Paxton Cuming, 
Lewis Jones, Robert J. Wilson, and Goodson 
McDanu 1. 

Robert J.Wilson's name does not appear in the 
Minutes of the next session. Among those ad- 
mitted, r.everal names became conspicuous. Wm. 
T. Sp.p1.3t acquired celebrity as a preacher. lie 
became a politician, and retired from the work. 
He w< a member of the State Convention for 
the re\ision of the Constitution. He was also a 
Representative in the Congress of the United 
States, and was regarded as a fine stump-speaker. 
So far f s the author knows, Mr. Senter maintained 
his Ch -istian reputation till the end of his life. 
He wa i the father of the late Governor Senter. 

Da\ d Flemming was an active, vigorous laborer, 
till old age laid him on the superannuated shelf. 
He w;.s a sound preacher and uniform Christian. 

308 Methodism in Tennessee. 

His memory is precious to those who knew him 
in the days of his strength. He filled many of 
the most responsible and important appointments 
in the Conference, and for many years was Pre- 
siding Elder on various Districts. He whs also 
chosen as a delegate to the General Conference. 
He lived to old age, and died in peace. 

Goodson McDaniel still lives, a local preacher 
in good standing, having long since left the itiner- 
ant work. Of the others received on trial this 
year, the author, so far as he has been able to 
trace their history, ascertains that they all, soon 
or later, located. Lewis Jones continued to travel 
for some twelve or fourteen years. 

The second session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Jonesboro, Washington county, com- 
mencing October 20, 1825. Bishops Roberts and 
Soule were both present, and Thomas Stringfield 
was the Secretary 

Jonesboro is noted as the first town laid out in 
the State of Tennessee. It was the home of 
Andrew Jackson, when he first removed to the 
West. It was the birth-place and the residence 
of many of the most respectable citizens of the 
commonwealth — a town known as a place of in- 
telligence and refinement. Here, Methodism has 
long had a stronghold, and to this day occupies a 
prominent position. Here, since 1860, there have 
been sore conflicts between the members of the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 309 

Methodist Episcopal Church. South, and those 
who professed to represent the Northern Method- 
ist Church; but the strife has, in a measure, 
subsided, and the Church again prospers. It was 
in Jonesboro that Oliver B. Ross and Elbert F 
Sevier were converted, and where live now many 
who are pillars in the Church. 

William Ketron, T. K. Catlett, C. Easterly, 
John Trotter, Ulvich Keener, Hugh Johnson, 
Jacob McDaniel, Henry Williams, and J. W 
Paddleford were admitted on trial. 

The most remarkable man of this class was 
Thomas K. Catlett. The following record is 
transcribed from the Annual Minutes : 

" Thomas K. Catlett was born in Albemarle 
county, Virginia, in 1798, of highly respectable 
parentage. His father having died, he was thrown 
out upon the world w r hen very young; and he 
went to a trade, and continued in it until about 
the year 1819, when he was converted to God 
and called to the ministry in Staunton, Virginia. 
His early literary privileges were very limited, 
and hence, after his conversion, he entered school 
at Wy theville, Virginia, and continued his literary 
pursuits until the autumn of 1825, at which time 
he was admitted into the Hols ton Conference. 
He was a man of industrious habits, an iron con- 
stitution, and burning zeal for his Master's cause. 
Whether on circuits, stations, or Districts, he was 


10 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the same faithful, self-denying man of God. His 
intellect was somewhat peculiar — strong, original, 
and in some respects eccentric. He was emphatic- 
ally an original thinker. When he ascended the 
pulpit, his hearers expected a new subject, pre- 
sented in an original style, and affording intellectual 
and spiritual food upon which they could feast 
for months, and even years. No man has ever 
preached in the Holston country who could present 
a greater variety of subjects in a plainer style, 
and which produced a more lasting impression, 
than T. K. Catlett. He never became tedious, 
even to the most profound thinker. He was a 
man of one book — the Bible. From that deep 
fountain he sought knowledge, and hence he was 
' mighty in the Scriptures.' On the great cardinal 
doctrines of the Bible, and in the practical duties 
of Christianity, he was a ' workman that needeth 
not to be ashamed.' Preaching was the great 
business of his life. Since 1825 he has been an 
active workman in his Lord's vineyard. You find 
the foot-prints of T. K. Catlett on nearly every 
page of our history as a Conference — presiding 
with ability in the absence of a Bishop — a fre- 
quent and safe representative in the General 
Conference — a member of the Louisville Conven- 
tion, with a heart as true as steel to Southern 
Methodism — presiding on Districts for man v 
years — everywhere, and at all times, showing 

Methodism in Tennessee. 311 

himself to be a live man. He had a great, benevo- 
lent heart. When the wife of his youth and the 
mother of his children was called to her eternal 
home, his children were scattered among strangers; 
and under these circumstances he conceived the 
idea of forming an orphans' home. Who that 
knew Brother Catlett does not know that for long 
years he labored for the ' St. John's Orphan 
Asylum?' The poor orphan was the object of 
his prayers and labors for years. During the 
last year of his life, he placed two hundred orphans 
at school in various parts of the country; and 
doubtless this work will follow him. As a Chris- 
tian, he presents an example worthy of imitation. 
He was emphatically a man of prayer. lie whs 
a man of few words — grave deportment — disliked 
levity — always ready to reprove sin, and con- 
stantly sought holiness of heart and life. Who 
can say that T. K. Catlett did wrong intentionally? 
On February 25, 1867, he had an appointment 
to preach at Sulphur Spring, Smyth county, 
Virginia. On account of the inclemency of the 
day, no one could attend church. Brother Catlett 
was at the house of his fast friend and brother, 
B. F* Aker. He was in usual health, and in an 
unusually cheerful mood. While seated at the 
dining-table, without a word or a death-struggle, 
the spirit fled to its eternal home — ' God took 
him.' Thomas K. Catlett is gone — our hearts 

312 Methodism in Tennessee. 

are sad — we will miss him at Conference, but we 
will meet again." 

Of the remaining eight, only two or three con- 
tinued more than a few years in the itinerant 
work. Jacob McDaniel, Hugh Johnson, and U. 
Keener, perhaps, performed the greatest amount 
of labor, or continued a greater number of years 
in the pastoral work. 

Success crowned the labors of the preachers in 
this Conference this year. The statistics show the 
number of traveling preachers to have been fifty- 
one. Members in Society, 14,988 whites and 
1,485 colored, being an increase of 1,545 white 
members, and a decrease of six among the colored 

Methodism in Tennessee. 313 


Fifteenth session of the Tennessee Conference, 1826 — 
Bishops Roberts and Soule present — Course of study — ■ 
Education — Biblical schools — Christian Advocate — Sale 
of books — Support of the ministry — Ordination of local 
preachers — Holston Conference, 1826, at Abingdon, 
Virginia — Distinguished citizens — Preachers admitted on 
trial — Tennessee Conference at Tuscumbia, Alabama, 
1827 — Early Methodists in Courtland and Russell's 
Valleys — Prosperous year — Ordinations — Bishop Soule 
— Peter Akers — Preachers admitted on trial — Green 
Rogers, Turtle Fields, and others — Local preachers 
elected — Educational movement — Missionary Society 
and work — The election of delegates — Change of bound- 
aries — A. Sale — Holston Conference at Knoxville, 1827 
— Preachers admitted on trial. 

The fifteenth session of the Tennessee Confer- 
ence was held at Nashville, commencing on Tues- 
day, the 28th day of November, 1826. Bishops 
Roberts and Soule were both present. Thirty- 
eight members answered to their names on the 
first call of the roll. German Baker was elected 
Secretary; Bishop Soule being in the chair at the 
opening exercises. Two sessions per dny were 

314 Methodism in Tennessee. 

determined upon, [lie usual committees appointed, 
and the Conference proceeded to business. On 
Thursday, Thomas Maddin offered the following 
preamble and resolution — viz. : 

" Whereas, It appears that many persons have 
been admitted into full connection in this Confer- 
ence, without due attention to the course of study 
prescribed for them; therefore, 

"Resolved, That no candidate shall be admitted 
into full connection in the Tennessee Conference 
until he shall have given satisfaction to the Con- 
ference of having attentively pursued the course 
of study prescribed by the Conference, and ob- 
tained a knowledge of the English grammar/' 

The next day, the resolution was considered 
and withdrawn, and the Bishops were requested to 
furnish "the Conference with a course of reading 
and study, and that such revised course be entered 
on the Journal." 

Before the close of the Conference, the Bishops 
presented the following — viz.: 

"As it appears that the course of reading and 
study, recommended by the superintendents to 
the Tennessee Conference, was not entered upon 
the Journal of said Conference, and as the oriiri- 
rial document has been lost or mislaid, in compli- 
ance with the request of the Conference, the fol- 
lowing is submitted as a proper course of reading 
and stud)' for the candidates for the ministry : 

Methodism in Tennessee. 315 

a i 

The Holy Ghost saith, Study to show thy- 
self approved unto God, a workman that needeth 
not to be ashamed ; rightly dividing the word 
of truth. Hold fast the form of sound words 
which thou hast heard from me, in faith and love 
which is in Christ Jesus. Give attendance to 
reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.' 
— " It is, therefore, recommended to candidates 
for the ministry to study and make themselves 
acquainted with the following important points of 
doctrine : The general depravity and corruption of 
the human heart ; redemption by Christ ; repent- 
ance toward God ; justification by faith ; the 
direct witness of the Holy Spirit; holiness of 
heart and life, including regeneration and sanc- 
tification ; the divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ; 
the perseverance of those who have been justified; 
baptism ; the resurrection of the dead ; and future 
rewards and punishments. 

"It is also recommended to them to study 
the nature and principles of Church-government, 
especially our own; the philosophy, or grammar, 
of the English language ; geography ; ancient 
history ; ecclesiastical history ; moral and natural 
philosophy ; and logic. 

" To aid the student in the acquisition of these 
important branches of knowledge, the reading of 
the following books, or as many of them as can 
be obtained, is recommended: The Holy Script- 

316 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ures, ' Wesley's Notes,' ' Benson's Mini Clarke's Com- 
mentary,' 'Wesley's Sermons,' 'Answer to Taylor,' 
'Saint's Rest,' 'Serious Call,' 'Benson's Sermons/ 
'Fletcher's Checks,' 'Appeal/ 'Portrait of Saint 
Paul/ 'Watson's Theological Institutes,' Wood's or 
Martindale's Dictionary, (he 'Methodist Discip- 
line,' 'Murray's Grammar,' 'Morse's Geography,' 
'Rollin's Ancient History,' 'Mosheim's Ecclesias- 
tical History,' 'Locke on the Understanding,' 'Pa- 
ley's Philosophy/ 'Theology,' 'Evidences,' b Wes- 
ley's Philosophy/ Duncan's or Watts's Logic, the 
MethoJibt Magazine." 

This course was adopted by the Conference, 
and a manuscript copy was forwarded to each 
Presiding Elder. 

The reader cannot fail to perceive that a Meth- 
odist preacher, forty-six years ago, was not ex- 
pected to idle away his time. The above course, 
fully mastered, will make any man an able minis- 
ter of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Thus, at an early period in the history of the 
Conference, attention was directed to intellectual 
culture. Such has been the progress that, in 
1870, the General Conference adopted the pro- 
vision " that no person shall be recommended to 
the Annual Conference for admission on trial, or 
for ordination, without first being examined in 
the Quarterly Conference on the subject of doc- 
trines and Discipline, and giving satisfactory evi- 

Methodism in Tennessee. *3l7 

dence of his knowlodge of the ordinary branches 
of an English education." 

No subject has recently attracted more atten- 
tion, or called forth more discussion among the 
Methodists, than the proper training of candidates 
for the ministry- 
It is the universal sentiment that the ministry 
should be an enlightened body of men, and that 
all should give attention to reading and study; 
but as to the best method, there is diversity of 
opinion. One class insist that theological schools 
should be established, where young men preparing 
for the ministry should have the advantages of a 
thorough course; others, equally favorable to high 
attainments, insist that candidates for the ministry 
should be trained — where they have the oppor- 
tunity — at schools, in common with the young 
men of the country; and that when they are 
called to preach, they should give themselves to 
the study of such a Biblical course as may be pre- 
scribed by the Church; and that a circuit is the 
best place for a young preacher to study theology 
There is, at the time of this w 7 riting, no " theo- 
logical seminary" for the training of young men 
for the ministry within the Methodist Episcopnl 
Church, South. In some of the literary institu- 
tions under the patronage of the Church there 
are Biblical chairs, where the general principles 
of Christianity are taught. In 1826 there were 

3 1 8 Methodism in Tennessee. 

no theological schools, North or South, within the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and only a few liter- 
ary institutions under its control. 

The Conference at this session made another 
move on the subject of education. The committee 
appointed the previous year to inquire into the 
propriety of establishing a college, under the direc- 
tion of the Conference, reported that they had 
not had time to mature the matter, and suir^ested 
that a standing-committee should be appointed on 
this important subject, to consist of ten persons, 
five of whom should be traveling preachers, and 
the other five not belonging to the traveling con- 
nection, who should report to the next Annual 
Conference. Whereupon, the Conference resolved 
that the report be accepted, the plan proposed be 
adopted, an'd Robert Paine, William McMahon, 
Thomas L. Douglass, Alexander Sale, Lewis Gar- 
rett, members of the Conference, and Doctor Win. 
McNeil, Dr. James L. Armstrong, Turner Saun- 
ders, Doctor James Frazer, and Joseph T. Elliston, 
laymen, were appointed the committee. 

Until the establishment of an institution of 
learning by the Tennessee Conference, it was 
resolved to recommend Augusta College, situated 
within the bounds of the Kentucky Conference. 

At this session of the Conference, a new proj- 
ect was introduced — that of sustaining a religious 
newspaper. Dr. Martin Ruter, the Book-agent 

Methodism in Tennessee. 319 

at Cincinnati, was present, and recommended the 
Christian Advocate, published at New York by 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Conference 
heartily resolved to patronize the publication. 
This mny be said to have been the beginning of 
weekly journalism by the Methodist Church. 

The press has grown to be a great power since 
that small beginning; and now, North and South, 
millions of pages are scattered abroad every year, 
advocating the cause of sound morality, the doc- 
trines of Christianity, and the economy of the 

At this session, the Conference passed a reso- 
lution concurring with the Mississippi Conference 
in reducing the ratio of representation to the Gen- 
eral Conference. 

Strong resolutions were also adopted deprecat- 
ing what seemed to be pM.rtin.Hty in the rates 
allowed to those preachers who were engnged in 
the sale of the books of the Concern at New 
York. The discrimination was against the South 
and West. 

The question of ministerial support was, as fnr 
back as the period of which note is now taken, 
difficult of solution. Voluntary contributions, ns 
the only means of sustaining the institutions of 
the Church and the ministry, indicate the abilit} r 
and the liberality of the people. Those who sow 
sparingly are soon marked for their want of 

320 Methodism in Tennessee. 

generosity; while those who sow plenteoudy are 
approved for their liberality 

In the year 1826 the allowance of a single 
man was one hundred dollars and his traveling 
expenses. If stationed in a town, he was allowed 
his board. A married man was allowed two 
hundred dollars, and something for house-rent 
and table-expenses. Even these small sums were 
seldom raised. To receive a full salary was the 
exception ; to fall below was the rule. 

The Conference at this session seems to have 
been stirred on the subject of ministerial support; 
hence, the following plan was recommended. The 
stewards, or financial board, closed their report 
by offering a plan for collecting the amounts de- 
manded. Here is their plan : 

" 1. Let each circuit have a full number of 

" 2. Let the preacher in charge appoint a class- 
collector in each class. 

" 3. Lay off each circuit into as many Districts 
as there are stewards, assigning one steward to 
each District. 

"4. Let the stewards, in their respective Dis- 
tricts, aided by the class-collectors, see each mem- 
ber within their respective bounds previous to the 
first quarterly-meeting of each year, and know 
what each will give toward the support of the cir- 
cuit each quarter, and make a minute of the same. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 321 

"5. let the preacher having charge of a, cir- 
cuit make a public collection once a quarter in 
each Sabbath congregation, at least; let the funds 
thus collected be added to the funds of the cir- 
cuit; also, a public collection at the last quarterly- 
meeting in each year — the latter for the special 
purpose of taking on to Conference to make up 

" 6. Let each Annual Conference, while in ses- 
sion, in time for the preachers to carry with them 
to their several circuits for distribution among the 
members, publish a circular, or minutes, showing 
the state of finances, naming the circuits and sta- 
tions, naming the preacher or preachers that trav- 
eled the same; what w T ere their proper allowances 
according to Discipline; what each received ; what 
the deficiency and the amount sent to Conference 
from every circuit and station ; together with a 
short account of the state of religion within the 
bounds of Conference, the numbers in Society in 
each circuit, and what number has he received on 
trial in each. 

" 7 Let the preacher and members promote the 
sale of our books, and the establishment of societies 
auxiliary to the chartered fund, that our funds 
may be increased in this way 

"8. It shall be the duty of the stationed 
preacher in Nashville to have five hundred copies 
of the above printed, and equally distributed 

322 Methodism in Tennessee. 

among the several Presiding Elders as soon as 

The following preachers were admitted on trial: 
Jas. D. Brown, Jacob Ellinger, Phineas T. Scruggs, 
Thomas Payne, Isaiah P Young, Wesley Deskin, 
Nicholas Simms, Allen F Scruggs, John F. Ford, 
John J Burum, George W Bewley 

James D. Brown was of Giles county, and was 
a cousin to Sterling and Hart well. He traveled 
only a short period ; died early, but left a family 
of excellent children, two of whom are acceptable 

Jacob Ellinger traveled several years, and then 
retired to the local ranks. He is now residing 
about Newport, Kentucky, or Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Phineas T. Scruggs, of whom mention has al- 
ready been made, went into the practice of law, 
and became eminent in his profession. In his 
later years he has returned to the ministry, and is 
exerting a good influence in the city of Memphis. 
He now advises against retiring from the pastoral 

Thomas Payne was an aged man when he re- 
turned to the itinerant ranks ; he traveled a few 
years, located, and soon passed to his reward. 

Isaiah P Young gave up the ministry and went 
into secular pursuits. He still lives, a member of 
the Church, aged and infirm. 

Of Nicholas Simms the author has lost sight. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 323 

Allen F. Scruggs has located; lives in Missouri; 
is an able man, and has accomplished much good. 
He labored for a season as a missionary among the 
Cherokee Indians. 

John F. Ford located, and retired ; so did J J. 

G. W Bewley was born in Virginia, 1810; was 
converted at sixteen years of age ; traveled a few 
years in the Tennessee Conference; was trans- 
ferred to Missouri, and died at Hannibal on the 
5th of November, 1846. He attained to eminence 
as a preacher of the gospel, and departed in great 

Matthew H. Quinn, Simpson Shepherd, Arthur 
Sherod, James Ervine, Gerrard Van Buren, James 
Williams, Jacob Goodner, Mark L. Andrews, 
Benjamin S. Mabry, Joseph Ballew, Mahlon Bew- 
ley, John Driskill, John Harvey, Win. Levesque, 
and John Gordon, local preachers, were elected to 
the office of deacon. 

Among those ordained deacons, the name of 
William Levesque stands prominent. He was 
born in 1793, converted in 1820, and was 
licensed to preach in 1821. He was a man of 
fine natural talents, and was an able preacher. 
He ministered in North Alabama, Middle and 
West Tennessee, and Arkansas. His death was 
sudden ; but, like the wise virgins, his lamp was 
trimmed and his light burning. His sister, Mrs. 


24 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Martindale, still lives, nearly eighty years of age, 
full of hope, and rejoicing in the prospect of her 
change. She was a pioneer Methodist in North 

Jesse Cole, a local deacon, was elected to 
Elder's orders. 

The numbers in Society were: whites, 15,607; 
colored, 2,075. Decrease, 169 whites and 37 
colored. Traveling preachers 76. 

Two, Arthur McClure and Ellison Taylor, died. 

The third session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Abingdon, beginning November 2, 
1826. Bishop Soule presided. 

Abingdon is the seat of Washington county, 
and is beautifully situated in the hill-country of 
South-western Virginia, through which passes the 
celebrated Holston River. Abingdon has been 
the home of many distinguished Virginians. The 
Prestons, the Kings, the Floyds, the Campbells, 
the Johnsons, etc., resided here. In this country, 
Methodism took root at an early day, and still 
lives and flourishes. Here, the Methodists have 
a prosperous institution of learning — the Martha 
Washington College. Near by is Emory and 
Henry, one of the most popular colleges in the 
South-west ; and all through the country are con- 
gregations and houses of worship. In the rear 
of the Methodist Church in the town repose the 
dust of several distinguished Methodist ministers. 

o 9 ; 

Methodism m Tennessee. o-o 

In the vicinity, Bishop Asbury made his home 
in his journeying through the South-west, Near 
to Abingdon lived "Lady" Russell, who was among 
the first converts to Methodism in this beautiful 


Here lived the Finleys, Lichfields, etc., pillars 

in the Methodist Church. 

The Conference numbered, in 1826, 15,S47 
white members, 1,620 colored, and 54 traveling 

William G. Brownlow, Henry Powell, Abram 
Murphy, Jacob L. Straley, Oscar F Johnson, 
William Bowers, and Russell Bird well were ad- 
mitted on trial. Among these, W G. Brownlow 
became the most distinguished. He traveled sev- 
eral years, and then located; became the editor 
of a secular paper; entered the arena as a poli- 
tician ; and finally became Governor of Tennessee, 
and then United States Senator. Mr. Brownlow 
still lives, being extensively known as a man of 
rare talents. To say that he is a genius and a 
man of mental power, is only to record what is 
generally conceded by his enemies as well as his 
friends. But it will be the work of his biographer 
to portray his character and write his history 
Of the living, the author judges it proper to write 

Branch H. Merrimon, Goodson McDaniel, John 
S. Hensley, W T. Senter, Pax ton Cumming, 

326 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Moses E. Kerr, David Flemniing, and Lewis Jones 
were admitted into full connection. There was 
no death among the preachers. The year was 
prosperous, there being a net increase of 850 
white and 135 colored persons. There were 5-i 
traveling preachers. 

The Tennessee Conference held its sixteenth 
session at Tuscumbia. Bishop Soule presiding; 
Thomas L. Douglass, Secretary - 

Tuscumbia was then a young town, situated in 
Franklin county, Alabama, opposite the foot of 
the Muscle Shoals, and about two miles south of 
the Tennessee River. The valley extending east 
and west of Tuscumbia, embracing the counties of 
Franklin, Lawrence, and Morgan, is one of the most 
beautiful and fertile regions in the South-west. 
It had been purchased only a few years previous 
from the Indians, and was fresh and blooming. 
Settlers poured in from Virginia, North Carolina, 
Georgia, Tennessee, and others of the older States. 
Among the emigrants were many Methodists, who 
at once organized Societies, built churches, and 
invited the ministers of the gospel to their homes 
and their country Time would fail to record the 
names of the many worthy Methodists who were 
pioneers in the Courtland Valley 

The Kimbals, the Lyles, the Menefees, the 
Sykeses, the Heards, the Lindseys, the Prices, the 
Carys, the Joneses, the Fitzgeralds, the Sales, the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 327 

Saunderses, the Garretts, the Harpers, the Hodges, 
the Harveys, and the Whites, Sadlers, Owens, 
Smiths, Crocketts, and scores of others in Rus- 
sell's Valley, will be had in everlasting remem- 

William S. Jones, who lived near Russell ville, 
Alabama, was elected Recording Steward in 1823, 
and continued in the same office until 1869. His 
book has been before the author; it is the most 
neatly kept and best preserved of any church- 
record he has ever seen. Mr. Jones was truly a 
pillar in the Church ; his wife was a devout 
Christian, and was one of the most hospitable 
women of the age. Their house was long the 
home of God's ministers, where they ever met a 
most cordial welcome. To their daughter, the 
Rev. Richard H. Rivers, H.D., was married 
many years since. She is following in the foot- 
steps of her parents. 

In Tuscumbia were the Sutherlands, Merrills, 
Haynies, Lockharts, Cockerills, Winters, and many 
others, who were prominent in the Church. 

It was in Tuscumbia, two years previous to 
the meeting of the Conference, that the author 
preached his first sermon as an itinerant. There 
was then no house of worship. The services were 
conducted in a school-house which stood near the 
head of the magnificent spring, which pours forth 
a volume of water quite sufficient to float a small 

328 Methodism in Tennessee. 

steamer. Arrangements were made that year for 
the erection of a larc:e brick edifice ; the work 
was completed and the house was ready for the 
Conference. The session was very interesting. 
It was the first Conference ever held in North 
Alabama, south of the Tennessee River. The 
attendance was large, and the preaching was ac- 
companied with the power of the Holy Spirit. 

Bishop Soule's sermon on Sunday morning 
was a masterly effort, and produced a profound 
impression. The Rev Peter Akers preached in 
the afternoon a sermon of great force, which was 
long remembered. Mr. Akers was present in the 
interest of Augusta College, the first Methodist 
college erected west of the Alleghany Mountains. 

The year had been more prosperous than the 
previous, there being a net increase of 844 white 
members and 83 colored. There were 75 preachers 
stationed, besides one who was superannuated, and 
eight who were located. 

Arthur Sherod, John D. Winn, Pleasant B. 
Robinson, William B. Walker, Thomas I. Elliott, 
Green M. Rogers, Andrew D. Smith, Levi Lowery, 
Ruffin B. Stroud, John Harrell, William A. Smith, 
Joseph Miller, and Turtle Fields were admitted 
on trial. 

Arthur Sherod traveled for awhile, and located. 

John D. Winn gave satisfactory evidence that 
he was a good man ; he traveled a few years, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 329 

when his mind gave way ; be lost Lis reason 
and became totally deranued. In that condition 
he remains till this day He lives by the assist- 
ance of the Conference and the generosity of his 

Pleasant B. Robinson Las been sketched already 
in this work. 

William B. Walker has passed beyond tbe knowl- 
edge of the author, 

Thomas I. Elliott in after years united, some- 
where in the South, with Methodist Protestants. 

Green M. Rogers arose to prominence in the 
Church. Having traveled a few years in the 
Tennessee Conference, he was transferred to the 
Mississippi Conference, where he long labored as 
a faithful minister of Christ. He filled many 
important appointments in stations, circuits, and 
on Districts as Presiding Elder. He was active, 
vigorous, and full of zeal and good works. He 
was a member of the General Conference in 1844, 
and a member of the Louisville Convention in 
1845. His last sickness was painful and pro- 
tracted, but his faith failed not, and he died in 
hope of heaven, December 11, 1858. Mr. Rogers 
left a helpless family, but friends are interested 
for their maintenance. 

Andrew D. Smith was a plain man. He went, 
in after years, to Arkansas, in company with sev- 
eral brethren. Here, and in Missouri, he labored 

330 Methodism in Tennessee. 

for many years, and turned numbers to righteous- 

Ruffin B. Stroud, Levi Lowery, and William 
Smith have passed from the knowledge of the 

Joseph Miller traveled several years, was very 
useful, but finally located. 

John Harrell, as will be noted in future, was 
transferred to Arkansas, where he has since lived, 
laboring and preaching on the frontier, devoting 
much of his time to missionary work among the 
Indians in the West. 

Turtle Fields was a Cherokee. Before his con- 
version he was a warrior, and fought under Gen. 
Andrew Jackson when he made war upon the 
Creek Indians. He was a hero, and was wounded 
in single combat with a Creek warrior. After his 
return from the army, through the preaching of 
the missionaries, he was brought to Christ, and 
became a zealous preacher. He was very useful, 
and was instrumental in turning many of his 
brethren of the forest to the cross of the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Turtle Fields was over six feet in 
height, was well-formed, and possessed great phys- 
ical force. He preached with much earnestness, 
and was successful in his calling;. 

Greenberry Garrett, W L. McAlister, Henry 
Meek, Samuel Gilliland, W M. Holliman, John 
New, Thomas L. Garland, G. T. Henderson, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 331 

James Tarrant. D. C. McLeod. John B. MeFerrin, 
and H. B. North were admitted into full connec- 
tion and ordained deacons. 

James McFerrin, Francis A. Jarrett, Thomas 
J. Neely, Elias Tidwell, Benjamin S. Clard y y J J. 
Trott, and James Rowe were ordained Elders. 
Here was the singular coincidence of a father and 
a son being ordained the same daw the one to 
the order of Elder, the other to that of deacon. 

The following local preachers were elected, dea- 
cons: Erastus T. Collins, William Mills, Jeremiah 
P Bellamy, Francis Perry, Charles B. Harris, 
Devanport Latham, Alexander M. Williams, 
James English, Robert Fagan, John Scoggins, 
William Gwin, James Smith, John M. Taylor. 
John Rains was elected to Elder s orders. 

The committee appointed the previous year on 
education made a report, which was discussed 
and adopted. Whereupon, the Conference resolved 
to appoint a standing-committee, consisting of 
Robert Paine, Lewis Garrett, Thomas L. Doug- 
lass, William McMahon, Alexander Sale, John 
Lytle, Turner Saunders, John M. Taylor, Joseph 
T. Elliston, and H. R. W Hill, " on the subject 
of the establishment of a college ; and that they 
be requested and authorized to continue the sub- 
ject open for the reception of proposals of sites, 
contributions, etc., and report to the next Con- 
ference." The Conference also, by resolution, 

332 Methodism in Tennessee. 

commended Augusta College, and its agent, the 
Rev Peter Akers. 

The Conference made a step forward in the 
support of the missionary cause. A Society was 
formed, consisting of members of the Conference, 
and others, who should pay one dollar each per 
annum as a condition of membership. A Consti- 
tution was adopted and a Board of Managers was 
appointed, consisting of William McMahon, Presi- 
dent; Lewis Garrett, Vice-President; John M. 
Holland, Secretary ; Thomas L. Douglass, Treas- 
urer; and Joshua Boucher, Robert Paine, James 
Gwin, Thomas M. King, James McFerrin, Ger- 
man Baker, John Page, Joshua W Kilpatrick, 
and Francis A. Owen, Managers. 

It was resolved that the preachers should be 
diligent in forming branch-societies in their re- 
spective fields. The work in the Cherokee Nation 
was encouraging, the returns showing a member- 
ship of 675. Two young Cherokees, Joseph 
Blackbird and Edward Graves, were placed undei 
the charge of the Rev William McMahon, by 
order of the Conference, to be taught a knowledge 
of the English language, with a view of laboring 
among the Indians as preachers and interpreters. 
They both, in after years, rendered valuable 

At this Conference, delegates were elected to 
the General Conference, which was to convene in 

Methodism in Tennessee. 333 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 1, 1828. The 
following were chosen : William McMahon, Thomas 
L. Douglass, Robert Paine, Joshua Boucher, James 
McFerrin, John M. Holland, Finch P Scruggs, 
John Page, and James Gwin. Alternates, Francis 
A. Owen and Ashley B. Rozell. 

From the General Conference Journal, it ap- 
pears that Mr. Douglass and Mr. Page failed to 
be present, and that Messrs. Owen and Rozell 
took their places. 

Up to this date, the Cumberland River was the 
dividing line between the Kentucky and Tennes- 
see Conferences. This gave to Kentucky all that 
portion of Middle Tennessee lying north of the 
Cumberland River, embracing the territory now 
covered by Robertson, Sumner, Macon, Trousdale, 
and part of Montgomery, Cheatham, Davidson, and 
Smith counties. 

The Tennessee Conference memorialized the 
General Conference to so alter the boundaries as 
to make the State line the Conference line. The 
petition was granted, and the change brought 
several preachers with the territory : among the 
number, Fountain E. Pitts was the most promi- 
nent. He has been in the active work, with little 
interruption, till the present. Young, vigorous, 
eloquent, he exerted an influence for good on the 
multitudes, especially at the great camp-meetings 
which in those days w T ere very numerous and popu- 

334 Methodism in Tennessee. 

lar. But Mr. Pitts still lives, and must be turned 
over to a future historian. 

Not the least interesting work was the mission- 
ary field among the Cherokees. To this mission 
the following preachers were appointed : Wills's 
Valley, Greenberry Garrett; Oostanola, Turtle 
Fields, a native ; Echota, James J Trott ; Oithke- 
logee, G. T. Henderson ; Creek Path, J B. 
McFerrin ; Chattooga, Allen F Scruggs ; Sala- 
kowa, D. C. McLeod. William McMahon was 
Superintendent of this mission, as well as Presid- 
ing Elder of the Huntsville District. 

At the Conference, the following preachers 
located : Elijah Kirkman, William Johnson, Josiah 
Browder, Nicholas D. Scales, John Smith, Alex- 
ander Sale, and William P Nichols. 

Prominent among these was Alexander Sale. 
Mr. Sale was no ordinary man. He long lived 
an ornament to the Church and an able advocate 
of the truth, as it is in Jesus. He w T as the fifth 
son of Captain John Sale, of Amherst county, 

Captain Sale was a soldier of the Revolution, 
and was seven years in the w^ar. His wife, Fran- 
ces Saunders, was the mother of ten children. 
The captain and his wife, after the war, embraced 
Christ by faith and united with the Methodists. 
Their house became a preaching-place for the 
itinerants, and was the first place where they 

Methodism in Tennessee. 335 

preached in the country, and continued to be a 
place of worship until the increase of the members 
justified the erection of a church-edifice. Their 
second son, John, became a traveling preacher, 
and long lived and labored in the cause of Christ, 
lie preached in Virginia, Eastern, Middle, and 
Western. He was finally transferred to Ohio, 
where he was a prominent preacher, exerting a 
large influence as a pioneer in the then "far West." 
His last hours were triumphant, and he left the 
testimony that " his labor was not in vain in the 

Alexander was converted and entered the trav- 
eling connection, in the State of Virginia, in the 
autumn of 1807 Having traveled several years 
in his native State, he located and removed to 
North Alabama, and settled near the town of 
Courtland. This portion of Alabama was then 
embraced in the Mississippi Conference, of which 
Mr. Sale became a member, and where he was a 
Presiding Elder. A change in the boundary lines, 
in 1824, threw the whole of North Alabama into 
the Tennessee Conference. This brought Mr 
Sale into the latter Conference, where he was 
cordially received. Having traveled till the close 
of 1827, he located and continued on his farm, 
exercising his gifts, however, as a preacher. He 
never lost his zeal nor his influence. He main- 
tained his reputation as an able, consistent, and 

330 Methodism in Tennessee. 

highly useful minister of Jesus Christ. He took 
an active part in all the interests of the Church. 
He was progressive, and sanctioned, or rather led, 
in all the noble enterprises of the times. Late in 
life, he removed to Arkansas and settled near 
Helena, where, during the war, he lost his prop- 
erty, and suffered much in body, and was harassed 
in mind ; still, he trusted in God, and never lost 
the comforts of religion. Firmly he stood on the 
Rock in the midst of the ocean, and, with his 
head above the storm, the sunlight of heaven 
cheered his heart and filled his soul with joy 
His sons being in the Confederate army, and his 
daughters settled at their homes, his property 
gone, and being over eighty years of age, he re- 
solved to seek a more quiet location in the family 
of his daughter in Louisiana. With his aged 
companion, he set out on the toilsome journey, 
reached the house of Mr. Jones, his son-in-law, in 
Caddo Parish, and within a few days found rest 
in the grave, aged about eighty-three. Since his 
death, his excellent wife has joined him in that 
land that forever blooms, and where they will 
witness war and destruction no more forever. 

Mr. Sale was tall, being over six feet in height, 
and very erect. His eyes were black and very 
expressive ; his hair, in his youth, dark, and his 
complexion brown ; his manly form and erect car- 
riage would attract attention in the midst of a 

Methodism in Tennessee. 337 

multitude. He was called by many the " Indian 
Chief/' having a lofty bearing, and being appar- 
ently stern in manner find positive in style and 
language. His mind was strong and well culti- 
vated; his heart was full of kindness; and his 
principles were as firm as the everlasting hills. No 
truer man has lived or adorned the Christian 
ministry in the nineteenth century To his broth- 
erly care and kind attentions the author owes much. 
He was his colleague for two years, and he knew 
him to be a man of stern integrity 

Mr. Sale brought up a large family of intelli- 
gent and cultivated sons and daughters ; among 
whom mention may be made of his son, the Hon. 
John B. Sale, of Mississippi, and Thomas Coke 
Sale, the latter of whom has gone to his reward. 
Mr. Sale's children were all Methodists ; and they 
were not only taught to honor their parents, but to 
respect the Church in which they were baptized 
and trained. 

Mr. Sale's second wife, whom he married in 
Virginia, was Miss Burress, of excellent family 
She was the sister of the Rev- John C. Burress, 
an eloquent Methodist preacher, who traveled in 
Virginia, in the West and in the South. He lived 
to old age, and died full of faith and full of honor. 
He, too, sleeps in Louisiana. 

The Rev L. Parker, D D., is connected with the 
families of Messrs. Sale and Burress by marriage. 
vol. in. — 22 

338 Methodism in Tennessee. 

The fourth session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Knoxville, Tennessee, commencing 
November 1, 1827 Bishop Roberts presiding; E. 
F Sevier, Secretary 

At this session, Edmund P Childress, John 
Grant, John Barringer, Robertson Ganaway, 
Albion C. Taylor, William H. Shannon, Oliver 
Miller, Joseph Sensibaugh, Daniel Carter, Stephen 
Earnest, and Joseph Haskew were admitted on 

John Barringer was a native of Montgomery 
county, Virginia. He was a preacher of a re- 
spectable order of talents, highly esteemed, and 
devoutly pious. He professed to obtain the 
blessing of perfect love in the early part of his 
ministerial life, and maintained his confidence 
steadfast to the end. He died at Knoxville, July 
17, 1851; thus, after twenty -four years of faith- 
ful labor, he died in the same city where he en- 
tered upon his itinerant career. He departed in 

Robertson Ganaway was a native of Cumber- 
land county, Virginia; born July 7, 1780. He 
was brought up a Presbyterian, but in early life 
became an infidel; he was, however, converted, 
through the instrumentality of his excellent wife, 
soon after his marriage. He entered the itinerant 
ministry at about forty years of age, and continued 
faithful in the Master's cause till 1859, when he 

Methodism in Tennessee. 339 

died in the faith, giving glory to God. He sleeps 
near the church at Sulphur Spring, a few miles 
distant from Abingdon. 

Most of the brethren who were admitted at 
this Conference have passed away 

Joseph Haskew still lives, enjoying the esteem 
and confidence of his many friends. He has been 
for many years a faithful and acceptable preacher, 
and has filled many important positions in his 

340 Methodism in Tennessee. 


Conference at Murfreesboro, 1828 — Bishop Soule present — 
T. L. Douglass, Secretary — Door-keeper — Closed doors 
— Methodism in Murfreesboro — Preachers admitted on 
trial — Brief sketches — Elders elected — Local preachers 
elected to office — Missionary work considered — Preachers 
stationed among the Cherokees — LaGrange College pro- 
jected — The year prosperous — Numbers in Society — ■ 
Fifth session of the Holston Conference at Jonesboro — 
Numbers in Society — Preachers admitted on trial — Sev- 
enteenth session of the Tennessee Conference at Hunts- 
ville, Alabama — Bishop Roberts — Indians present — La- 
Grange College established — Robert Paine, his co-laborers 
and successors — Preachers admitted on trial — Brief notices 
— Tennessee preachers transferred to the West and South 
— Missionary work — Holston Conference — Sixth session 
at Abingdon — Bishop Soule present — E. F Sevier, Sec- 
retary — Preachers admitted — Brief sketches — D. R. Mc- 
Anally — Rufus M. Stevens — Preachers admitted into full 
connection — Sad to see so many preachers locate — In- 
crease of members — Eighteenth session of the Tennessee 
Conference held at Franklin, Tennessee — No Bishop 
present — L. Garrett, President — Preachers admitted on 
trial — Asbury Davidson and others — Resolutions of non- 
interference with politics — Article 6th, restrictive rules — 
LaGrange College — Numbers — Increase. 

The next session of the Tennessee Conference 
convened at Murfreesboro, December 4, 1828. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 341 

Bishop Soule was present, and presided to the 
great satisfaction of the Conference. Thomas L. 
Douglass was chosen Secretary - 

It was the custom in those days to conduct the 
examination of character with closed doors. Hence 
it was necessary to have a door-keeper, who was 
to allow no one to enter except those who were 
members of the Conference, or who were admitted 
by special permission. The author had the honor 
of filling this office before he himself was admitted 
into full membership in the body At this Con- 
ference he was elected again, and had, as he 
recollects, no opposition for the position. He 
magnified his office, and felt as the Psalmist ex- 
pressed himself, " I had rather be a door-keeper 
in the house of my God than to dwell in the tents 
of wickedness." 

After many years' experience and observation, 
it is seriously doubted whether or not the custom 
of sitting with open doors during the delicate 
work of examining the moral, ministerial, and 
official characters of the preachers is any improve- 
ment on the old plan. No class of men in any 
other Church are required to undergo an ordeal 
of this kind ; and when men represent each other 
and speak of the faults and virtues of their breth- 
ren, it might be well for them to do such things 
among themselves. The custom, however, of 
sitting with closed doors has passed away, ex- 

342 Methodism in Tennessee. 

cept it be in some particular cases and by special 

Murfreesboro, the seat of Rutherford county, 
is a beautiful city, in the heart of one of the most 
productive and pleasant sections of Middle Ten- 
nessee. It is situated thirty-one miles south-east 
of Nashville, and is approached by various turn- 
pikes and the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad. 
The population is as intelligent and moral as any 
portion of the South-west. Methodism took deep 
root in Rutherford county at an early day, and 
has kept pace with the times. 

Stone's River Circuit, as will be seen by refer- 
ence to the second volume of this work, was one 
of the early appointments in the Conference, and 
has been a nursery from which many trees have 
been transplanted. Methodism has grown to be 
a moral power in Murfreesboro, and at the time 
of this writing it is one of the most delightful pas- 
toral charges in the Conference. 

Up to 1821, Murfreesboro was embraced in the 
Stone's River Circuit. In the autumn of that 
year, Robert Paine was stationed in Murfreesboro 
and Shelbyville. In October of the next year, 
1822, he returned, for the two towns, 78 white 
and 62 colored members. 

At that Conference, Wylie B. Peck was sta- 
tioned in Murfreesboro and Shelbyville. He seems 
to have been unsuccessful, since he returned 49 

Methodism in Tennessee. 343 

white and 46 colored members in both towns, and 
the station was discontinued. Both towns re- 
mained in the circuits adjacent until the fall of 
1827, when the station was reestablished, and 
German Baker was appointed in charge. Mr. 
Baker reported the next year a membership, in 
both towns, of 81 white and 45 colored members. 
Murfreesboro was then united with Lebanon, and 
Mr. Baker appointed to the work. In the fall of 

1829, he reported in Murfreesboro and Lebanon 
80 white and 47 colored members; and Fountain 
E. Pitts was appointed his successor. He re- 
turned 81 whites and 76 colored. In November, 

1830, Francis A. Owen was appointed to Mur- 
freesboro alone, and one year afterward reported 
72 white and 59 colored members. From that 
time forward, Murfreesboro has sustained annually 
a pastor ; and, besides those who have died and 
removed, reported in 1871, 339 white members, 
the colored people having gone into other organi- 
zations. In 1872 there were 374 members. 

" During the year 1821-2, a Church was organ- 
ized, the meeting being at the house now occupied 
by J. J Lawing, near the present house of worship ; 
the members being as follows : Benjamin Blank- 
enship and wife, William Ledbetter, Martin Clark, 
G. A. Sublett, Edward Fisher and wife, Thomas 
Montague and wife, Dr. H. Holmes, David Haynes, 
Edmund Jones and wife, John Lytle and w T ife, 

344 Methodism in Tennessee. 

John D Newgent, Levi Reeves, Willis Reeves, 
"William R. Rucker — in all, 19 members. From 
this nucleus, the Methodist Episcopal Church 
made a starting-point; the increase was slow and 
regular, until 1823, at which time the infant 
Church determined to make an effort to build 
a house of worship. Knowing their weakness in 
a pecuniary point, they nevertheless had faith 
that a laudable purpose could not fail; they were 
willing to trust a liberal public in bearing them 
through with the enterprise. On January 11, 
1823, John Lytle, a devoted Methodist in the 
neighborhood, made a deed-of-gift of a half-acre 
of land (now part of the Soule College grounds) 
to trustees — viz. : Edmund Jones, Anderson Chil- 
dress, Simpson Sims, Benjamin Rucker, Sterling 
Ogden, John R. Laughlin, and Samuel H. Laugh- 
lin, and their successors. The seven trustees thus 
appointed have gone to their reward. A subscrip- 
tion was started to raise the necessary means to 
erect a house. They received sufficient encour- 
agement to build the brick-work was contracted 
for ; also, lumber and carpenters'-work let out. 
During the year, the house was up and covered 
in. John Jones, with untiring energy, un- 
dertook the laborious part of conducting the car- 
penters'-work to completion, and through him the 
building was finished — a house 40 by 50 feet, of 
moderate height. In all the parts it was plainly 

Methodism in Tennessee. 345 

finished and comfortable in arrangement; the whole 
costing about eighteen hundred dollars, leaving a 
balance of debt, oyer the subscription, unpaid. 
But a generous public, as hoped, came to the 
relief, liquidating the debt. 

'• The Society now having a new place of public 
worship, meetings were more regular, kept up by 
prayer, and preaching periodically ; the members 
numbering about sixty, with few additions. 

" In 1828 the first Conference met, in the month 
of December. Preaching continued in the church 
during the sitting, at which time a revival com- 
menced among the people. About forty professed 
religion, among the number the late lamented 
Rufus B. Jetton, who was a pious, consistent 
member to the last ; also, our townsman, John 
Leiper, now in Saint Louis. With one other ex- 
ception, the remainder of the forty have probably 
passed away 

" There were many truly pious Methodists around 
Murfreesboro. Of the number, there were a Lane, 
a Lytle, and a Boring, with a host of others. 
What was remarkable, one member, old mother 
s Wasson, a life-long Methodist, had received the 
sacrament from the hands of John Wesley in per- 
son. Tier seat in the church was never vacant. 
Daniel Leinau, during his stay, was one of the 
most devoted members, alwa}'s at his class and 
other meetings of the church. 

346 Methodism in Tennessee. 

'•'About 1S42 (he membership h;ui so greatly in- 
creased that the Rev F E. Pitts suggested the 
building a new church for the better accommoda- 
tion of the people, which was readily accepted. A 
lot was selected and purchased, and a deed given to 
the following trustees : L. H. Carney, W R. 
Rucker, H. Youkum, Rufus B. Jetton, J W 
Hamilton, S. B. Christy, John Leiper, W J 
Lytle, John Jones, for the use and benefit of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Of the nine, 
there are only four living. The deed was dated 
July the 19th, 1843 — the same year the church 
was erected. A subscription to raise means to 
carry out the suggested building was taken up; 
after a certain amount was subscribed, contracts 
were let out for the building. Capt. Jones, after 
a rest of twenty years, was again called into serv- 
ice as superintendent, subscribing both means and 
labor. Marmon Spence, then not a member, took 
the matter in hand, subscribing liberally of his 
means, devoting all his time in procuring material, 
etc., he and Jones working together, the one sun- 
gesting, the other executing, until the house was 
completed ; when all done, the subscription was 
found short of the required amount, leaving a bal- 
ance of eight hundred and fifteen dollars. 

" The first sermon preached in the church was by 
the Rev T. W Randle, stationed-preacher, in the 
basement, June 8, 1844. On the 23d of the same 

3f: ; Jiodism in Tainc-s-scc. o4< 

month, a dedication-sermon was delivered by the 
Rev J B. MeFerrin. The day was beautiful, and 
a large turn-out of people was in attendance. At 
the close of the sermon, a collection was raised to 
pay the remainder of the debt. The people walked 
up and handed in seven hundred and six dollars,, 
leaving a small balance. The church, for the last 
forty years, had been blessed with a Christy, 
whose pleasure was to devote his time and money 
to its cause. He has gone to his reward. 

" Subsequently, at a revival-meeting, conducted 
by the Rev. Mr. Sawrie, Marmon Spence, who 
had devoted his time and money to the cause, 
quietly walked up to the preachers-stand and 
offered himself to the service of God as a, member, 
Avent, Barclay, Duffer, and many others followed; 
a day to be long remembered." 

For the above the author is indebted to an old 
member of the congregation. A new church has 
been erected on the old foundation. It is a gem. 
Itw T as opened on November 17,1872; service by 
the Rev. J. B. McF.errin. 

Shelbyville and Lebanon were each made sepa- 
rate stations in the autumn of 1833 ; Robert L. 
Andrews being appointed to the former, and F 
G. Ferguson to the latter. 

William E. Doty, Robert L. Andrews, Mail in 
Wells, William M. McFerrin, Henry Rives, 
James Ervine, Reuben Alphin, Archibald huvall, 


48 Methodism in Tennessee. 

William E. Potter, Thomas Lloyd, Burwell Let>, 
John E. Jones, Moses S. Morris, Hiram Casey, 
and Elisha J Dodson were admitted on trial. 

Wm. E. Doty still lives, and is a member of the 
Louisiana Conference. In volume II. the reader 
was introduced to Mr. Doty, where he details 
several interesting events in his early history- 
Robert L. Andrews has already been sketched. 
William M. McFerrin is the son of James Mc- 
Ferrin and brother of the author ; he has con- 
tinued till this day in the pastoral work, and has 
devoted much time to the instruction of the slaves 
of the South ; he is one of three brothers called 
to the work of the Christian ministry- 
Henry Hives traveled a few years and retired. 
James Ervine was an eloquent preacher, but 
he located, and finally gave up the work of the 
Reuben Alphin retired ; his final end is un- 
known to the author. 

A. B. Duvall has been local at times, and then 
in the itinerant work. He still lives in advanced 
years, awaiting the time of his change. He has 
a son who is in the work of the ministry Both 
father and son have performed ministerial labor 
in Texas. 

William E. Potter located. So did Thomas 
Lloyd. Mr Lloyd was a preacher of ability 
He died in Sumner county 

Methodism in Tennessee. 349 

Burwell Lee was transferred to Arkansas, where 
he still lives, a faithful worker in the Master's cause. 

John E. Jones located, removed to Alabama, 
became a politician, and died in the prime of man- 
hood. He possessed fine talents, and was a very 
agreeable person. 

Moses S. Morris traveled several years, married, 
located, and met a tragic death. But he died in 
the faith, and left the savor of a good name. He 
has a son preparing for the work of the ministry 

Hiram Casey died early 

E. J. Dodson was a North Carolinian by birth, 
brought up in Kentucky, and admitted into the 
Tennessee Conference when he was about forty 
years of age. He was an able minister of the 
New Testament; rilled many important appoint- 
ments in North Alabama and Tennessee, and 
finally closed his useful life on the Bedford Cir- 
cuit July 19, 1842, in the fifty-fourth year of 
his age. When told his dissolution was near, he 
replied, "Good is the will of the Lord, for I am 
prepared to live or die ; for me to live is Christ, 
to die is gain ; let the will of God be done." 

Thomas Payne, J. B. Summers, G. W D. 
Harris, Thomas P Davidson, Richard H. Hudson, 
A. L. P Green, Samuel R. Davidson, and Michael 
Berry were elected and ordained Elders. 

Henry Meek, Thomas A. Strain, James Nichol- 
son, Benjamin S. Clardy, John Brooks, Thomas 

350 Methodism in Tennessee. 

J. Neely, John Seay, and William Conn located. 
Mr. Neely was afterward readmitted into the trav- 
eling connection. 

Joseph Taylor, John Renshaw, Cary W Pope, 
David K. Timberhike, John Hill, John Jones, 
Colman Sullivan, Sewell Jones, Martin Clark, 
Benjamin Rucker, Allen Blankenship, Thomas 
Bowen, John B. Craig, Jnmes Richardson, and 
Baxter H. Ragsdale, local preachers, were elected 
to deacon's orders. 

Jas, Scott, John Parchment, Gilbert D. Taylor, 
Samuel B. Harwell, Alexander Travis, John Lane, 
William Ramsey, and Charles Sibley, local dea- 
cons, were elected to Elder's orders. 

The subject of missions occupied the attention 
of the Conference, and it was judged proper to 
employ in the Cherokee Nation eight preachers 
and three interpreters. Three of the preachers 
were married men and five were single. Sixteen 
hundred dollars was the sum agreed upon for their 
support. Truly, in the days of heroic Methodism 
men lived very economically 

The following were the missionaries and their 
fields of labor: Wills's Valley and Oostanola, John 
B. McFerrin; Coosattee, Turtle Fields (a native); 
ML Wesley and Asbury, D C. McLeod ; Chat- 
tooga, Greenberry Garrett ; Salakowa, Nicholas 
D. Scales; Neeley's Grove, Allen F Scruggs; 
Conesauga, Thomas I. Elliott ; James J. Trott, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 351 

general missionary to travel through the Nation. 
William McMahon was the Superintendent, and 
the Presiding Elder of the Huntsville District. 
Three interpreters were employed, two of whom 
were Edward Graves and Joseph Blackbird. The 
number of members reported at this Conference, 
among the Cherokees, was 702. 

The subject of education continued to occupy 
the minds of the Conference. " The standing-com- 
mittee of the previous year reported that a very 
respectable communication on the subject of a 
college had been received from a number of gen- 
tlemen acting as a committee in behalf of a num- 
ber of subscribers in LaGrange and its vicinity, 
which communication was presented and read ; 
and after being informed on the subject of the 
eligibility of the plan and the advantages con- 
nected with the situation, together with the un- 
derstanding that $10,000 had been subscribed in 
view of the establishment being made, it was 
unanimously resolved that the Tennessee Annual 
Conference College be located at LaGrange, in 
North Alabama. On motion, 

"Resolved, That William McMahon, Robert 
Paine, Lewis Garrett, James McFerrin, John M. 
Holland, Francis A. Owen, Turner Saunders, 
John Sutherland, John M. Taylor, Thomas Pres- 
ton, Western T. Rucker, Henry S. Foote, Hart- 
well King, J J. Vinson, Alexander Sale, and 

352 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Moses ILill be, and they are hereby, appointed 
commissioners for the purpose of securing the 
site, raising the funds, and carrying the institution 
into operation. 

" It was also resolved that William McMahon 
be appointed an agent to visit the Mississippi 
Conference and propose a union with them, in the 
establishment and advantages of the college con- 
templated at LaGrange ; and believing, as we do, 
that the best interests of the Church and of the 
community are identified with the success of our 
Conference College, we do solemnly pledge our- 
selves to each other to use our best exertions on 
our respective Districts, circuits, and stations, 
during the ensuing year, to collect funds for the 
benefit of the institution." 

Thus, something definite was placed before the 
body, and plans were formed for carrying out the 
purposes of the friends of the enterprise. 

The year had been prosperous in many portions 
of the Conference. Revivals had blessed the 
Church, and there had been an increase of 1,351 
white, 242 colored, and 27 Indian members ; 85 
traveling preachers, including supernumeraries, 
were employed, besides one superannuated. The 
whole membership amounted to 17,476 whites, 
2,499 colored, and 702 Indians. 

The fifth session of the Holston Conference was 
held at Jonesboro, commencing November 13, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 353 

1828. Bishop Soule presiding; E. F Sevier, 
Secretary The year seems to have been marked 
with no unusual results. There was an increase 
of 575 white and 148 colored members. 

There was a change in the Presiding Elders' 
Districts. The year previous, Abingdon, French 
Broad, Knoxville, and Ashville comprised the 
whole Conference. This year, the Districts were 
called Abingdon, Greenville, Washington, and Ash- 
ville. Seven were admitted on trial — namely : 
William Wright, Elijah Perkins, William Eakin, 
John Weems, Ashby Wynn, Moses F Rainwater, 
and Asbury Brooks. Number of members, 17,952 
whites, 2,012 colored. 

The seventeenth session of the Tennessee Con- 
ference convened at Huntsville, Alabama, Novem- 
ber 19, 1829. Bishop Roberts, who was expected, 
did not arrive until Saturday afternoon, having 
been detained by sickness. Robert Paine was 
elected President, pro tern., and conducted the Con- 
ference till the Bishop arrived. After he reached 
the seat of the Conference, he presided only a 
portion of the time. He was too unwell to or- 
dain the Elders in the church on Sunday, but 
performed this service in a private house during 
the week. 

The session of the Conference was deeply in- 
teresting. The weather was pleasant, the attend- 
ance Was large, and there were many visiting 

354 Methodism in Tennessee. 

friends present. Turtle Fields, with a company 
of Cherokees, and La Flore, a Choctaw chief, and 
also a preacher, added much interest to the occa- 
sion, especially at the missionary anniversary 
The plan for setting on foot LaGrange College was 
perfected, and the institution went into operation 
with encouraging prospects. 

LaGrange is situated on a beautiful mountain, or 
range of hills, that stretches along the Tennessee 
Valley, dividing the land into two distinct sec- 
tions. From the summit, the eye takes in a vast 
area extending away to Florence, Tuscumbia, 
and the adjacent country Farms and villas 
dotted the valleys below, while the Tennessee 
River, at a distance of ten miles, could be seen 
winding its way through the forests, as it rolled 
its tide into the beautiful Ohio. On this mount- 
ain many of the wealthy planters located their 
families, while they cultivated the rich lands in 
the valleys below. The society was refined, the 
situation healthy, and all felt great pleasure at 
the location and promising prospects of the insti- 
tution. To inspire confidence in the enterprise, 
the Rev. Robert Paine w 7 as selected to take 
charge of the college. His modesty would not 
allow him to be called president, but simplv 
" superintendent." He only consented to take 
charge temporarily; his heart was in the pastoral 
work, where he had spent his youth and had been 

Methodism in Tennessee. 355 

honored of God in building up the Church. But 
there was an overruling providence that contin- 
ued him fit the head of the college till May, 1846, 
when he was elected Bishop. Seventeen years 
he toiled, aided by an able faculty, and made the 
institution a success. He had with him Professor 
Simms, who had no superior; Professor Ellison, 
from South Carolina; Professor Elliott, a gradu- 
ate of Augusta College ; Professors Tutwiler and 
Barbour, of Virginia; besides other accomplished 
scholars. The Mississippi and Alabama Confer- 
ences became partners in sustaining the institu- 
tion, and hundreds of young men were trained 
within the walls of the La Grange College. And 
though the institution has gone to the dust, having 
been burned during the late war, its fruits happily 
remain. President Paine was succeeded by Dr. 
Wadsworth and Professor Hardy, both highly 

Florence Wesleyan University succeeded La- 
Grange, and, under the presidency of R. II. Rivers, 
D.D., R. A. Young, D.D., and W H. Anderson, 
D.D., accomplished much for the youth of the 

Doctor William McMahon, full of energy and' 
enterprise, did much in giving this institution 
position and power. Noble man ! he made many 
rich, but died himself poor, having lost all his 
earthly goods. His crown is bright. 

356 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Uriah Williams, Samuel R. Moody, Robert 
Gregory, Elbert J. Allen, James W Faris, John 
W Hanner, Charles J. Ramsey, Harris Joplin, 
Young Wolfe, Robert C. Jones, Edward F. Eng- 
lish, Charles Sibley, Isaac H. Harris, Frederick 
G. Ferguson, Nelson It. Bewley, Hiram M. Glass, 
William W Philips, Francis H. Jones, and Drury 
Womack — nineteen — were admitted on trial. 

This was a large class, many of whom made 
useful and distinguished preachers. Uriah Wil- 
liams still lives, a useful and respected member of 
the North Alabama Conference. S. R. Moody 
retired from the Conference, and is now a local 
preacher. Robert Gregory made a, very useful 
preacher; for many years he labored in Arkansas, 
West Tennessee, and South-western Kentucky, 
as circuit-preacher and Presiding Elder; he still 
toils in the Master's vineyard. Elbert J Allen, 
faithful and true, yet abides with his brethren 
on the supernumerary list. J W Hanner, D.D., 
now Presiding Elder of the Nashville District, has 
a national reputation. Charles T. Ramsey has 
passed away, a good man. Charles Sibley only 
traveled a few years. I. II. Harris located, studv- 
'ing medicine, and now resides in California. Ed- 
ward F English is still a faithful man; he located, 
and is living in Texas. F G. Ferguson has 
already been before the reader. Nelson R. Bew- 
ley was transferred to Missouri. II. M. Glass is 

Methodism in Tennessee. 357 

in Alabama, at work for the Master. William W 
Philips located, studied medicine, and died years 
ago. He was a devout man and an excellent 
preacher. F H. Jones abandoned the ministry 
Drury Womack is a faithful laborer in Texas. 

It is a matter of surprise that Tennessee has 
furnished so many preachers to other Conferences. 
Tennessee Methodists and Tennessee preachers 
nre in all the newly-settled States and territories 
in the South and South-west. 

Harris G. Jopplin was another of the class who 
volunteered for the West. Young Wolfe was a 
Cherokee, a man of large frame and sound mind. 
He was converted after he had grown to man- 
hood, and became a devoted Christian and a very 
popular and successful preacher in his native 
tongue. He emigrated to the West, with his 
nation, and continued steadfast in the frith until 
he exchanged a life of toil for a crown of rejoicing. 

Robert C. Jones was a well- educated voung man, 
trained at LaGrange College, and acting as tutor 
in that institution for a session or two. He made 
an able preacher, but lost his mind and became 
totally deranged. 

George W Mnrtin, Levi Lowery, R. B. Stroud, 
P B. Robinson, W M. Smith, John Harrell, G. M. 
Rogers, T. I. Elliott, Andrew D. Smith, Joseph 
Miller, G. D. Taylor, and Turtle Fields were ad- 
mitted into full connection. 

358 Methodism hi Tennessee. 

Wilson L. McAlister, Henry B. North, Samuel 
Gilliland, D C. MeLeod, J. B. McFerrin, Green- 
A'ille T. Henderson, Greenberry Garrett, J. W 
Jones, Jacob B. Crist, and N D. Scales were 
elected Elders. 

John New, J. F Ford, Thomas L. Garland, and 
Phineas T Scruggs located. 

The year was prosperous. There was a net in- 
crease of 3,246 white, 749 colored, and 34 Indian 

The Districts numbered six, including one in 
the Cherokee Nation; they were Nashville, Cum- 
berland, Richland, Huntsville, Forked Deer, and 
the Cherokee Mission District. 

The Presiding Elders were Lewis Garrett, John 
M. Holland, James McFerrin, Joshua Boucher, 
Thomas Smith ; and Francis A. Owen, Superin- 
tendent of the Cherokee Mission. 

The missionaries were appointed as follows : 
Wills's Valley — Dickson C. McLeod ; Speer, in- 
terpreter, and John F Boot, a full-blood Cherokee. 
Conesauga — Green M. Rogers, Young Wolfe; 
Edward Graves, interpreter. Valley Town — 
Robert Rogers, William Mcintosh ; interpreter, 
Turtle Fields. Chattooga — Joseph Miller. Mount 
Wesley and Asbury — J. J. Trott. Coosawattee 
— Jacob Ellinger; Joseph Blackbird, interpreter. 
Agency — W M. McFerrin. Lookout— N. D. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 359 

This was a strong force, and through their in- 
strumentality much good was accomplished among 
the red men of the forest. 

William Mcintosh was a native Cherokee. He 
was born in 1796. About the year 1828 he was 
converted, through the preaching of the mission- 
aries, and united with the Methodist Church. 
Speaking English well, he became an interpreter. 
In this work he excelled ; he not only translated 
well into the Cherokee, but, being a very devout 
Christian himself, he entered with all his soul into 
the subject of the discourse, and interpreted with 
warmth and power. He removed West, with his 
nation, in 1831 ; and, being licensed to preach, he 
was admitted into the Arkansas in 1841; be- 
came a member of the Indian Mission Conference 
when it was organized in 1844. He continued in 
the work, faithfully performing his duty as preacher 
and interpreter, till December, 1858, when he fell 
on sleep in Jesus, near Tahlequah, in the Chero- 
kee Nation, West. He was a very devout Chris- 
tian, a good preacher in his native language, and 
very useful among his own people. 

William McMahon was agent for LaGrange 
College ; George W and Nelson R. Bewley were 
transferred to Missouri, and F H. Jones to the 
Mississippi Conference. 

The sixth session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Abingdon, Virginia, beginning Decern- 

300 Methodism in Tennessee. 

ber24, 1S20. Bishop Soule presided; E. F Sevier, 

John Steele, Arnold Patton, David R. Mc- 
Anally, Jacob Nutty, George Ekin, jr., John Roper, 
Rufus M. Stevens, William Bower, Anthony Bew- 
ley, Harvey dimming, A. Woodfin, and William P 
McConnell were admitted on trial. 

John Steele was an Irishman by birth, some- 
what eccentric; traveled for a season, and retired. 

David R. McAnally is still in the work, well 
known to the American Church. He has been active 
in various departments of Church-labor. He has 
been in the pastoral work, at the head of several 
institutions of learning ; edited the Saint Louis 
Christian Advocate for many years — find is now 
editing it — and is the author of numerous works of 
merit. His father was a highly esteemed local 
preacher in the Holston Conference. Dr. Mc- 
Anally is still vigorous, and will yet do much 
valuable service for the cause of Christ, should 
God deal kindly with him in the future, as he has 
done in the past. 

George Ekin, jr., whs the son of George Ekin, 
sr. His career was short; he died early, leaving 
his venerable father to battle on in the ranks of 

Rufus M. Stevens was an East Tennesseean 
by birth, and enjoyed but few educational advan- 
tages. He, however, was highly endowed ; his 

Methodism in Tennessee. 361 

natural gifts were superior; bis person was 
comely; his face bright; his eye brilliant; his 
voice full of melody and power. He made rapid 
improvements, and soon rose to a respectable posi- 
tion in his Conference. He filled many of the 
most important and responsible appointments on 
circuits, in stations, and on Districts as Presiding 
Elder. He was honored by his brethren with a 
seat in the General Conference. During the late 
unhappy war, he was sent across the mountains, 
beyond the limits of the State, in mid- winter. 
Being in feeble health and growing infirm by age, 
the physical frame gave way, and he soon died, 
away from home and among strangers : but his 
Saviour was with him, and he feared no evil; he 
died in hope. He has left the savor of a good 
name, a family devoted to the interests of the 
Church, and one son in the ministry, the Rev 
W H. Stevens, who has lately been transferred 
to the West Saint Louis Conference. 

Edmund P Childers, John Barringer, Albion 
C. Taylor, Oliver C. Miller, Daniel Carter, Joseph 
Haskew, John Grant, Robertson Gannarway, Jo- 
seph R. Sensabaugh, and Stephen Earnest were 
admitted into full connection. 

John J. Burum, Edmund Pierson, Robert Kirk- 
patrick, Thomas J. Brown, George Horn, Creed 
Fulton, Jesse F Bunker, and Albion C. Taylor 

VOL. III. — lf> 

30 2 Methodism in Tennessee. 

It is sad, in perusing the history of the ministry, 
to see so many every year retiring from the pas- 
toral work. It is true that in a local sphere many 
are useful, but to be wholly given to the work is 
far better. 

There was but a small increase this year in the 
number of members, only 318 white and 170 col- 
ored. The Districts remained as they were, with 
64 traveling preachers. 

The eighteenth session of the Tennessee Con- 
ference was held at Franklin, Tennessee, beginning 
November 3d, 1830. There being no Bishop pres- 
ent, Lewis Garrett, sr., was elected President, and 
Thomas L. Douglass Secretary Mr Garrett took 
the chair and proceeded with the business. He 
stated that letters and communications had come 
to his hands addressed to the Bishop, and asked 
that the Conference appoint two brethren to be 
with him in private at the opening of the letters, 
that he might have their advice as to what was 
proper to come before the Conference. Robert 
Paine and Thomas L. Douglass were appointed. 

The proceedings of the Conference were marked 
with ability and good order. A class of twenty 
asked for admission on trial — namely : William 
S. Mosely, Samuel S. Moody, Asbury Davidson, 
Wiley B. Edwards, Alexander W Littlejohn, 
Thomas Taylor, George Casey, Duncan McFarlin, 
Fountain Brown, W C. Payne, William Smith, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 363 

Henry C. Lighlfbot, Edward D Simms, Robert 
Alexander, Daniel F Alexander, Elisha Carr, 
Lorenzo D. Mullins, John McKelvy, Peter Burum, 
and John F Burum. 

This class of young men was an important ac- 
cession to the Conference ; among them were 
several who became able ministers of the New 

William S. Mosely traveled a few years, and 

Samuel S. Moody, one of the most devout, 
amiable, and beloved ministers ever belonging to 
the Conference, has been introduced to the reader. 

Asburv Davidson was a valuable man, and did 
good work in the cause of his Master. He was 
born in Bedford county, Tennessee, February 16, 
1810. He was licensed to preach in his seven- 
teenth year, and joined the intinerant work in his 
eighteenth year. He first joined the Tennessee 
Conference, but, in the division of that Conference, 
he took work in the Memphis Conference, where 
he remained until the fall of 1845, when he was 
transferred to the Mississippi Conference, and was 
stationed at Vicksburg. He labored in the bounds 
of the Mississippi Conference until the fall of 
1852, when he asked for a location, that he might 
have time to remove to Texas and settle his 
family So soon as his temporal affairs would 
admit, he returned to the regular work, and filled, 


G4 Methodism in Tennessee. 

with great acceptance, some of the most important 
positions in the Texas and West Texas Confer- 
ences. He was the eldest child of Lewis and 
Mourning Davidson. His mother died four years 
before him ; his father sunned him. He was 
married to Mary M. Fly, of Yallabusha county, 
Mississippi, July 11, 1844. 

For thirty-seven years, Mr. Davidson was an 
itinerant minister, during which time he never 
deserted a single field of labor, and invariably 
went cheerfully to the work assigned him. He 
was located for about three years, and was emi- 
nentl} r useful in that position, having his regular 
appointments and always meeting them. 

" Mr. Davidson was justly esteemed by all his 
brethren, and men of every calling and profession, 
as an able minister of the New Testament, a 
clear, forcible, fearless expounder of the sublime 
doctrines of Christianity He was a man of the 
most decided religious convictions, of broad views, 
deep piety, conscientious in all things, and pos- 
sessed a character robust and strong in all the 
elements of the Christian minister. His preach- 
ing was characteristic of the man. Alwavs strong 
and forcible, he was specially distinguished by 
his clear and logical presentation of the truth. 
He preached to the intellect, and through that to 
the affections; and, when fully aroused, his preach- 
ing left the hearer without excuse, and gloriously 

Methodism in Tennessee. 365 

asserted the divinity and majesty of the gospel. 
He was eminently practical, and all his sermons 
were loaded with maxims of priceless value. His 
health fulness of mind, great good sense, and large 
experience were of infinite worth to the Church, 
and the greatest deference was paid to his judg- 
ment by his brethren. His death has occasioned 
a broad vacancy in the Conference of which he 
was a member, for we esteemed him as a father, and 
all of us looked to him for advice and counsel." 

Such is the tribute paid to this servant of God 
by one of his colleagues. At the Conference held 
in Corpus Christi, in 18G8, he was appointed to 
the Goliad District, but died at the town of 
Helena, on his way home, December 21, 1868. 
His last hours were peaceful : he sleeps in Jesus. 
The author, by request of the Conference, preached 
a funeral discourse in memory of his esteemed 
brother and former colleague, at the ensuing ses- 
sion of the West Texas Conference, held at Goliad 
in the autumn of 1869 Mr. Davidson was a 
member of the General Conference at New Orleans, 
in 1866. 

Wiley B. Edwards traveled several years, and 
was very popular and useful. He located, and 
settled in the vicinity of Florence, Alabama, 
where a few years since he exchanged the cross 
for the crown. He was a burning and a shining 


GG Methodism in Tennessee. 

Alexander W Littlejohn belonged to a large 
and highly respectable family He labored for 
years in West Tennessee, and afterward removed 
to Arkansas, where he died in Christ, and has 
^one to his reward. 

Thomas Taylor is a member of the Memphis 
Conference. He had much to do in organizing the 
Annual and General Conferences of the "Colored 
Methodist Episcopal Church in America." Mr. 
Taylor had himself been a large slave-holder, but 
his known humane treatment of his servants, and 
his interest in their welfare, before as well as after 
they were freed, inspired the thousands of colored 
people who knew him with confidence. He did 
a, good and noble work for the freedmen of the 

Fountain Brown was transferred to Arkansas, 
where he lived and labored for many years on 
circuits and Districts. He was faithful until death. 
His sufferings during the late war were manifold, 
but he continued steadfast to the end, and died 
in hope. 

William C. Payne was a minister of fine talents 
and much usefulness. lie traveled and preached 
for several years. He then married Miss Gibbs, 
of Paris, Term.; located, studied medicine, became 
dissatisfied out of the pastoral work, reentered 
the itinerant ranks, and finally died in Mississippi. 
He served the Church in Yicksbura: two years. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 367 

where be was greatly beloved, and where he fin- 
ished his labors and closed his life, February 25, 

Henry C. Lightfoot was a good man, honored 
of God in life, and died in Christ. 

Edward D. Siinms was a thorough scholar, an 
amiable gentleman, was once a professor in La- 
Grange College, and died in Tuscaloosa, greatly 

Robert Alexander is still lingering in Texas, 
where, since 1837, he has been toiling " to culti- 
vate Immanuel's land." 

Daniel F. Alexander, the brother, as we have 
seen, has passed a. way 

" Elisha Carr was a native of Tennessee. His 
father, William Carr, was a pioneer, and was 
among the first Methodists in Middle Tennessee. 
He was for more than fifty years a devout Chris- 
tian, and exercised great influence in the Church 
as an exhorter and class-leader. Elisha was early 
taught the principles of Christianity, and in his 
youth embraced by faith the promises of the 
gospel. His experience as a Christian was deep, 
and his light always shone. In 1831 he was 
admitted on trial in the Tennessee Conference, 
and continued without abatement in the work of 
his Master till called from labor to reward. He 
filled many appointments in the mountains, in the 
Western portion of the State, and North Alabama. 

368 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Many years of his ministerial life were devoted to 
the colored people, among whom he was eminently 
useful. Elisha Carr was extensively known and 
greatly beloved. His talents were not of a high 
order, but he diligently improved his Lord's money 
He literally went about doing good. In the pul- 
pit, in the class-room, at the prayer-meeting, in 
private families, at camp-meetings, in winter and 
summer, night and day, for thirty-five years, he 
followed one calling, and exerted all his power in 
glorifying God and promoting the happiness of 
man. All the time, he was a man of affliction ; 
yet he ceased not to work to the utmost of his 
ability He was emphatically a good and faithful 
servant, and led a blameless life. He died in his 
sixtieth year, in the city of Nashville, February 
2, 1866. His end was peaceful and his reward 

Lorenzo D. Mullins is yet an active laborer in 
the Memphis Conference. He has filled many 
important stations, and has turned numbers to 

John McKelvy has withdrawn from the Meth- 
odist ministry Of the closing years of Peter and 
John F Burum the author has no knowledge. 

James W Fan's, Robert L. Andrews, William 
E. Doty, Reuben Alphin, Martin Wells, John E. 
Jones, Henry A. Rives, William E. Potter, William 
M. McFerrin, Thomas Llovd, Moses S. Morris, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 369 

James Ervine, E. J. Dodson, and J D. Winn were 
admitted into full connection. 

Lewis M. Woodson, Ruffin B. Stroud, A. F. 
Scruggs, Finch P Scruggs, Newton G. Berry man, 
William Mullins, William Patton, Thomas M. 
King, Levi Lowery, James Rowe, and Reuben 
Alphin located. 

Lewis Woodson lived for many years in Sum- 
ner county, Tennessee, where he exercised his 
gifts as a local preacher ; he was a man of good 
character and great usefulness; he lived respected, 
and died lamented. 

Four of the members of the Conference died 
during the year, 

Coleman Harwell's death has already been noted 
in this work. 

William M. Smith died in Graves county, Ken- 
tucky, on the 27th of July, 1830, in the twenty- 
seventh year of his age. He was converted at 
sixteen years of age. After entering the Confer- 
ence, he traveled Henderson, Obion, and Clark 
River Circuits — all west of the Tennessee River. 
The country was newly settled, and in many por- 
tions unhealthy But, nothing daunted, he went 
forward until attacked with bilious-fever, which 
prostrated him on a bed of sickness, from which 
he never arose. His faith failed not; just before 
his departure, after reviewing his life and telling 
those around that his work was accomplished, he 

370 Methodism in Tennessee. 

exclaimed: "Lord, now lettest thou thy servant 
depart in peace"; and, after a pause, in Christian 
triumph, cried out: "0 death, where is thy sting? 
grave, where is thy victory?" and then fell on 
sleep in Jesus. 

Weslev Deskin was born in Bledsoe countv, 
Tennessee, July 7, 1806. In the eighteenth year 
of his age he was converted, and was received on 
trial in the year 1826. He traveled Winchester, 
Lincoln, Franklin, and Caney Fork Circuits. He 
died October 3, 1830, in Warren county, Tenn. 
His last word — " victory!" Mr. Deskin was an 
amiable man, a devout Christian, and an excellent 
preacher. He fell early in the fight, and soon 
gained his crown. 

Hiram Casey passed away He was a good 
man, but no memoir has been put on record. 

One unfortunate member fell into sin during the 
year, and was expelled. How sad that men called 
of God to preach the gospel should be overcome 
by temptation, betray the Saviour, and bring re- 
proach upon the cause of Christ; but so it is. 
Iscariot was not the only Judas ; thousands have 
fallen away, but the truth of God stands unmoved. 

Samuel White, Robert McCorkle, Littleberry 
Crook, Joseph Lindsey, Richard Carter, Freeman 
Fitzgerald, Green B. Evans, Jesse Jenkins, John 
F Mclntire, James Haynie, Theophilus Saunders, 
John Bransford, Cornelius Evans, Richard Charles, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 371 

Peter Burum, and Cornelius McGuire, all local 
preachers, were elected to deacon's orders. 

Simpson Shepherd and Henry C. Horton were 
elected to Elder's orders. 

During the year, the missionaries in the Chero- 
kee Nation encountered sore trials. The State of 
Georgia determined to extend its jurisdiction over 
that part of the Indian territory which lay within 
the territory claimed by the State. Hence, laws 
were passed pressing heavily on those residing 
within certain limits ; and white men who were 
found there were required to take the oath of alle- 
giance to the State of Georgia or submit to speci- 
fied pains and penalties. To submit was to forfeit 
all with the Indians, who were incensed at the 
action of the Georgia Legislature ; to resist was 
to be arrested and, perhaps, imprisoned. Arrests 
were made, and several preachers were put in 
prison and otherwise harshly treated. Others, 
jigain, fled from the limits of Georgia and took 
refuge in Tennessee and Alabama,. 

There was great excitement, and many censures 
were uttered against what was considered oppres- 
sion on the part of Georgia. On the other hand, 
Georgia had its friends, who defended the action 
of the legislature. The missionaries being se- 
verely tried, drew up certain resolutions, which 
they desired the Conference to adopt or indorse. 
The matter elicited an animated debate, which 

372 Methodism in Tennessee. 

resulted in the adoption of the following resolu- 
tions — viz. : 

"Whereas, Certain resolutions have been entered 
into by our late missionaries in the Cherokee Na- 
tion, in which the Tennessee Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal -Church is called on for a 
public and official expression of their sertiments 
on the subject of the grievances of said Nation, 
we do hereby give the following : 

"1. Resolved, That whatever may be our pri- 
vate views and sentiments, as men and free citi- 
zens, relative to the sufferings and privations either 
of the aboriginal nations of our country or of any 
particular section of the United States, or of the 
policy adopted and pursued by the State authori- 
ties or General Government, yet, as a body of 
Christian ministers, we do not feel at liberty, nor 
are we disposed, to depart from the principles uni- 
formly maintained by the members and ministers 
of our Church in carefully refraining from all such 
interference w T ith political affairs. 

" 2. Resolved, That however we may appreciate 
the purity of motive and intention by which our 
missionary brethren were actuated, yet we regret 
that they should have committed themselves and 
us so far as to render it impossible for us to omit 
with propriety to notice their proceedings in this 
public manner. 

" 3. Resolved, That while we have confidence in 

Methodism in Tennessee. 373 

the wisdom and integrity of our rulers, we sin- 
cerely sympathize with our Cherokee brethren in 
their present afflictions, and assure them of our 
unabating zeal for the conversion and salvation of 
their souls. 

" 4. Resolved, That as the resolutions referred to 
have been published in the public prints, the above 
resolutions be forwarded also, by our Secretary, 
for publication in the Cherokee Phenix and Chris- 
tian Advocate and Journal." 

Such has been the tone and sentiment of South- 
ern Methodists from the beginning. Non-interfer- 
ence, as a Church, in State or governmental affairs 
has been their motto. As citizens, they exercise 
the right of suffrnge ; as citizens, they pay their 
taxes and sustain the laws and Constitutions of 
the States and General Government; but as Meth- 
odists, they cla,im only the privileges guaranteed 
to all Christians, affirming that the kingdom of 
Christ is not of this world. If, in any instance, 
there has been a departure from these views, it 
has been a violation of the known principles of the 
Southern Church from the beginning. 

"As far as it respects civil affairs, we believe it 
the duty of Christians, and especially all Chris- 
tian ministers, to be subject to the supreme au- 
thority of the country where they may reside, 
and to use all laudable means to enjoin obedience 
to the powers that be ; and, therefore, it is ex- 

374 Method 'sm in Tennessee. 

pected that nil our preachers and people, who may 
he under any foreign government, will behave 
themselves as peaceable and orderly subjects." * 

A resolution to change the 6th restrictive rule 
was submitted to the Tennessee Conference for 
concurrence. On motion, the consideration of the 
question was laid over for one year. 

The trustees of LaGrange College made their 
first annual report, which gave much encourage- 
ment as to the prospects of the institution. R. 
Paine was reappointed superintendent and Wil- 
liam McMahon agent of the college. 

It was determined that twelve missionaries and 
two interpreters should be appointed to the Chero- 
kee Nation the next year, five married and nine 
single men, and $2,000 was estimated as the sum 
requisite for their support. The wonder now is 
how they managed to live on this meager sum ; 
but they did live and did a great work, as will be 
seen from the reports. There was an increase 
this year of 604 whites, 485 colored, and 292 In- 
dians ; the total membership being : whites, 22,326 ; 
colored, 3,733; Indians, 1,028. The following 
preachers were sent to the mission : D. C. Mc- 
Leod, Superintendent ; Green M. Rogers, Martin 
Wells, Joseph Miller, John W Hanner, George 
W Martin, W W Philips, N. D. Scales, Turtle 

* Discipline, pnge 25. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 375 

Fields, Edward Graves, John F Boot, and J. 

The Holston Conference held its seventh session 
at Ebenezer, Green county, Tennessee. Ebenezer 
was an interesting place. Here, one of the early 
Conferences had convened ; here, Bishop Asbury 
had preached and encouraged the pioneers in their 
la"bor and sacrifice for Christ's sake. Bishops Mc- 
Kendree and Soule were present, and E. F Sevier 
was the Secretar}^ There was an increase this 
year of 890 white and 180 colored members. 

Only three were admitted on trial, and John 
Grant, B. H, Merrimon, 0. F. Johnson, Goodson 
McDaniel, Jesse Lee, and U. Keener located. 
Total of membership: 19,160 whites, 2,362 colored. 

Thus, since the autumn of 1824, the Holston 
Conference had made a net increase of white mem- 
members of 5,717; colored, 871. 

The Tennessee Conference in the same period 
had increased from 11,828 to 22,326, or a net 
gain of 10,498 white members ; in colored mem- 
bers, from 1,749 to 3,733, or a net gain of 1,984; 
Indians, from 189 to 1,028, a gain of 839. Total 
increase in both Conferences, 16,909. 

376 Methodism in Tennessee. 


Twentieth session of the Tennessee Conference at Paris — 
Bishop Roberts — New country — Twenty-one admitted on 
trial — A whole Presiding Elder's District supplied by trans- 
fer — John Harrell's account — Preachers received into full 
connection — Local preachers elected to orders — Locations 
— Delegates to the General Conference — LaGrange Col- 
lege — Missionary to the slaves — " Uncle Pompey " — Sun- 
day-schools — Small increase of members — Holston Con- 
ference, eighth session — Bishop Hedding — Athens — 
Church-property — Not much progress — Preachers admit- 
ted on trial — Into full connection — Education — Tennessee 
Conference, twentv-firstsession — Bishop Andrew — Preach- 
ers admitted — Wesley Smith's letter — Holston, ninth ses- 
sion — Evansham — Bishop Emory — Preachers admitted — 
Property — Scarcity of preachers. 

The twentieth session of the Tennessee Con- 
ference was held in Paris, beginning Thursday, 
November 10, 1831. Bishop Roberts was pres- 
ent and presided; Thomas L. Douglass was elected 
Secretary This was the first session of an An- 
nual Conference ever held in West Tennessee, or 
(hat part of the State west of the Tennessee 

Methodism in Tennessee. 377 

River. The country was comparatively new It 
had only been eleven years since Lewis Garrett, 
jr., and Hezekiah Holland had been sent west of 
the river as missionaries ; now, there were nearly 
two whole Presiding Elder's Districts. Flourish- 
ing towns were springing up, churches and school- 
houses were being erected, and camping-grounds 
constructed. The country was beautiful and very 
fertile, and emigrants poured in by thousands 
every year. 

Paris was among the most pleasant and thriving 
young towns of the "New Purchase," and was 
settled by an intelligent, enterprising population. 
Here the Conference assembled and met a most 
cordial welcome. A brick Methodist church had 
been erected, and was open for the reception of 
the Conference and the congregations meeting fur 
worship. The sessions were held in the Masonic 
Hall, and were of special interest. 

Bishop Roberts was in fine health, and presided 
to the satisfaction of the whole body. His preach- 
ing was in power. On Sunday morning, he dis- 
coursed for an hour on the character and kingdom 
of Christ. The sermon was powerful, and moved 
the audience to tears and shouts. 

The ordinary minute-business was transacted 
without any special obstruction, and yet the Con- 
ference was in session for nine days, including the 
Sabbath. Debating and long speeches were more 

378 Methodism in Tennessee. 

common in those days then at present; hence, the 
Conference-sessions were more protracted. 

Twenty-one were admitted on trial — namely : 
William Craig, William Duke, Thomas IT. P 
Scales, William A. Boyce, Drury Womack, William 
P Rowles, Jeremiah Claunch, R. II. Rivers, 
Joseph L. Gojd, James 0. Williams, James T. 
Sawrie, Win. D. F Sawrie, Arthur Davis, Allen 
M. Scott, Samuel M. Kingston, Jeremiah Wil- 
liams, Elias It. Porter, Stith M. Harwell, John N. 
Ilamill, Jeremiah Easterwood, and Alvin Baird. 

William Craig was an old man, but strong, 
lie went to Texas, where, as a pioneer, he did 
effective service. 

Of Duke, Boyce, Ilamill, Scott, and Baird more 
will be said on another page. 

W P Rowles was a physician of handsome 
attainments. He was skeptical, but by the preach- 
ing of the cross he was converted. lie lived, at 
the time he united with the Church, in North 
Alabama. He soon began to preach, and became 
a, zealous advocate of the Christian religion. After 
entering the Conference, he labored with acceptance 
a, few years, located, studied law, became a poli- 
tician, and, after several years, died and went to 
his reward. He was a man of ability 

J. S. Claunch located and removed to Arkansas, 
where he died, and is buried a few miles from 

Methodism in Tennessee. 379 

Richard H. Rivers, D.D., as a scholar, profes- 
sor, and president of literary institutions, as well 
as a preacher, is widely known. He is now a 
pastor in the city of Louisville, Kentucky, where 
he is devoting his energies to the work of the 
ministry He is greatly beloved as a devout 
Christian as well as an able minister. He was a 
graduate of LaGrange College. 

James 0. Williams was educated at LaGrange. 
His personal appearance was not attractive, and 
in manner he was eccentric, but he had a towering- 
intellect, and made great reputation as a public- 
speaker. He died young. His closing years were 
in the South. He fell a victim to yellow-fever. 

James T Sawrie was a good preacher. He has 
gone to his reward. His brother, W D. F Saw- 
rie, is still a member of the Tennessee Conference. 
He has filled many of the most important appoint- 
ments in Middle and West Tennessee, as well as 
in North Alabama,. Mr. Sawrie is in the effective 
work, beloved by his brethren. 

Arthur Davis is a member of the White River 
Conference. He long lived and labored in the 
Memphis Conference, where he had many seals 
to his ministry, and where he is still much hon- 
ored and loved. He, as well as Mr. Sawrie, is a 

To S. M. Kingston reference has already been 

380 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Jeremiah Williams, brother to Uriah, located. 
He is still a good man, exercising his gifts as a 

Elias R. Porter was trained in the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church ; he united with the Meth- 
odists " because of doctrinal views"; became an 
eloquent preacher ; retired from the work, and 
died in Mississippi, some years ago. 

Sfith M. Harwell is a local preacher, a man of 
fair character, belonging to a large family, many 
of whom are and have been in the work of the 

Of I. Easterwood's end the author has no knowl- 

At this period, Arkansas was embraced in the 
Missouri Conference. There was a demand for 
preachers in that new and growing country; Bishop 
Roberts called for volunteers, and the result will 
be seen in the following statement of the Rev. John 
Harrell, now Superintendent of the Indian Mis- 
sion Conference. He says : 

"In the year 1831, the Missouri Conference 
was attended by Bishop Roberts, and at that time 
included the Arkansas territory, which was left 
mainly to be supplied. When the Bishop reached 
Paris, the seat of the Tennessee Conference, he 
began to beat up for volunteers to fill the Arkan- 
sas District, and the following preachers consented 
to go to that wild and sparsely-settled field <>f 

Methodism in Tennessee. 381 

labor — yiz. : A. D. Smith, P E., Harris G. Jopplin, 
Alvin Baird, William G. Duke, John N. Hamill, 
Wm. A. Boyce, Allen M. Scott, and John Harrell. 
We were to meet at Memphis by Christmas-day 
At the appointed time, we were all present, and 
ready for the march west of the Father of Waters. 
The weather, however, had been extremely cold, 
so that the swamp directly in the route to Little 
Bock was considered impassable. Brother Smith 
suggested the plan of purchasing a flat-boat and 
going down to Helena, believing that to be a better 
route through the swamp than the other way. A 
boat was purchased, each preacher bearing his 
part of the price; and, after adjusting our horses, 
saddles, and saddle-bags, we unloosed our moorings. 
A stranger was taken in with us, the company 
then consisting of nine in all. We left Memphis 
on the 25th of December, 1831. The scene was 
new to most of us ; sometimes, we pulled with the 
oars, and then again we would let our boat drift 
for awhile. When night came, we would land, 
tie our boat to a tree, make us a big fire, cut an 
armful of cane to make us a bed, and, after pray- 
ing together, we retired to sleep, using our saddle- 
blankets for a coverina;. 

"We arrived at Helena on the evening of the 
third day The river had fallen suddenly, making 
it very difficult to gain the bank with our horses; 
but we finally succeeded, and reached the hotel. 

382 Methodism in Tennessee. 

After breakfast next day, our bills paid, Brother 
Smith asked the landlord to let him pray with 
his family ; the answer was, ' I do my own pray- 
ing. ' This was our introduction into our new field 
of labor. Traveling westward a few miles, we 
reached the house of a Brother Burress, a good 
and useful local preacher, who had settled in the 
cane-brake with a large family, most of whom 
were daughters; but they were cheerful and happy, 
and their hospitality to us was truly pleasant to 
enjoy Here, we met Brother Fountain Brown, 
who also had been sent over to cultivate this wild 
and unsettled land. Brother Brown lived to 
travel extensively through the State, both as a 
circuit-preacher and Presiding Elder, and has left 
scores of seals to his ministry He was taken 
prisoner during the war, and, after suffering nearly 
two years up North, was released from prison and 
started to his family, but died within a few miles 
of his home. 

"After parting with the kind family above-men- 
tioned, and leaving Brother Smith to hold a quar- 
terly-meeting on that circuit, we set out for our 
places of destination. After traveling two days, 
Brother Boyce left us for Pine Bluff, Brothers 
Jopplin and Duke for Mount Prairie, Bro. Hamill 
to the Little Rock Circuit. The remaining three 
had a long ride to the north-western part of the 
country Brother Baird went to the Creek Nation, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 383 

J. N. Hamill to the Cherokee Nation, and A. M. 
Scott to the Washington Circuit. During the 
year, we had several camp-meetings in the Indian 
country, and a general revival of religion through 
the whole Arkansas District. 

" The next Conference was held at Pilot Grove, 
in the State of Missouri, and several of the preach- 
ers had to travel five hundred miles on horseback 
to reach the seat of the Conference. These were 
days of labor and suffering. In this year, ]832, 
the first circuit was formed in the Cherokee Na- 
tion, West, by the writer, and a school commenced 
in the Creek Nation, with several preaching-places, 
by Brother Baird. 

"I believe all the men that were there in the 
field have passed away, except two. Brother 
Duke lives in the State of Texas, and is a good 
and faithful local preacher; Brothers Baird and 
Hamill, as I have learned, died in Texas ; Brother 
Jopplin,in Missouri; Brother Boyce was drowned 
in the Washita River; Brother Smith died in 
Arkansas, since the war closed ; he had been for 
many years a useful local preacher. Rumor says 
A. M. Scott was killed, perhaps about the close 
of the war, in Tennessee. ]t is rather a sad re- 
flection that none of these brethren died in the 
itinerant ranks, save J. N Hamill. In reviewing 
the labors of that year, it is wonderful to know 
that four Annual Conferences now exist in what 


84 Methodism in Tennessee. 

was then the Arkansas District; and the writer 
of this sketch is spared to see these wonderful 
changes during the space of thirty-nine years. 

" Most of the preachers of that day have passed 
away. Many of them were burning and shining 
lights, and, we trust, are gone where the wicked 
cease from troubling and the weary are at rest. 

" Your brother, in Christ, 

"John Harrell." 

Uriah Williams, J W Hanner, Robert Gregory, 
Elbert J. Allen, Robert C. Jones, Edward F Eng- 
lish, Isaac H. Harris, Frederick G. Ferguson, 
Hiram M. Glass, Charles T. Ramsey, Harris G. 
Jopplin, and W W Phillips w r ere admitted into 
full connection. 

Twenty traveling preachers were ordained as 
deacons this year. The number was larger than 
usual, because the year previous there was no 
Bishop present. 

The following local preachers were elected to 
deacon's orders : Matthew D. Thomson, Samuel 
H. Peak, Jesse Moreland, Joshua W Coffee, Dan- 
iel Judd, J D. Bibb, Benjamin Sykes, Edward 
Davie, John Yost, John Brown, William Shep- 
perd, John Collins, William Holyfield, Robert C. 
Goodjoin, Archibald Walker, Amazia Jones, Henry 
Cooper, Matthew Neel, and John W Yates. 

The following local deacons were elected to 
Elder's orders : Benjamin S. Mabry, A. B. Duvall, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 385 

John M. Taylor, David 0. Shattuck, Henry W 
Sale, Joseph Ballew, Henry B. Blood worth, John 
Henning, Robert Wilkerson, Samuel Hankins, 
Vincent Harralson, William Gwinn, Fletcher Sul- 
livan, and J. E. Cole — fourteen. 

The reader will perceive that preachers multi- 
plied in those days. 

Henry B. North, Thomas Payne, Francis A. 
Jarre tt, James W Allen, John B. Summers, Wil- 
liam P Kendrick, Thomas I. Elliott, Henry A. 
Rives, Isaiah P Young, and Jacob Ellinger lo- 

The Conference proceeded to elect thirteen del- 
egates to the General Conference, which was to 
meet in Philadelphia, May, 1832. 

Robt. Paine, John M. Holland, Joshua Boucher, 
Francis A. Owen, Fountain E. Pitts, William Mc- 
Mahon, Alexander L. P Green, Wilson L. Mc- 
Alister, James McFerrin, Lorenzo D. Overall, L. 
Garrett, G. W D. Harris, and Thomas L. Doug- 
lass were chosen. 

Reserves, Dixon C. McLeod, G. T. Henderson, 
and J B. McFerrin, 

The delegates were all present at the General 
Conference, in May, 1832, except J Boucher, 
whose place was taken by G. T. Henderson. 

The Conference heard with pleasure the report 
from the trustees of LaGrange College, and re- 
appointed Robert Paine, superintendent; William 
vol in. — 25 

386 Methodism in Tennessee. 

McMahon, agent; and Edward D. Simms, pro- 

At this session, the Conference entered fairly 
on the work of missions among the colored peo- 
ple. Hitherto, the blacks had been served by the 
regular pastors, but it was determined to give 
more attention to these neglected people ; hence, 
two excellent men were appointed exclusively to 
the work of preaching to slaves. Thomas M. 
King, to the slaves in Madison and Limestone 
counties, Alabama; and Dr. Gilbert D. Taylor, to 
those in Franklin and Lawrence counties. These 
were both slave-holders, men of age, piety, and 

In South Carolina, by the influence of Dr. 
William Capers, afterward Bishop, and others, 
the work had been introduced, and success crowned 
the efforts of those enterprising servants of the 
Church. Conferences in other States followed, 
and soon scores of preachers in the Southern States 
were engaged in proclaiming the doctrines of the 
Bible to the sable sons of Africa. A more success- 
ful mission has not been enterprised by the Church 
in modern times. In the day of rewards, it will 
be seen that the Southern Methodists did a great 
work for the slaves of the South ; the persecution 
and misrepresentations of their enemies notwith- 

From Tennessee to Florida, and from Virginia 

Methodism in Tennessee. 387 

to Texas, the heralds of the cross proclaimed to 
the slaves salvation, without money arid without 

Many years previous to the date here given the 
colored people were cared for in Tennessee. Among 
the blacks there were many genuine Christians and 
some excellent preachers. The most remarkable 
was " Pompey," who in his youth was the slave 
of the Rev. N. Moore, brother-in-law to Bishop 
McKendree. Mr. Moore gave Pompey his free- 
dom, and preached with him at the same meetings. 
The author heard Pompey preach several times 
when he was a child, and w T ell remembers the 
excellent standing of the man and the marked 
respect he had of both white and colored. 

The following sketch has been furnished by the 
Rev- H. H. Montgomery, of Mississippi, formerly 
of Tennessee. It is inserted as a just tribute to 
a good man. Mr. Montgomery writes : 

"In your 'History of Methodism in Tennessee,' 
I wish you could give us a full history of 'Uncle 
Pompey,' the negro preacher. Perhaps you knew 

" Pompey, if not a native of Africa, had but a 
short link between him and that country. His 
master was an officer in the Revolutionary War, 
and lived in North Carolina. After that war 
closed, he began to preach, and became an itinerant. 
(I am stating it as I heard it when a boy ) He 

388 Methodism in Tennessee. 

had Pompey to travel with him, as he had been his 
faithful body-servant during the war. At a camp- 
meeting he was converted, and there felt a very 
great interest in his master's success as a minister 
of Jesus Christ. He learned to read, and took 
great interest in reading the Bible. He studied 
it day and night. He felt that he had a work to 
do in preaching. He gave close attention to the 
expositions of Scripture as his master preached. 
He thought some of his sermons mi«'hb be im- 
proved by certain additions and expositions, and 
ventured to tell his master one day that he felt, or 
believed, he could have made a better sermon than 
he did the day before. ' Pomp, do you think 
you could preach?' 'Yes, master.' 'Do you 
think you ought to preach, Pomp?' 'Yes, mas- 
ter, I have felt and thought a great deal about it.' 
' Then, Pompey, you shall preach to-morrow ' 
This he did, and his master was so pleased at his 
effort that he gave Pompey his freedom, that he 
might go where he pleased and preach. 

" Pompey removed to Middle Tennessee, fifty 
or more years ago, where he was respected by all 
who knew him, and where he was very popular 
as a preacher. He preached mostly to white 
people, and had many invitations to preach, so 
that he was known in many communities. Nearly 
forty years ago, he moved to McNairy county, and 
settled on a public road. His wife and daughters 

Methodism in Tennessee. 389 

were neat housekeepers, and his house was a favor- 
ite stand for many travelers in those days. He 
and his family would never sit at the same table 
with his guests. 

" While living at that place, he had many invi- 
tations to visit neighborhoods and preach. These 
were so numerous that he would have to make out 
a list and send on to have announced for him. 
This list would often cover every day for six 
weeks, and extend sometimes for three months. 
They were not attended by small congregations on 
any day in the week. 

" The first time I remember to have seen him 
was in the Christmas holidays of 1832. The 
weather was very cold, but the congregation was 
so large that old ' Center ' Church could not hold 
the people by one-half. So they adjourned to the 
camp-ground, where the vast congregation listened 
attentively to an evangelical and powerful sermon 
for an hour from him. I was a boy of thirteen 
years, but a very deep impression was made on 
my mind. He related the circumstances of his 
awakening, repentance, and conversion. There 
seemed to be scarcely one that was not weeping. 
And when he described the simplicity of that faith 
by which he received pardon and salvation, and 
the great change of heart and feeling which he 
realized, and every thing was new — so new that he 
could hardly realize that it was Pompey, till he 

390 Methodism in Tennessee. 

looked ;i.t his h finds and felt his wool, and found it 
was Pompey's skin find Pompey's wool, but it was 
Pompey with a new heart — there was a burst of 
glory find praise that went up from many of that 

"The first camp-meeting ever held in Yalabusha 
county, Mississippi, was near the old town of 
Hendersonville, between Grenada and Coffeeville, 
in 1833 or 1834. Pompey was the only preacher 
there, and T. B. Ives was the exhorter. The coun- 
try was just being settled by the whites, and the 
congregation did not exceed perhaps 200 or 250 
persons. Yet they came and pitched their tents, 
and Pompey preached to them twice a day for 
three or four days, and Brother Ives exhorted. 
Several souls were converted, and Christians were 

" The last time I heard him preach was at a 
camp-meeting fit Old Center, in 1836. It was the 
last night of the meeting. There seemed to be 
more power in his prayer than any I had ever 
heard before. The earth seemed to tremble under 
the weight of that power. His sermon was not, 
perhaps, over twenty minutes long; but such a 
moving and stirring sermon ! The whole audience 
seemed to sway to and fro like wheat under the 
power of the wind ! Cries for mercy, groans of 
agony, and shouts of praise were so numerous and 
loud that, strong find loud as his voice was, one 

M'tliodism in Tennessee. 391 

could scarcely hear him, and he exclaimed : 'When 
de Lord preaches, Poinpey stops,' and sat down. 

"Although so many would attend his ministry, 
and so many invite him to their houses, yet he 
was humble, respectful, and retiring. When in- 
vited by white persons to their homes (and many 
felt it to be an honor to have him go home with 
them), he would always go to the kitchen, or serv- 
ants' house, unless they pressed him into their resi- 
dences and to their tables. He would never go 
into the pulpit when other ministers were present, 
unless they gave him a special invitation. He 
would always say master, or mistress, when ad- 
dressing white persons. He had memorized so 
much of the Scriptures that I never knew him to 
take a Bible in his hand at family-worship. 4 Un- 
cle Pompey, we are ready to have prayers ; please 
lead for us.' He would stand up, and repeat a 
chapter, or Psalm, then sing a hymn, and kneel 
and pray/' 

The Conference, at this session, took a decided 
stand in favor of Sunday-schools, and Sunday- 
schools of our own. Here is its deliverance : 

" 1. Resolved, by the Tennessee Annual Conference, 
That the Presiding Elders be, and are hereby, 
instructed, and it is enjoined upon them, to use 
their best exertions in promoting the establishment 
of Sunday-schools, by making it a subject of in- 
quiry in their Quarterly Conferences, recommending 

392 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and superintending the formation and organization 
of Sunday-school societies auxiliary to the Sunday- 
school Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

"2. Resolved, That the assistant preachers on 
their circuits find stations be, and they are hereby, 
instructed and required to form and organize Sun- 
day-school societies, where it is practicable, and 
to have a Sunday-school established, if possible, at 
every meeting-house on the circuit. 

" 3. Resolved, That each preacher report to next 
Conference the success of his labors, by giving 
the number of schools, superintendents, teachers, 
scholars, etc., which may be engaged in the work. 

"4. Resolved, That the preachers be instructed 
to inform our members and friends generally that 
we have no connection whatever with the Ameri- 
can Sunday-school Union, and that we recommend 
them to become auxiliary to the Sunday-school 
Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

" 5. Resolved, That in our judgment it is inex- 
pedient for any of our traveling preachers to en- 
gage as agents for any other Sunday-school besides 
our own." 

The year previous had not been attended with 
great success, taking the increase of members as 
the evidence. There was only an increase of 106 
white members, while there was a decrease both 
among the colored members and the Indians. 

The troubles arising out of the removal of the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 393 

Cherokees west of the Mississippi greatly retarded 
the Church-work among those people for many 

The eighth session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Athens, Tennessee, beginning Novem- 
ber 10, 1831. Bishop Hedding presiding; E. F 
Sevier, Secretary. This was Bishop Hedding's 
first visit to Tennessee. He was a New Eng- 
lander by birth, and was elected and ordained in 
1824, at the time of Bishop Soule's election and 
ordination. He was a great and good man. He 
knew but little of the manners and habits of 
the Southern people, yet the South had his sym- 
pathies, and the people of the South, in return, 
properly appreciated Bishop Hedding. His end 
was pence; he died, as all faithful ministers of 
Christ may hope to die, " full of faith and the 
Holy Ghost." 

Bishop Hedding was of a commanding person. 
He was full six feet in height, and large in propor- 
tion. His features were strong and symmetrical, 
and his face indicated quiet and great self-posses- 
sion. He was an able preacher, and well versed in 
ecclesiastical law and usages. His manners were 
simple and his bearing kind; he always had a pleas- 
ant word for his friends. He and Bishop Soule 
have joined hands where "the weary are at rest." 

Athens is a pleasant town, the county-seat of 
McMinn. At this time, it was comparatively new, 

394 Methodism in Tennessee. 

but a thriving business place. Here, Methodism 
took deep root at an early day, and grew and 
prospered. Here, the Church had a flourishing 
institution of learning, with a good house of wor- 
ship; both passed out of the hands of the South- 
ern Church during the late war. The church has 
been restored, but the institution is still retained 
by the Northern Methodists. Of the means by 
which the property was obtained and retained it 
perhaps becomes not the author to say ; though 
they were regarded by many as not in accordance 
with the principles of equity and Christian affec- 
tion. The last time will reveal many things that 
are not made manifest under the present admin- 
istration of a just and holy God. He will do 

There seems to have been a pause in the work 
in Holston : only seven admitted on trial in two 
vears, and twelve locations. In the number of 
members, there was, this year, only an increase 
of 97 whites, and a decrease of 43 colored. There 
was a decrease, of course, of traveling preachers. 
The cause of this dearth can hardly be explained. 
Perhaps it was owing, in part, to a want of proper 
support of the ministry ; perhaps to the unsettled 
state of society — the spirit of emigration was at 
work among the people ; perhaps, and more likely 
than any thing else, a want of zeal, and of entire 
consecration to the work of Christ. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 395 

Elijah Still, Hiram Ingram, William Harle, and 
Nathan Harrison were admitted on trial. 

Arnold Patton, Jacob Nutty, Rufus M. Stevens, 
Anthony Bewley, Archibald Woodfin, D. R. Mc- 
Anally, W Bowers, Harry dimming, and Moses 
F Rainwater were admitted into full connection. 

Moses Rainwater, Ashley Wynn, Christian 
Easterly, Henry Powell, J. L. Straley, and E. F 
Sevier located. 

In the stations of the preachers, it is seen that 
Thomas Stringfield was appointed agent for Hols- 
ton Seminary 

The Holston preachers, from the organization 
of their Conference, devoted themselves to the 
cause of education, and sought earnestly to estab- 
lish schools for the training of the children of both 
sexes. For awhile, they would seem to prosper, 
and then some disaster would overtake their best- 
meant efforts. Like nearly all the Conferences, 
they undertook too much, or, rather, attempted to 
build up too many schools at once. It requires 
time, money, patience, perseverance, and, withal, 
concentration, to accomplish much in the erection 
and support of institutions of learning. Finally, 
the Holston Conference concentrated on Emory 
and Henry College, which has proved a success. 
The Martha, Washington College, at Abingdon, 
Virginia, and the Asheville Female College gave 
signs of success. Scores of promising schools in 

306 Methodism in Tennessee, 

the Church have failed, mainly because of the 
multiplication of their number without endowment 
or concentrated action. 

Perhaps the failures of the past will make the 
friends of education wiser in time to come. What 
if it require fifty, or even one hundred, years to 
complete the work ; dig deep, lay the foundation 
broad, and let the ground be solid, and then may 
be added the materials which will complete the 
edifice in after years. 

The twenty-first session of the Tennessee Con- 
ference was held in the city of Nashville, begin- 
ning October 31, 1832. Bishop Andrew was 
present and presided ; Thomas L. Douglass, Sec- 
retary This was the first Conference ever held 
by Bishop Andrew. He was a Georgian by birth; 
was born 1794, and ordained Bishop May, 1832, 
at thirty-eight years of age. Bishop Andrew was 
in the prime of his manhood. He had been in 
the ministry twenty-one years, having commenced 
preaching when he was eighteen years of age. 
His experience, therefore, was ripe, and he under- 
stood w 7 ell the machinery of Methodism. More- 
over, he had a quick apprehension, and had a large 
stock of common sense. His first Conference was 
a success ; he presided to the satisfaction of all 
concerned, and his preaching produced a profound 
sensation. His sermon on Sabbath morning was 
regarded as a masterly effort; indeed, it was so 

Methodism in Tennessee. 397 

powerful, and made such an impression on the 
public mind, that it at once fixed his reputation 
in Nashville. He was ever afterward a favorite 
in the city, and in the Tennessee Conference. 
There was a great religious revival in progress 
during the sitting of the Conference. 

The following preachers were admitted on trial 
— viz.: Benjamin D. Neal, Thomas W Randle, 
Robert A. Smith, Calvin Thompson, William Pier- 
son, Wesley Warren, John C. Parker, Samuel W 
Speer, Richmond Randle, Alexander R. Dickson, 
Levi Fisher, Alexander Robinson, Mordecai Yell, 
and Isaac Mullins. 

Benjamin D. Neal traveled a few years, and 

Thomas W Randle's name is familiar to the 

Robert A. Smith was a very promising young 
preacher, and, as will be seen in the sequel, died 
young. He belonged to a large and respectable 
family, four of whom became Methodist preachers, 
and all were men of talents. The following letter 
from the Rev. Wesley Smith, the youngest brother, 
is inserted with pleasure, and will be read with 
interest. Mr. Smith writes in an easy and familiar 
style. Certain paragraphs are omitted because 
they might be considered too personal for a pub- 
lication of this sort. Mr. Smith says : 

"At an early period in the present century, my 

398 Methodism in Tennessee. 

father — Joshua Smith — moved from Souih Caro- 
lina, and settled near the town of Springfield, in 
Robertson county, Tennessee. Here I was born, 
January 4, 1815. About the time of my birth, 
my parents, though raised up under other influ- 
ences, embraced the Methodist faith, to which 
they remained attached to the end of their lives. 
All the children (I was the youngest) — not adults 
— were baptized by the Rev. Isaac Lindsey: I 
suppose the same man who was murdered in Ten- 
nessee, some years ago. I have no personal rec- 
ollection of him, but have often heard my parents 
speak of him in high terms. My father's house 
was ever, and truly, a Methodist-preachers' home. 
Among his guests and favorites at that day was 
James Gwin. Lorenzo Dow has lodged with 
him, and " Victory" Weaver used to make his 
house a regular stopping-place. In after years, I 
made, in Monroe county, Mississippi, the acquaint- 
ance of a son of old Victor?/ — a local preacher and 
good man — and also two grandsons, both local 
Methodist preachers. 

"About the year 1819, my father moved from 
Tennessee to Lauderdale county, Alabama, and 
settled on Blue-water Creek. Ue had not been 
there long when the " circuit-rider " found his 
cabin, and soon made it a preaching-place. I well 
remember the old cabin, with dirt floor and stick 
chimney, and the two split-log benches that were 

Methodism in Tennessee. 399 

used to seat the little congregation of backwoods 
worshipers. If I am not mistaken, G. D. Taylor 
and J. Boucher both preached and slept in that 
rude cabin. Poor old cabin ! it has long since 
been rotted down. My earliest recollections are 
associated with Methodist preachers, local and 
itinerant. Among those most remembered are 
Waters, Craig,* Rozell,f Jackson, Thomas Payne, 
Lloyd, Tidwell, and Joseph Miller, not forgetting 
old Jack Maxey In the filling up of the settle- 
ment, my father's residence became uncentral to 
the Methodist influence ; in fact, it became pretty 
much surrounded by Hardshellism. Hence, in the 
course of time, the appointment w r as moved two 
miles west of us, to the residence of old Esquire 
Alexander McDugall, one of the best men that 
ever lived, who afterward became the father-in-law 
of the Rev. VV B. Edwards and the Rev. Bynum. 
' Uncle Ellick,' as w r e called him, has long since 
gone to heaven, as well as both of his daughters, 
who were married to Methodist preachers. His 
sons — some of them — still live in Tennessee. 

"I know not what became of Waters, Craig, 
or Rozell; but when I reached Texas, in the 
fall of 1851, the first Methodist preacher I met 
was a brother of our old Tennessee Craig. The 

* John Craig is referred to in vol. i. 
f Rozell is a citizen of Nashville. 

400 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Rev William Craig, who has since died; lived near 
Henderson, Texas. He was a remarkable man in 
some respects. He was a terror to all dogs and 
evil-doers at a camp-meeting. My father used to 
support a tent at a camp ground, over in the edge 
of Lawrence county, Tennessee, known as Wool- 
sey's Camp-ground; and I well remember the terror 
I felt at seeing old Brother Craig passing to and 
fro, wielding his terrible shillalah after the dogs. 

" Jeremiah Jackson was one of those men who 
knew nothing but the blessed gospel; and 
what a preacher he was ! Few men could ex- 
pound the doctrines of pure Christianity with 
more clearness and force than he. He was truly 
a prince in Israel. 

" In the Blue- water bottom, near Esquire Mc- 
Dugall's, was a beautiful beech-grove, under the 
branches of which the Hardshells had erected a 
stand for preaching. On one occasion, a Baptist 
preacher had an appointment to preach a doctrinal 
sermon at this place. Father Jackson attended, 
and listened to the harangue, attentively; and when 
it was through, he arose and announced that on a 
certain Sunday he would reply at the same place. 
When the time arrived, the concourse beinu; larire, 
he placed the Bible on the board before him, and, 
laying his hand upon it, said : 'Here is my text.' 
He then took up the subject in controversy, and 
made a most overwhelming and triumphant vindi- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 401 

cation of the truth of Methodist theology, in op- 
position to Hardshellism. 

"The last sermon the old man ever preached 
was, in my father's house, the funeral-sermon of 
my oldest brother, John. And the first article I 
ever wrote for the press was an obituary notice of 
Rev Jeremiah Jackson. It was published in the 
Western Methodist, in the year 1834. Father 
Jackson was a very plain, simple-hearted man, 
but powerful in the Scriptures. 

" The last I saw of Elias Tidwell was at Aber- 
deen, Mississippi, when the Memphis Conference 
met there the first time. He lived in West Ten- 
nessee. He and Joseph Miller traveled Shoal Cir- 
cuit in 1828. In the fall of the year, a protracted, 
or quarterly, meeting was held at McDugall's, 
which resulted in an overwhelming revival of re- 
ligion ; nearly every young person in the * Scotch 
neighborhood '(as this was called) became religious, 
and our Society, from a mere handful, became 
strong, and especially so in spirituality We had 
Uncle George Kennedy for our class-leader, and 
what happy times we had ! What glorious 
class and prayer-meetings ! I have met nothing 
like it of late years. In this revival, my brother, 
William A. Smith, was converted. He joined the 
Church as a seeker on his knees, at the mourner's- 
bench. He soon became a preacher, joined the 

Tennessee Conference, traveled W;iyne Circuit 

402 Methodism in Tennessee. 

with William E. Doty ; then Richland Circuit, 
with Tidwell, his spiritual father; then he, with 
his twin-brother, Robert, went with G. Garrett to 
Alabama Conference. Robert died in 1836, at 
Elyton, Alabama ; and William, at Austin, Texas, 
January 4, 1857 James A. Smith, another broth- 
er, older, embraced religion in the year that the 
Rev- Charles Sibley was on Shoal Circuit, and be- 
came an acceptable local preacher. He died in 
Dallas county, Texas, some years ago — 1863, I 

"The Rev Dr. G. D. Taylor was on Shoal 
Circuit, with Henry Lightfoot, about 1831 or 1832. 
He was then Presiding Elder on that District. 
(You see I don't remember dates very accurately ) 

" Joshua Boucher was another of those men of 
God whom I early learned to reverence and love. 
He was our Presiding Elder at one of the camp- 
meetings at Woolsey's Camp-ground; and after 
him was your beloved father. It is hard to de- 
scribe the veneration that my young mind then 
possessed for these great and good men. 

" I don't recollect to have seen your excellent 
father since 1832. I saw you and him together 
at La.Gra.nge, at the college-examination. I after- 
ward heard you preach, in 1835 or 1836, at Rast's 
Chapel, in Lauderdale county, Alabama. I was 
upon a visit to my father's at the time. You, in 
the course of your sermon, spoke of some whom 

Methodism in Tennessee. 403 

God had called to preach, and who were living in 
disobedience. I suppose you little thought what 
effect your words were having on the mind of the 
gay-looking young man before you — even if you 
noticed him at all. But it was a nail in a sure 
place; for, though I still lived in disobedience 
for several years, the impression never left me, 
and the effect of that sermon w 7 as never lost." 

Calvin Thompson retired from the work. 

William Pierson was a devout Christian and an 
excellent preacher. He filled several important 
appointments, and was popular and useful. He 
died young. His elder brother, Edmund, was a 
good preacher. He labored in the Holston Con- 
ference, the Tennessee Conference, and as a mis- 
sionary among the Cherokees. His mantle has 
fallen on his son, Bascom T. Pierson, of the Mis- 
sissippi Conference. 

Wesley Warren became an able preacher. His 
health failed, and he entered upon the study and 
practice of medicine, residing in Paris, Tennessee. 
In 1845 he was readmitted into the Memphis 
Conference, and filled the pulpits in Memphis and 
.Tackson, Tennessee, and Aberdeen, Mississippi. 
He was a superior preacher and a devout servant 
of God. He died lamented by hundreds, and is 
buried at Paris, where he awaits the resurrection 
of the just. 

John C. Parker w T as born and brought up in 

404 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Sunnier county After a few years' toil in the 
Tennessee Conference, he was transferred to Ar- 
kansas, where he occupied a prominent position. 
He was in the city station, and on the District as 
Presiding Elder, He was a delegate to the Gen- 
eral Conference, and in every respect had the 
confidence and esteem of his brethren in the min- 
istry, and of the people. It is reported that he 
died in Texas during the late war. 

Samuel W Speer, D.D., is a member of the 
Kentucky Conference. He is a native of David- 
son county, Tenn., and the son of the Rev Moses 
Speer, a pioneer of the West. He is a preacher 
of ability 

Richmond Randle, the brother of T. W Ran- 
dle, became a prominent preacher, and died a 
member of the Louisiana Conference. He filled 
many important appointments on the circuit, in 
the station, on the District, and was a member 
of the General Conference. He went into the 
Southern army as a chaplain, where he died, la- 
mented by thousands. He was a true man. He 
has a, son, the Rev Robert Randle, who is a mem- 
ber of the Louisiana Conference. 

A. R. Dickson, Alexander Robinson, and Isaac 
Mullins were all transferred, with Green Malone 
and Robert A. Smith, to the Alabama Conference. 

Inquiry was made as to the propriety of estab- 
lishing a Book-depository and the publication of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 405 

a religious newspaper in Nashville. The matter, 
after mature consideration, was postponed. 

The year had been much more prosperous than 
the previous. There was a, net increase of 2,095. 
One preacher died during the year — that great and 
good man, James W Faris. 

The ninth session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Evansham, Virginia, commencing 
November 15, 1832. Bishop Emory presiding; 
Thomas String-field and D. It. McAnally, Secre- 

Evansham was the county-seat of Wythe. The 
town is now called Wytheville, and it is eligibly 
situated in the heart of a beautiful and fertile 
valley The country was settled by an industrious 
and frugal population, and, consequently, many of 
the citizens in time became wealthy, or at least 
independent in their worldly circumstances. 

This part of South-western Virginia, is delight- 
ful as a home for the quiet, and those who have 
no taste for the noise and bustle of the city The 
water is pure, the climate healthful and bracing; 
the scenery romantic, and the lands adapted to 
grain and grass; hence, fine cattle abound, and 
the country flows with milk and honey The 
hospitality of the inhabitants is unbounded, and 
the living sumptuous. Here, of course, the gospel 
found friends, and the heralds of the cross met a 
hearty welcome. A number of the first settlers 

400 Methodism in Tennessee. 

were Scotcn-Irish, and, hence, Presbyterian in 
their proclivities ; yet the Methodists had success 
in the new field, and soon became a great power 
for good, especially in the country ; in the town, 
for awhile, they seemed not to prosper so well. 

Wythe Circuit, which, it is supposed, included 
the town, had a membership of 769 white and 
199 colored members. Three years afterward, 
when Evansham was constituted a separate sta- 
tion, the statistics show a membership of 57 
whites and 36 colored. 

The town has been well cultivated, many of the 
best preachers of the Conference having been 
stationed there, from time to time. In 1871 the 
membership, as the table of statistics shows, num- 
bered 169. In the fall of 1838, the name on the 
Minutes is changed to Wytheville. 

This was Bishop Emory's first visit to the 
South-west; in fact, he had been elected only the 
May previous, and was ordained at the same time 
that Bishop Andrew was set apart to the office of 
General Superintendent. Bishop Emory was a 
Mary lander by birth; he was educated for the pro- 
fession of law, but, being converted in his twenty- 
second year, he entered upon the work of a travel- 
ing preacher. He soon became eminent as a 
preacher. In 1820 he was a delegate to the Wes- 
leyan Methodist Conference in Great Britian. In 
1824 he was elected assistant Book-nffent ; in 

Methodism in Tennessee. 407 

1828 he was elected principal Book-agent at 
New York; and in 1832, as has been noticed, he 
was elevated to the Episcopal office. He was a 
man of superior intellect and high culture, and, 
what was better, of deep piety He lived but a 
short time after his ordination. On the 10th of 
December, 1835, he wjis thrown from his car- 
riage, in the vicinity of Baltimore, and on the 
same day he passed to the home of the good. 
Bishop Emory was a great man, in the proper 
acceptation of that term. He left a son, who 
matured rapidly into greatness; but he died young, 
and went early to the enjoyment of the saints' 
everlasting rest. 

Four were admitted on trial at this session 
of the Conference — namely : Madison C. Hawk, 
Charles K. Lewis, John Sensabaugh, and William 

John Prior and William Gilmore were admitted 
into full connection. 

Isaac Lewis, Abraham Murphy, William B. 
Wright, Moses E. Kerr, John S. Henley, and R. 
Budwell located. 

The year had been prosperous; there was a 
net increase of 1,540 white members, but still, 
there was a fearful decrease in the number of 
laborers — only 61 traveling preachers, and five 
small Districts. 

In 1824 there were 41 traveling preachers, 

408 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and now, in 1832 (eight years), there had been an 
increase of but 20. 

The entire membership numbered in November, 
1832: 20,798 whites, 2,316 colored. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 409 



Twenty-second session of the Tennessee Conference — Bishop 
McKendree present — Giles county — Methodism — Bethel, 
and four other churches — W R. Brown — Preachers sent 
out from Bethel — Prospect camp-ground — Pulaski — T. 
Martin and others — The Conference session — Bishop Mc- 
Kendree's plan for raising money for the needy — Litera- 
ture of the Church — Book-depository — Weekly papers — 
Western Methodist — Editors and their successors — Pub- 
lishing House — Resolutions concerning dress and drinking 
spirituous liquors — La Grange College — Female schools 
— Preachers admitted on trial — Transfers — Increase in 
numbers — The tenth session of the Holston Conference — 
Preachers admitted — G. Atkin and W Patton. 

The twenty-second session of the Tennessee 
Conference was held in Pulaski, commencing No- 
vember 6, 1833. Bishop McKendree was present, 
and Bishop Roberts was expected, but failed to 
reach the seat of the Conference. Bishop Mc- 
Kendree, being very feeble, appointed Thomas L. 
Douglass to aid him in the duties of the chair; 
indeed, Mr. Douglass, with short intervals, pre- 
sided during the whole Conference, after the first 

410 Methodism in Tennessee. 

morning. The Journal was signed " Thomas L. 
Douglass, President, pro iem " Mr. Douglass had 
been elected Secretary, and W L. McAlister As- 
sistant Secretary Mr McAlister performed the 
duties of the principal, being assisted by Robert 

Pulaski is the county-seat of Giles, and is situ- 
ated about seventy-five miles south of Nashville, 
immediately on the Nashville and Decatur rail- 

Giles adjoins the State of Alabama, and, conse- 
quently, is one of the extreme southern counties 
in the State. It is a very fertile section, and is 
one of the most thriving counties in Middle Ten- 
nessee. Richland Creek and Elk River, with 
their tributaries, meander through valleys which 
are celebrated for their rich soil and productive 
qualities ; the hills, also, are rich, }nelding large 
quantities of corn and cotton. Giles is noted for 
its number of Methodists, and the many preachers 
it has sent abroad to proclaim the gospel. The 
reader is referred to the interesting statements of 
the Rev Elam Stevenson, published in vol. ii. of 
this work. 

Giles county was organized in 1809. It was 
originally included in " Tennessee county," but 
the territory was not settled as early as the coun- 
ties north of it. The Rev Thomas F Brown 
irives the author an interesting account of the in- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 411 

troduction of the gospel into the southern portion 
of the county, adjoining the territory of Alabama. 
In the year 1817, William R. Brown, having 
removed from Virginia and settled in the southern 
part of Giles county, found the people rude, un- 
cultivated, and altogether destitute of religious 
habits. Their Sabbaths were spent in hunting, 
fishing, and various kindred sports. Being a young 
man, and having no house of his own, he applied 
to the gentleman with whom he lived to allow 
preaching in his house. Out of respect to Mr. 
Brown, the request was granted. The preacher 
came, and for some time matters went on very 
well ; but persecution arose, and the people were 
afraid to permit preaching any longer in their pri- 
vate dwellings. Mr. Brown, in the meantime, had 
purchased a house on the bank of Elk River, and 
resolved to have a "meeting-house" erected. But 
who was to aid in the enterprise ? Mr. Brown 
went to work, alone ; he felled the trees, hewed 
the logs, and hauled them to a beautiful eminence, 
and called on his neighbors, whom he had assisted, 
to aid him in "raising" the house. They col- 
lected together, and when the work was fairly 
begun, they called for whisky, as it was the cus- 
tom at "house-raisings" to treat the people with 
strong drink. Mr. Brown assured his neighbors 
that it was a house for God, and he could not fur- 
nish the desired beverage. They all immediately 

412 Methodism in Tennessee. 

abandoned the project, and, with shouts and yells, 
left the place. Mr. Brown, nothing daunted, went 
to distant settlements, procured help, and the 
house went up, to the surprise of the wicked 
neighborhood. The church was called Bethel, and 
was taken into the circuit by the Rev. Miles Har- 
per, and a Society was organized in 1821. 

Robert and Elizabeth Beard, Joseph and Sarah 
Crabb, Charles and Lucy Booth, and George Tuck- 
er and wife were among the first members. Not 
long afterward, under the ministry of Sterling 
C. and IT. H. Brown and Samuel Harwell, a gra- 
cious revival brought many into the Church; a 
grog-shop close by was removed, and the neigh- 
borhood became famous for piety. The man fore- 
most in all this work w T as called " Good Billy 
Brown." He died in 1855. In 1846 Golman 
Green and W H. Wilkes conducted a meeting at 
Bethel, which resulted in great good. From this 
old hive four other Societies swarmed out, still 
leaving a large Church at Bethel. 

From the membership of this Church a number 
of preachers have gone forth. Among them may 
be named David J. and Daniel H. Jones, Burwell 
B. Abernathy, Thomas J. Gregory, Thomas F 
Brown, Sterling M. and William D. Cherry, Ben- 
jamin F Hargraves, Benjamin D. Brown, Henry 
L. Boothe, John Henry Anderson, Benjamin D. 
Gas(on, Robert C. Gaston, De Witt Boothe, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 413 

James Shelton, Henry J Brown, jr., and Raleigh 
H. Brown. The last-mentioned was the son of 
W R. Brown, who projected the Church. He 
was a gifted young man, but died early and much 

Mount Carmel, Prospect, Mount Pisgah, and 
Friendship are the churches which were the off- 
shoots of Bethel. Many good men entered the 
ministry from these four churches, as well as from 

In the year 1830, Roger Simpson, W R. Brown, 
Thomas and James Abernathy, Thomas Batte, 
Robert Harris, Samuel Flanegan, James Ford, 
Thomas W Westmoreland, and others, located a 
campground, known as Prospect, situated near 
Elk River. God blessed their labors ; for more 
than thirty years, a camp-meeting was held an- 
nually upon this consecrated ground, and thou- 
sands were here converted to Christ. A large 
church-building was erected on the ground, and 
became a prominent appointment. The church 
and CM,mp-ground were burned during the late 
dreadful war. Several preachers were licensed at 

In the autumn of 1831, Pulaski was joined with 
Columbia, and the two were made a station, and 
Joshua W Kilpatrick was appointed in charge. 
One year afterward, he. reported 109 white and 
11 colored members; and Dickson C. McLeod was 

414 Methodism in Tennessee. 

appointed his successor. Mr. McLeod reported, 
for the two towns, 210 white and 36 colored 

In the fall of 1833, as has been already stated, 
the Conference met here, and J. B. McFerrin was 
appointed to Pulaski, alone. This was the first 
time it was made a separate charge. Here he 
continued two years, and reported 91 white and 
30 colored members. 

From that period, Pulaski was always regarded 
as one of the most pleasant charges in the Con- 
ference. The town has grown to be a very hand- 
some little city, and in 1871 the Church numbered 
240 members. Among the early members, the 
names of Thomas Martin, Dr. Eldridge, Ralph 
Graves, Turner Jack, James McConnell, Jacob 
Shall, William Conner, and their families, should 
be mentioned. 

Thomas Martin was, perhaps, the most success- 
ful merchant in Pulaski, and one of the most ac- 
complished business men in the State. He was a 
strong support to the Church. A few years before 
his death, a new and spacious house of worship 
was erected, toward which Mr. Martin contributed 
largely He died a few years since, and left to 
the Church a neat parsonage and about thirty 
thousand dollars, to aid in building a female 
college. Mr. Martin was the son of the Rev 
Abram Martin, a local preacher of the Methodist 

Methodism in Tennessee. 415 

Episcopal Church, who long lived, and finally died, 
in Sumner county, Tennessee. 

In Pulaski, in 1834 and 1835, there lived a 
poor widow. Her habitation was a log-cabin, fur- 
nished her free of rent. She subsisted mainly by 
the charities of the people ; but, withal, she was 
happy, and perhaps was the most resigned, con- 
tented, and joyful Christian the author ever had 
in his pastoral charge. In Mrs. Coleman was 
verified the truth of the declaration : u Godliness, 
with contentment, is great gain." 

The support of the ministry, especially of super- 
annuated preachers, their widows and orphans, has 
ever been a matter of perplexing concern. To 
turn out an old soldier of the cross to perish, who 
has fought through many battles and come off 
disabled, is cruel ; to abandon the asfed widow or 
the helpless children of those who have fallen in 
the field seems to be equally heartless ; but, still, 
how to meet their wants is the question. At this 
Conference, Bishop McKendree presented the fol- 
lowing plan, w T hich was adopted : 

" 1. That it be made the duty of each preacher 
having the charge of a circuit or station, early in 
the Conference year, to lay before each class the 
importance of raising funds for the benefit of the 
deficient supernumerary and superannuated preach- 
ers, their wives, widows, and orphans ; and, the 
more effectually to accomplish this object, he shall 

416 Methodism in Tennessee. 

recommend to them to pay over to their leader 
twelve and a half cents apiece a year, to be ap- 
plied as above specified. 

" 2. The leaders shall pay over the moneys thus 
received to the assistant preacher, certifying at the 
same time the number of members and the amount 
received from the class. 

" 3. The preacher shall bring forward and pay 
over such collections to the Annual Conference, 
who shall faithfully appropriate the money, and by 
a printed report show the amount received and 
how paid out. 

"4. Each Presiding Elder shall obtain a copy 
of this plan, and see that the assistant preacher 
on each circuit within his District is furnished 
with it and attends to his duty, as above pre- 

How much good resulted from this plan is not 
now remembered by the author; but had it been 
fully and faithfully carried out, many a distressed 
widow and orphan and aged preacher would have 
obtained relief. 

The literature of the Church claimed the atten- 
tion of the Conference once more. One year pre- 
vious, upon the recommendation of the Conference, 
a Book-depository had been established in Nash- 
ville; the Conference, however, assuming no pecun- 
iary responsibility 

The question came up again for consideration 

Methodism in Tennessee. 417 

in connection with the establishment of a weekly 
paper, to be published in the interests of the 
Church. The Rev L. Garrett and John N Maf- 
fitt had commenced the publication of a weekly 
journal, in the city of Nashville, called the West- 
ern Methodist. A memorial had come from Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, asking the cooperation of the body 
in the support of a Christian Advocate to be issued 
from that city The whole was referred to a com- 
mittee, who submitted the following reports, which 
were adopted : 

" The committee on the Book-depository re- 
ported as follows — viz.: After taking the subject 
under mature deliberation, they are of opinion that 
the Depository at Nashville should be continued. 
We recommend Lewis Garrett as a suitable person 
to be continued as Book-agent, on his own respon- 
sibility, as heretofore. 

"Your committee are also of opinion that twenty 
per cent, is sufficient discount upon all books sold 
to preachers ; and we recommend to the members 
of this Conference to render their patronage and 
continue their efforts to sustain the Depository 

" John M. Holland, Chairman." 

The committee appointed to consider the pro- 
priety of establishing a religious periodical within 
the bounds of this Conference, to be under its 
patronage, submitted the following report — viz. : 

"We have examined and maturely reflected 

418 Methodism in Tennessee. 

upon the memorial of a committee at Nashville, 
the circular from New York, and have seen a copy 
of the report adopted by the late Ohio Conference 
in relation to publishing a paper at Cincinnati, upon 
the same principle as the Christian Advocate and 

" 1. That a paper published at Cincinnati would 
not so well subserve the views and interests of 
this Conference, or of the South-west generally, 
as a paper within our own bounds. 

" 2. That we very much doubt — yea, seriously 
question — not only the propriety but the legality 
of the paper, proposed to be issued in Cincinnati, 
being connected with the Book-concern in any 
way, believing that the General Conference alone 
have the authority of making such an arrangement. 

" 3. That, consequently, neither the agent, edit- 
ors, nor book-committee, nor all together, have the 
right of appointing the editor, or editors, for that 
or any other paper, except for those periodicals 
established by the General Conference, and during 
the intervals of the General Conference. Enter- 
taining these views in relation to questions pro- 
posed to this Conference by the Book-agents as to 
the paper at Cincinnati ; believing, as we do, that 
even if such a paper should go into operation, it 
would, from its distant location and other circum- 
stances, be inadequate to meet the wants and 
answer the wishes of the rapidly-increasing popu- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 419 

lation of the South-west ; and, moreover, feeling 
confident that a paper among us is imperatively- 
demanded by our people, and by the interests of 
religious literature, and of Methodism in particu- 
lar; and that such paper would not materially 
subtract from the subscription to the Christian Ad- 
vocate and Journal within our bounds, we do, 
therefore, recommend for your adoption the reso- 
lutions — viz. : 

" 1. Resolved, That approving of a weekly re- 
ligious newspaper within our bounds, and having 
confidence that the Western Methodist, printed at 
Nashville, and edited by Lewis Garrett and John 
N. Maffitt, will be faithfully devoted to the inter- 
ests of the Church and society in general, we 
heartily adopt it as the paper of this Conference, 
and confidently recommend it to the patronage of 
our members and friends generally 

" 2. That we will use our best efforts to sustain 
said paper, by obtaining subscribers, forwarding 
remittances, and by recommending it to our re- 
spective charges. 

" 3. That these pledges are founded upon the 
following agreement, mutually entered into between 
the Conference and the Rev Lewis Garrett and 
John Newland Maffitt, the present editors of the 
paper : 

" 1. The Western Methodist shall continue to be 
devoted to the interests of religion, literature, and 

420 Methodism in Tennessee. 

morality, and shall be decidedly MethodLstic in 
its theological doctrines. 

" 2. The editor, or editors, shall be members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

" 3. They shall allow all the traveling preachers 
twenty per cent, upon moneys obtained from new 
subscribers and remitted to them, as a compensa- 
tion for their trouble. 

"4. They shall present an annual report to the 
Conference, exhibiting the number of subscribers, 
the condition of the entire establishment, the 
amount of moneys received, and the net loss or gain 
of the establishment ; which report shall have been 
audited and certified to be correct by the Presiding 
Elder of the Nashville District, and the stationed 
preachers in Nashville, with any other persons 
whom the said preachers may call to their aid. 

" 5. Whenever the number of subscribers shall 
exceed four thousand, for everv one over that 
number the editors shall, and do hereby, obligate 
themselves to pay to the Tennessee Annual Con- 
ference two dollars annually, to be applied as said 
Conference may direct; and, moreover, as the 
profits of the establishment might be considerable 
with fewer than four thousand subscribers, the 
editors obligate themselves to pay over annually 
all the excess to the Tennessee Annual Conference, 
after paying the expenses of the establishment 
and subtracting one thousand dollars for each 

Methodism in Tennessee. 421 

editor, as his compensation for services, expenses, 
and risk. 

" 6. That all pecuniary responsibility rests upon 
the editor, or editors, exclusively, so that in no case 
will this Conference feel bound for any debts or 
contracts which they may create. 

" 7 The editors farther promise to apply them- 
selves faithfully to their work ; to exercise the 
utmost prudence, economy, and vigilance in the 
management of said paper. 

" 8. That so long as the paper is thus conducted, 
and its financial matters are satisfactorily carried 
on, the Conference pledge themselves to patronize 
and sustain it ; but if at any time the Conference 
should be dissatisfied with the arrangements, from 
any eause, they may withdraw their patronage, 
and so announce it to our friends and the public 

" Signed : G. D. Taylor, Chairman. 

L. Garrett. 
John N. Maffitt. 
Thomas L. Douglass, 

President, pro tem" 

To one experienced in the publication of papers, 
the above contract will appear remarkably binding 
on the proprietors, and surely well-guarded on the 
part of the Conference. As might be supposed, 
the proprietors found the enterprise unprofitable ; 
and, as has been noted elsewhere, the whole 

422 Methodism in Tennessee. 

establishment was sold to a committee appointed 
by the General Conference, and became the prop- 
erty of the Church. At the division of the Church, 
in the year 1844, the whole concern was allotted 
to the Southern Church, and may be regarded as 
the nucleus of the Southern Methodist Publish- 
ing House. After Messrs. Garrett and Maffitt 
disposed of their interests, Thomas Stringfield 
became, by appointment of the General Confer- 
ence, the editor. He conducted the paper four 
years, and was succeeded by J. B. McFerrin, who 
edited it nearly eighteen years, assisted a portion 
of the time by Moses M. Henkle, D.D. and C. B. 
Parsons, D.D. In 1858, H. N. McTyeire, now 
Bishop, was elected the successor of J B. McFer- 
rin. He was followed, in 1866, by the present 
incumbent, Thomas 0. Summers, D.D., w T ho is also 
the general Book-editor. 

The Book-agents at Nashville were : first, Messrs. 
Stevenson and Owen, who were elected in 1854 ; 
second, John B. McFerrin, elected in 1858; third, 
A. IT. Red ford, elected in 1866, and now in office. 
Ilichard Abbev held connection with the establish- 
ment as Financial Secretary, appointed in 1858, 
for the purpose of promoting the sale and circula- 
tion of the books of the general catalogue, and 
supervised the establishment for three years during 
the war. The institution is regarded as prosperous, 
and when the new building, now being erected, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 423 

shall be completed, it will be one of the most 
extensive and imposing publishing concerns in 

The Conference still kept the subject of educa- 
tion before the public. LaGrange College needed 
pecuniary aid. The small amount secured at the 
beginning was soon exhausted in erecting build- 
ings, purchasing libraries, apparatus, etc. There 
was no endowment. Three agents had been in 
the field the year previous, with instructions to 
solicit small contributions, that by a pittance from 
each friend of the enterprise a large sum might be 
collected. This proved to be a failure, only so far 
as temporary relief was concerned. The Confer- 
ence now resolved to make farther efforts, and 
especially to raise funds to endow a professorship 
in the college. 

Several female seminaries were projected in 
different portions of the country, which received 
the fostering care of the Conference. Montesana, 
near Huntsville, Alabama, supervised by James 
Rowe; the Tuscumbia Female Academy, of which 
the Rev Chauncy Richardson Avas president; the 
Gallatin Female Academy, of which the Rev 
Henry W Hunt was principal; the Murfreesboro 
Female Academy, superintended by the Rev 
German Baker and wife; the Fulton Female 
Academy, under the direction of Mrs. R. E. 
Hobbs, were all commended as worthy of patronage. 

424 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Visiting committees were appointed to each acad- 
emy, who were expected to report at the next 

During the session, Bishop McKendree ad- 
dressed the Conference on the subject of dress 
and the manners of the preachers; and, before the 
session closed, the following was adopted : 

"Resolved, That we deplore the extremes to 
which many of our preachers have gone in dress; 
therefore, we pledge ourselves in future to en- 
deavor to be more plain and Methodistic in our 

Other resolutions were adopted, which, per- 
haps, might be considered startling at the present 
time : 

"Resolved, That this Conference view with deep 
concern the demoralizing influence of the use of 
ardent spirits upon the human family — not only 
as the prolific mother of vice, but also as an op- 
posing barrier to the influence of moral and relig- 
ious culture. Wherefore, 

"Resolved, That we will not take, buy, or sell, or 
use the article ourselves, nor keep it for the use 
or entertainment of our families or friends, and 
that we wish in all prudent ways to discourage 
the use of it in the community 

"'Resolved, That Ave disapprove of the common 
mode of electioneering, as having an evil influence 
on the morals of society, and that we will not 

Methodism in Tennessee, 425 

vote for any candidate that condescends to the 
practice of treating to secure his election." 

This was high ground, and was conscientiously 
observed by many of the members. They show 
the tone and temper of the times. Simplicity in 
dress, temperate habits, and the exercise of the 
right of suffrage in view of morality are commend- 
able virtues. 

The following persons were admitted on trial : 
Garrett W Martin, William II. Johnson, John D. 
Neal, John F Hughes, Joseph E. Douglass, Alex- 
ander Winbourne, Erastus B. Duncan, Peter B. 
Hubbard, Jesse Hord, John H. Mann, Saunders 
Presley, Thomas D. Harwell, Henry Robinson, 
Thomas L. Cox, Anthony T. Scruggs, Isaac L. 
G. Strickland, Johnson Lewis, Robert Z. Hawkins, 
Robert S. Collins, Johnson Fields, W P Ratcliff, 
Samuel W. Hankins, Thomas L. Bos well, Dawson 
Phelps, and John Renshaw. 

Garrett W Martin has worked steadily on, never 
flickering — on the circuit, in the station, as Pre- 
siding Elder, always true, always reliable. He is 
yet effective. 

William H. Johnson is still a member of the 
Conference, on the supernumerary list, yet able to 
preach. He is a true man. 

John D. Neal located. The author has lost 
sight of him. 

John F. Hughes is yet active, having never for 

426 Methodism in Tennessee. 

a day thrown off the harness. Much of his time 
has been spent on Districts as Presiding Elder. 
He has been several times in the General Confer- 
ence, and is opposed to all innovations on the 
Church he loves. 

Joseph E. Douglass is the nephew of Thomas 
L. Douglass, and was his ward. He was educated 
at LaGrange College, and has devoted most of his 
active life to teaching. His sainted wife had, 
perhaps, no superior in the school-room. Dr. 
Douglass is, at present, President of the Iuka 
Female Academy, Mississippi. 

Alexander Winbourne, to whom reference has 
already been made, was a minister of spotless 

Erastus B. Duncan has been most of his life a 
missionary on the frontier or among the Indians. 
He is still a laborer in Florida. 

Of Saunders Presley, the author has now no 

Thomas D. Harwell located. He is yet a local 
preacher in good standing. 

Peter B. Hubbard was a good man, but passed 
from the knowledge of the author. 

Jesse Hord wore himself down in the mission- 
ary work in Texas. He is prematurely old, but 
ripe for the kingdom of heaven. 

Thomas L. Cox was transferred to Alabama. 

Anthony T. Scruggs has already been referred 

Methodism in Tennessee. 427 

to in these pages. He is an able minister, now 
Presiding Elder in the Saint Louis Conference. 

John H. Mann was transferred to Arkansas — a 
plain, strong preacher. 

Henry Robinson has escaped the sight of his 
friend who was present when he was admitted. 

Strickland and Lewis both volunteered for 
Texas, and died soon in the field — true men. 

Robert Z. Hawkins was a lawyer and a judge 
when converted. He abandoned his profession, 
and became a faithful, successful, and popular 
traveling preacher. He died at middle age, much 

Samuel W Hankins was of a good family His 
health was delicate. He was a missionary among 
the Indians, and was afterward transferred to the 

Robert S. Collins was an excellent preacher, 
and a deeply pious man; he died young. He has 
three brothers preachers, traveling and local, in the 
bounds of the Memphis Conference. 

Johnson Fields was a Cherokee half-blood, in- 
telligent, pious, and very useful. He finished his 
work among his brethren in the Far West. His 
name is precious among the Indians. 

William P Ratcliff volunteered for the West. 
He lived and labored in Arkansas for many years. 
His zeal knew no bounds; he went everywhere. 
No minister was ever more extensively known in 

428 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Arkansas than William P Ratcliff, and perhaps 
none more loved. He was several times a mem- 
ber of the General Conference. He died in the 
harness, a good man, greatly lamented. 

Thomas L Boswell, D.D., is yet an active and 
esteemed member of the Memphis Conference. 
His life has been without a blot. He has a son 
in the ministry, lately transferred to Arkansas. 

Dawson Phelps was plain, but the pure gold. 
He is a member of the North Alabama Conference. 
He, too, has a son in the ministry 

John Renshaw was middle-aged before he enter- 
ed the work. He was good, and finished his course 
with joy 

William Craig, William P Rowles, William D. 
F Sawrie, Arthur Davis, J S. Claunch, Samuel 
M. Kingston, Richard H. Rivers, J. Williams, 
Joseph L. Gold, E. R. Porter, James A. Williams, 
J Easterwood, and James T. Sawrie were admit- 
ted into full connection. 

Among the Indians, the following preachers were 
stationed: Edmund Pierson, Superintendent; John 
F Boot, Turtle Fields, Johnson Fields, William P. 
Rowles, and Samuel W Hankins. 

Transferred to Alabama — Greenberry Garrett, 
John E Jones, and Thomas L. Cox. 

Transferred to Missouri — Charles T Ramsey, 
Joseph L. Gold, and William P RatclifF. Arkan- 
sas was then embraced in the Missouri Conference. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 429 

The year had been very prosperous. There 
was a net increase of white members of 4,295; 
colored, 869. Among the Cherokees, there was 
a decrease of 54. The political troubles retarded 
the work for a season. 

The tenth session of the Holston Conference 
w T as held at Kingsport, Tennessee, commencing 
October 16, 1833. Bishop Roberts presided, and 
Lewis S. Marshall was the Secretary 

W B. Murphy, Timothy Sullens, W B. Winton, 
B. McRoberts, and William Spann were admitted 
on trial. 

The most prominent of this class was T. Sul- 
lens. He is a native of Tennessee, and began the 
work of the ministry in early life. He soon rose 
to distinction, and became, while young, a promi- 
nent member of his Conference. His health, how- 
ever, gave way, and he has been an invalid, yet 
he preaches occasionally, and is, in connection 
with his excellent wife, at the head of a flourish- 
ing school. 

H. Ingram and E. Still were admitted into full 

One had died — James G. H. Speer, of whom a 
sketch was given in the first volume of this work. 

Up to this date, nine years from the organiza- 
tion of the Conference, there had been one death, 
and that was the Rev. George Atkin, who died in 
Abingdon, Virginia, and lies buried in the rear of 

430 Methodism in Tennessee. 

the church in that city Mr Atkin was a preacher 
of fine talents, and died in the meridian of his 
manhood. He wrote and published a pamphlet 
on the " Possibility of Apostasy," which was an 
able production. 

Thus far, the lives of God's servants had been 
wonderfully preserved. 

The year had witnessed gracious revivals of 
religion. There was an increase of 1,551 white 
and of 265 colored members. 

The Conference was divided into five Districts. 
Thomas K. Catlett, Lewis S. Marshall, William 
Patton, John Heniger, and J B. Daughtry were 
the Presiding Elders. 

Wm. Patton was no ordinary man, and deserves 
more than a mere passing notice. The reader will 
peruse the following memoir with interest : 

" William Patton died, 'in the faith' and in 
great peace, at Weston, Missouri, on the 14th of 
March, 1856. He was born in Montgomery county, 
Virginia, on the 5th of January, 1796, and re- 
ceived an early religious training from pious par- 
ents. At a camp-meeting held in Giles county, 
Virginia, in the autumn of 1820, he was happily 
and soundly converted to God. One year after- 
ward, at the session of the Tennessee Conference, 
held in Bedford county, November, 1821, he was 
received on trial in the traveling connection, and 
was appointed to the New River Circuit, Iving in 

Methodism in Tennessee. 431 

Virginia. In October, 1822, the Conference was 
held at Ebenezer Meeting-house, Greene county, 
Tennessee, at which he was appointed to Tazewell 
Circuit. In November, 1823, at the Conference 
held in Huntsville, Alabama, he was ordained 
deacon, and appointed to Clinch Circuit. At the 
General Conference which met in May, 1824, the 
llolston Annual Conference was organized, and 
held its first session at Knoxville, in November, 
1824, at which Brother Patton, being a member, 
was appointed to Abingdon Circuit, on which he 
remained by reappointment for two years. Sub- 
sequently, he traveled the Blountville Circuit 
one year, the Jonesboro Circuit two years, the 
Greene Circuit one year ; and at the session of the 
Conference for 1830, held at the Ebenezer Meet- 
ing-house, Greene county, Tennessee, he was ap- 
pointed to the Abingdon Station, where he re- 
mained one year, and was removed to the Ashville 
District, which he traveled two years, and was 
then removed to the Knoxville District, where he 
remained three years. At the Conference held in 
the autumn of 1836, he was appointed to the 
Abingdon District, where he traveled one year, 
and in 1837 was transferred to the Missouri Con- 
ference, and for two years traveled on the Saint 
Charles Circuit. At the Conference held at Fay- 
ette in 1839, he was appointed to the Saint Charles 
District, where he remained two years, and was 

432 Methodism in Tennessee. 

then placed in charge of (he Fourth-street Church, 
in Saint Louis. At the Conference for 1842, he 
was appointed to the Fayette Circuit, and re- 
appointed in 1843. At the Conferences for 1844 
and 1845, he was appointed in charge of the Co- 
lumbia District, where he also acted as agent for 
Howard High-school. In 1846 he was transfer- 
red to the Indian Mission Conference, and spent 
one year in charge of the Shawnee Manual-labor 
School. In 1847 he was transferred back to the 
Missouri Conference, and spent three years suc- 
cessively in charge of the Weston District. In 
1850 he was removed to the Saint Charles Dis- 
trict, where he labored during two years more. 
He then, in 1852, accepted an agency for the 
American Bible Society, in the faithful service of 
which he spent the remainder of his days. 

" Brother Patton was a member of the General 
Conferences of 1828, 1836, and 1844 ; also, of the 
Convention at Louisville in 1845, and of the 
General Conferences of 1846, 1850, and 1854. 

"As a preacher, William Patton was every- 
where well received, faithful, and useful. Devoted 
and diligent, he ever kept his calling and work in 
view, and assiduously applied himself to do all 
the work of a Methodist preacher. Few men 
were ever more devoted, diligent, regular, or con- 
stant to the work of the ministry He had a 
good mind, which, by persevering industry, be- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 43I> 

came well cultivated, and for many years his 
judgment arid counsels were highly appreciated 
and much relied on by those who knew him best. 
"As a Christian, he was a man of strong faith 
and much prayer. His secret devotions were 
earnest and frequent, his watchfulness great; 
hence, he lived near to God ; and though often 
called to suffer, and suffer greatly, he was calm, 
patient, and uncomplaining. His sermons were 
prepared with great care, and delivered with an 
earnestness and impressiveness that excited a deep 
interest and caused them to be long remembered. 
Cheerful without levity, serious without melan- 
choly, his example among his younger brethren 
and before the Church and world was most whole- 
some. To his one work, for more than thirty-four 
years, he devoted his time and consecrated all his 
powers. He lived a faithful life, and died a tran- 
quil, happy death." 
vol. in. — 28 

434 Methodism in Tennessee. 


Twenty-third session of the Tennessee Conference — Bishops 
McKendree and Andrew present — Address by Bishop 
McKendree — Lebanon — Early Methodists — G. F. Mc- 
Whirter — The Cause of Temperance — Preachers admitted 
on trial — Local preachers ordained — Literary movements 
— Funeral of L. D. Overall — Members in Society — 
Cherokee Mission — John F- Boot — Votes of thanks — 
Mission to South America — Eleventh session of the 
Holston Conference — Minutes lost — Five Districts — De- 
crease in the numbers — Twenty-fourth session of the 
Tennessee Conference, held at Florence, Alabama — Flor- 
ence — Wesleyan University — North Alabama Conference 
— Interesting session — Journal lost — Preachers admitted 
on trial — Prosperous year — Election of delegates to the 
General Conference — Twelfth session of the Holston 
Conference — Preachers admitted on trial — Delegates to 
the General Conference. 

The twenty-third session of the Tennessee Con 
ference began at Lebanon, November 5, 1834. 
Bishops McKendree and Andrew were both pres- 
ent. Bishop McKendree opened the Conference 
with the usual exercises, and Thomas L. Douglass 
was elected Secretary- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 435 

Lebanon is the seat of Wilson county, and is 
one of the old towns of Middle Tennessee. The 
county was erected in 1801, and the town of 
Lebanon was organized in the year 1802. The 
Methodist preachers visited the county at an early 
day, and the cause was espoused by many of the 
citizens. The Frazers, the Whites, the Kelleys, 
the Campbells, the Howards, and many others, 
were members of the Church while Lebanon was 
in the circuit. Portions of Wilson county were 
almost populated with Methodists, and many of 
them were among the best citizens of the country 
The H earns, the News, the Hancocks, the Seays, 
the Jarretts, etc., were strong supporters of the 

There is now in Tennessee a worthy patriarch, 
who lived in the times to which reference is made. 
George F McWhirter, now residing in Clarksville, 
was long a citizen of Wilson. He was born in 
Davidson county, on Mansker's Creek, March 28, 
1 788. His father, George M., w 7 as from North 
Carolina, and settled in Tennessee in 1787 He 
was a classical teacher for fifty years, and died in 
Wilson county He was an old Presbyterian, but 
united with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
because he found no organization of his own 
Church where he lived. George F McWhirter 
was converted in Wilson county, in the year 1820, 
and united with the Methodists. He had been 

436 Methodism in Tennessee. 

regular in his attendance on their ministry, and 
had been at camp-meetings from his early child- 
hood. Bethlehem, four miles from Lebanon, was 
the church where he held his membership. .He 
was at the Conference held by Bishop Asbury at 
that place, and heard the Bishop preach. Eben- 
ezer was five miles from Lebanon. There was, 
in former years, a camp-ground here, and at this 
place Sterling C. Brown was buried. Mr. Mc- 
Whirter heard John McGee, in 1800, at Blythe's 
camp-ground, four miles east of Gallatin. There 
were at that meeting, two hundred converts. 1 Mr. 
McWhirter is awaiting with patience the time when 
his change shall come. [Mr. M. has died since 
the foregoing was writtten.] 

The Conference being organized, Bishop Andrew 
took the chair, when Bishop McKendree addressed 
the members on the qualifications of a minister of 
the Lord Jesus Christ. He alluded to the ex- 
amination of the candidates, and to the course 
which had been prescribed, and exhorted them 
never to lower the standard of experimental and 
practical godliness. He said learning was good, 
and it was proper to gain knowledge — that they 
must study to show themselves approved; but 
literary attainments must not be allowed to sup- 
ply the place of holiness. 

Bishop Andrew followed Bishop McKendree, 
indorsing the views of his revered senior colleague. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 437 

During the session of the Conference, the fol- 
lowing preamble and resolution were adopted — 
viz. : 

" Whereas, Our venerable and beloved Bishop 
McKendree is now far advanced in the decline of 
life, and is almost the only remaining minister 
among us of the early race of Methodist preach- 
ers in America; and whereas, it is believed that 
he possesses much valuable and interesting infor- 
mation in relation to the organization and govern- 
ment of our Church in these United States, the 
spread of the work of God, especially in the West 
and South, the lives and labors of many of his co- 
partners in the ministry, and much other infor- 
mation which may be useful ; therefore, 

"Resolved, That a committee of seven be ap- 
pointed to visit or wait upon Bishop McKendree, 
and respectfully request him to prepare or have 
prepared for publication, so soon as convenient, 
such a history of his life, and such information on 
the various points suggested above, as he may 
deem proper and expedient." 

The committee, having performed its duty, re- 
ported that the Bishop, in response, stated that 
<w he belonged to the Methodist Church, that it had 
a right to claim his services, even to the dregs, 
and that he would endeavor to comply with the 
request of the Conference, as he might be able and 
find it convenient and practicable." 

438 Methodism in Tennessee. 

This was the last Conference at which the ven- 
erable Bishop was ever present; on the 5th day 
of March following, in the year 1835, he fell 
a sleep in Jesus, at the house of his brother, Dr. 
James McKendree, in Sumner county, Tennessee. 
He was buried in the family grave-yard, where he 
awaits the resurrection of the just. 

The "cause of temperance," about this time, 
was agitating the public mind. Strong drink had 
blasted the character, destroyed the intellect, 
ruined the estates, and carried to premature graves 
tens of thousands of the citizens of the country ; 
and the friends of virtue everywhere seemed to 
be aroused, and were coming to the rescue. 

The Methodist Church had, from the beginning, 
incorporated a clause in its general rules pro- 
hibiting the use of ardent spirits as a beverage ; 
but now, the Conference was willing to cooperate 
with others in the great effort being put forth to 
redeem and save their countrymen. Hence, the 
following preamble and resolutions were adopted 
— viz. : 

" Whereas, The temperance reformation is one 
of vital interest to the public weal generally, and 
particularly to the great cause of morals and re- 
ligion ; and whereas, the excellent rule in our 
form of Discipline on the subject is necessarily 
limited in its influence, not extending to any be- 
yond the pale of the Church, and is not uniform! v 

Methodism in Tennessee. 439 

enforced upon Church-members ; and whereas, a 
public expression of the sentiments of this body 
of ministers on the baleful effects of the use of 
ardent spirits would exert a great and happy in- 
fluence upon the public mind, and especially upon 
our congregations ; therefore, 

" 1. Resolved, That the Tennessee Conference 
resolve itself into a Temperance Society, on the 
broad principle of total abstinence from the use 
of ardent or intoxicating spirits, except as a med- 

" 2. Resolved, That each member of this Con- 
ference be a temperance agent, and that he feel 
himself morally obligated to form a Temperance 
Society in each congregation within the bounds 
of his charge. 

" 3. Resolved, That a committee be appointed 
to make arrangements for a public temperance 
meeting of the Conference." 

The Society being formed, Joshua Boucher was 
elected President; Thomas L. Douglass, Robert 
Paine, and A. L. P Green, vice-Presidents ; and 
Dixon C. McLeod, Secretary 

The following preachers were admitted on trial: 
Jordan Moore, Solomon S. Yarbrough, Sterling 
Brewer, Benjamin F Weakley, Etheldred B. 
Puckett, Isaac Green, Finley Bynum, John Jones, 
Adam Goodwin, Robert Williams, Acton Young, 
Reuben Jones, Samuel A. Williams, Alexander 

4-iO Methodism in Tennessee. 

Rembert, David J Jones, Obadiiih E. Raglin, 
David Coulson, William Jared, and Banks M. 

Jordan Moore is a faithful and able preacher, 
still effective. 

S. S. Yarbrough labored steadily in Tennessee 
for several years, and then removed to Texas, 
where he is yet a useful minister of the gospel. 

Sterling Brewer was educated in Nashville. He 
was a man of genuine principles, but feeble health. 
He has been engaged for many years as a teacher. 

Benjamin F Weakley located, because his con- 
stitution would not allow him to prosecute the 
work of an itinerant preacher. He studied, and 
is now in the practice of, medicine ; a good man 
and true, and has one son in the ministry 

E. B. Puckett and Isaac Green have both 
passed away 

Finley Bynum is efficient still, pursuing his 
work in the Memphis Conference, beloved and 

John Jones located. 

Adam Goodwin became a preacher of ability, 
and died in Christ. 

Robert Williams has gone to his reward. 

Acton Young came from the Baptists. He is now 
a local preacher. 

Reuben Jones went to the Baptists. He is still 
a preacher in that Church. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 441 

Samuel A. Williams became an able preacher. 
lie was small in person, of delicate health, but 
full of faith and good works. He died in Texas, 
beloved and lamented. 

Alexander Rembert was of a South Carolina 
family He has passed away. 

David J Jones and 0. E. Itaglin were both 
good men and useful preachers, and both died in 
the faith. 

David Coulson is in one of the Texas Confer- 

William Jared, a good man, has gone to the 
home of the saints. 

B. M. Burrow, a good man, is living in West 

Thomas W Randle, Calvin Thompson, Wesley 
Warren, John C. Parker, S. W Speer, Richmond 
Randle, Levi Fisher, M. Yell, and B. D. Neal 
were admitted into full connection. 

The following local preachers were elected to 
deacon's orders : John McCurdy, Acton Young 
— Mr. Young was also admitted on trial into the 
traveling connection — Stephen Moore, Abner Bow- 
en, James Walker, James Lee, jr., Lytle Powell, 
John Scoggins, Charles Brooks, Zach. B. Rhodes, 
Benjamin Seely, C. A. Waterfield, Citizen S. 
Woods, S. A. Williams, Thomas Taylor, S. Orgain, 
Joseph Smith, William Powell, E. Loyd, D J. 
Jones, and Stephen M. Dance. 

442 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Local deacons elected to Elder's orders were : 
William E. Davis, William Murry, Leroy H. Cage, 
Thomas Brown, David K. Timberlake, A. Hason, 
Morgan Williams, B. M. Burrow, H. C. Horton, 
William G. McQueen, John Bransford, Clinton 
Tucker, 0. Freeman, and John Webber. 

The Rev John F Wright, one of the Book- 
agents from Cincinnati, was present, looking after 
the interest of the establishment he represented. 

A plan was projected at this Conference for the 
publication of a monthly periodical, containing 
original sermons. It was edited by Messrs. Gar- 
rett and Maffitt, and was continued for, perhaps, 
two years. Many of the sermons were excellent. 

The most affecting occasion during the Confer- 
ence was the memorial service of the Rev Lorenzo 
D Overall. The Conference moved in procession 
from the Conference to the Methodist Church, 
where a discourse was delivered by the Rev. Rob- 
ert Paine. The whole Conference and vast con- 
gregation were profoundly stirred. The Conference 
requested, by vote, a copy of the sermon for pub- 
lication, but the manuscript was not furnished. 

There was an increase of 1,087 white members, 
369 colored, and a decrease among the Indians, 
as they were removing West. 

E. R. Porter was transferred to the Mississippi 
Conference, J. W Hankins to the South Carolina 
Conference, David Coulson to (he Illinois Con- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 443 

ference — afterward he removed to Texas — D. F 
Alexander to the Alabama Conference, and Turtle 
Fields and John F Boot to the Holston Confer- 
ence. These were both Indians. The remainder 
of the Cherokee Mission, east of the Mississippi 
River, was transferred to the Holston Conference. 

Of Turtle Fields mention has already been made. 

John F Boot was a full- blood, but was said to 
be among the most powerful native preachers ever 
brought among his people. He afterward re- 
moved West, was faithful, and finally died in the 
faith of Jesus. Boot w T as pronounced by his red 
brethren a great man. 

In 1834 it was determined, by the Bishops and 
Board of Managers of the Missionary Society of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, to establish mis- 
sions in the Empire of Brazil and the republics of 
South America. The supervision of this work 
was left in the hands of Bishop James 0. Andrew. 
F E. Pitts, the first, pnstor of the McKendree 
Church, was at the time in his second year's work 
at that charge, when the Bishop, with his consent, 
appointed him to South America, on a missionary 
exploration ; the object being to ascertain and 
secure, by personal examination and the most re- 
liable information, the best fields for permanent 
missionary operations. 

Mr. Pitts left Nashville in May, 1835, and, at 
the instance of the Board of Managers, went to 

444 Methodism in Tennessee. 

New York, raising a sufficient amount of money 
on his route to defray the expenses of bis mission. 
He sailed from Baltimore June the 28th, for Bra- 
zil, and, after a pleasant voyage of fifty-three days, 
landed, August 19, at Rio de Janeiro, the capital 
of the Brazilian Empire.. His reception, by both 
foreigners and natives, was kind and encourcurinsr. 
The government placed no barrier in his way, and 
he soon commenced his ministerial labors in some 
half-dozen private houses in that great city. And 
thus was the gospel proclaimed by the first Meth- 
odist preacher that ever preached the kingdom of 
God in that vast division of the New World. 
Here, he formed a Methodist Society, and prom- 
ised to send them a permanent minister as early 
as possible. Thence he sailed to Montevideo, 
the capital of the Bande Oriental Republic, at 
the mouth of the Rio de la Plata. Here, also, 
his reception was encouraging. He preached to 
them for some weeks, formed a Society, and, on 
board of a steamer, ascended the La Plata, 150 
miles, to the city of Buenos Ayres, the special 
field of his destination. Here, he met with no 
serious difficulty to the exercise of his ministry; 
but the law of the Republic required all documents 
accrediting the character and objects of Protestant 
ministers to be submitted to, and be recognized by, 
the government, before they could exercise their 
ministry This caused some delay in commencinir 

Methodism in Tennessee. 445 

his work ; and it is highly probable the delay 
would have been much longer (for all public mat- 
ters move slowly in Spanish governments), but, in 
submitting the documents of his official appoint- 
ment and his ministerial credentials, he also pre- 
sented highly complimentary letters from General 
Andrew Jackson, then President of the United 
States, and the Hon. Henry Clay, then a Senator 
in the United States Congress. 

His authority was soon recognized, while, in the 
meantime, he was fitting up a commodious rented 
room in the heart of the city, for a church. Here, 
he began his regular work under very encour- 
aging prospects. His congregations were large, 
attentive, and orderly; and, although he had occa- 
sionally to preach in the Spanish language, his 
labors were blessed with a gracious outpouring of 
God's spirit, and several were converted. He 
organized a respectable society of the best ma- 
terials in the city, and took preliminary measures 
to build a Methodist church, which has since been 
erected at a cost of $10,000. 

The missionaries he called for to occupy these 
three important missionary posts having been sent 
out, Mr. Pitts's work, according to instruction, 
was finished. His return-voyage of fifty-two days 
from the La Plata landed him in Philadelphia, and 
he reached home in the spring of 1836. after an 
absence of nearly twelve months. 

44 G Methodism hi Tennessee. 

These missions have been mainly self-supporting, 
but, doubtless, would have been more successful 
and prosperous had they been left, at the division 
of the Church, in 1844, in the care of the Church, 
South ; the Bishop that directed the establish- 
ment of these missions, and the first Methodist 
preacher ever sent to preach the gospel in the 
Southern hemisphere, being both Southerners. 
Besides, the peculiar institution in the South, ex- 
isting in all those governments, rendered the con- 
fidence and congenialit}', politically and socially, 
infinitely stronger for the people of the Southern 
than for those of the Northern States. And this 
prejudice against the North and partiality for the 
South will continue to retard or prosper our mis- 
sions in that country 

Votes of thanks were tendered to Bishop An- 
drew and the Secretary, and the Conference ad- 
journed on Saturday morning, the eleventh day 
of the session. 

The eleventh session of the Holston Confer- 
ence convened at Knoxville, October 8, 1834. 
No Bishop being present, the Rev. John Heniger 
was elected President, and L. S. Marshall Secre- 
tary The regular Minutes of the session were 
not forwarded to the Book-editor; consequently, 
they do not appear in the annals of this year. A 
few items were collected from the papers and in- 
serted, along with the stations of the preachers. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 447 

There was a decrease of 790 in the number of 
white members, and of 115 in the colored mem- 

There were five Presiding Elders' Districts in 
the Conference. Thomas Stringfleld, who was 
Presiding Elder on the Washington District, was 
also Superintendent of the Cherokee Mission. 

The twenty-fourth session of the Tennessee 
Conference was held at Florence, Alabama, com- 
mencing October 28, 1835. It had been appointed 
for the 11th of November, but was brought on 
earlier. Bishop Soule was present and presided. 
Thomas L. Douglass was elected Secretary 

Florence is a beautiful town on the north side 
of the Tennessee River, about one hundred and 
ten miles south of Nashville. It is the seat of 
Lauderdale county, and is regarded as a healthy 

Society has always been regarded as good in 
Florence. Methodism took an early start in Flor- 
ence, and has always had a respectable standing 
in the community The Methodists have a spa- 
cious church-building, and membership numbering, 
in 1871, 150. Florence is the seat of the Wes- 
leyan University, and has also given much atten- 
tion to the education of females. 

At the General Conference in 1870, when the 
North Alabama Conference was organized, Flor- 
ence fell into that division of the work, and is now 

448 Methodism in Tennessee. 

regarded as one of the most important points in 
that Conference. 

The session of 1835 was one of much interest, 
and left a fine impression on the community 

It is a sad fact that the Journal of that session 
of the Conference was so defaced in the calamity 
that befell the Publishing House, in the fire of 
1872, that most of the proceedings cannot be de- 

From the printed Minutes, we learn that George 
W Kelso, Arthur W Simmons, George W Sneed, 
Gideon Bransford, Caleb B. Davis, John H. Mann, 
Charles B. Faris, Thomas Bowen, William Moores, 
Jacob Custer, Golman Green, Cornelius McGuire, 
Claibourne Pirtle, Benjamin H. Hubbard, Edmund 
J Williams, John Sherrill, Edward Graves, Joshua 
A. Bumpass, James G. Henning, Collins D. Elliott, 
Lloyd Richardson, Justinian Williams, and Isaac 
Foster were admitted on trial. 

Here was a class of twenty-three recruits for 
the army of the Captain of our salvation. With 
a few exceptions, it proved to be a valuable 
accession to the Conference; indeed, not to the 
Tennessee Conference alone, but to other Confer- 
ences, as will be seen. 

Arthur W Simmons is a member of the Little 
Rock Conference, faithful and true. He is a re- 

George W. Kelso was an educated young man, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 449 

who made a good preacher. He was plain in. 
dress and address, and was very pious. His tal- 
ents were not of the most popular kind, but he 
was solid and sensible. He was transferred to tho 
Virginia Conference, where he ended his useful 

George W Sneed was born in Davidson county, 
Tennessee, within four miles of Nashville, Decem- 
ber 26, 1799. He was one of three brothers, who 
became traveling preachers. He was a good man 
and a sound preacher. His health failed; he re- 
moved to Texas, and soon found a grave near his 
new home. 

Gideon Bransford belonged to a lanre and re- 
spectable family from Virginia. He was a relative 
of the Rev John Bransford, an able local preach- 
er, who long lived and labored in Tennessee. He 
was also a relative of Col. Thomas L. Bransford, 
a merchant and statesman, who resided both in 
Tennessee and Kentuckv, and died in Alabama 
during the late war. Gideon H. Bransford died 
on the 28th of August, 1869, in Union City, Ten- 
nessee, aged sixty-four years and nineteen days. 
He was born in Buckingham county, Virginia, and 
removed to Tennessee, where he was united in 
marriage to Miss Mary Wootten, in Smith county, 
December 26, 1826. Mr. Bransford commenced 
preaching about the year 1829; joined the Ten- 
nessee Conference, traveled and labored there for 

450 Methodism in Tennessee. 

several years with great success. He then moved 
to "Jackson's Purchase," and settled in Obion 
county, Term. Afterward, he joined the Memphis 
Conference, and, as a herald of the cross, went 
about his Master's business. His preaching was 
always attended with great success. Doubtless, 
many sheaves will be present before his Father's 
throne. After this, he located, and for several 
years served the Church as a local minister. He 
was readmitted to the Memphis Conference in the 
fall of 1866 ; appointed to the Troy Circuit, and 
then to Richland Circuit, after which, his health 
having foiled, he was made supernumerary He 
died suddenly Thus has passed away one of 
the most efficient preachers of our country In 
his death, the community has lost one of its bright- 
est ornaments, the Church one of its greatest 
lights, and the Masonic Fraternity one of its strong 

Caleb B. Davis is a, gifted man. He studied law, 
and now belongs to some other Church. 

Charles B. Faris is a sound preacher, a devout 
man, still a member of the Conference, but too 
feeble to do effective work. 

Thomas Bowen was an able minister, without 
much literary culture. He died in Christ, and 
rests from his labors. 

William Moores is of an old Methodist familv, 
true to his vocation. He has been a frontier preach- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 451 

er, and is now in the Los Angeles Conference, 
doing a good work. 

Jacob Custer is in Arkansas, a good man and 
sound minister, 

• Golman Green is a superannuated member of 
the Tennessee Conference; a genuine revivalist, 
and much beloved. 

Isaac Green, a. devout man, died in Christ. 

Cornelius McGuire is still at work in Texas. 

C. Pirtle has gone to his reward, a good man 
and a faithful minister. 

Benjamin II. Hubbard, D.D., w T as no ordinary 
man. Tie was converted in early life, licensed to 
preach in the year 1835, and shortly afterward 
was admitted into the Conference as a traveling 
preacher. He filled the following appointments : 
Hatchie Circuit, Gallatin and Cairo Station, Hunts- 
ville (Alabama), Columbia, Trenton, Jackson, Som- 
erville, and Athens (Alabama). At the last-men- 
tioned place, he was connected with the Tennessee 
Conference Female Institute as president, till the 
year 1852, when he was transferred to Jackson, 
Tenn.,in connection with Jackson Female Institute. 
Dr. Hubbard was a lovely man, a good scholar, 
and an able preacher. He died, in full hope of 
heaven, on the 2d of May, 1853, in the forty- 
second year of his age. He had conferred on him 
the degree of D.D. because of his scholarly and 
theological attainments. In person, Dr. Hubbard 

452 Methodism in Tennessee. 

was handsome, in his apparel neat, and in his man- 
ners modest and retiring. 

Jeremiah Williams, a brother to Uriah Williams, 
is a respectable local preacher, in the bounds of 
the Memphis Conference. 

John Sherrill was brought up in Giles county, 
Tennessee, and has been, from the beginning of 
his ministry, a faithful laborer. He is yet a strong 
man, and promises many years of usefulness to the 

Edward Graves was a Cherokee, educated by 
the friends of the Church. He removed West, and 
died, as the author believes, in the faith. 

J. A. Bumpass was a gifted young man, but 
in a few years located and abandoned the work of 
the ministry 

James G. Henning continued in the faith till a 
few years since, when he left the world in hope 
of a better country He was the son of John 
Henning, a local preacher and a good man. 

C. D. Elliott was long engaged as a professor 
in LaGrange College Afterward, he was presi- 
dent of the Nashville Female Academy, an insti- 
tution, in its palmy days, without a rival in the 
South-west. He is now a local preacher, residing 
in the city of Nashville. Mr. Elliott is the son 
of the Rev- Arthur Elliott, a minister of distinc- 
tion, in Ohio, in the pioneer times of the Church 
in the West. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 453 

Lloyd Richardson has been a faithful laborer. 
He is now residing near Trenton, Tennessee, main- 
taining a good reputation. 

Justinian Williams was a native of Virginia, 
born in Mellwood, April, 1789; was converted at 
about the age of twenty; was licensed at an early 
age; traveled awhile in Missouri; located, and 
removed to Tennessee, where, in 1839, he was 
readmitted into the Tennessee Conference. He 
filled many important appointments, was popular 
and useful, and died in the month of February, 
1859, in his seventy first year. Mr. Williams 
was a gifted preacher, and won many souls to 
the cross of the Lord Jesus Christ. He has a 
son, the Rev Marcus Gr. Williams, now a mem- 
ber of the West Saint Louis Conference. 

Isaac Foster located, after many years' labor, 
and now resides in West Tennessee. 

The year had not been prosperous, taking the 
statistics as evidence. There was an increase ot 
one white member, and a decrease both among the 
Indians and colored people. The Indians about 
this time were removing West. 

The number of Presiding Elders' Districts had 
increased to eight, and were as follows : Nashville, 
Cumberland, Lebanon, Shelbyville, Paris, Mem- 
phis, Huntsville, and Florence. 

This year, the delegates to the General Confer- 
ence were elected, which was convened on Mon- 

4 54 Methodism in Tennessee. 

day, May 2, 1836, at Cincinnati, Ohio. Robert 
Paine, John M. Holland, Greenville T. Henderson, 
Thomas L. Douglass, George W D. Harris, John 
B. McFerrin, and A. L. P Green were elected. 

The twelfth session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Abingdon, Virginia, Oct. 7, 183-3. 
Bishop Andrew presiding; Lewis S. Marshall, 

Preachers admitted on trial: George W Baker, 
William Bruce, E. K. Hutsell, Henry S. Kuontz, 
John Gaston, William M. Rush, John S. Weaver, 
John Boston, A. Campbell, A. B. Broyles. 

There were six. Presiding Elders, Districts and 
seventy traveling preachers. 

The membership : 21,191 whites, 2,189 colored, 
and 521 Indians. There was a decrease in both 
the whites and blacks, but the Indian element was 
new in the Holston Conference, the territory hav- 
ing been transferred from the Tennessee Confer- 

The delegates to the General Conference were, 
Samuel Patton, William Patton, Thomas K. Cat- 
lett, and David Flemming. 

Harvey B. Canning died this year, but no mem- 
oir w 7 as furnished to the editor of the General 

Methodism in Tennessee. 455 


Twenty-fifth session of the Tennessee Conference — Bishop 
Morris, his son — Preachers admitted on trial — Contribu- 
tion by H. R. W Hill — A singular trial — Decrease in 
the membership — Transfers — Holston Conference, the 
thirteenth session — Preachers admitted on trial — Presid- 
ing Elders' Districts — Twenty-sixth session of the Ten- 
nessee Conference — Bishop Andrew — Somerville — Early 
citizens of West Tennessee — The fourteenth session of the 
Holston Conference — Preachers received on trial — Emory 
and Henry College — J. M. Crismond — Twenty-seventh 
session of the Tennessee Conference — Huntsville — F E. 
Pitts, President — Preachers admitted — Missionaries sent 
to Texas — Fowler, Strickland, Williams, Hord — In- 
crease in the number of members — The districts — 121 
traveling preachers — The Bransford family — Fifteenth 
session of the Holston Conference — Preachers admitted 
on trial — Numbers — Districts — Transfers. 

The twenty-fifth session of the Tennessee Con- 
ference was held at Columbia, beginning October 
5, 1836. Bishop Thomas A. Morris was present, 
and presided, to the entire satisfaction of the 
members. He was a newly-ordained Superintend- 
ent, having been elected the May previous. He had 
long been a member of the Kentucky Conference, 

456 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and was, previous to liis election, editor of the 
Western Christian Advocate, published at Cincin- 
nati. In the division of the Church, in J 844, he 
adhered to the North, and has continued in the 
Episcopal office till this date, having served in 
that capacity for nearly thirty-six years. He is 
now the senior Methodist Bishop in the United 
States of America. Though infirm in bodv, his 
mind is yet vigorous, and his faith unshaken. He 
has a son, the Rev. F A. Morris, D.D., of the St. 
Louis Conference, who is an eminent preacher in 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. The 
Bishop is a minister of fine talents, and has 
exerted a good influence in the wide circle he has 
filled. He is now on the retired list. His preach- 
ing on Sunday, during the Conference, produced 
a profound impression. Simple, concise, and full 
of unction, the multitude was moved. The ser- 
mon and text are remembered till this day by 
many who had the pleasure of listening to the 
man of God. Though Bishop Morris chose to 
take position with the Northern division of the 
Church, he never forfeited the confidence of his 
Southern brethren. 

Dickson C. McLeod was elected Secretary, and 
the Conference, after a brief address from the 
Bishop, proceeded to business. 

The following preachers were admitted on trial : 
John Foster, John C. Mitchell, Thos. L. Boswell, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 457 

Henry P Turner, George R. Jordan, William 
McDaniel, John S. Davis, Alex. Avery, John S. 
Stanfield, Benj. R. Hester, Robert W Cole, H. B. 
Ramsey, Mark W Gray, Robert M. Tarrant, 
Moses Earheart, James B. McNeal, Joseph B. 
Walker, John P Sebastian, Samuel Watson, jr., 
Jesse Perry, Spencer Waters, James R. Walker, 
Alexander C. Chisholm, Matt. F Mitchell, and 
Wm. N. Morgan, 

Here was a list of twenty-five names entered 
upon the Conference-roll, and reported as ready for 
the field — ready for fighting the battles of the 
Captain of our salvation — ready to live or die, as 
the Chief in command might direct. Many of 
these have died in the faith, or retired from the 
itinerant work. John C. Mitchell was a young 
man of promising talents, deep piety, and great 
popularity ; he died young. Robert W Cole was 
a good preacher ; he labored in Middle and West 
Tennessee, in Arkansas, and in South-western 
Kentucky He has gone to his reward. Alex- 
ander Avery was transferred to Arkansas, where 
he filled important appointments. Moses Earheart 
has long since gone to his reward. William N. 
Morgan fell into the Memphis Conference, where 
he long lived and labored. He was a good man, a 
useful and popular preacher, and died in Christ, a 
few years since. Henry P Turner is still in the 
affective work ; a member of the North Alabama 
vol. in. — 20 

458 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Conference — a faithful laborer. Thos. L. Boswell 
is a prominent member of the Memphis Confer- 
ence; has filled many important positions in the 
Church ; is still actively employed in the work of 
the ministry, and promises long life. He has 
received the honorary title of D.D., which he 
worthily bears. He has a son in the ministry, 
who is now a member of the Arkansas Con- 
ference. John S. Davis is still traveling, a 
worthy member of the Louisiana Conference. 
Joseph B. Walker is now stationed at Galveston, 
Texas. He has been actively engaged in the 
work of the ministry since the day he entered 
the Conference. Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, 
Louisiana, and Texas, have all shared in his labors. 
Benj. R. Hester is an indefatigable laborer in the 
Illinois Conference. He has performed much 
work in Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, and 
Illinois, and is still vigorous. John S. Stanfield 
is in Texas, engaged in his vocation as a preacher 
of the gospel. John P Sebastian located, and is 
now engaged in the practice of medicine. He 
maintains his integrity as a Christian and a 
preacher. He was elected to elder's orders at 
the session of the Tennessee Conference, held in 
Nashville. October, 1872. He resides at Santa 
Fe, Tennessee. Mark W Gray is in the effective 
work, a respected member of the Tennessee Con- 
ference. He has a son in the ministry Robert 

Methodism in Tennessee. 459 

M. Tarrant located and went into secular pursuits ; 
he, as the author learns, maintains a good reputa- 
tion. J. R. Walker and A. C. Chisholm became 
identified with the Memphis Conference, and were 
good men and faithful preachers.- Of the future 
of Geo. R. Jordan, Wm. McDaniel, H. B. Ram- 
sey, J. B. McNeal, J W Perry, Spencer Waters, 
and M. F Mitchell, the author is not sufficiently 
informed to make a record here. Samuel Watson 
became prominent in the Church, but finally had 
his mind bewildered on the subject of " Spiritual- 
ism," and in the year 1872 withdrew from the 
ministry and membership of the Church — an event 
greatly lamented by his friends. 

H. R. W Hill sent to the Conference four hun- 
dred dollars, to aid in meeting the deficiencies of 
the preachers, and the widows and orphans of 
deceased ministers. Mr. Hill was frequent in his 
contributions to the cause of Christ; he was "a 
liberal soul, and was made fat." 

A singular trial occurred at this Conference. 
During the preceding part of the year, a layman 
had presented charges against a prominent preacher 
who was a member of the Annual Conference. 
The Presiding Elder having jurisdiction, called a 
large committee, made up of experienced elders. 
At the time set, the accuser and the accused were 
brought face to face. The prosecution was vigor- 
ous, and the defense was strong and defiant. The 

4 GO Methodism in Tennessee. 

charges and specifications were in part sustained, 
and the result would have been suspension till the 
meetins: of the Annual Conference, had the law 
governing the case been literally administered ; 
but the committee interceded and besought the 
Presiding Elder to administer a, reproof and allow 
the accused to go unsuspended, as he was aged, 
and had long labored for the cause of Christ and 
the interests of the Church. The Presiding Elder 
stated the rule, and answered that he was shut 
up to the necessity of administering the law 
according to the Discipline. The committee con- 
ceded all, but urged their request, and promised 
if the Annual Conference disapproved the act, 
they would willingly endure the penalty The 
Presiding Elder yielded ; the accused was re- 
proved, and the committee disbanded. When the 
Conference assembled, the Presiding Elder and all 
the committee were charged with maladministra- 
tion. The main specification w T as in failing to 
suspend, when they had found the accused guilty 
The case was fully investigated, and while the 
Conference resolved that the act of the Presiding 
Elder and committee was illegal, yet, as the motive 
was pure, and the intention kind and merciful, no 
moral blame was to be attributed to the parties, 
and their characters passed. The committee, how- 
ever, as well as those interested in a proper ad- 
ministration of discipline, learned that the safest 

Methodism in Tennessee. 4G1 

plan of procedure in lower courts is to adhere 
strictly to the letter of the law- The investigation 
of the case brought out many points of law, so 
that the minds of the younger preachers were 
greatly enlightened on the proper administration 
of the rules of the Church. 

There was a fearful decrease in the number of 
members this year : the loss was — whites, 3,314 ; 
colored, 792. Eighteen preachers located, so that, 
notwithstanding twenty five were admitted on 
trial, the gain in ministerial force was small, 
especially when it is remembered that Robert 
Gregory, Richmond Handle, Erastus B. Duncan, 
A. W Simmons, and J. W P. McKenzie, were 
transferred to the Arkansas Conference ; Robert 
S. Collins, William Pierson, John D Neal, and 
Green M. Rogers, transferred to the Mississippi 
Conference ; and C. D. Elliott and Alex. Rem- 
bert to the Alabama Conference. To speculate 
on the cause or causes of the decrease might be 
fruitless at this period of the Church's progress. 

At the General Conference which had convened 
at Cincinnati, Ohio, in May of this year, it was 
resolved to establish a weekly paper at Nashville, 
to be called the South-ivestern Christian Advocate. 
This paper was expected to take the place of the 
Western Methodist, previously established by 
Messrs. Garrett & Maffitt, and now offered to 
the Church. The sale and purchase of the 

462 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Methodist had been effected, and the Rev Thos. 
Stringfield, who had been elected editor, entered 
upon his duties. Mr. Stringfield was a member 
of the Hols ton Conference when he was elected, 
but was transferred to the Tennessee Conference, 
October, lb 36. The Conference entered upon the 
support of the paper with a hearty good-will. 

The thirteenth session of the Holston Confer- 
ence was held at Reems's Creek, North Carolina, 
commencing October 12, 1836 — Bishop Andrew 
presiding; Lewis S. Marshall, Secretory. G. F 
Page, S. A. Miller, L. Wilson, A. M. Harris, J. 
L. Fowler, G. W Alexander, and C. Campbell, 
were admitted on trial. 0. F Cunningham, W 
Hicks, W C. Graves, C. Stump, H. W Balch, R. 
W Patty, and J. L. Sensibangh, were admitted 
into full connection. B. B. Rogers, A. Woodfin, 
J L. Sensibaugh, J Y Crawford, J. Piyor, and 
W G. Bro wnlow, located. 

Numbers in Society — whites, 20,158 ; colored, 
1,997; Indians, 752. There was also a decrease 
in the Holston Conference of 1,033 white and 192 
colored members. The traveling preachers num- 
bered seventy 

In the appointments of the preachers, there 
were seven Presiding Elders' Districts : — Evan- 
sham, D. Fleming, P E. ; Abingdon District, W. 
Patton, P E. ; Greeneville District, Samuel Pat- 
ton, P E.; Knoxville District, L. S. Marshall, P 

Methodism in Tennessee. 463 

E. ; Washington District, J. B. Daughtry, P. E. ; 
Newtown District, D. B. dimming, P E. ; Ashe- 
ville District, Thos. K. Catlett, P E. The terri- 
tory of the Conference had been enlarged by 
extending down into Georgia a portion of the 
State which, but a short time previously, had been 
incorporated in the Cherokee Nation — now in- 
cluded in the North Georgia Conference. 

The twenty- sixth session of the Tennessee 
Conference was held at Somerville, Fayette 
county, Tennessee, commencing October 11, 1837 
Bishop Andrew presided, and John W Hanner 
was elected Secretary ; D. C. McLeod, Assistant 

This was the second time the Tennessee Con- 
ference ever convened west of the Tennessee 
River. Somerville was a young town, located in 
the heart of a beautiful and fertile region. The 
citizens were intelligent, refined, and hospitable, 
and entertained the Conference in most elegant 
style. The country around was settled up by an 
intelligent and enterprising population, mostly 
from North Carolina, Virginia, and Middle Ten- 
nessee, with a sprinkling of Georgians and South 
Carolinians. The Methodists were well repre- 
sented. The list of names would be too long to 
record here, were all to be mentioned who were 
worthy ; but the author deems it proper to refer 
to a few who were pioneers in the cause of 

464 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Methodism in West Tennessee. The Littlejohns, 
the Williamsons, the Pattersons, the Warrens, the 
Dickersons, the McClellans, etc., were among the 
noble band who honored their vocation, and 
adorned their profession. Among the last sur- 
vivors was Mrs. Mary E. Williamson. She was 
the daughter of J B. Littlejohn, who was a 
finished gentleman, a, devout Christian, and a con- 
sistent and zealous Methodist. She was the wife 
of Lewis P Williamson, a gentleman of fine 
talents and lofty Christian character. Mrs. Wil- 
liamson was a woman of handsome accomplish- 
ments and deep, uniform piety Her last sickness 
was severe, but her faith was unshaken and her 
hope full. Formerly she was a woman of fortune, 
and gave largely of her means to the support of 
the institutions of Christianity — of Methodism. 
Before her departure she left certain donations to 
the Church. 

In the adjoining counties there were many 
Methodists in the early times of West Tennessee. 
Guilford Jones, D.D., a year or two since, buried 
one of the worthy matrons, which gave him occa- 
sion to write as follows: "Among the early set- 
tlers of Haywood county, no family did more in 
giving to Methodism that prestige and moral 
power, which it has ever maintained in that 
county, than the Taylors. Not only were the 
men noble specimens of the Christian gentleman, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 465 

fervent in piety and abundant in good works, but 
their women were no less excellent in the beautiful 
graces that adorn the Christian character. A few 
weeks ago I attended the burial of the last of 
these matriarchs — Mrs. Martha Taylor, relict of 
the Rev John Y Taylor. It was my privilege 
to be frequently at her bedside during her last ill- 
ness, and witness the matured strength and holy 
calm of a truly Christian faith. Her meek and 
child-like confidence in God, her words of exhor- 
tation to friends, her talk about heaven, as the 
gleam of its bright shores came breaking through 
the shades that were gathering round her, proved 
that religion was ' more valuable than rubies, and 
more precious than much fine gold.' 

" Mrs. Taylor was born in Anson county, N. C, 
October 18, 1794; professed religion June 4, 1811; 
married Rev. John Y. Taylor, December 24, 1811; 

emigrated to Montgomery county, Tenn., in , 

and removed to Haywood county about 1823, and 
died at the house of her granddaughter, Mrs. 
Martha A. Taylor, in Brownsville, Tenn., Febru- 
ary 22, 1871. Her maiden name was Alexander 
— another name precious in the annals of Method- 
ism. She and the first wife of Richard Taylor 
and Mrs. Van Buren were sisters of John Alex- 
ander, who died at Holly Springs, Miss., in 1857. 
We do not remember that an obituary notice of 

that truly noble and excellent Christian man ever 

466 Methodism ia Tennessee. 

appeared. His name, as well as his noble face, 
however, is embalmed in the memory of hundreds, 
as that of one of the best specimens of early 
Methodism in this country 

" We buried her by the side of the grave of 
her sainted husband, in the beautiful burial- 
grounds of the Taylor family That burial- 
ground has become a sacred place : once a year, 
at least, the writer seeks to enjoy a reverie among 
its memorials of departed worth. A second gene- 
ration — some of them now getting grey — keep the 
place scrupulously neat, thus showing the deep 
hold which departed worth has upon the memory 
of the living. There is the tomb of the old 
veteran, Rev Howell Taylor, put up and inscribed 
by his grandsons ; also of Allen Taylor, Hev. 
John Y. Taylor, Captain Howell Taylor, Richard 
Taylor, and their wives. There, too, we find the 
grave of the Rev Gerard Van Buren, a man of 
moral worth, by his wife, who was an Alexander, 
connected with the Taylor family Others of 
precious memory sleep there, in hope. 

" This burial place is a pretty elevation on the 
east, and in full view of Tabernacle church ; and 
it would be hard to estimate the moral force which 
its sight, with its memories, has upon the minds 
of all who come to that house of worship. Re- 
spect for the dead is one of the beauties of our 
holy Christianity, and in this case is one of the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 467 

elements of power, doubtless, in bringing the 
rising generation under religious influence at an 
early age. Nearly all the young people in the 
neighborhood of Tabernacle are brought into the 
Church while quite young. They have at this 
place an annual meeting, called by some 'the feast 
of tabernacles,' at which a large number of the 
offspring of the old families gather, embracing the 
third Sunday in September. At these meetings 
a number of people are generally converted, and 
more or less children are dedicated to God." 

Mr. Alexander, referred to in the foregoing ex- 
tract, was once a citizen of Maury county, Ten- 
nessee, where he exerted a happy influence, and 
left a good name. His son, Robert Alexander, 
who now resides near Holly Springs, Mississippi, 
is an honor to his ancestors. Into this family the 
Rev W C. Johnson, the editor of the Western 
Methodist, married, thus keeping up a regular suc- 
cession amon^ the Methodists. 

The following persons were admitted on trial : 
Cornelius Evans, a man advanced in life, but stout 
and vigorous ; plain and unlettered, but full of 
zeal, and consistent in piety He died a few 
years since, in Sumner county His end was 
peace. Ely Bynum located ; he is now living in 
the bounds of the Memphis Conference. John M. 
Steele is still active in labors, a member of the 
White River Conference, Arkansas. He has long 

468 Methodism in Tennessee. 

been a pioneer in the West — a good man and true. 
Milton Ramey has retired under a cloud. John 
M. Nolan is local — a good man, but afflicted so 
as to be unable to do effective work. James M. 
Major went into the Memphis Conference, where 
he sustains a superannuated relation. Frederick 
F Paine is a cousin to Bishop Paine. He is at 
present a Presiding Elder in the Arkansas Confer- 
ence — a good man. Isaac T S. Sherrill joined 
the Baptists. John F Collins, in the Memphis 
Conference, is a local preacher in good standing. 
Joseph Willis was a man of pure and spotless 
character He was born January 7, 1816, and 
died September 19, 1859, twenty -three years 
from the day on which he was licensed to preach. 
He was a plain man and a faithful preacher. W. 
Mulkey has already been referred to in this work. 
P P Neely has already been before the reader. 
L. B. McDonald was the son of Alexander Mc- 
Donald ; educated at Lagrange College, joined the 
Alabama Conference, became a useful and beloved 
minister, and died young. W B. Mason went to 
Arkansas, where he closed his useful life. Gerard 
Van Buren was a man of years, but of faith and 
good works ; he died years ago, in the Memphis 
Conference. G. W Sneed has been referred to in 
another part of this work. Alexander Mathews 
is local, living in the vicinit}' of Nashville, res- 
pected for his virtues. John S. Williams is still 

Methodism in Tennessee. 469 

active in the Tennessee Conference. Charles B. 
Harris died a short time since, a member of the 
Memphis Conference. He was a good man, and 
much esteemed. He has a son now in the Illinois 
Conference. Simpson Shepherd was alluded to in 
a former chapter. J. B. Hollis was a plain, pious, 
and useful preacher. He died in Cannon county, 
years ago. His memory is precious. 

The fourteenth session of the Holston Confer- 
ence was held at Madisonville, Tenn., October 18, 
1837 Bishop Morris presided, while L. S. Mar- 
shall acted as Secretary 

The following preachers were admitted on trial : 
George W Stafford, Mitchell Martin, F M. Man- 
ning, J. M. Crismond, W C. Reynolds, Russell 
Reneau, W L. Turner, Thomas Witten,H. Tartar, 
Weelookee (Cherokee), C. D. Smith, and Thomas 

Geo. W Baker, W Bruce, E. K. Hutsell, John 
Gaston, W M. Rush, A. B. Broyles, J. S. Weaver, 
and A. Campbell, were admitted into full connec- 

The Districts remained as they were the yeai 
previous. There was a small increase in the num- 
ber of white and colored members, while there 
was a decrease among the Indians ; this w 7 as owing 
to the fact of their being removed west of the 
Mississippi River. 

In the appointments, two names were read out 

470 Methodism in Tennessee. 

as Agents for Emory and Henry College — Creed 
Fulton and G. F Page. The efforts to build up 
Emory and Henry College have proved successful. 
Hundreds of young men have been trained here, 
and the College, at the date of this writing, is 
more prosperous than ever before. It was at this 
session that Wm. Patton was transferred to the 
Missouri Conference. 

J. M. Crismond, admitted on trial, is still an 
active laborer. He is now the oldest effective 
preacher in (he Holston Conference. Russell 
Reneau became a man of mark. His native 
talents were strong, and, though he was singular 
in his manners, he was powerful in the pulpit. 
On questions of the doctrines or the ordinances 
of the gospel, or Church polity, he was a master- 
workman. He was a strong advocate for the 
temperance cause, and wrote and spoke much in 
its favor He wielded the pen of a ready writer, 
and was for some time connected with the press. 

The twenty -seventh session of the Tennessee 
Conference was held in Huntsville, Alabama, com- 
mencing October 3, 1838. No Bishop being 
present, the Rev. Fountain E. Pitts was elected 
President. Mr. Pitts requested the counsel of 
the Revs. Robert Paine and Thos. L. Douglass in 
the management of the business of the Confer- 
ence. The Rev John W Hanner was elected 
Secretary, and the Conference proceeded to busi- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 471 

ness. Mr. Pitts presided with ease, and to the 
general satisfaction of the members. 

E. L. Raglin, Daniel Mooney, Joseph Smith, 
John A. Vincent, Nathan Sullivan, C. L. Boyce, 
James Gaines, Warren M. Pitts, John K. Wells, 
James B. Gardner, Alexander McDonald, Thos. J 
Lowrey, William L. Bonner, Jonathan White, 
Solomon Holford, Wm. A. Cobb, Isaac D. Smith. 
Edwin W Yancy, Barnabas Burrow, W S. Jones, 
Mnrkley S. Ford, William R. Dickey, James A. 
Walkup, James Young, Albert G. Hunter, and 
Turner P Holman, were admitted on trial. 

Of the twenty-six enrolled, the majority be- 
came useful and successful traveling preachers. 

E. L. Raglin, after several years' labor in the 
Tennessee and Memphis Conferences, removed to 

Daniel Mooney was a good man, and finished 
his course in peace. 

Joseph Smith had been a local preacher of ex- 
perience — a plain man, and very much devoted to 
the'eause. He made a useful itinerant, and brought 
hundreds into the Church. He was a powerful 
man in exhortation, and seldom failed in moving 
the congregations. During the late war he left 
home for safety, lay in the woods to evade the 
enemy, took cold, and soon sank under disease 
and passed away — aged, beloved, and lamented. 

Joseph Smith was a good man and a great 

472 Methodism in Tennessee. 

preacher, if a minister's greatness is to be de- 
termined by the number of souls he wins to 

John A. Vincent became a popular and useful 
preacher. He was long identified with the Mem- 
phis Conference, and left a good name. His 
memory is cherished by hundreds who survive 
him. Mr Vincent was a native of Maury county, 
Tennessee. On the Sabbath before his death he 
preached twice, and on Monday reached home. 
As was his custom, in the evening he called the 
family together for prayer ; the services were con- 
ducted in the usual manner. Before retiring he 
knelt bv his bedside and commended himself to 
God. He became suddenly ill, and the next morn- 
ing his spirit returned to God who gave it. Not a 
single blot ever attached to his character. 

Nathan Sullivan's father was a local preacher. 
He brought up his son in the fear of God; hence 
he was early converted; and entered upon the 
work of the ministry, where he has always been 
employed, and where he still prosecutes his holy 

James Gaines was a native of South Carolina. 
He traveled eleven years in the Tennessee Con- 
ference, and was then transferred to Memphis, 
where he continued to labor till his health failed. 
His education was limited, yet he became a very 
able preacher, and accomplished much good in the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 473 

name of Christ. His death was tranquil ; he fell 
asleep in Jesus near Kossuth, Mississippi, Sep- 
tember 16, 1868, saying, " Tell my brethren of 
the Conference all is well with me." 

Warren M. Pitts is a Kentuckian ; traveled 
several years in the Tennessee Conference, and is 
now in Missouri, where, for many years, he has 
filled important appointments with acceptance. 

Alexander McDonald was an old man when he 
entered upon the itinerant work. He had long 
lived near to Mount Pisgah Camp-ground, in Giles 
county He was a strong man, and did much 
good service in establishing and defending Method- 
ism in Southern Tennessee. He had two sons, 
who became ministers. Father and sons have all 
gone to rest. 

Thomas J. Lowery, an active worker, is still 
effective in the North Mississippi Conference. 

Isaac D. Smith was born in Bedford county 
He was a young man of extraordinary gifts. He 
died near Dover, in the third year of his ministry, 
greatly lamented. 

William L. Bonner is a superannuated member 
of the North Mississippi Conference. Though a 
cripple, going on crutches, he for many years was 
a very efficient laborer, especially in circulating 
the literature of the Church. 

W S. Jones labored for many years in the 
cause, doing good service. 

474 Methodism in Tennessee. 

W R. Dickey was somewhat advanced in years 
when he entered the Conference, though he had, 
for many years, exercised his gifts as a local 
preacher. He was a devout Christian, and an 
amiable gentleman. He spent many years of his 
ministerial life in preaching to the people of color, 
and iimona; that race did much 2;ood. He died 
near Memphis, May 30, 1867, having lived to 
" good old age." 

James A. Walk up lived till the year 1872, 
when he fell on sleep. He died in Cannon county, 
near to the home of his youth, and where he pro- 
fessed faith in Christ. He was a, man full of faith 
and abounding in good works; plain in dress and 
in his manner of preaching. He was loved and 
respected, and his life closed in peace, leaving a 
son in the ministry 

James Younir, still vigorous, is in Texas, advo- 
eating the cause of temperance. 

Albert G. Hunter was a man of delicate health. 
He lived but a few years, and went to his re- 

T. P Ilolman is } r et in the effective work; 
he is a member of the North Mississippi Con- 

Solomon Hoi ford was transferred, with George 
W Morris, Wm. Mulkey, M. S. Ford, and S. 
Waters, to the Arkansas Conference. 

Of C. L. Boyce, John K. Wells, James P>. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 475 

Gardner, Jonathan White, Edwin W Yancy, and 
Barnabus Burrow, the author has lost si<*lit. 

Four missionaries were sent from Tennessee 
this year to Texas — namely, Littleton Fowler, 
Isaac L. G. Strickland, Samuel A. Williams, and 
Jesse Hord. 

These were four noble spirits, and they all 
honored their calling in their new and important 
field of toil and responsibility 

Littleton Fowler was a Kentuckian by birth, 
and first entered the ministry in the Kentucky 
Conference. He was transferred from Kentucky 
to the Tennessee Conference, where he remained 
until he volunteered as a missionary to Texas. 
In person, Mr. Fowler was large, well-proportioned, 
and commanding. His countenance was open, and 
his expression generous and kind. He was full 
of courage, and feared no danger He was loved 
and honored by thousands who heard the mellow 
tones of his charming voice and listened with rap- 
ture to his artless manner of preaching the gospel 
of Christ. The following extract is copied from 
the " History of Methodism in Texas," by the 
Rev- H. S. Thrall, who is indebted to the Hon. 
B. F Sexton for the facts contained in the in- 
teresting details. Mr. Fowler died January 19, 
1846. The writer says : 

"After the death of Dr. Rutcr, in 1838, Mr. 
Fowler was appointed Superintendent of the Texas 

476 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Mission, and after Texas ceased to be a mission, 
he occupied the post of Presiding Elder In 
1839 Mr. Fowler married Mrs. Missouri M. Porter, 
of Nacogdoches. Mrs. Fowler still lives, having 
subsequently married the Rev. John C. Woolam. 
After his marriage, Mr. Fowler settled in the 
McMahon settlement, in Sabine county, where his 
family still resides. Some time before his last 
illness, he requested Rev S. A. Williams to preach 
his funeral-sermon from the text : ' I am not 
ashamed of the gospel of Christ.' The last time 
Mr. Fowler himself preached, he used that text. 
It was in Douglass, and the sermon was equal to 
one of his best efforts. Mr. Fowler retained his 
intellectual faculties unclouded till the last. On 
the day before he died, he addressed his physician, 
who was skeptically inclined: 'Doctor, I have 
tried the religion of Jesus Christ for more than 
twenty- five years, and I find it now what I be- 
lieved it to be all the time. It gives me consola- 
tion in my dying hour. I have no fear of death. 
I shall be happy and live in heaven forever. 
I hope you will study the gospel more, and yet 
believe in it to salvation !' After this his friends 
sang a favorite hymn — ' land of rest, for thee 
I sigh ! ' During the ensuing night, he turned to 
his brother, Judge A. J. Fowler, and said : ' Jack, 
am I not dying ? ' His brother told him he thought 
he was. 'Well,' said he, 'you should have told 

Methodism in Tennessee. 477 

me so. It does not alarm me. I feel that I must 
die; death to me has no terrors. I feel that I 
can walk through the valley and shadow of death, 
and fear no evil. God is with me.' His children 
were called to his bedside. He gave each one a 
Bible, a word of advice, and an affectionate fare- 
well. Still later, and after a brief season of re- 
pose, he awoke as from a dream, and exclaimed : 
' what a glorious sight ! I have seen the angelic 
hosts, the happy faces of just men made perfect/ 
and repeated the couplet : 

Farewell, vain world, I'm going home; 
My Saviour smiles, and bids me come. 

" His sight failing him, he inquired of Mr. 
Woolam if there were no lights in the room. He 
was told there were. 'Ah, well,' said he, ' my 
sight grows dim. Earth recedes, heaven is ap- 
proaching. Glory to God in the highest!' Soon 
after this he expired. ' There was no struggle,' 
says Mr. Sexton, ' no violence, but there was the 
cold reality, too real.' In forming an estimate of 
the character of Littleton Fowler, the first thing 
that strikes us is its perfect symmetry His fine 
physical form furnished a suitable tenement for his 
noble mental traits. In his manners, dignity 
and affability were beautifully blended. He had 
a most benevolent expression of countenance, a 
keen, piercing eye, and a musical, ringing voice. 

478 Methodism in Tennessee. 

His mind was well cultivated ; his religious ex- 
perience was cheerful; his convictions of the truth 
and power of the gospel remarkably strong. He 
was the very man for Texas, and when he died, 
Texas Methodism went into mourning. He was 
buried under the pulpit in the church in his 
neighborhood, in which he had so often stood as a 
Christian embassador." 

Samuel A. Williams was personally known to 
the author before he entered the Christian ministry 
He was meek, modest, and devout; a man of fine 
judgment and singleness of purpose. He was a 
sincere servant of God, and a faithful embassador 
of the Lord Jesus Christ. Mr. Thrall says of him : 

" He died in 1 866. We turn to the Minutes 
and find the ominous words, ' No memoir.' Mr. 
Williams entered the Tennessee Conference in 
1834, in the same class with S. S. Yarbrough 
and David Coulson. Mr. Williams followed Ruter, 
Fowler, and Alexander, to Texas, reaching the 
new republic in 1838. With a feeble constitution, 
he labored to the full measure of his strength for 
twenty -five years, in the bounds of the East Texas 
t Conference, filling most important circuits, stations, 
and districts. Twice he had presided over the 
sessions of that body, three times represented it in 
the General Conference, and now he passes away 
with no earthly record. Well, his record is on high/' 

Isaac L. G. Strickland was a young man of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 479 

zeal and promise. He was not permitted long to 
toil in his new field. Mr Thrall says of him : 

"In March, 1839, Mr. Sneed arrived and 
took charge of the Montgomery Circuit, and Mr. 
Strickland was sent to assist Mr Hord. This 
was Mr. Strickland's sixth year in the ministrv, 
and proved to be his last. He was a young man 
of rare promise, and while diligently prosecuting 
his work, fell a victim to congestive fever. He 
died at the house of Mrs. Bell, at Columbia. 
When convinced that his end was approaching, he 
exclaimed, 'Can this be death?' and then confi- 
dently added, * I shall soon be in heaven.' His 
body rests under a live-oak tree in one of the 
unmarked graves in the family burying-ground on 
the Bell plantation, near West Columbia. Some 
years later a little church was built at Chance's 
Prairie, called Strickland Chapel, but his grave is 
unmarked. His successors in the ministry may 
not be able to find it, but doubtless his Master 
knows how he labored and died, and where his 
body sleeps, and the point from which it will 
come forth when he comes to make up his jewels. 
A tear to the memory of Isaac L. G. Strickland." 

Of the four, Jesse Hord alone survives. He is 
a superannuated member of the West Texas Con- 
ference, and resides at Goliad. Advanced in years 
and full of honor, he is waiting till the time when 
his change shall come. 

480 Methodism in Tennessee. 

The work in the republic of Texas progressed, 
and the labors of the missionaries were crowned 
with glorious success. In the course of a few 
years annexation took place, and Texas became 
one of the States of the Union. At the time of 
this writing there are five annual Conferences in 
the State, with about fifty thousand communicants, 
and a corresponding number of preachers — travel- 
ing and local. It is a pleasure to know that 
Tennessee, in her Fowlers, Alexanders, Williamses, 
Stricklands, Hords, Richardsons, Haynies, Sneeds, 
etc., contributed largely in planting Methodism in 
the " Lone Star Republic," and in pushing for- 
ward the work of evangelization to its present 
grand proportions. 

At this session efforts were made to enlarge the 
circulation of the South-ivestern Christian Advocate, 
and to improve its finances. At the request of 
the Conference, John W Hanner was appointed 
Assistant Editor. This was designed to relieve, 
1o some extent, the labors of Mr Stringfield, who 
was not only required to conduct the finances of 
the establishment, but to edit the paper. Mr. 
Hanner had had some experience, as he was con- 
nected one year with the Western Methodist while 
it was owned by the Rev. L. Garrett. The paper, 
as conducted by Messrs. Stringfield and Hanner, 
was able and popular. 

The work prospered during the year. There 

Methodism in Tennessee. 481 

were, in many portions of the Conference, gra- 
cious revivals of religion, and the net increase was 
2,833 whites, and 474 colored. When the appoint- 
ments were read out there were nine Presiding 
Elders' Districts — namely : 

Whites. Colored. 

Nashville, with a membership of. 4,328 987 

Cumberland, with a membership of... 2,279 790 

Lebanon, with a membership of 498 485 

Shelbyville, with a membership of 4,680 703 

Paris, with a membership of 3,616 285 

Wesley, with a membership of. 4,326 635 

Memphis, with a membership of 2,175 360 

Huntsville, with a membership of. 3,383 439 

Florence, with a membership of 2,723 506 

Total 28,008 5,190 

There were one hundred and twenty-nine trav- 
eling preachers, besides five superannuated preach- 
ers, thirteen transfers, and two left without ap- 

Reference has been made several times to the old 
family of Bransfords. A friend has furnished the 
author with the following items : 

The name of Bransford is English. Only one 
of the family is known to have come to America. 
His name was John Bransford. He settled in 
Richmond, Va., where he died in 1781. He had 
two sons and three daughters. The names of the 
sons were James and John. James had two sons 
vol. in. — 31 

482 Methodism in Tennessee. 

— Robert and William. The former was never 
married. William had one son — Owen Brans ford 
— who was a merchant, and resided in Bucking- 
ham county, Va. The descendants of James re- 
mained in Virginia, where the few surviving of 
that name are now living. 

John Bransford (2d) was the great-grandfather 
of those of this name now residing in Tennessee. 
His boyhood was spent in Richmond ; afterward 
he removed to Manakin, and subsequently to 
Buckingham county, where he was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits until his death. 

In the early period of his life he was a member 
of the Colonial Established Church; but previous 
to his removal from Buckingham he joined the 
Methodists, and was imprisoned by Col. Archibald 
Cary for permitting a Methodist minister to preach 
in his house. 

For the accommodation of the congregation he 
built a large room, that was used for a meeting- 
house until one was erected in the neighborhood, 
which was called Slate River Meeting-house. He 
was married twice : first to Sally Easter, by whom 
he had three sons — William, James, and John. 
William and James were soldiers of the Revolu- 
tion. William was in the company of Capt. Joseph 
Eggleston, after whom, it is supposed, the Confed- 
erate General Joseph E. Johnston was mimed. 
James served in Lee's Legion, and was with that 

Methodism in Tennessee. 483 

distinguished officer in most of his battles with 
the British in the Southern States. James moved 
to Georgia,, where, for a brief period, he taught 
school. Among his scholars was Col. John L. 
Brown, a well-known citizen residing (1873) in 
the vicinity of Nashville. The descendants of 
James were distributed through Talbot county, 
Ga.. Butler county, Ala., and in Arkansas and 

John Brans ford (2d), by his - second marriage, 
became the father of Thomas, Francis, Benjamin, 
Stephen, Jacob, Samuel, Abram, Robert, Eliza- 
beth, and Patsey 

Thomas removed to Barren county, Ky.,in 1817, 
where, for half a century, his house was the wel- 
come stopping-place for Methodist preachers, dur- 
ing which time he was a member of the Methodist 

Elizabeth married the Rev John Ayers, who was 
a Methodist preacher in Buckingham county, Va. 

Benjamin was a member of the Methodist 

The two sons of Thomas, of Barren county, 
Ky. — namely, Walter L., now of Petaluma, Cali- 
fornia, and the late Col. Thos. L. Bransford, of 
Nashville — were both members of the Methodist 
Church. Col. Bransford was for a quarter of 
a century a merchant of Jackson county, Tenn.; 
subsequently engaged in wholesale mercantile pur- 

484 Methodism in Tennessee. 

suits in Louisville, Ky., Nashville and Memphis, 
Term. The ancestors of his grandmother, Judith 
Amonett, came from France after the Revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes and the Massacre of 
St. Bartholomew, and settled in Virginia in the 
reign of William III., about 1685. Bishop Mead 
had the family record before him in writing the 
" History of the Church and Families of Virginia." 
Col. Bransford was a member of the Tennessee 
Legislature in 1839-1840; was elected Elector 
on the Presidential Harrison and Clay tickets in 
1840 and 1844 ; was the Whig candidate for Con- 
gress in 1843, and was subsequently nominated 
by the counties in the Congressional District 
for Governor of Tennessee. He was a member of 
the Methodist Church for a number of years before 
his death, which occurred at Union Springs, Ala., 
February 26, 1865, in the sixty-first year of his 
age. He was a man of great force of character, 
and of unusual intellectual endowments. Speak- 
ing of his death, the Macon (Ga.) Telegraph said: 
" The death of such a, man deserves more than 
a passing tribute. Without the advantage of an 
early education, through the intuitive force and 
energy of a mind highly endowed by nature and 
ever in quest of knowledge and truth, Col. Brans- 
ford, unaided and alone, worked his way to posi- 
tion and wealth. His mind was a perfect chrono- 
logy of the past. In the sphere of varied attain- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 485 

ments no fact, however minute, but was ever 
ready at his command. In politics, in finance, 
and in commerce, throughout the States of Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky, and in the commercial cities 
of the North, the name of Col. Bransford is as 
familiar as a household word. The two leading 
faculties of his mind were memory and fact. In 
him their development was no less remarkable 
than accurate. As a public speaker and a conver- 
sationalist, whether upon political topics, finance, 
currency, or internal improvements, his endless 
train of facts which he brought to bear rendered 
his arguments invincible. On these and other sub- 
jects he wielded a powerful pen. Col. Bransford 
had ever been warmly devoted to the South. 
Long intercourse with the people of the North 
familiarized him with their sentiments, which as- 
sured him many years ago of the inevitable com- 
ing contest. The war found him at his home in 
Nashville, in the enjoyment of wealth and sur- 
rounded by an interesting family, from which he 
was expelled, to find a grave on stranger soil. 
His memory will be long cherished by those who 
knew him best; and his life is a part of the his- 
tory of his native and adopted State." 

His remains were brought home after the war 
between the States, and deposited, in the presence 
of the author, in Mount Olivet Cemetery, near 

486 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Of his children, Matilda,, wife of Russell M. 
Kinnsiird, Major John S. Bransford, Capt. Thos. 
L. Bransford, who died in Edgefield, Tenn., Juno 
12, 1869, and Willie S. Bransford, were members 
of the Methodist Church. 

The niece of Col. Bransford, Miss Maria Ann 
Shores, like her mother, Martha Cary Bransford, 
were members of the M. E. Church. Miss Shores 
married Col. Watson M. Cooke, a steward of the 
M. E. Church, South, and their only son, Thomas 
Bransford Cooke, was a member. Lieut. T B. 
Cooke was killed in battle at Port Hudson, La., 
during the civil war, and his remains were brought 
home and deposited in Mount Olivet at its close. 

The father of Col. Cooke, Major Richard F 
Cooke, was one of the pioneers in Tennessee ; 
was an officer under General Jackson in the war 
of 1812, and a member of the State Senate for 
several terms ; and Cookeville, the county-seat of 
Putnam county, Tenn., was named after' him. 
When Major Cooke first came to Nashville, the 
commanding hill on which now rests the beautiful 
State Capitol of Tennessee, was covered with a 
thick growth of cane, and Nashville had but one 
tavern — a rock structure on the corner now occu- 
pied by the Ensley Block, near Bridge avenue. 

John Bransford (3d) removed from Virginia to 
Smith county, Tenn. His family consisted of ten 
children — six sons and four daughters. William, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 487 

the eldest, was a soldier of the Avar of 1812 : 

served under William Henry Harrison, on the 
Canadian frontier, for eighteen months ; partici- 
pated in the battle of the Thames and capture of 
Proctor's army 

John Bransford (4th) served under General 
Jackson in the war of 1812, and in the campaign 
against the Creek Indians, and was in the battle 
of the Valley of the Coosa, November, 1813. He 
was the son of John, of Smith county He was 
a Methodist preacher — licensed by the Goose 
Creek Quarterly Conference, G. W Taylor, P E., 
September 23, 1826. He was ordained deacon, 
November 4, 1832, and elder, November 9, 1834, 
by Bishop Andrew. He died in Nashville, Sep- 
tember 23, 1837, of a congestive chill, aged 44, 
having been in the ministry exactly eleven years 
on the day of his death. 

Gideon Howell Bransford, another son of John, 
was also a Methodist preacher; was licensed to 
exhort in 1832; licensed to preach as a local 
preacher in 1834. At the close of the second 
year he was recommended to the Conference and 
received on trial in the traveling connection at 
Florence. He was appointed first year to Goose 
Creek Circuit, the following year to Cumberland 
Circuit, at the expiration of which he received 
deacon's orders, and was appointed to Lebanon 
Circuit for 1837-8, and the year following was 

488 Methodism in Tennessee. 

appointed to Goose Creek Circuit. He then moved 
to Jackson's Purchase, in West Tennessee, and 
settled in Obion county Afterward he joined 
the Memphis Conference, and as a herald of the 
cross went about his Master's business. His 
preaching was attended with great success. Doubt- 
less many sheaves will be present before his 
Father's throne, lie was appointed to the Troy 
Circuit, and afterward to the Richland Circuit, 
after which his health failed, and he was made 
a supernumerary on the Richland Circuit. He 
died suddenly, after a few hours' illness. 

Samuel Bransford, son of John, was a class- 
leader in the Methodist Church. He died in 
1826. Four sisters belonged to the same Church. 

Richard R. Bransford, Dixon Springs, Tenn., 
■was a member of the M. E. Church ; was a class- 
leader, a steward for many years. He was brother 
of John and Wesley — Methodist preachers. Of the 
family of Robert Bransford, who moved from Vir- 
ginia, who was half-brother of Thomas, of Barren 
county, Ky., Ann married John Tanner Claiborne, 
both of whom, and all of whose children — save 
perhaps one — were members of the M. E. Church. 

Robert C. Bransford, one of the general officers 
of the Nashville and Chattanooga, Railroad (1873), 
son of Robert, of Alabama., is a member of the 
Methodist Church, holding membership in Mc- 
Kendree charge, in Nashville. 

Methodism in Tennessee. 489 

It will be seen that the Bransfonl family fur 
generations past has belonged to the Methodist 
Church — has suffered persecution and imprison- 
ment for religion's sake — has been zealous in its 
support, and is yet active in the cause. 

S. W Bransfonl, Goodlettsville, and the sons of 
John and Gideon, deceased, in West Tennessee, 
are members of this Church ; some of them pre- 
paring for the ministry 

Major John S. Bransfonl, one of the general 
officers of the Louisville and Nashville and Great 
Southern Railroad (1873), and who was married 
by the author to Miss Manie E. Johnson — whose 
father and mother were also married by the author 
— are all members of the M. E. Church, South. 

George Sterling Smith and his wife — who was 
Miss Eliza Boyce — the parents of Mrs. Johnson, 
were also members of the M. E. Church, South, 
as also her sisters, Mrs. James Bostick, Mrs. Isaac 
Litton, Mrs. N. Hohson, and Mrs. Charles Turle}' 

For the main facts of the early history of the 
Bransfonl family we are indebted to the intelligent 
efforts of Mrs. Ann L. Hay slip, of Circleville, 
Texas, who has sought to obtain and perpetuate 
the history of a family to which she is devoted — 
the history of one of the excellent Methodist 
families of Tennessee. 

The fifteenth session of the Holston Conference 
was held at Wytheville — formerly Evansham— 

490 Methodism in Tennessee. 

commencing November 14, 1838 ; Bishop Andrew 
presiding, L. S. Marshall, Secretary. 

Since the fifth session — November, 1828 — the 
Uolston Conference has not made great progress. 
In 1828 the number of members was 17,952 
whites and 2,012 colored. In 1838 the numbers 
were 20,513 whites and 1,820 colored, being an in- 
crease of 2,561 whites in ten years, and a decrease 
of 192 colored. In 1828 there were in the Confer- 
ence 63 traveling preachers; in 1838, only 68. 

The slow apparent progress may be attributed, 
probably, to three causes : First, the strong and 
bitter opposition with which Methodists had to 
contend in those times of strife and contention. 
Second, to constant emigration toward the West 
and South. New countries were constantly open- 
ing up in the fertile regions beyond the Cumber- 
land Mountains, and the people were moving in 
constant streams, thus draining the population, 
and consequently subtracting from the number of 
Church-members. To sustain the Church seemed 
to be a good work. Third, the want of ministe- 
rial support caused many preachers to retire from 
the itinerant ranks and to engage in secular pur- 
suits, thus depriving the Church, in a measure, of 
the advantages of their age and experience. 

Jesse Childers, Benj. F Wells, Jesse Derrick, 
Allen H. Matthews, Win. IJickey, and C. Collins, 
were admitted on trial. Twelve remained on trial, 

MetJiodism in Tennessee. 491 

and six were admitted into full connection. None 
had died. The preservation of the lives of God's 
servants in the bounds of this Conference for many 
Years after its organization was wonderful. 

There were seven Presiding Elders' Districts — 
viz. : Evansham, D. Fleming, P E.; Abingdon, A. 
Patton, P E. ; Greeneville, T. K. Catlett, P E. ; 
Knoxville, D. Cumming, P E. ; Washington, John 
Henniger, P E. ; Newtown, J B. Daughtery, P. 
E. ; Asheville, D. R. McAnally, P E. 

D. B. Cumming, John F. Boot, A. Campbell, 
and Weelookee, were transferred to the Arkansas 
Conference. These transfers were missionaries 
among the Cherokees, and three of them were 
native Indians. They were following their breth- 
ren to the " Far West." 

492 MelJulism in Tennessee. 


Twenty-eighth session of the Tennessee Conference — The 
Centenary of Methodism — Preachers' Aid Society — Sup- 
port of the preachers by extra funds — Education — Epis- 
copal decision — The inauguration of Gov. Polk — Prayer 
by Bishop Andrew — Delegates elected to the General 
Conference — Preachers admiited on trial — Col. Wilkes — 
The sixteenth session of the Holston Conference, T. Cat- 
lett presiding, D. R. McAnally, Secretary — Preachers 
admitted on trial — Memphis Conference set off — The 
boundaries of the Tennessee, Holston, and Memphis Con- 
ferences — The city of Memphis — Letter from G. W D. 
Harris — Statistics — A ppendix. 

The twenty-eighth session of the Tennessee 
Conference commenced at Nashville, October 9, 
1839 — Bishop Andrew present and presiding. 
John W Hanner was elected Secretary, and Thos. 
L. Douglass Assistant. After a few days' service 
Mr. Hanner was released, and Thos. L. Douglass 
was elected Principal Secretary, and Reuben Jones 
Assistant Secretary r 

The session of the Conference was protracted 
until Saturday evening, the 19th, having been in 
session eleven days, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 493 

Several subjects of unusual interest engaged 
the attention of the body First, the appointment 
of a committee on the Centenary of Methodism. 
This committee, after mature deliberation, brought 
in the following report — viz. : 

" The committee to whom the subject, ' The 
Centenary of Methodism,' was referred, beg leave 
to submit the following report — viz.-: 

"The great object of the fathers and founders 
of Methodism was to evangelize the world; and 
the experience of a hundred years has evinced 
that the great cardinal doctrines peculiar to our 
Church, the itinerant plan by which these doctrines 
are disseminated, the general policy of our eccle- 
siastical government, as well as those prudential 
regulations which give distinctive and special pri- 
vilege to our members, are founded on script- 
ural principles. Time has but served to show 
the wisdom of its founders ; and the astonishing 
unanimity of its ministers and members in refer- 
ence to doctrine and discipline, together with the 
glorious success which has ever marked its prog- 
ress, clearly indicates that it bears the approbation 
of the Head of the Church. No radical change 
in any of the great principles of Methodism has 
been desired by any considerable portion of its 
members in either Europe or America. We are 
one people all over the world, and to perpetuate, 
inviolate and unchanged, the fundamental princi- 

494 Methodism in Tennessee. 

pies of Methodism through all coming time, is the 
ardent wish of the millions who rally under the 
banner of Methodism. A high and holy trust, 
involving the dearest interests of immortal spirits, 
is committed to our hands, and fearful and awful 
would be the responsibility of an act that should 
betray it. To raise a monument of our gratitude 
to God for raising up and sustaining our beloved 
Church, and to carry out more efficiently the 
great and benevolent objects of itinerant Method- 
ism, is the purpose of the Centenary contributions 
now being raised throughout the limits of our 
Church. In the appropriation of the funds, it be- 
comes the duty of the Conference to propose, as 
worthy of the patronage of our members and 
friends, those objects which may be regarded as 
bearing most directly and effectually upon the 
characters and usefulness of the itinerant ministry 
As it is a part of our regular plan of operations 
to raise funds for missionary purposes, and as from 
the obvious necessity for such funds, and the 
evidence already afforded that our people will 
ever respond to the calls for help to this object, 
we have come to the conclusion that it is unnec- 
essary to specify missions as one of the proper 
objects of the Centenary contributions. This should 
be regarded as a regular annual work. But as the 
support of the superannuated and supernumerary 
preachers, their wives, widows, and orphans, is of 

Methodism in Tennessee. 495 

vital importance in sustaining an experienced arid 
efficient ministry by giving assurance to the faith- 
ful laborer that, should lie fall in his work, his 
helpless family will not be left unprotected and 
destitute, we have thought that a part, adequate, 
in all probability, to meet such cases in our Con- 
ference, should be applied to this end. 

" The great interests of education — embracing 
both male and female education — and especially 
the education of the children of the itinerant 
ministry, we have, moreover, thought should 
be a prominent object; and, finally, we have 
thought proper to leave it discretionary with the 
Conference to apply any fund that might be found 
hereafter unnecessary for sustaining these objects, 
in any manner they may deem best calculated to 
carry out the plan of itinerant Methodism. In 
conformity with these views, we therefore recom- 
mend the adoption of the following resolutions : 

" 1. Resolved, That the funds which may be 
contributed and received, designated by the donors 
for a specific object, shall be faithfully applied in 
conformity with the expressed design of the donor. 

" 2. Resolved, That one -half of the Centenary 
contributions, not specifically appropriated other- 
wise by the terms of donation, shall be applied to 
education, under the direction of the Conference. 

" 3. Resolved, That one-fourth of the Centenary 
contributions, not otherwise oppropriated by the 

196 Methodism in Tennessee. 

terms of donation, shall bo applied to the Preach- 
ers' Fund, conformably to the plan adopted by the 
Conference at its session in 1836. 

^ 4. Resolved, That one-fourth of the Centenary 
contributions, not otherwise appropriated by the 
terms of donation, shall be applied to the benefit 
of supernumerary and superannuated preachers, 
their wives, widows, and orphans, and to other 
cases, in conformity to the Constitution of the 
Preachers' Aid Society of the Tennessee Confer- 
ence, and under the direction of said Society 

" 5. Resolved, That should the proportion of 
funds referred to in the last resolution exceed the 
sum of ten thousand dollars, or in the event it shall 
be found that the surplus proceeds or interests of 
any of the funds embraced by the foregoing reso- 
lution shall not be necessary to effect the object 
or objects set forth therein, said surplus proceeds 
or interests may be appropriated by the Tennessee 
Annual Conference to either of the foregoing 
objects; and should there be no necessity for the 
capital, -surplus, or proceeds by any above-specified 
objects of appropriation, then said sums may be 
applied as the Conference may direct; provided 
such appropriations shall be made to such objects 
as promote the great end of the Methodist itiner- 

" 6. Resolved, That any of the foregoing reso- 
lutions may be altered or amended during any 

Methodism in Tennessee. 497 

subsequent session of the Tennessee Annual Con- 
ference, by a majority of seven-eighths of all the 
members of the Conference. 

'•All of which is respectfully submitted. 

" R. Paine, Chairman." 

In conformity with the above plan, a Preachers' 
Aid Society was formed, and a Constitution was 
adopted. " The object of this Society was to raise 
a fund, the interest of which should be annually 
applied, under the direction of the Board of Man- 
agers — to be elected annually by the Society — to 
necessitous members of the Conference ; especially 
to the superannuated and supernumerary preach- 
ers, and the widows and orphans of deceased 
members." The principal was not to be touched — 
only the interest applied. 

Thomas L. Douglass was elected President of 
the Board ; A. L. P Green, Vice-President; J. B. 
McFerrin, Secretary ; and J- T. Elliston, A. W 
Johnson, Robert Martin, W II. Moore, Albert 
H. Wynn, Nicholas Hobson, Joseph Litton, John 
Morrow, John Rains, and T. K. Price, Managers. 

Under these arrangements, the Conference and 
the Society went to work, and a considerable sum 
was collected. The moneys contributed to educa- 
tional purposes went into Lagrange College and 
other institutions of learning. The fund raised 
for the Preachers' Aid Society was a bone of con- 
tention. Some members of the Conference and 

498 Methodism in Tennessee. 


of the Board were for vesting it in our schools 
holding the Trustees responsible for the safe-keep- 
ing of the motieys and the payment of the inter- 
est; others strenuously opposed the project, and 
earnestly urged the importance and necessity of 
keeping the funds of the different departments 
separate. After years of struggle, the whole went 
into the schools, and was finally lost to the Aid 

Nearly every effort in the Tennessee Confer- 
ence to create a, special fund for the support of 
the preachers and their families has failed. In- 
deed, it is a, question not yet satisfactorily settled, 
whether or not an independent support for preach- 
ers and their families should be provided. There 
are strong reasons why those who preach the gos- 
pel, and their dependents, should live of the gos- 
pel — " The laborer is worthy of his hire." 

The moneys collected did good, no doubt, and 
helped for a season those who needed aid; but 
the purpose of creating a permanent fund was, in 
the end, defeated. 

The Conference passed strong resolutions in 
favor of education, and encouraged the building of 
schools for the training of children of both sexes. 

The Rev. J. W Hanner offered his resignation 
as Assistant Editor of the South-western Christian 
Advocate, which was accepted ; and the Rev T. 
Strinofield was desirous to retire also, but the 

Methodism in Tennessee. 499 

Conference requested him to continue until the 
meeting of the next General Conference, which 
would convene in May, 1840. He complied, and 
continued to edit the paper till the autumn of 1840. 
Mr. Stringfield had encountered some serious dif- 
ficulties, growing out of his relation to the Advo- 
cate, and of the sale and purchase of the Western 
Methodist. These things made his position un- 
pleasant in some respects, and he wished to return 
to his home and Conference, in East Tennessee. 
No blame attached to him in his management of 
the paper, but a combination of circumstances 
prevented the success that was anticipated. Mr. 
Stringfield was an able writer and a pure man. 

A question of law came before the Bishop for 
decision. F E. P had charged H. M. C. with 
immoral conduct. A committee was summoned 
and the trial commenced, when the committee, by 
the consent of the administrator, resolved itself 
into a committee of reference, compromised the 
matter, and the papers were destroyed. Bishop 
Andrew, when the case was presented to^ him, 
decided : 

" In the case of P vs. C, it is my opinion that 
the committee, having been legally constituted to 
try the defendant on charges of immorality, had 
no right to resolve itself into a committee of ref- 
erence, as though the case had been one of private 
personal difference between P and C; but said 

500 Methodism in Tennessee. 

committee was bound to investigate the charges 
according to all the liujits to be derived from the 
testimony submitted, and to render a verdict of 
acquittal or condemnation, and to bring forward 
the verdict, with all the papers connected with 
said trial, to next Quarterly-meeting Conference, 
for its final action in the case ; and, consequently, 
I suppose the committee to have acted illegally, 
first, in resolving itself into a committee of refer- 
ence ; and, secondly, in destroying the Minutes 
of said trial, together with the accompanying 
documents. James 0. Andrew." 

During the Conference, the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee was in session in Nashville. Jt was the 
time of the inauguration of James K. Polk as 
Governor of the State. The Conference was in- 
vited to witness the ceremonies, and Bishop An- 
drew made the concluding prayer. It was a prayer 
of great appropriateness and power, and called forth 
many remarks of commendation. Few prayers 
ever made a more profound impression. 

Another episode of interest deserves notice. 
General Andrew Jackson, ex-President of the 
United States, whose residence was about twelve 
miles from Nashville, was in the city, and desired 
to visit the Conference while in session. A com- 
mittee, consisting of R. Paine, J Boucher, and J. 
B. McFerrin, was appointed to wait on the Gen- 
eral and conduct him to the Conference. They 

Methodism in Tennessee. 501 

discharged the duty with pleasure, and the vener- 
able gentleman expressed great delight at being 
permitted to see so many ministers of the gospel 
in one assembly He took his position near the 
platform, when the members of the body passed 
around and gave him a hearty grasp of the hand. 
One of the preachers, while young, had been with 
him in the Creek War. The General recognized 
him and called him by name : tears of joy filled 
the eyes of both parties, while the whole Confer- 
ence entered into the feelings of the two veterans. 
The Conference called upon the Bishop to offer a 
prayer and invoke the blessings of God upon the 
distinguished visitor : all knelt and fervently be- 
sought the Father of Mercies to send the rich 
graces of his Spirit npon the man whom they de- 
lighted to honor Arising from his knees, the 
venerable warrior and statesman, again expressing 
his pleasure at the meeting, bade the body adieu. 

General Jackson himself became a Christian, 
and died in hope of a better country Though 
not a Methodist, he was ever friendly to the 
Methodist Church. The Rev James Gwin had 
been his Chaplain during the war, and was a great 
favorite with the General, and through him he had 
his first impressions of Methodism. 

The venerable William Ryland, for many years 
a distinguished member of the Baltimore Confer- 
ence, was a special favorite with General Jackson, 

502 Methodism in Tennessee. 

and doubtless he derived much spiritual profit 
from his association with that eminent minister 
while the General was President and Mr. Ryland 
was to Congress, and for many years at 
the Navy Yard in Washington. General Jackson 
was soundly converted — he obtained peace after 
wrestling a whole night in his parlor, at the mercy- 
seat. He did not join the Methodist Church — 
perhaps on account of family considerations — but 
he heartily endorsed those views of spiritual relig- 
ion held by the Methodists ; and his house — 
"The Hermitage" — was one of the homes of the 
preachers, whom he entertained with Christian 

This year the delegates were elected to the 
General Conference, which was to convene at Bal- 
timore, May 1, 1840. Robert Paine, F E. Pitts, 
J. B. McFerrin, Ambrose F Driskill, and S. S. 
Moody, were elected. 

On motion of D C. McLeod, it was resolved 
that Thos. L. Douglass and George W D Harris 
be sub delegates to the General Conference, who 
shall serve in case any one or two of the others 
fail. Messrs. Douglass and Harris declined, when 
D. C. McLeod and Thomas Joyner were elected 
in their stead. 

The following preachers were admitted on trial : 
Ethelbert H. Hatcher, William Burr, Thomas L. 
Boswell, David R. Hooker, William P Tinslev, 

Methodism in Tennessee. 503 

James Walston, Ed. C. Slater, Stand ford Lassater, 
Benjamin Barham, James Morris, Thos. B. Craig- 
head, George E. Young, Fairman D. Wrather, 
Thomas N Lankford, Needham A. D. Bryant, 
Daniel H. Jones, Sion Record, William H. Wilkes, 
Elijah J. Dodson, Adam S. Biggs, Win. Pickett, 
James C. Harrison, and Ransom Davidson. 

Of Thos. L. Boswell, E. J. Dodson, and Adam 
S. Riggs, sketches have already been given. 

George E. Young, F D Wrather, Win. Pickett, 
James C. Harrison, and B. Barham, have passed 
from the knowledge of the author 

William Burr is a Presiding Elder in the Ten- 
nessee Conference — an active, beloved, and able 

David R. Hooker is local, living in West Ten- 
nessee, much respected. 

William P. Tinsley was a lovely man ; labored 
faithfully for a few years, and died in Christ. 

James Walston traveled a few years and located. 

E. C. Slater still lives; he is a prominent member 
of the Memphis Conference — able, eloquent, and 
popular. He bears the honorary degree of D.D. 

Standford Lassater is a worthy superannuated 
member of the Tennessee Conference. 

Thomas B. Craighead belonged to the family 
of Craigheads near the city of Nashville; he is, 
indeed, the grandson of the Rev. Mr. Craighead, 
the distinguished Presbyterian minister referred 

504: Methodism in Tennessee. 

to in the first volume of this work. Young Craig- 
head was pleasant, and promised to be useful, but 
his mind became enfeebled, and finally gave way, 
and he has been in the lunatic asylum for many 

E. H. Hatcher was a Virginian by birth. He 
became an able and eloquent preacher. He was 
a fine writer, and was gifted as a poet. He wrote 
many beautiful poems, which were published in 
the popular weeklies and monthlies of the country 
He filled several important appointments, and was 
for several years an active agent of the American 
Bible Society Wasting consumption brought him 
to an early grave. He died lamented by thousands. 
He left several sons, who are worthy descendants 
of a noble father. He died in Florida,, January 
25, 1853. He sent a message to his mother : 
" Tell mother that I go to glory " His remains 
were brought to Tennessee, and were interred in 
the cemetery at Columbia. 

Thomas N. Lankford lived and labored till the 
year 1869, when he fell asleep in Jesus. He was 
a, native Tennessean, and died in his fifty-second 
year. He was a plain, useful preacher, and was 
'gifted in exhortation and prayer ; a good man, and 
true to his holy vocation. 

N A. D. Bryant is still a preacher in the bounds 
of the Memphis Conference. 

Daniel H. Jones was a plain, evangelical preach- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 505 

er, and steadfast to the end. He died August 19, 
1863, in the fiftieth year of his age. He passed 
through the valley of death, triumphing in the 
God of his salvation. 

Sion Record was a preacher of good talents, 
and was faithful in every department. As circuit 
preacher, stationed preacher, and Presiding Elder, 
he was useful and acceptable. He died on Sun- 
day, May 1, 1859. His last hours were full of 
triumph. He has left the savor of a good name. 

Ransom Davidson was the brother of Asbury 
Davidson. He retired from work. Of his subse- 
quent history the author has no information. 

William H. Wilkes is the son of Col. Wilkes, of 
Maury county, a gentleman of reputation, who 
gave two sons to the ministry — William and F C, 
who is a member of the Texas Conference — a 
man of superior talents. William H. is still a 
member of the Tennessee Conference — a preacher 
of ability and good reputation, engaged in the 
active work. 

Wilkes's celebrated Camp-ground was near the 
early home of the Messrs. Wilkes. 

Simon Carlisle died this year. The history of 
Mr. Carlisle is remarkable. He was born January 
15, 1773; converted to God in 1789; admitted 
on trial as a traveling preacher, and appointed to 
Caswell Circuit, in 1790 ; Lincoln Circuit, in 1791. 
He was ordained deacon, and appointed to Salis- 
vol. in. — 22 

506 Methodism in Tennessee. 

bury Circuit, in 1792 ; and to Tar River, in 

At the Conference held for 1794 he was drop- 
ped, as it is stated in the Minutes, "for improper 
conduct." The charge for which he was dropped, 
however, proved to be false. The young man 
who contrived the plot confessed on his death-bed 
the whole affair to be a, plot or scheme of his own. 
Mr. Carlisle sustained the disgrace with a degree 
of patience and Christian fortitude more than com- 
mon. He constantly attended meeting, and after 
the sermon was over, would take his seat out of 
doors by himself, and weep during the time of 
class-meeting; and he always said he believed 
God would vindicate his character During this 
time of trial and distress he had frequent solicita- 
tions to join other Churches, but his uniform re- 
ply was that he could be nothing but a Methodist. 
Indeed, he never lost the confidence of those in- 
timately acquainted with him, and his conduct 
i>ave him a stronger hold on the affections of his 
brethren. It is considered but justice to his char- 
acter to give the foregoing statement, as his name 
stands on the old printed Minutes with this mark 
of disgrace. He first settled in Guilford Circuit, 
North Carolina, and in 1804 removed to the West, 
and settled on Cumberland River, where he main- 
tained an unblemished character, and labored ex- 
tensively and successfully as a local preacher for 

Methodism in Tennessee. 507 

about thirty years. In the fall of 1834 he ngain 
entered the traveling connection, and traveled 
Smith's Fork, Goose Creek, and Cumberland Cir- 
cuits. At the Huntsville Conference, 1838, he was 
appointed to the Lebanon African Mission, but his 
Master said, "It is enough." On the fourth day after 
his arrival at home he was taken sick, and was con- 
fined four weeks with hi eh and continued fever, 
during which time he suffered much ; but his 
Christian patience and fortitude never failed. His 
confidence in God was firm and unshaken. He 
died on the 24th of November, in the sixty- 
sixth year of his age, surrounded by a loving 

It is somewhat remarkable that the table of 
statistics is not complete this year — the" numbers 
being left out. There was, however, an increase 
of 2,284 members. 

At this Conference B. R. Hester, Edwin Yancy, 
Win. B. Mason, R. W Cole, and W A. Cobb, 
were transferred to the Arkansas Conference. 
Mr. Cobb became a member of the White River 
Conference, and died in peace, January 20, 1873. 
James 0. Williams and Thomas C. Cropper trans- 
ferred to the Alabama Conference. Chauncy 
Richardson and Johnson Lewis were transferred 
to the Mississippi Conference, which then em- 
braced the Republic of Texas. Messrs. Richard- 
son and Lewis were to eo into the Texas Mission. 

508 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Thomas Wilkerson was transferred to (lie Tlolston 
Conference, where he had spent the vigor of his 

The sixteenth session of the Holston Confer- 
ence Avas held at Greeneville, Tennessee, com- 
mencing October 30, 1839. No Bishop being- 
present, Thomas K. Catlett presided, and D. II. 
McAnally was elected Secretary 

Preachers admitted on trial : J D. Gibson, D. 
White, R. G-. Ketron, J. Atkins, and A. M. 

E. F Sevier, who had located previously, was 

James Atkins is a prominent member of the 
Holston Conference, and has a promising son in 
the ministry 

Mr. Goodykoontz was a deeply pious man, a 
good preacher, and continued without wavering in 
the Master's work till the 15th of November, 
1857, when he died on the Abingdon Circuit, in 
the absence of all his family When told that he 
must die, he said : " Well, I am ready " 

The year was prosperous, showing an increase 
of white members of 3,326. 

Samuel Patton, T. K. Catlett, and E. F Sevier, 
were elected delegates to the General Conference. 

At the General Conference which met in Balti- 
more, May 1, 1840, the Tennessee Conference 
was again divided, and the Memphis Conference 

Methodism in Tennessee. 509 

was set off. The territory occupied by the Choc- 
taw and Chickasaw Indians, lying between West 
Tennessee and the State of Mississippi, came into 
possession of the United States government. The 
Indians were removed west of the Mississippi 
River, and the country vacated was attached to 
the State of Mississippi. The acquisition of this 
territory was very important, and opened a new 
field for ministerial enterprise. In the arrange- 
ment of the boundaries, most of this acquired 
country fell into the Memphis Conference. There 
were now three Conferences, mainly in the State 
of Tennessee, bounded as follows : 

" The Holston Conference shall include East 
Tennessee and that part of the States of Georgia, 
South Carolina., North Carolina, and Virginia, now 
embraced in Newtown, Asheville, Wytheville, 
Abingdon, and Greeneville Districts." 

" The Tennessee Conference shall include Mid- 
dle Tennessee and North Alabama." 

" The Memphis Conference shall be bounded on 
the east by the Tombigbee River, Alabama State 
Line, and Tennessee River; on the north by the 
Ohio and Mississippi Rivers ; west by the Mis- 
sissippi River, and south by the line running due 
east from the Mississippi River to the south-west 
corner of Tallahatchie county ; thence due east to 
the south-eastern corner of Yallabusha county; 
thence in a straight lino to the north -western 

510 Methodism in Tennessee. 

corner of Oktibaha county ; thence due east to 
the Tombigbee River." 

The new Conference was named after the city 
of Memphis — the most important city in the ter- 
ritory included in its boundaries. 

Memphis is a large and rapidly -growing city, 
situated on the east bank of the Mississippi River, 
in the extreme south-west corner of the State of 
Tennessee. Here Methodism was phmted at an 
early day, and has continued to grow until the 
autumn of 1872, when the number of members 
was as follows : 

Second Street Church 505 

Central Church 141 

Hernando Street Church 331 

Saffarans Street, Greenwood, and City Mission... 93 

Springdale and Bethel 137 

Total 1,207 

It is believed that Andrew J. Crawford, who 
traveled the Forked Deer Circuit in the year 1822, 
was the first preacher who ever proclaimed the 
gospel in the "Bluff City," known then as the 
" Mouth of Wolf River." 

Memphis was afterward included, for a few 
years, in the Wolf River Circuit. It was first 
made a separate charge in the fall of 1831, when 
Francis A. Owen was appointed the preacher. 
For more than forty years the Methodist preach- 

Methodism in Tennessee. 511 

ers have been laboring in Memphis. When they 
first opened their mission there, Memphis was a 
small village ; it is now a large city The first 
stationed preacher still lives, and has witnessed 
the growth of the city and the Church. 

The author solicited the late Rev. G. W D. 
Harris, D.D., to contribute to his intended work 
when he determined to write the " History of 
Methodism in Tennessee." The following letter 
is his response, written, as the reader will per- 
ceive, more than two years before his death — 
he closed his useful life in triumph, December 9, 
1872 :— 

Dyersburg, Tenn., February 5, 1869. 
Rev. J. B. McFerrin, D.D.: 

My dear Brother : — I owe you, if not an apology, 
at least an explanation. When your kind favor 
came to hand I was out on a, tour of quarterly 
meetings, and have just reached my home, jaded 
and quite unwell. My race is almost run, and 
life's battle well-nigh over. that it may be well 
fought, that at last I may be brought off more 

» than a conqueror, through Him that hath loved me I 

I am much delighted that you have undertaken 

to write the History of our beloved Methodism in 

/Tennessee; and I know no one whose age and gen- 
eral acquaintance with Methodism in Tennessee 
better qualifies him for the undertaking. 

512 Methodism in Tennessee. 

You have generously called on me for informa- 
tion as to the first planting of Methodism in West 
Tennessee. Though I have been long and famil- 
iarly connected with the work in this division of 
our State, yet I had not the honor to be anions; 
the noble, self-sacrificing men who first visited these 
western wilds. And as I have not the published 
Minutes of those early times, I am left now to 
draw on memory alone for my facts ; and alas for 
me ! memory, in many things, has become unfaith- 
ful. My information, however, is, that Lewis 
Garrett, jr.., first visited some few of the eastern 
counties of West Tennessee, as Presiding Elder. 
Then R. Paine (now Bishop Paine) operated 
through the whole extent of West Tennessee and 
Western Kentucky, as Presiding Elder, and was 
greatly beloved and eminently useful ; he remained 
here but one year, I think, and was succeeded by 
Ihe beloved Joshua Boucher. He, too, was much 
beloved and useful, but, I think, only remained 
one or two years. Then Thomas Smith came 
over, and remained four years ; and of him I need 
say nothing to you, as you know him and his 
characteristic peculiarities. That he labored and 
encountered many hardships needs no proof, and 
in many instances was useful. 

In the fall of 1831, two Districts were formed 
out of the original District embracing West Ten- 
nessee and Western Kentucky ; and the beloved 

Methodism in Tennessee. 513 

Jolm M. Holland and myself were sent over the 
Tennessee River by the venerable Bishop Roberts 
as Presiding Elders ; Holland on what was then 
called the Forked Deer District, embracing Mem- 
phis ami all the territory north of Memphis to 
the South Fork of Forked Deer River; and I was 
placed upon the Paris District, embracing the ter- 
ritory now included in five Presiding Elders' Dis- 
tricts. The country was then but sparsely set- 
tled, and the appointments far between, and we 
preached generally in private houses. But the 
people were attracted to our quarterly meetings 
from all quarters, and God in an eminent manner 
owned our labors. Soon churches began to spring 
up. Rude, indeed, the most of them were, but 
God was not ashamed of our rough and hewed 
log-houses, but met with us and poured us out a 
blessing. Soon camp-grounds began to dot our 
countiy (how great the pity that they ever fell 
into disuse) ! In many parts of this country I 
have witnessed the most remarkable displays of 
Divine power that ever fell under my observation. 
Indeed, West Tennessee and Western Kentucky 
became a garden of the Lord, and our beloved 
Methodism, like the cloud the prophet saw, soon 
spread all over the land, and in an eminent sense 
became the religion of this country, as it is at the 
present time. I may venture to say that more 

preachers of mark were converted and sent out 

514 Methodism in Tennessee. 

from this country, and more especially from what 
was then the Paris District, than from any other 
portion of Tennessee. Here I licensed the la- 
mented W P Ilatclilfe ; John Blythe, who died 
in Oregon ; Benj. II. Hubbard, D.D. ; P P Neely, 
D.D., and a host of others. 

As it relates to laymen, many of them distin- 
guished themselves, and achieved much for the 
Church. Foremost in the list stand the names of 
Major James Merri weather, Samuel P Ash, Dr. 
Dudley Dunn, of Memphis, Dr. DuBose, and a 
number of others. 

Nor were we without godly matrons, who acted 
well their part and won an enviable distinction 
that will never die. 

Well, Doctor, I am both sick, tired, and cold, 
and cannot write. You must write to me a<>a,in, 
and call my attention to such particulars and de- 
tails as I may possibly be able to say something 
about. Now, if I had you by my own cozy fire- 
place for about a week, a thousand things of in- 
terest could be conjured up from the wastes of 
memory. Now, what say you to that? As I have 
alternately been on all the work for many years, 
I could say much, if need be, in reference to my 
colleagues and fellow-workers in the vineyard of 
the Lord : such men as Dixon C. McLeod, T L. 
Bos well, D.D., Charles T. Ramsey, who died at 
Batesville, Ark. — who was a host in his i\i\y — 

Methodism in Tennessee. 515 

your honored father, your brother William, Samuel 
Grilliland, Alexander Littlejohn, Arthur Davis, 
Robert L. Andrews, Richmond and Thomas W 
Randle, and Phinehas T. Scruggs. Let these 
crude lines suffice for the present, and make 
a flying trip, by way of respite from hard 
labor, and let us recall the days of auld lang 

Soon I must be off again for another laborious 
trip. Our prospects, all things considered, are 
reasonably fair. 

My cordial regards to old friends generally. 
I am, as heretofore, 

Yours sincerely, G. W D. Harris. 

To mark the progress of the Church is an un- 
tiring work, and well calculated to inspire the 
heart with gratitude to God. 

In 1840 the Tennessee Conference numbered : 

White members 21,675 

Colored members 4,405 

Local preachers.. 298 

Holston Conference : 

White members 25,902 

Colored members 2,420 

Local preachers 304 

Carried forward 55,004 

516 Methodism in Tennessee. 

: Brought forward 55,004 

Memphis Conference : 

White members 12,497 

Colored members 1,995 

Local preachers 183 

Total 69,679 

Of these there were colored members 8,820 

This number, taken from the whites, leaves... 60,859 
There were traveling preachers : 

In the Tennessee Conference 109 

In the Holston Conference 70 

In the Memphis Conference 69 

Total 248 

In 1 871 there were in the Tennessee Conference; 

White members 36,459 

Colored members 144 

Local preachers 317 

Holston Conference : 

White members 30,920 

Colored members 162 

Local preachers • 264 

Memphis Conference : 

White members 27,833 

Local preachers v 278 

' Total 96,377 

Methodism in Tennessee. 517 

In making the proper estimates, it must be 
borne in mind that in 1840 all of North Alabama 
was included in the Tennessee Conference; that a 
portion of Georgia was embraced in the Holston 
Conference; and that the Memphis Conference 
included a large portion of North Mississippi. 
Moreover, in 184 there were 8,820 colored mem- 
bers ; these, and thousands of others who had 
united with the Church before 1 860, went off into 
different organizations of colored Churches. 

According to the best estimate that can be 
made, there were in the State of Tennessee, in 
1871, the following white members : 

Tennessee Conference 36,459 

Local preachers 317 

Traveling preachers 182 

Holston Conference, in the State of Tennessee 15,000 

Local preachers 115 

Traveling preachers 76 

Memphis Conference, in the State of Tennessee 22,209 

Local preachers 234 

Traveling preachers 107 


Total of preachers — traveling and local — 

and white members 74,699 

Number of Sunday-schools and scholars, 1871 : 

Schools. Scholars. 

Tennessee 366 17,009 

Holston 352 15,418 

Memphis 275 13,541 

Total 993 45,968 

518 Methodism in Tennessee. 

Making allowance for those charges outside of 
the State, here is an important showing for the 
ranks of Israel : but the number should be 

The three Conferences in Tennessee collected, 
for the year 1871, the following sums for the 
cause of Missions : 

Tennessee $3,411 40 

Holston 1,795 27 

Memphis 4,038 85 

Total $9,245 52 

This falls far below the amounts contributed 
before the late war; and far below what will fol- 
low in years to come, under the blessing of God. 


To complete this work, it has been deemed important to insert 
the Appointments of the Preachers, beginning with the year 1812, 
when the Tennessee Conference was organized. It will be borne 
in mind that, according to the manner of printing the old Minutes, 
the time dates from the year following the sitting of the Confer- 
ence. For instance, the Tennessee Conference, which held its first 
session November 1, 1812, extended over to 1813, and is called in 
the Minutes, Conference of the year 1813. Keeping an eye on 
this fact, the reader will avoid confusion in the dates. In copying 
the Appointments, we date the year from the time the Conference 
was held. The preachers of the Western Conference, to which 
Tennessee at first belonged, are referred to in the body of this work. 


1812. — Conference held at Fountain Head, Tenn. 

Holston District. — James Axley, P. E. ; Abingdon, Baker Wrather; Nolli- 
chuckie, Lewis Anderson; French Broad, George Ekin; Tennessee Valley, 
Thomas A. King; Clinch, John Henninger, William Douthet; Carter's Valley, 
William King; Powell's Valley, Mumford Harris; Knoxville, Samuel H. 
Thompson; Holston, Sela Paine. 

Nashville District. — Learner Blackman, P. E. ; Dover, John Travis; Dixon, 
John Nixon; Nashville, John Johnson; Stone's River, Jesse Cunnyngham; 
Lebanon, William B. Elgin, Richard Conn; Caney Fork, Jedidiah McMinn; 
Elk, Isaac Conger; Flint, Zechariah Witten; Richland, Boaz Ady; Duck 
River, John Craig. 

Cumberland District. — James Gwin, P. E. ; Red River, Samuel Brown; Foun- 
tain Head, Francis Travis; Goose Creek, Isaac Lindsey; Roaring River, Clai- 
borne Duval ; Wayne, James Porter; Somerset, Thomas Nixon; Green River, 
Benjamin Malone; Barren, Samuel King. 

Wabash District. — Peter Cartwright, P. E. ; Vincennes, Richard Richards; 
Little Wabash, John Smith; Blassack, David Goodner; Livingston, John 



Manley; Christian, Jacob Turmrm; Henderson, Joseph Foulks; Hartford, 
John Alien : Breckinridge, John Bowman. 

Illinois Dish id.— Jesse Walker, P E. ; Missouri, Jesse Hale; Coldwater, 
John McFarland ; Maramaek, Thomas Wright; Cape Girardeau, Benjamin 
Edge; New Madrid, William Hart; Illinois, James Dixon. 

Mississippi District.— X-a\uu<j\ Sellers, P. E. ; Claiborne, John Phipps; Natchez, 
George A. Colbert; Wilkinson, William Winans, J. I. E. Byrd ; Amite, Elisha 
L<>tt;" Pearl River, Samuel S. Lewis; Toinbeckbee, Richmond Nolley, John 
Shrock; New Orleans, Lewis Hobbs. 

Louisiana District. — Miles Harper, P. E.; Eapids, Thomas Griffin; Attakapas, 
John S. Ford; Washataw, Miles Harper. 

1813. — Conference held at Bees' 's Chapel, Tenn. 

Holston District. — James Axley, P. E. ; Abingdon, George Ekin: Nollichuokie, 
Sela Paine, Nicholas Norwood; French Broad, John llartin; T< nnessee Val- 
ley, Jesse Cunnyngham; Clinch, Benjamin Malone, William Striblmg; Carter's 
Valley, Thomas A. King; Powell's Valley, William King, John Menifee; 
Knoxville, Richard Richards; Holston, John Travis, William Douthet; Cum- 
berland, John Bowman. 

Nashville District . — Learner Blackman, P. E.; Nashville, Thos. L. Douglass; 
Nashville Circuit, John Henninyr; Stone's River, William Hartt, Reuben 
Claypole; Lebanon, Samuel S. Lewis; Caney Fork, William B. Elgin, Joshua 
Boucher; Elk, Muni ford Harris; Flint, John McClure, Valentine D. Barry; 
Richland, John Le Master; Duck River, John Daniel. 

Cumberland District. — James Gwin, P. E. ; Red River, John Smith; Fountain 
Head, Hardy M. Cryer; Goose Creek, James Dixon; Roaring River, Hainan 
Bailey, Somerset, Isaac Lindsey ; Green River, Samuel Brown; Barren, Clai- 
borne Duval. 

Illinois District.— Jesse Walker, P. E. ; Vincennes, Zechariah Witten; Little 
Wabash. James Porter; Missouri, Jesse Hale; Massack, Josiah Patterson; 
Coldwater and Maramaek, John McFarland, Richard P. Conn ; Cape Girardeau, 
Thomas Wright; New Madrid, Thomas Nixon; Illinois, Ivy Walke. 

Green River District.— Peter Cartwright, P. E. ; Christian, Samuel H. Thomp- 
son; Livingston, John Johnson, Francis Travis ; Henderson, John Schrader; 
Hartford, Joseph Foulks; Breckinridge, Benjamin P^dge; Dover, Baker 
Wrather ; Dixon, John Craig. 

1814. — Conference held at New Chapel, Ky. 

Holston District. — James Axley, P E.; Abingdon, Sela Paine; Nolliehuckie, 
Benjamin Malone; French Broad, John Henninger; Tennessee Valley, John 
Menifee; Clinch, William Hartt ;Ca tier's Valley, .Jesse Cunnyngham ; Powell's 
Valley, James Porter; Knoxville, James Dixon; Holston, George Ekin; Lee, 
Thomas Nixon. 

Nashville District. — Thomas L. Douglass, P E.; Nashville, Baker Wrather; 
Stone's River and Lebanon, Moses Ashw orth ; Caney Fork, Hardy M. Cryer; 
Elk, Joshua Boucher; Richland, Benjamin Edge; Flint, John Craig; Duck 
River, Zechariah Witten. 

Cumberland District. — Learner Blackman, P. E.; Red River, Isaac Lindsey; 
Goose Creek, Ivy Walko ; Fountain Head, James Gwin; Roaring River, John 
Phipps; Somerset, Nicholas Norwood ; Green River, Human Bailey; Barren, 
Samuel Browne; Wayne, Thomas Bailey. 

Illinois District. — Jesse Walker, P. E.; Illinois, James Now land; St. Marvs, 
Josiah Patterson; Fort Massack and Little Wabash, John C. Harbison; Patoca, 
John Sc-ripps; Vincennes, John Schrader. 

(jifcn Diver District.— Peter Carlw right, P. E. ; Christian, John Johnson; 
Livingston, Jesse Hale; Henderson, Cla iborno Duval ; Hartford and Brockin- 
ridgc. William F. King, < iconic McNolly; Dover, Joseph Foulks; Dixon, John 

Missouri District. — Samuel H.Thompson, P. E. ; Missouri, William StriMing; 

Coldwater and Mar: ok, Jacob Whitcsides; Saline. John McFarland; Cape 

Girardeau, Thomas Wright; New Madrid, Asa Overall. 

Mississippi District.— Samuel Sellers. P F. ; Natches and Claiborne, Thomas 
A. King, Gabriel Pickering; Natchez city and Washington, Roswell Valentine; 
Wilkinson, William Winans, Peter .lames, Wiky Ledbetter; Amite, John I. 


E. Byrd, Jonathan Kemp; Pearl River, Elijah Gentry; Tombeckbee, John S. 
Ford, Thomas Owens. 

Louisiana District. — Thomas Griffin, P. E.; Attakapas, Richmond Nolley; 
Rapids, Elisha Lott; Washataw, Thomas Griffin. 

1815. — Conference held at Bethlehem M. H. : Tenn. 

Nashville District. — Thomas L. Douglass, P. E.; Stone's River, Lewis Gar- 
rett; Nashville, Hardy M. Oyer; Lebanon, Isaac Lindsey; Caney Fork, 
Thomas Griffin, John "Bloom ;* Elk River, John Craig; Flint River, Moses 
Ashworth, H. McPhail ; Richland, Joshua Boucher; Duck River, . 

Cumberland District. — John McGee, P. E.; Red River, George McNelly; 
Fountain Head, James Gwin; Goose Creek, John Johnson; Roaring River, 
Benjamin Malone; Wayne, Jesse Cunnyngham; Somerset, Thomas Bailey ; 
Green River, John Phipps; Barren, Nicholas Norwood. 

Green River District. — Peter Cartwright, P. E. ; Christian, Claiborne Duval; 
Livingston, Benjamin Edge; Henderson, William Stribling; Hartford, John 
Smith; Breckinridge, William F. King; Dixon, Elisha Lott; Dover, Nace 

Holston District.— James Axley, P. E. ; Abingdon, James Porter ; Nollichnckie, 
John S. Ford; French Broad, John Bowman; Tennessee Valley, Wm.Hartt; 
Clinch, Ivy Walke; Carter's Valley, Nathan Barnes; Powell's Valley, John 
Seaton; Knoxville, John Henninger; Holston, John Hutchinson; Lee", Josiah 
Daughtry; Tazewell, Geoige Ekin. 

Illinois District. — Jesse Walker, P. E. ; Illinois, John Scrips; Okaw, ; 

('ash River, John C. Harbison; Bigby, Josiah Patterson; Wabash, Daniel 
McHenry; Pattoca, Thomas A. King; Blew River, John Schrader; Vincennes, 
Thomas Davis. 

Missouri District. — Samuel H. Thompson, P. E.; New Madrid, Philip Davis; 

Cape Girardeau, Jesse Hale; Spring River, ; Saline, Thomas Wright; 

Bellevue, William Stevenson; Coldwater, Benjamin Proctor; Missouri, Jacob 
Whitesides; Boon's Lick, Joseph Piggott. 

Mississippi District.— Samuel Sellers, P. E. ; Claiborne and Natchez, James 
Dixon, John Lane; Wilkinson, Thomas Nixon; Amite, Elijah Gentry; Pearl 
River, John Menifee; Tombeckbee, Ashley Hewitt, Alexander Fleming; 
Rapids, Thomas Owen; Attakapas, Peter James; Washataw, . 

1816. — Conference held at Franklin, Tenn. 

Salt River District.— Marcus Lindsey, P. E. ; Danville, Henry B. Bascom; 
Cumberland, Jabez Bowman; Madison, Sadosa Bacon; Salt River, Thomas D. 
Porter; Shelby, James G. Leach; Jefferson, William Adams, Andrew Monroe. 

Nashville District. — Thomas L. Douglass, P. E. ; Stone's River, John Smith; 
Nashville, William McMahon ; Lebanon, Moses Ashworth ; Caney Fork, Joshua 
Boucher; Elk River, Thomas Strin.afield ; Flint River, James Farris; Rich- 
land, Benjamin King; Duck River, Ebenezer Hearn. 

Cumberland District. — John McGee, P. E.; Red River, Nace Overall, Hardy 
M. Oyer; Fountain Head, James Norton; Goose Creek, William F. King"; 
Roaring River, Timothy Carpenter; Wayne, Clinton Tucker; Somerset, Jame=t 
Porter; Green River, William Stribling; Barren, George McNelly. 

Green River District. — James Axley, P. E. ; Christian, Peter Cartwright; Liv- 
ingston, John Johnson; Henderson, Benjamin Ogden; Hartford, Banjamin 
Malone, William Allison; Breckinridge, John Bloom; Dixon, Lewis Garrett; 
Dover, John Craig. 

Holston District. — Jesse Cunnyngham, P- E. ; Abingdon, John Bowman, Win. 
Ashley; Clinch, George Ekin; Carter's Valley, William Manson; Holston, 
Nathan Barnes, John Dew; Lee, Benjamin Edge; Tazewell, Isaae Quinn. 

French Broad District. — John Henninger, P. E. ; Nollichuckie, Josiah Daugh- 
try ; Little River, William Harlt, Benjamin Peeples; Knoxville, Nicholas Nor- 
wood; Powell's Valley, John Hutchinson; Tennessee Valley, Hugh McPhail, 
John Seaton. 

1817. — Conference held at Franklin, Tenn. 

Salt River District.— Marcus Lindsey, P. E. ; Danville and Madison, William 
Adams, Henry B. Baseom ; Cumberland, Lewis Garrett; Salt River, William 


F. King; Shelby, Sodasa Bacon; Jefferson, William Hartt, William Allison; 
Franklin, Andrew Monroe. 

Nashville District.— Thomas L. Douglass, P. E.; Nashville, Miles Harper; 
Stone's River, Thomas Stanley; Lebanon, Moses Ashworth; Caney Fork, 
Jedidiah McMinn; Elk River, Joshua Boucher; Flint River, Ebenezer Hearn; 
Richland, John Seaton; Duck River, . 

Cumberland District .—Charles Holliday, P. E. ; Fountain Head, William Mc- 
Mahon, William Stribling; Goose Creek, George McNelly; Roaring River, 

Clinton Tucker; Wayne, Timothy Carpenter; Somerset, ; Green River, 

John Hutchinson; Barren, George Taylor. 

Green River District. — James Axley, P. E. ; Christian, Benjamin Malone, John 
Dever; Livingston, John Johnson; Henderson, Benjamin Peeples; Hartford, 
Nace Overall; Breckinridge, James G. Leach; Dixon, John Craig; Dover, 
John Smith; Red River, Peter Cartwright. 

Holston District.— Jesse Cunnyngham, P. E.; Abingdon, George Ekin; Clinch, 
Edward Ashley; Carter's Valley, William S. Manson; Holston, Thomas D. 
Porter; Lee, James Witten; Tazewell, James Porter; Ashe, Jesse Green. 

French Broad District. — John Henninger, P. E. ; Nollichuckie, Nathan Barnes ; 
Little River, Nicholas Norwood; Knoxville, Josiah Daughtry; Powell's Val- 
ley, Benjamin Edge ; Tennessee Valley, Thomas Stringfield. 

1818. — Conference held at Nashville, Tenn. 

Nashville District. — William McMahon, P. E. ; Nashville, John Johnson; 
Nashville Circuit, Hartwell H. Brown, Thomas L. Douglass, sup.; White, 
Samuel Harwell ; Stone's River, Thomas Maddin; Lebanon, Benjamin Malone; 
Bedford, John Brooks; Caney Fork, Samuel D. Sansom, A. Richardson; Rich- 
land, Lewis S. Marshall; Duck River, Thomas Stanley; Buffalo, Sterling C. 

Tennessee District. — Thomas D. Porter, P. E.; Flint River, Robert Paine; 
Cotaco, Abraham Still; Limestone, Joshua Boucher, sr. ; Cahawba, Thomas 
Stringfield; Tuskaloosa, John Kesterson; Shoal, Robert Hooper; Butche- 
hatche, Ebenezer Hearn. 

Salt River District. — Barnabas McHenry, P. E. ; Danville, Isaac E.Holt; 
Cumberland, Lewis Garrett; Madison, William Stribling; Salt River, James 

G. Leach; Shelb}', James Simmons; Jefferson, William Hartt ; Franklin, Wil- 
liam Adams; Louisville, Henry B. Bascom. 

Green River District— Marcus Lindsey, P. E. ; Christian, John Craig; Living- 
ston, Edward Ashley ; Henderson, Joshua Boucher, jr., W. Allison; Hartford, 
Benjamin Peeples; Breckinridge, John Smith; Dixon, John Hutchinson, Eli 
Simmons; Dover, George Brown; Red River, Peter Cartwright. 

Cumberland District— Charles Holliday, P. E. ; Fountain Head, Andrew Mon- 
roe; Goose Creek, George McNelly; Roaring River, ; Wayne, George 

Taylor; Somerset, ; Green River, Timothy Carpenter; Barren, Simon 


Holston District.— 3 esse Cunnyngham, P. E.; Abingdon, ; Clinch, Jesse 

Green; Carter's Valley, Obadiah Freeman; Holston, George Ekin; Lee, John 
Dever; Tazewell, David Adams; Ashe, Clinton Tucker. 

French Broad District.— James Axley, P. E. ; Nollichuckie, Wm, S. Manson; 
Little River, George Locke; Knoxville, George Atkin; Powell's Valley, 
Nicholas Norwood; Sequatchie, James Porter; Tennessee Valley, James 

1819. — Conference held at Nashville, Tenn. 

Nashville District.— Thomas L.Douglass, P. E.; Nashville, John Johnson; 
Nashville Circuit, Sterling C. Brown; Lebanon, John Brooks; Caney Fork, 
David Goodner, Jacob Whitworth; Bedford, Joshua Boucher, sr., Ellison 
Taylor; Richland, Samuel D. Sansom; Duck River, Lewis Garrett, Moses 
Smith; Buffalo, JohnCraig; Stone's River, LewisS. Marshall, Elijah Kirkman. 

Tennessee River District.— Tfvofmas D. Porter, P. E. ; Flint, William McMahon, 
Hartwell H. Browia; Limestone, Thomas Stringfield; Shoal, Thomas Stilwell ; 
Cotaco, Thomas Maddim ; Marion, Ebenezer Hearn ; Tuskaloosa, Robert Paine ; 
Cahawba, Meredith Reneau. 

Green River District. — Marcus Lindsey, P. E. ; Breckinridge, John Smith; 
Hartford, Jesse Green, William Allis<*B; Keffidea*«a, William Gunn; Living- 


eton, Jortiua Boucher, jr. ; Christian, Peter Carlwright, Martin Flint; Dover, 
George Brown ; Dixon, Benjamin Peeples; Red River, George MeNelly. 

Salt River District.— Barnabas McHenry, P. E. ; Cumberland, James Witten; 
Madison, Richard Corwine; Danville, William Stribling; Salt River, John 
Watson; Shelby, William Adams; Jefferson, James G. Leach; Franklin, 
Richard W. Morris; Louisville, Henry B. Bascom. 

Cumberland District.— Charles Holliday, P. E. ; Goose Creek, William All- 
good; Fountain Head, John Dever, Samuel P. V. Gillespie; Bowling Green, 
Andrew Monroe ; Barren, Simon Peter, William Peter ; Green River, Timothv 
Carpenter; Somerset, George Taylor; Wayne, Samuel Harwell, Cheslea Cole"; 
Roaring River, Ansel Richardson. 

Holston District— Jesse Cunnyngham, P. E. ; Lee, John Kesterson; Clinch, 
David Adams; Tazewell, Abraham Still; Abingdon, James Porter; Ashe, Oba- 
diah Freeman; Holston, John Bowman, Josiah Browder; Carter's Valley, 
George Ekin. 

French Broad District.— James Axley, P. E. ; Nollichuckie, Wm. S. Manson; 
Powell's Valley, George Locke; Tennessee Valley, Benjamin Edge, Elisha 
Simmons; Sequatchie valley, Samuel Patton; Little River, John Bradfield ; 
Knox, Robert Hooper; Knoxville, James Dixon. 

Nicholas Norwood has no station this year. 

1820. — Conference held at Ifopkinsville, Ky. 

Nashville District — Thomas L. Douglass, P. E. ; Nashville, Harlwell H. 
Brown; Lebanon, Sterling C. Brown, William B. Carpenter; Caney Fork, Wil- 
liam Allgood, Jacob Sullivan; Franklin and Columbia, Thomas Maddin; Mur- 
freesboro and Shelbyville, Robert Paine ; Buffalo, Moses Smith, Elias Tidwell ; 
Stone's River, John Brooks, Joseph B. Wynns; Nashville Circuit, Samuel 
Harwell, Richard W. Morris; Duck River, Elijah Kirkman, Andrew J. Craw- 

Tennessee District — Thomas D. Porter, P. E. ; Pond Springs, Joseph Williams ; 
Jackson, ; Flint, Thomas Stringfield, William McMahon, sup.; Lime- 
stone, Lewis S. Marshall; Bedford, John Smith, Benjamin P. Sewell; Rich- 
land, Joshua Boucher, Ellison Taylor; Shoal, John Craig, Alson J. Watters. 

French Broad District.— James Axley, P. E. ; Nollichuckie, James Gumming; 
Powell's Valley, Jesse Green; Tennessee Valley, Obadiah Freeman, Robert 
Hooper; Sequatchie Valley, John Kesterson, John Paulsell; Little River, 
Abraham Still, Wiley B. Peck ; Knox, David Adams, Jesse Cunnyngham, sup. ; 
Knoxville and Greenville, James Dixon; Hiwassee, Thomas Payne. 

Holston District— John Tevis, P. E. ; Lee, James Witten; Clinch, Samuel 

Patton; Tazewell, John Bradfield; New River, ; Ashe, John Bowman; 

Abingdon, Ansel Richardson; Holston, William S. Manson, William P. Ken- 
drick ; Carter's Valley, George Ekin. 

Missionaries to that part of Jackson's Purchase embraced in the States of 
Kentucky and Tennessee, Hezekiah Holland and Lewis Garrett, jr. 

1821. — Conference held at NorveU's, Bedford co., Tenn. 

Nashville District— Thomas L. Douglass, P. E. ; Nashville, Thomas String- 
field; Nashville Circuit, Benjamin P. Sewell, J. Brooks, J. Rains ; Lebanon, 
Joseph B. Wynns, J. G. H'. Speer, W. Algood, sup.; Caney Fork, German 
Baker, John Seay; Stone's River, Nathaniel R. Jarrett, Thomas D. Porter, 
sup.; Duck River, R. Ledbetter, Finch P. Scruggs, M. Smith, sup.; Franklin 
and Columbia, Hartwell H. Brown; Murfreesboro and Shelbyville, Robert 

Tennessee District— William McMahon, P E.; Pond Spring, Joseph Williams, 
Thomas A. Young; Jackson, Elias Tidwell, Richard Neely; FlintPiver, Wiley 
B. Peck; Limestone, Coleman Harwell, Robert Boyd; Bedford, Ellison Tay- 
lor, Thomas Stilwell, Robert Hooper; Richland, Elijah Kirkman, Nathan L. 
Norvell; Shoal, Joshua Boucher, James Edmiston: Huntsville, Thos. Maddin. 

French Broad District.— John Dever, P. E.; Nollichuckie, George Ekin, Ab- 
salom Harris, James Axley, sup. ; Powell's Valley, Richard W. Morris; Ten- 
nessee Valley, Lewis S. Marshall, John Rice; Sequatchie Valley, John Craig, 
John Bradfield: Little RTver, David Adams, James Cumming; Knox, Samuel 
Harwell, John Kelley, J. Cunnyngham, sup. ; Hiwassee, James Witten. 

Holston District.— John Tevis, P. E. ; Lee, John Paulsell, David B. Cumming; 
Clinch, Abraham Still; Tazewell, Ansel Richardson; Ashe, John Kesterson; 


New River, Jesse Green, William P. Kendriek, William Pattern; Abingdon, 
George W. Morris; Holston, William S. Manson, George Home; Carter's Val- 
ley, John Bowman, Thomas J. Brown. 

Duck River District.— L. Garrett, jr., P. E., and Superintendent of the Missions 
in that part of Jackson's Purchase embraced in Tennessee and Kentucky; 
Wayne, J. L. Belote, Peter Burum; Hickman, William B. Carpenter; Dover, 
Allen Elliott, Stephen Harber. North Mission: Sandy River, Tennessee, Ben- 
jamin T. Crouch, Lewis Parker. South Mission: Beech River, Jacob Hearn; 
Forked Deer, Andrew J. Crawford; Big Hatchie, Abraham Overall. 

1822. — Conference held at Ebenezer, Green co., Tenn. 

Nashville District.— Thomas L. Douglass, P. E. ; Nashville, Benjamin P. 
Sewell; Nashville Circuit, R. Ledbetter, N. D. Scales, T. J. Neely; Lebanon, 
(i. Baker, F. P. Scruggs, L. D. Overall ; Caney Fork, A. Overall, F. A. Owen, W. 
Allgood, sup.; Stone's River, J. Rains, John Seay, John Brooks, sup.; Duck 
River, Elijah Hickman, William Carpenter; Columbia, Thomas Maddin; 
Franklin and Lebanon, Robert Paine; Muifreesboro and Shelbyville, Wylie 
B. Peck. 

Huntsville District. — William McMahon, P. E.; Madison, L. S. Marshall, Jas. 
W Allen; Limestone, PJllison Taylor, Joseph W.Camp; Richland, Coleman 
Harwell, sr., J. M. Holland; Bedford, Wyhe Ledbetter, Abner Bowen; Pond 
Spring, Jacob Hearn, Richard F. Jarratt; Jackson, T. A. Young, Greenberry 
Garrett; Huntsville, Thomas Stringfield; Paint Rock, Isaac W. Sullivan, A. 
F. Driskill ; Pulaski and Upper Elkton, Joshua Boucher; Cherokee Mission, 
Andrew J. Crawford. 

French Broad District.— John Dever, P. E.; Tennessee Valley, Samuel Har- 
well, Josiah R. Smith; Sequatchie Valley, Thomas J. Brown, William Cum- 
ming; Hiwassee, J. B. Wynns, J. Y. Crawford, T. Smith; Little River, James 
Cumming, Barton Brown, Jesse Cunnyngham, sup.; Knox, R. W Morris, 
J. G. H. Speer; Powell's Valley, George Home, William Johnson; Nolli- 
chuckie, G. Ekin, J. Rice, D. B. Cumming. 

Holston District.— John Tevis, P. E. ; Lee Circuit, G. W. Morris, Josiah 
Rhoton; Clinch, John Paulsell; Tazewell, William Patton; New River, J. 
Green, J. Bowman, A. McClure; Ashe, John Bradfield; Abingdon, William P 
Kendriek; Holston, Abraham Still, David Adams; Carter's Valley, William S. 
Manson; Isaac Lewis. 

Forked Deer District. — L. Garrett, jr., P. E. ; Hickman, John Kesterson, Ben- 
jamin S. Clardy ; Wayne, R. Neely, R. Boyd, M. Smith, sup. ; Florence, Nath- 
aniel R. Jarrett; Shoal, Elias Tidwell, Coleman Harwell; Beech River, John 
Kelley, Edward T. Peery; Sandy River, Nathan L. Norvell, A. B. Roszell; 
Obion, Wm. W. Conn, William Mullins; Forked Deer, Jonas L. Belote, John 

Transferred to the Virginia Conference, Joseph Carle, Lewellin Jones, 
Ephraim Jones, Felix Parker, William Hammit, John Cannon, James D. Har- 
ris, Thomas H. Cannon, John Kerr, John W. Witten. 

1823. — Conference held at Huntsville, Ala. 

Nashville District. — James Gwin, P. E.; Nashville, Lewis Garrett, sr. ; Nash- 
ville Circuit, Joshua W. Kilpatrick, William Johnson; Lebanon, Benjamin P. 
Sewell, John Rice; Smith's Fork, William Allgood, John Rains; Caney 
Fork, William B. Carpenter, John Seay; Stone's River, John Brooks, Thomas 
Smith; Duck River, Wylie Ledbetter, Francis A. Jarrett; Columbia and 
Franklin, Hartwell H. Brown. 

Huntsville District. — William McMahon, P. E. ; Madison, Andrew J. Crawford, 
Thomas A. Strain; Limestone, Joshua Boucher, Ellison Taylor; Richland, 
Lewis Garrett, jr., Ambrose F. Driskill; Bedford, German Baker, John M. 
Holland; Pond Spring, Isaac W. Sullivan, Jesse F. Bunker; Jackson, James 
McFerrin, Arthur McClure; Huntsville, Wylie B. Peck; Paint Rock, Richard 
F. Jarrett, Barton Brown. 

Knoxville District. — Thomas Stringfield, P. E.; Tennessee Valley, Jacob 
Hearn, Isaac Easterley; Sequatchie Valley, Abraham Overall, Robert Kirk- 
patrick; Hiwassee, James Cumming, Felix Parker; Tellico, David B. Cum- 
ming, James D. Harris; Little River, George Ekin, James G. H. Speer; Knox, 
Thomas Maddin, Francis A. Owen; Powell's Valley, John Bowman, Thomas J. 


Brown ; Newport, Josiah Daughtry, Jesse Cunnyngham ; Greene, William S. 
Manson, James Y. Crawford. 

Holston District.— John Tevis, P. E. ; Lee, John Bradfield, William Cummin^; 
Clinch, William Pat ton; Tazewell, Abraham Still; New River, Lewis S. Mar- 
shall, Isaac Lewis, Josiah R. Smith; Ashe, John Craig; Abingdon, William P. 
Kendnck, Elbert F. Sevier; Holston, David Adams, Josiah Rhoton; Carter's 
Valley, John Kelley, Creed Fulton; Hawkins, Edward T. Peery. 

Forked Deer District.— Robert Paine, P. E.; Bigby, John Kesterson, John 
Lye; Shoal. Ashley B. Roszell; Cypress. George W" Morris, James W. Allen; 
Beech River, Nathan L. Norvall, William Mullins; Sandy River, Finch P. 
Scruggs, Thomas J. Neely ; Obion, Lorenzo I). Overall; Forked Deer, Na- 
thaniel R. Jarre tt, William W. Conn; Hatchie and Wolf River, Thomas A. 
Young, James J. Trott; Wayne, Rufus Ledbetter, John White; Conference 
Missionary and Superintendent of the Indian Missions, Thomas L. Douglass; 
Lower Cherokee Mission, Richard Neely ; Upper Cherokee Mission, Nicholas 
D. Scales. 

Jesse Green and George Home are transferred to the Missouri Conference. 

1824. — Conference held at Columbia, Tenn. 

Nasltville, District. — Lewis Garrett, P. E.; Nashville, Robert Paine; Nashville 
Circuit, Elijah Kirkman, William V. Douglass, Thomas L. Douglass, sup.; 
Duek River, Joshua W Kilpatrick, Thomas A. Young; Columbia, Wylie B. 
Peek; Dixon, John Nixon, Benjamin P Sewell; Richland, German Baker, 
William B. Carpenter; Bigby, William Mullins, John Summers ; Dover, Josiah 
Browder, John Dye. 

Forked Deer District. — Joshua Boucher, P. E. ; Shoal, Jeremiah Jackson, Isaac 
Y Enochs; Wayne, Ashley B. Roszell, Amaziah Jones; Wolfe, John Seay; 
Hatchie, Francis A. Jarrett, John White; Beech, Coleman Harwell, Thomas 
P. Davidson; Sandy, Ambrose F. Driskill, Henry J.Brown; Forked Deer, 
Thomas Smith, James J. Trott; Cypress, Thomas Maddin. 

Ciiiikji Fork District. — James Gwin, P. E. ; Smith's Fork, Nathaniel R. Jarrett, 
Wylie Ledbetter; Roaring River, William W. Conn, Benjamin F. Liddon; 
Lebanon, Nathan L. Norvell, William Johnson; Mountain, Jesse F. Bunker; 
Caney Fork, Benj imin S. Clardy, Richard H. Hudson; Pond Spring, G. W. 
D. Harris, Michael Berry; Bedford, John Brooks, James W. Allen; Stone's 
River, Finch P. Scruggs, Lorenzo D. Overall. 

Huntsville District.— "William MeMahon, P. E. ; Madison, Ellison Taylor, 
Samuel R. Davidson; Huntsville, John M. Holland; Limestone, Gilbert D. 
Taylor, Arthur McClure; Jackson, James McFerrin, Alexander L. P Green; 
Paint Rock, Barton Brown, Thomas M. King; Franklin, Rufus Ledbetter; 
Lawrence, George W.Morris, Thomas A. Strain; Upper Cherokee Mission, 
Nicholas I). Scales; Lower Cheroke Mission, Richard Neely; Middle Chero- 
kee Mission, Isaac W. Sullivan. 

Hugh McPhail transferred to the Mississippi Conference. 

1825. — Conference held at Shelbyville, Tenn. 

Nashville District. — Lewis Garrett, P. E. ; Nashville, Robert Paine; Nashville 
Circuit, E. Kirkman, A. B. Roszell, T. L. Douglass, sup. ; Duck River, Joshua 
W. Kilpatrick, Thomas Maddin; Dixon, William Mullins, Dixon C. McLeod; 
Richland, Nathaniel R. Jarrett, Henry B. North; Bigby, James Tarrant, 
Thomas L. Garland, J.Nixon, sup.; Dover. Nathan L. Norvell, John Sum- 
mers; Bedford. John Seay, N. D. Scales, G. W. D. Harris. 

Forked Deer District.— Joshua Boucher, P. E. ; Shoal, Josiah Browder, Wil- 
liam M. Holliman: Wayne, Thomas J. Neely, Wilson L. McAllister; Wolfe, 
Lorenzo D. Overall, Thomas P. Davidson; Hatchie, Greenberry Garrett, 
Richard H. Hudson; Beech, Richard Moore, Henry Meek; Sandy, Thomas 
A. Young, William P. Nichols; Forked Deer, John Smith, Coleman Harwell; 
Cypress, Jeremiah Jackson, Francis A. Jarrett. 

'Cane >/ Fork District. — James Gwin. P. E. ; Smith's Fork, Thomas Smith, 
Michael Berry; Roaring River, John Dve, Greenville T. Henderson; Lebanon, 
G. Baker, A. J. Blackburn, William Johnson, sup.; Caney Fork, Benjamin F. 
Liddon, John New; Pond Spring, James J. Trott, John Renshaw; Stone's 
River, John Page, S. Gilliland, John Brooks, sup. 

Huntsville District.— William MeMahon, P E. ; Madison, Ellison Taylor, L 


W. Sullivan, S. R. Davidson; Huntsville, John M. Holland ; Limestone, James 
McFerrin, James W. Allen; Jackson, George W. Morris, Alexander L. P. 
Green; Paint Rock, William W. Conn, Thomas M. King; Franklin, F. P. 
Scruggs, J. B. McFerrin, A. Sale, sup. ; Lawrence, Barton Brown, Benjamin S. 
Clardy. Cherokee Mission: Newtown, Francis A. Owen; Gunter's, Ambrose F. 
Driskill; Wills's Valley Circuit, Richard Neely. 

Jesse F. Bunker, transferred to Holston Conference; William V. Douglass, 
Isaac V. Enochs, and Henry J. Brown, transferred to Mississippi Conference; 
Rufus Ledbetter, transferred to Virginia Conference; WylieJ3. Peck, transfer- 
red to Missouri Conference. 

1826. — Conference held at Nashville, Tenn. 

Nashville District. — Robert Paine, P. E. ; Nashville, James W Allen; Nash- 
ville Circuit, John Page, D. C. McLeod, J. W. Kilpatrick, sup.; Duck River, 
William Mullins, James Tarrant, L. Garrett, sup. ; Dixon, Elijah Kirkman. 
Henry B. North, John M. Holland; Richland, Lorenzo D. Overall, John 
Brooks, Benjamin F. Clardy, sup.; Bigby, Jeremiah Jackson, Phinehas T. 
Scruggs; Dover, Barton Brown, George W. Bewley. 

Forked Deer District. — Joshua Boucher, P. E. ; Shoal, Thomas Payne, John 
F. Ford; Wayne, Francis A. Jarrett, Coleman Harwell; Wolf, Thomas Smith, 
Allen F. Scruggs; Hatchie, Thomas P. Davidson, Jacob Ellenger; Beech, 
Wilson L. McAllister, Samuel Gilliland; Sandy, John Smith, Nicholas Simms ; 
Forked Deer, Thomas J. Neely, Thomas L. Garland; Cypress, Elias Tidwell, 
William M. Holliman. 

Caney Fork District. — James Gwin, P. E. ; Lebanon, German Baker, G. T. 
Henderson, William Johnson, sup.; Stone's River, John Seay, John Renshaw; 
Bedford, Ashley B. Roszell, Nathan L. Norvall ; Pond Spring", Josiah Browder, 
Isaiah P. Young; Caney Fork, Greenberry Garrett, H. Meek, B. F. Liddon; 
White, Richard H. Hudson; Roaring River, John B. Summers, Michael 
Berry; Smith's Fork, William W. Conn, John New. 

Huntsville District. — William McMahon, P. E., and Superintendent of the 
Cherokee Mission; Huntsville, James Rowe; Winchester, George W. D. Har- 
ris, Wesley Deskin; Jackson, Thomas M. King, J. D. Brown, R. Neely, sup.; 
Madison, Ambrose F. Driskill, Alexander L. P. Green; Limestone, James 
McFerrin, Samuel R. Davidson; Lawrence, Alexander Sale, John B. McFerrin ; 
Franklin, Finch P. Scruggs, J. W. Jones. Cherokee Mission : Newtown, Francis 

A. Owen; Gunter's, George W. Morris; Wills's Valley Circuit, James J. Trott; 
Coosawatee, William P. Nichols. 

Turtle Fields, a native Cherokee, is employed to travel and preach in the 
Nation, under the direction of the Superintendent. 
John J. Burum is transferred to the Holston Conference. 
Nicholas D. Scales is without a station this year. 

1827 — Conference held at Tuscumbia, Ala. 

Nashville District. — Robert Paine, P E. ; Nashville, James Rowe; Nashville 
Circuit, John M. Holland, J. B. Summers, Benjamin S. Clardy, sup. ; Duck 
River, John Brooks, Joshua Kilpatrick, sup.; Dixon, James Tarrant, J. 
Nicholson, L. Garrett, sup.; Richland, Wilson L. McAllister, T. Payne; Bigby, 
Arthur Sherrod; Dover, Michael Berry, J. D. Winn; Franklin, Thomas L. 
Douglass, sup.; Columbia, Finch P. Scruggs. 

Forked Deer District.— T. Smith, P. E. ; Shoal, Elias Tidwell, Joseph Miller; 
Cypress, W. M. Holliman, John W. Jones; Wayne, Jeremiah Jackson, John 
Harrell; Henderson, Thomas L. Garland, William Smith; Wolf, Thomas J. 
Neely, John Ford, Thomas I. Elliott; Hatchie, T. P Davidson, A. D. Smith; 
Forked Deer, John Seay, Pleasant B. Robinson; Weakley, Samuel Gilliland; 
Sandy, F. A. Jarrett, W. B. Walker; Beech, I. P. Young, C. Harwell, sup. 

Caney Fork District. — James Gwin, P. E. ; Lebanon, John Page, B. Brown; 
Stone's River, Ashley B. Roszell, Ruffin B. Stroud; Lincoln, George W. D. 
Harris, Wesley Deskin; Bedford, A. F. Driskill, John New; Caney Fork, H. 

B. North, J. Ellenger; White, Levi Lowery; Roaring River, Richard H. Hud- 
son; Smith's Fork, William Mullins, Henry Meek; Murfreesboro and Shelby - 
ville, German Baker. 

Huntsville District. — William McMahon, P. E., and Superintendent of the 
Cherokee Mission; Huntsville, James W. Allen; Madison, T. M. King, L. D, 
Overall; Limestone, Joshua Boucher, A. L. P. Green; Lawrence, Thomas A 


Strain, Gcorgfi W. Bewley; Franklin, J. McFerrin, G. M. Rogers; Jackson, 
George W. Morris, Samuel R. Davidson, sup.; Winchester, William W. Conn, 
Phinehas T. Scruggs; Tuscumbia, Francis A. Owen. 

Cherokee Mission. — Wills's Valley, Greenberrv Garrett; Oostanala, Turtle 
Fields (a native Cherokee); Echota, James J. Trott; Ooihkellogee, C. T. Hen- 
derson; Creek Path, Jno. B. McFerrin; Chattooga, Allen F. Scruggs; Salakowa, 
Dickson C. McLeod. 

1828. — Conference held at Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Nashville District.— Uolwrt Paine, P. E.; Nashville, James Gvvin; Nashville 
Circuit, J. Tarrant, 11. B. North; Red River, William Peter; (larksville and 
Montgomery, Fineli P. Serums ; Dixon, M. Berry, William E. Doty; Duck 
River, Arthur Sherrod. Robert L. Andrews, Lewis Garrett, sup.; Franklin and 
Columbia, James Krvine; Stone's River, George W 1). Harris, Barton Brown. 

Ciuitlici ittihl District .—J. M. Holland, P. E. ; Fountain Head, Jacob B.Crist, 
John W. Ellis; Goose Creek, Lewis M. Woodson, (ieorge W.Martin; Roaring 
River, G. W. Bewley, B. Lee; Caney Fork, L. Lowry, R. B. Stroud; Smith's 
Fork, Thomas Joynor, John D. Winn, John Page, sup.; Lebanon, A. B. Ros- 
zell, A. B. Duvall ; Gallatin and Cairo, Fountain E. Pitts; Mm l'reesboro and 
Lebanon, G. Baker. 

Forked Dm- DUtrirf.—T. Smith, P. E. ; Wolf, John B. Summers, Phinehas T. 
Scruggs, Pleasant B. Robinson; Hateliie, R. H. Hudson, K. Alphin ; Forked 
Deer, Thomas P. Davidson, Andrew D. Smith: Weakley. Joseph Miller, Wil- 
liam Smith ; Clark's River, Nathan Johnson ; Dover, William Mullins, Martin 
Wells; Sandy, F. A. Jarrett, John E.Jones; Beech, Thomas L. Garland, H. 
Casey; Henderson, I. P. Young, J. F. Ford. 

Richland District. — J. Boucher, P. E. ; Bigbv, Elias Tidwell ; Wavne, John 
W. Jones, H. Rives; Cypress, W. L. .McAllister, J. Harrell; Florence, William 
P. Kendrick; Shoal, Thomas Payne, William E. Potter; Richland, Gilbert D. 
Taylor, William M. McFerrin, C. Harwell, sup. : Lincoln, Samuel Gilliland, 
John New; Bedford, George W. Morris, Thomas Loyd; Shelbyville and 
Fayetteville, Joshua W. Kilpatrick. 

HiintsviUe, District. — William McMahon, P. E., and Superintendent of the 
Cherokee Mission; Tuscumbia, Francis A. Owen; Franklin, J. McFerrin, W. 
Deskin; Courtland, Lorenzo D. Overall ; Lawrence, Ambrose F. Driskill, 
Elisha J. Dodson; Limestone, Thomas M. King, Green M. Rogers, James 
W. Allen, sup. ; Madison, Alexander L. P Green, Greenville T.Henderson; 
Huntsville, James Rowe; Winchester, Samuel R. Davidson, Moses S. Morris; 
Jackson, Jacob Ellenger. 

Cherokee Mission.-— Wills's Valley and Oostanala, John B. McFerrin; Coosa- 
watee, Turtle Fields; Mount Wesley and Asbury, D. C. McLeod; Chattooga, 
Greenberry Garrett; Salakowa, Nicholas D. Scales; Neeley's Grove, Allen F. 
Scruggs; Conesauga, Thomas I. Elliott. 

James J. Trott, general missionary to travel through the Nation. 

1829. — Conference held at Huntsville, Ala. 

Nashville District.— L. Garrett, P. E. ; Nashville, James Gwin, A. L. P. Green; 
Nashville Circuit, G. W. D. Harris, German Baker, T. L. Douglass, sup.; Red 
River, Allen F. Scruggs, Lewis M. Woodson; (larksville and Montgomery, N. 
G. Berryman, F. P. Scruggs, sup.; Dixon, William Mullins, Robert L. An- 
drews; "Duck River, G. D. Taylor, J. Tarrant; Stone's River, A. B. Roszell, H. 
M. Glass; Dover, John W. Ellis, Samuel S. Moody, M. Berry, sup. 

Cumberland District.— John M. Holland, P.E.; Fountain Head, T. Irwin, B. 
Brown; Goose Creek, Henrv B. North. Francis A. Jarrett, J. Page, sup.; 
Lebanon, A. F. Driskill, T. 1.' Elliott; Smith's Fork, L. Lowry, J. W.Hanner; 
Canev Fork, W. Deskin, R. Gregory; Roaring River, William E. Foster, Geo. 
W. Martin; Bedford, W. Ledbettei^ E. J. Allen; Murfreesboro and Lebanon, 
Fountain E. Pitts. 

Richland District.— J. McFerrin, P E.; Tuscumbia, Robert Paine, Superin- 
tendent of Lagrange College; Florence and South Florence, Jacob B. Crist r 
Cvpress, Elias Tidwell, U. Williams; Shoal, Charles Sibley, Thomas Loyd; 
Wayne, T.Payne, Ruffin B. Stroud; Bigby, JamesEnine, Drury Womack; 
Richland, J. W. Jones, E. F. English; Franklin, James W. Faris, William E. 


Huntsville District. — J. Boucher, P. E. ; Huntsville, William P Kendrick; 
Madison, Greenville T. Henderson, George W. Morris; Limestone, Wilson L. 
McAllister, John B. McFerrin; Lawrence, Elisha J. Dodson, Frederick G. Fer- 
guson; Courtland, Lorenzo D. Overall; Winchester, Samuel R. Davidson, 
Robert C. Jones; Shelbyville and Favetteville, J. W. Kilpatrick; Jackson, N. 
S. Johnson, I. H. Harris; Lincoln, 8. Gilliland, John D. Winn; Athens and 
Trianna, James W. Allen. 

Forked Deer District.— T. Smith, P. E.; Wolf, Thomas P. Davidson, J. E. 
Jones, Moses S. Morris; Hate-hie, Isaiah P. Young, M. Wells; Forked Deer, 
J. B. Summers, Henry A. Rives; Gibson, P. B. Robinson, H. Joplin; Sandy, 
R. H. Hudson, John Harrell ; Clark's River, William M. Smith, William W. 
Phillips; Beech, A. D. Smith, C.J.Ramsey; Henderson, Hiram Casey, R. 

Cherokee Mission.— Francis A. Owen, Superintendent; Wills's Valley, Dixon 
C. McLeod; Spear, Interpreter, J. F. Boot; Conesauga, G. M. Rogers, Young 
Wolf, E. Graves, Interpreter; Valley Town, Robert Rogers, W. Mcintosh, 
Interpreter, Turtle Fields; Chattooga, Joseph Miller; Mount Wesley and 
Asbury, J. J. Trott; Coosawatee, Jacob Ellenger, Joseph B. Bird, Inter- 
preter; Selacoa, Greenberry Garrett; Agency, William M. McFerrin; Look- 
out, Nicholas D. Scales. 

William McMahon, Agent for Lagrange College. 

George W. Bewley and Nelson Bewley, transferred to Missouri Conference. 

Francis A. Jones, transferred to Mississippi Conference. 

1830. — Conference held at Franklin, Tenn. 

Nashville District.— L. Garrett, P. E. ; Nashville, J. M. Holland, Alexander L. 
P. Green, James Gwin, sup. ; Nashville Circuit, G. W. D. Harris, Edward I). 
Simms; Red River Circuit, Robert L. Andrews, John D.Winn; Clarksville 
and Montgomery, Henry B. North; Duck River, Thomas Payne, Daniel F. 
Alexander, T. L. Douglass, sup. ; Stone's River, Wylie Ledbetter, German 
Baker, sup. ; Dover, James Tarrant, Lorenzo D. Mullins; Dixon, Isaac H. 
Harris, William S. Moseley; Franklin, James Ervine. 

Cumberland District. — T. Joyner, P. E. ; Fountain Head, Greenberry Garrett, 
Elbert J. Allen, J. W. Ellis, sup. ; Goose Creek, Barton Brown, John McKelvy, 
John Page, sup.; Lebanon, Samuel R. Davidson, Elisha Carr; Smith's Fork, 
Jacob Ellenger, Francis A. Jarrett; Caney Fork, Uriah Williams, Peter 
Burum ; Roaring River, William E. Potter; Bedford, Charles Sibley, Robert 
Alexander; Murfreesboro, Francis A. Owen; Lebanon and Cairo, Fountain E. 

Richland District. — James McFerrin, P. E. ; Tuscumbia, Ambrose F. Driskill, 
Florence and South Florence, Lorenzo D. Overall ; Cvpress, J. W. Jones, W. 
C. Payne; Shoal, Gilbert D. Taylor, Henry C. Lightfobt; Wayne, William E. 
Doty, William Smith; Bigby, Michael Berry, Thomas Loyd; Richland, 
Elias Tidwell, Nathan S. Johnson; Franklin. Samuel Gilliland, Jas. W. Faris. 

Huntsville District. — J. Boucher, P. E. ; Huntsville, John B. McFerrin; Madi- 
son, E. J. Dodson; Green Malone; Limestone, Wilson L. McAllister, William 
ZvT. McFerrin; Lawrence, G. W. Morris, Robert Gregory; Courtland and 
Athens, J. W. Allen; Jackson, Hiram M. Glass, Asbury Davidson; Winches- 
ter, G. T. Henderson; Lincoln, Edward F. English, F. G. Ferguson, J. W 
Kilpatrick, sup. 

Forked Deer District.— 'V. Smith, P. E. ; Wesley, Andrew D. Smith, Samuel S. 
Moody; Hatchie, J. E. Jones, C. T. Ramsev; Forked Deer, Richard H. Hud- 
son, Wylie B. Edwards; Gibson, Isaiah P. Young, T. Taylor; Sandy, John B. 
Summers, Alexander Littlejohn; Clark's River, Moses S. Morris, Harris G. 
Joplin, Duncan McFarlin; Beech, T. I. Elliott, John Harrell; Henderson, 
Henry A. Rives, George Casey; Wolf, Pleasant B. Robinson, Ashley B. Roszell. 

Cherokee Mission. — Dixon C. McLeod, Superintendent; Agency, Green M. 
Rogers; Chattooga, Martin Wells; Wills's Valley School, Joseph Miller; 
Salacoah, John Wesley Hanner; Nahtely, Georse W. Martin; Tusquitah, Wil- 
liam W.Philips; Wills's Valley Circuit, Nicholas D. Scales, Turtle Fields, 
Edward Graves; Connesauga, James J. Trott, John F. Boot, J. Spear; Valley 
Town. Young Wolf. F 

Robert Paine, Superintendent of Lagrange College; Robert C. Jones, Tutor 
to Lagrange College; W. McMahon, A^entfor Lagrange College. 

Jacob B. Crist and William P. Kendrick, without appointments. 

Fountain Brown, transferred to Missouri Conference. 


1831.- — Conference lidd at Paris, Tenn. 

Nashville District. — L. Garrett, P. E. ; Nashville, Lorenzo D. Overall, JohnR. 
McFerrin, James Gwin, sup. ; Nashville Circuit, Fountain E- Pitts, Greenberry 
Garrett, Thomas L. Douglass, sup.; Red River, Isaae H. Harris, Asbury 
Davidson; Clarksville and Montgomery, Barton Brown; Duck River, Edward 
F. English, Moses S. Morris; Stone's River, William Craig, Thomas H. P. 
Scales; Dixon, Lewis Kimball, S. M. Kingston; Franklin Station, A. L. P. 

Cumberland District. — T. Joyner, P. E. ; Fountain Head, John Page, Robert 
Alexander; Goose Creek, John W. Ellis, William E. Potter; Lebanon, Thos. 
Smith, Samuel S.Moody; Smith's Fork, John Kelley, Elisha Carr; Caney 
Fork, John D. Winn, Jeremiah Williams ; Roaring River, Lorenzo D. Mullins, 
Nathan S. Johnson, sup. ; Bedford, Wylie Ledbetter, John Seay; Murfrees- 
boro, Greenville T. Henderson, German Baker, sup, ; Lebanon and Cairo, 
Ambrose F. DriskilL 

Richland BwWrf.-Jaraes McFerrin, P. E.; TMseumbia, Pleasant K Robin- 
son; Florence, Wilson L. McAllister; Cypress, Jacnes Tarrant, William E. 
Doty; Shoal, Peter Burum, Stith M. Harwell; Wayne, William P. Nichols, 
Charles Sibley; Bigby, John W. Jones, William C Payne; Richland, Elias 
Tidwell, William A. Smith; Franklin, William S. Moseiey, D. F. Alexander; 
Pulaski and Columbia, Joshua W- Kilpatrick. 

H untsvilie District.-^!. Boucher, P E. ; Huntsville, Ashley B. Rosraell; Madi- 
son, Samuel Gilliland, John W. Hanner; Limestone, Samuel R. Davidson, W. 
P. Rowles; Lawrence, George W. Morris, Robert C. Jones; Jaekson, Elisha J. 
Dodson, Robert Gregory; Winchester, William M. McFerrin, Jeremiah S. 
Claunch; Lincoln, William W. Philips, James T, Sawrie. 

Forked Deer District.— John M. Holland, P. £-; Wesley, James W. Far is, 
Wylie B. Edwards; Wolf, J. Miller, Joseph L. Gold; Hatchie, Green M. 
Rogers, Arthur Davis, Thomas P Davidson, sup.; Henderson, Green Malone, 
Riehard H- Rivers; Beech River, Benjamin Peeples, James O. Williams; 
Memphis, Francis A. Owen; Brownsville and Covington, David O. Shattuck. 

Paris District.— G. W. D. Harris, P. E- ; Sandy River, Riehard H. Hudson, Wil- 
liam D. F. Sawrie; Gibson, Charles T. Ramsey, George Casey; Forked Deer, 
John E. Jones., Alexander W. Littlejehia; Paris, Phinenas T. Scruggs; Wades- 
boro, Robert L. Andrews, Drury Womaek ; Hickman, Uriah Williams, Elias 
R. Porter; Dover, Miehael Berry, George W. Martin. 

Cherokee Mission.— D. C McLeod, Superincemdent ; Agency, Martin Wells; 
Chattooga, Elbert J.Allen; Wills's ^ley ScViool, Frederick G. Ferguson; 
Neeley's Grove, Hiram M. Glass; Wills's Valley Circuit and Connasauga, 
Thomas Loyd, J. Spears, Interjpreter, John F. Boot, Turtle Fields; Valley 
Towns and TusquiGta School, Jeremiah Easterwood, Edward Graves, Inter- 

Thomas M. King, Missionary to the ipeople of color in Madison and Lime- 
stone counties, North Alabama. 

Gilbert D- Taylor, Missionary *© the fseesple of eolor in Franklin and Law- 
rence counties, North Alabama. 

Robert Paine, Superintendent of Lagrange College; Edward D. Simms, 
Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Lagrange College; Wil- 
liam McMahon, Agent for Lagrange College. 

Nicholas D. Scales, JaraesErvine,and Jacob B. Crist, without appointments 
this year, at their own request. 

James Trott, without an appointment this year. 

Young Wolf, to be employed as an interpreter. 

Andrew D. Smith, John Barrel!, Harris G. Joplin, William A. Boyce, Wil- 
liam Duke, John N. Hammil, Alvan Beard, and A. M. Scott, transferred to the 
Missouri Conference. 

1332. — Conference held at fflas'hville, Term. 

Nashville District. — William McMahon, P. E.; Nashville, Alexander L. P 
Green, Pleasant B. Rojninson ; African Mission ra Nashville and its vicinity, J. 
Gwin; Nashville Circuit, Greenberry Garrett, E. J. Dodson, T. L. Douglass, 
sup.; Red River, Lewis -Kimball, Levi Fisher; Clarksville and Montgomery, 
Barton Brpwn; Duck River. William Craig, Joseph L. Gold, J. W. Kilpatrick, 
sup.; Stone's River.G.W. Morris,^.M. Kingston; Dixon, James Tarrant, Ben- 
jamin D. Neal ; Book Depository, Lewis Garrett, Agent. 

vol. in. — 34 


Cumberland Disi net .— F . E. Pitts, P. E.; Fountain Head, John Page, Thomas 
Loyd ; Goose (reek, Thomas Joyner, William E. Potter; Lebanon, Thomas 
Smith, John \V. Ellis; Smith's Fork, W. Ledbetter, E. J. Allen; Caney Fork, 
John Kelley, J. C. Parker; Roaring River, Elisha Carr, S. W. Speer; Bed- 
lord, Nathan S.Johnson; Murfreesboro, Robert Alexander, German Baker, 
sup. ; Lebanon and Cairo, John Seay. 

Richland District. — James McFerrin, P. E. ; Tuseumbia, Littleton Fowler; 
Cypress, S. Gilliland, William D. F.Sawrie; Shoal, EliasTidvvell, JohnD. Winn; 
Wayne, Michael Berry, Mordecai Yell; Bigby, Edward F. English, Elias R. 
Porter; Richland, Wilson L. McAllister, Samuel B. Harwell; Franklin, S. 
Watson, sr.,W.M.McFerrin;Pulaski and Columbia, D. C. McLeod. 

Huntsville District.— Gilbert D. Taylor, P. E.; Huntsville Station, L. D. Over- 
all, Joshua Boucher, sup.; Madison, William W. Phillips, J. W.Jones; Lime- 
stone, A. B. Roszell, Joseph Miller; Lawrence, M. S. Morris, W. P. Nichols; 
Jackson, R. Gregory, Wesley Warren; Winchester, Frederick G.Ferguson, 
James O. Williams; Lincoln, I. H. Harris, William E. Pierson. 

Memphis District. — John M. Holland, P E.; Memphis Station, Daniel F. 
Alexander; Wesley, Samuel R. Davidson; Wolf River, William C. Payne, T. 
J. Neely; Hatchie, D. Shartock, R. H. Rivers; Henderson, R. C. Jones, G. W. 
Casey; Beech River, R. Alphin, J. Easterwood .; Brownsville and Covington, 
A. F. Driskill; Bolivar and Somerville, P. T. Scruggs. 

Paris District. — G. W. D. Harris, P. E.; Paris Station, Robert L. Andrews; 
Sandy River, B. F. Peeples, S. S. Moody; Gibson, L. D. Mullins, T. W. Ran- 
dle; "Forked Deer, W. B. Edwards, A. Davidson; Dover, Drury Womack, R. 
Randle; Hickman,. Charles T. Ramsey, A. Davis; Wadesboro, H. M. Glass, 

C. Thompson; Jackson Station, John E. Jones. 

Cherokee Mission. — Edmund Pierson, Superintendent; Agency, Jeremiah S. 
Claunch; Wills's Valley, Jeremiah Williams, John F. Boot; Connesauga, W. 
P. Rowles, Y. Wolf; Neeley's Grove, James T. Sawrie; Valley Towns, Turtle 
Fields; Tusquitta, Uriah Williams; Interpreters, Jack Speers and Edward 

Robert Paine, Principal of Lagrange College ; Greenville T. Henderson, Alex- 
ander W. Littlejohn, and John B. McFerrin, Agents for Lagrange College, 
within this Conference. 

Francis A. Owen, transferred to Mississippi Conference, and appointed 
Agent for Lagrange College, within the bounds of that Conference. 

Martin Wells, transferred to Missouri Conference. 

Edward D. Simms, transferred to Virginia Conference. 

Jacob B. Crist, transferred to Philadelphia Conference. 

Green Malone, Robert A.Smith, Alexander R. Dickson, Alexander Robert- 
son, Isaac Mullins, and William A. Smith, transferred to the Alabama Con- 

1833. — Conference held at Pulaski, Tenn. 

Nashville District. — Thomas L. Douglass, P E. ; Nashville, Fountain E. Pitts, 

D. F. Alexander, S. S. Bloody; Nashville African Mission, James Gwin; Nash- 
ville Circuit, Elisha J. Dodson, Erastus B. Duncan; Mill Creek, Robert Alex- 
ander, Alexander Winburn; Dixon, Wylie Ledttetter, William Mullins; Duck 
River, Michael Berry, Joseph E. Douglass; Duck River African Mission, 
Joshua W. Kilpatrick; Farmington, Reuben Ellis; Franklin, John W. Han- 
ner; Columbia, William M. McFerrin; Book Depository, Lewis Garrett, 

Caney Fork District.— Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Roaring River, Jeremiah Wil- 
liams; Caney Fork, Saunders Presley, Jesse Hord; Sparta and McMinnville, 
Isaac H. Harris; Smith's Fork, Nathan S. Johnson, John D. Winn, John Page, 
sup.; Lebanon, John Kelley, J.C.Parker; Lebanon Station, Frederick G. 
Ferguson; Stone's River, George W. Morris, S. W. Speer; Murfreesboro, 
Dixon C. McLeod, German Baker, sup.; Bedford, John W. Ellis, Peter Hub- 
bard; Shelbyville, Robert L. Andrews; Mountain Mission, Wm. E. Potter. 

Cumberland District. — Alexander L. P. Green, P E.; Goose Creek, Elbert J. 
Allen, Wesley Warren; Fountain Head, Elias R. Porter, John H. Mann; Gal- 
latin and Cairo, Greenville T. Henderson; White's Creek, Barton Brown; Red 
River, Lewis Kimball, Benjamin Neal ; Clarksville and Montgomery, Robert 
Gregory; Dover, William H. Johnson. 

Paris' District. — George W. D. Harris, P. E. ; Paris Station, Samuel Gilliland; 
Sandy River, Nathan L. Norvell, John Neal, Benjamin Peeples, sup.; Forked 


Deer, Ambrose F. Driskill, John Ren,«haw; Gibson, Robert C. Jones, Rich- 
mond K:uidle, W^desboro, Ceorge W Martin, George W.Casey; Hickman, 
Wyhe B. Ldwards 1 hos. L. Boswell ; Huntingdon, Arthur Davis, Calv'n 
Ihompson; Holly 1< ork, Jeremiah Easteruc 

i (Kid 

Memphis District.— John M. Holland, P E. ; Memphis Station, W. W. Phil- 
lips; Wolf River, William Craig. Thomas W. Handle; Wesley, Reuben Alphin 
R. S Collins; Hatchie, Phinehas T. Scruggs, John F. Hughes, Thomas p'. 
Davidson, sup.; Lagrange, Thomas J. Neelv, Elisha Carr; Furdy, Jeremiah 
(launch, Dawson Phelps; Henderson, Thomas Lovd, Mordecai Yell; Coving- 
ton and Randolph, Samuel R. Davidson. " ° 

Httiihville District.— Joshua Boucher, P. E.; Huntsville Station, Pleasant B. 
Robinson; Lawrence, Hiram M. Class, William P. Nichols; Limestone, Wil- 
son L. McAllister, William Pierson; Madison, John W.Jones, Anthony T. 
Scruggs, William McMahon, sup.; Winchester, Robert Z. Hawkins, James T. 
Saune; Lincoln, Asbury Davidson, Thomas D. Harwell; Jackson, Lorenzo D. 
Mullius; Paint Rock Mission, Uriah Williams. 

liichland District.— Cilhert D. Ta\ lor, P. E. ; Shoal, Elias Tidwell, Johnson 
Leu is; Cypress, Samuel Watson, sr.,S.M. K ingston ; Wa\ne, William D. F. Saw- 
rie, Isaac L. (i. Strickland ; Mount l'leasant, James Tarrant, Carrett W. Mar- 
tin; Richland, Samuel B. Harwell, Henrv Robertson; Pulaski, John B. 
MelMrrin; Centerville, Drury Wdmack ; "Tuseumbhi, William C. Payne; 
Franklin, Joseph Miller, Le\i Fisher. 

Principal of Tiiscuinbia Female Academy, C. Richardson. 

President of Lagrange College, Robert Paine; Agents for Lagrange College, 
Littleton Fowler, John N. Mathl, and one to be supplied. 

Cherokee Mission.— Edmund Pierson, Superintendent; Valley Towns, John F. 
Boot; Connesauga, Turtle Fields; Chattata School, Wm. P. Rowles; Neeley's 
Grove School, Samuel W. Hankins; Wills's Valley, J. Fields. 

Greenberry Garrett, John E. Jones, and Thomas L. Cox, transferred to Ala- 
bama Conference. 

Charles T. Ram«ey, Joseph L. Gold, and William P. Ratcliff, transferred 
to Missouri Conference. 

1834. — Conference held at Lebanon, Tenn. 

Kashrille District.— Thomas L. Douglass, P E. ; Nashville, F. E. Pitts; Col- 
lege Hill, F. G. Ferguson , African Mission, James Gvvin; Nashville Circuit, 
D. C. McLeod, S. S. Yarbrough; Mill Creek, J. W. Ellis, R. Williams; Duck 
River, W. Ledbetter, J. Moore; Dixon, D. Womack, F. Bynum ; Dover, W. 
H.Johnson; Columbia, A. F. Driskill; Franklin, W. M. McFerrin; Book 
Depository, Lewis Garrett, Agent. 

Cumberland District. — A. L. P. Green, P. E. ; Goose Creek, G. W. Morris, E. 
B. Fuekett ; Fountain Head, J. Kelley, B. F. Weakley; Gallatin and Cairo, W. 
P. Rowles; White's Creek, W. Warren ; Red River, A. Winburn, W. Jarrett; 
Clarksville, W. W. Phillips; Montgomery, R. Gregory. 

Lebanon District. — Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Lebanon Station, R. L. Andrews; 
Lebanon Circuit. J. Williams, I. L. G. Strickland ; Smith's Fork, S.Carlisle, 
P.B.Hubbard, J. Page, sup.; Cumberland, J. F. Hughes, one to be supplied; 
Murfreesboro, J. C. Parker, G. Baker, sup.; McMinnville and Sparta, Asbury 
Davidson; Mountain Mission, G. W Martin. 

Shelbyville District.— G. T. Henderson, P. E.; Shelbyville Station, S.W.Speer; 
Lincoln, William Mullins, A. Young; Winchester, W. P. Nichols, 0. E. Raglin; 
Bedford, A. Overall, E. B. Duncan ; Rock Creek, E. Carr; Hickory Creek, J. 
Hearn; Caney Fork, J. D. Winn, J. Hord; Stone's River, E.J. Dodson, R. 

Paris District.— G. W. D. Harris, P. E. ; Paris Station, William C.Payne; 
Sandy, B. Peoples, I.Green; Forked Deer, S. Gilliland, C. Thompson; Gib- 
son, J. B. Summers, S. Brewer; Hickman, T. Lovd, H. B. McCord; W'ades- 
horo, G. W.Casey; Huntingdon, B.M. Burrow, S.M.Kingston; Holly Fork Mis- 
sion, A. Davis. 

Memphis District.— J. M. Holland, P. E. ; Memphis Station, S. S. Moody; 
Wesley, Samuel R. Davidson, R. Collins; Lagrange, J. S. Claunch, J. Jones; 
Hatchie, R, Alphin, S. A. Williams; Denmark, R. C. Jones; Henderson, J. 
Renshaw, A. Rembert; Somerville, W. Craig; Pnrdy, L. Fisher, J. Lewis. 

Huntsville District.— Joshua Boucher, P. E. ; Huntsville Station, Pleasant B. 
Robinson; Madison, R. Z. Hawkins, T, D. Harwell; Lawrence, E. Pierson, A. 
T. Scruggs ; Richland, James Tarrant, R. Bundle, G. D. Taylor, sup. ; Jackson, 


T. VV. Randle; Paint Rock Mission, Uriah Williams; Wills's Valley MissioD 
M. Veil, J. Fields; Limestone, S. B. Harwell, L. D. Mullins. 

Missionary to the blacks in Limestone, E. Tidwell. 

Florence District.— F. A. Owen, P. E. ; Shoal, W. B. Edwards, A. Goodin; 
Cypress, S. Watson, G. W. Martin; Wayne, D. S. Jones, J. Neal ; Mount Pleas- 
ant, R. Ellis, W. D. F. Sawrie; Franklin, J. W. Kilpatrick, J. E. Douglass; 
Pulaski, J. B. McFerrin; Centerville Mission, D. Phelps; Tuseumbia, B. 
Brown ; Florence, P. T. Scruggs. 

Superintendent of Tuseumbia Female Academy, C. Richardson. 

Lagrange College, Robert Paine, President; J. N. Maffitt, Professor of Elo- 
cution; L. Fowler, Agent. 

E. R. Porter, transferred to Mississippi Conference. 

S. W. Hankins, transferred to South Carolina Conference. 

L>. Coulson, transferred to Illinois Conference. 

I). F. Alexander, transferred to Alabama Conference. 

J. F. Boot and T. Fields, transferred to Holston Conference. 

W. L. McAllister, without an appointment, at his own request. 

N. L. Norvell, W. E. Pierson, and J. Easterwpod, without appointments, iu 
consequence of ill health. 

1835. — Conference held at Florence, Ala. 

Nashville DisMct. — T. L. Douglass, P. E.; Nashville, J. B. McFerrin, R. 
Jones, L. Garrett, sup.; Nashville Circuit, J. Williams, B. F. Weakley; Mill 
Creek, B. Brown, A. Goodin, F. A. Owen, sup.; Duck River, W. W.Phillips, 
S. Watson; Dixon, R. Randle, G. W. Sneed; Dover, D. Womack; Columbia, P. 
T. Scruggs; Franklin, W Pierson: South American Mission, F. E. Pitts; 
African Mission on Harpeth, to be supplied. 

Cumberland District. — A. L. P. Green, P E. ; Fountain Head, J. Kelley W. D. 
F. Sawrie; Gallatin and Cairo, W. M. McFerrin; White's Creek, R. Gregory; 
African Mission at Nashville, J. Gwin; Red River, I. L. G. Strickland, I. 
Green; Clarksville, A. Winburn; Montgomery, I. H. Harris. 

Lebanon District. — T. Smith, P. E. ; Lebanon Station, J. F. Hughes; Lebanon 
Circuit, L. Fisher, W. H. Johnson; Smith's Fork, A. Overall, L. Richardson, 
J. Page, sup.: Goose Creek, W. Jared, G. Bransford, G. W. Morris, sup.; 
Cumberland, S. Carlisle; Caney Fork, P. B. Hubbard, S. S. Yarbro.ugh; Moun- 
tain Mission, J. Lewis, C. Davis. 

Shelbyville District. — A. F. Driskill, P E. ; Shelbyville Station, J. C. Parker; 
Lincoln, J. Hord, ,C. B. Faris; Winchester, J. D. Winn, G. Green; Bedford, T. 
Bowen, W. Moores ; Rock Creek, D.J.Jones; Hickory Creek, C. McGuire; 
Murfreesboro, G. T. Henderson, sup.; Stone's River, E. J. Dodson, E. B. 
Duncan, G. Baker, sup. 

Paris District.— T. Joyner, P. E.; Paris Station, T. Loyd; Sandy, B. M. Bur- 
rongh, J. Moore ; Forked Deer, J. B. Summers, F. Bynum ; Gibson, C. Thomp- 
son, A. Davis; Hickman, N. L. Norvell, E. Williams; WadBsboro, J. D. Neal, 
J. H. Mann; Padueah, G. W. Martin, J. Custer; Huntingdon, E. Carr, one to 
be supplied; Holly Fork Mission, J. Jones. 

Memphis District. — G. W. D. Harris, P. E. ; Memphis Station, A. Davidson; 
Lagrange Station, S. Gilliland; Lagrange Circuit, T. W. Randle, I. Foster, S. 
R. Davidson, sup.; Wesley, J. McFerrin, A. W. Simmons; Somerville, J. Wil- 
liams, M. Yell ; Hatchie, D. C. McLeod, B. H. Hubbard, R. Alphin, sup.; Hen- 
derson, J. Renshaw, one to be supplied; Purdy, S. A. Williams, one to be 

Huntsville District. — J. Boucher, P. E.; Huntsville Station, R. L. Andrews; 
Madison, E. Pierson, W.Warren; Lawrence, L. D. Mullins, T.D.Harwell; 
Richland, G. W Casey, R. Williams; Jackson, A.Young, J. Sherrill; Lime- 
stone, S.'M. Kingston, R. Z. Hawkins; Athens, F. G. Ferguson. 

Florence District.— J. M. Holland, P. E.; Shoal, D. Phelps, J. A. Bum pass; 
Cypress, W. B. Edwards, A. T. Scruggs, E. Tidwell, sup. ; Wayne, O. E. Raglin, 
J. G. Henning; Mount Pleasant, A. Rernbert, S. Brewer; Franklin, J. W. Kil- 
patrick, G. W. Kelso; Pulaski, R. S. Collins; Centerville Mission, to be sup- 
plied; Tuseumbia, P. B. Robinson; Florence, S. S. Moody; Lagrange College, 
R. Pi.ine, J. N. Maffitt, C. D. Elliott, R. H. Rivers; L. Fowler, Agent. 

W. Craig, transferred to Mississippi Conference. 

S. W. Speer, C. Pirtle, and E. Graves, transferred to Alabama Conference. 


1836. — Conference held at Columbia, Tenn. 

Nashville District .--¥ . E. Pitts, P. E. ; Nashville, Robert L. Andrews, T. L. 
Douglass, sup.; Nashville Circuit, George VV. Morris, George R. Jordan; Mill 
Creek, John _ Kelley^ Hardy B. Ramsey -;_ Duck River, Acton Young, Moses 

"' "" ^ ' ' T " " xander 


. . . Adoocate. 

Cumberland District.— A. L. I 5 . Green, P. E. ; Fountain Head, Ohadiah E. 
Raglin; Sumner, Barton Brown; Gallatin and Cairo, Benjamin H. Hubbard; 
White's Creek, Isaac L.G.Strickland; Red River, Mor'decai Yell, John S. 
Davis; Clarksville, Thomas W. Raudle; Montgomery. Samuel S. Moody. 

Lebanon Disti iff.— Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Lebanon" Station, Calvin Thomp- 
son; Lebanon Circuit, John F. Hughes, one to be supplied; Smith's Fork, 
Nathan L. Norvell, John Foster; House Creek, Simon Carlisle, Loyd Richard- 
son; Cumberland, G. H. Bransford; Caney Fork, William Jared, Jacob 
Custer; Livingston Mission, John H. Mann. 

Shelbi/inlle District.— A. F. Driskill, P. E.; Shelbvville, Thomas Lovd; Lin- 
coln, Charles B. Fan's, J. C. Mitchell; Winchester, William P Nichols, Ben- 
jamin R. Hester; Bedford, Reuben Jones, Thomas Bowen ; Rock Creek, 
Golman Green; Hickory ( reek, Sterling Brewer ; Murfreesboro, Jesse Hord; 
Stone's River, Abrani Overall, William Moores. 

I' iris District. — Thomas Joyner, P. E. ; Sandy, Arthur Davis, Alexander 
Avery; Forked Deer, John D. Winn, Thomas L. Bosvvell; Gibson, John Ren- 
shaw, James R. Walker; Hickman, Matthew F. Mitchell, Spencer Waters; 
Wadesboro, Adam Goodin, Robert W. Cole; Paducah, Findley Bynum, Geo. 
W.Kelso; Huntingdon, Peter B. Hubbard, E. J. Williams; Dover Mission, 
Mark W. Gray, William Mc Daniel. 

Memphis District. — G. W.D.Harris, P. E. ; Memphis and Raleigh, William 
D. F. Sawrie, one to be supplied; Lagrange Station, John C. Parker; Lagrange 
Circuit, Samuel A. Williams, J. G. lifenning; Wesley, Dixon C. McLeod, Jere- 
miah Williams; Somerville, William M. McFerrin, John P. Stanfield; Hatchie, 
George W. Casey, Jesse Perry; Henderson, Elisha Carr, William N. Morgan; 
Purdy, Reuben Alphin, John A. Jones. 

Tin n fsville District. — Joshua Boucher, P. E. ; Huntsville, Justinian Williams; 
Madison, Samuel M.Kingston, one to be supplied; Lawrence, Lorenzo D. 
Mullins, John Sherrill; Richland, Dawson Phelps, Henry P. Turner; Jackson 
Mission, Cornelius McGuire, Alexander C. Chisholm; Limestone, William H. 
Johnson, Isaac C. Foster; Athens, Pleasant B. Robinson; Pulaski Station, 
James 0. Williams. 

Florence District. — J. B. McFerrin, P. E.; Florence, Benjamin F.Weakley; 
Tuscumbia, Asbury Davidson; Franklin, Frederick G. Ferguson, J. A. Bum- 
pass; Cypress, William W. Phillips, John P. Sebastian; Wayne, Jordan 
Moore. Samuel Watson, jr. ; Shoal, David J. Jones, Caleb Davis; Mount Pleas- 
ant, Wylie B. Edwards; Bear Creek, Garrett W. Martin, James B. McNeal ; 
Courtland Valley African Mission, J. W Kilpatrick; Lagrange College, Robert 
Paine, Collins D. Elliott, Richard H. Rivers, Professors; Littleton Fowler, John 
M. Holland, Phinehas T. Scruggs, John W. Hanner, Agents. 

Robert Gregory, Richmond Randle, Erastus B. Duncan, Arthur W.Simmons, 
J. W. P. McKenzie, transferred to Arkansas Conference. 

Robert S. Collins, William Pierson, John D. Neal, Green M. Rogers, trans- 
ferred to Mississippi Conference. 

Collins D. Elliott, Alexander Rembert, transferred to Alabama Conference. 

1837 — Conference held at Somerville, Tenn. 

Nashville District.— F. E. Pitts, P. E.; Nashville, Alexander L. P. Green, 
Alexander Winburn; Nashville Circuit, William Mulkey, George W. Sneed; 
Mill Creek, Cornelius Evans; Duck River, Gerard Van Buren, Alexander Mat- 
thews; Columbia, Frederick G. Ferguson; Franklin, W. D. F. Sawrie, Thos. 
L. Douglass, sup.; Centerville Mission, George W. Morris; Thomas String- 
field, Editor of the South-western Christian Advocate. 

Cumberland District.— John B. McFerrin, P. E. ; Fountain Head, J.Davis; 
Sumner, John Kelley ; Gallatin and Cairo, Thomas Maddin; White's Creek, 
William Jared; Red River, Obadiah E. Raglin, F. T. Payne; Clarksville-, 

vol. in. — 23 


John F. Hughes; Montgomery, William Moores; Missionary to colored peo- 
ple on Cumberland Eiver, John Rains. 

Lebanon District— Samuel S. Moody, P. E.; Lebanon Station, Anthony T. 
Scruggs; Lebanon Circuit, Gideon H. Bransford, B. R. Hester; Smith's Fork, 
Simon Carlisle, I. T. Sherrill ; Goose Creek, Nathan L. Norvell, J. B. Walker; 
Cumberland, A. Robinson, Stanford Lassiter; Caney Fork, John H. Mann; 
Livingston Mission, John C. Foster, John S. Williams. 

Shelbyville District. — Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Shelby ville, Joshua A. Bumpass; 
Lincoln, Sterling Brewer; Winchester Station, Joshua Boucher; Winchester 
Circuit, Charles B. Faris, Robert W. Cole; Bedford, Milton Ramsey, one to be 
supplied; Rock Creek, Elisha J. JDodson ; Hickory Creek, E. J.Williams, 
James B. Hollis; Murfreesboro, Reuben Jones; Stone's River, William P. 
Nichols, Spencer Waters. 

Paris District. — Thomas Joyner, P. E.; Paris Station, Wesley Warren; Paris 
Circuit, Calvin Thompson, J. D. Winn ; Dresden, George W. Kelso, Eli Bynum ; 
Hickman, Loyd Richardson, James Major; Wadesboro, Johnson Lewis; 
Paducah, James G. Henning, John A. Jones; Huntingdon, John Renshaw; 
Dover Mission, Matthew F. Mitchell, R. M. Tarrant. 

Wesley District. — G. W. D. Harris, P. E. ; Wesley, Russell H. Jones, Adam 
Goodin, R. Alphin, sup.; Hatchie, Benjamin H. Hubbard, John C. Mitchell; 
Jackson Station, Thomas VV. Randle; Jackson Circuit, Arthur Davis, T. J. 
Neely; Henderson, George W Casey, John P Sebastian; Trenton, Samuel A. 
Williams, William N. Morgan; Denmark, Missionary to slaves to be supplied. 

Memphis District. — D. C. McLeod, P. E. ; Memphis, Jesse Hord; Somerville 
Station, Asbury Davidson; Somerville Circuit, William M. McFerrin, W. B. 
Mason; Lagrange Station, Isaac L. G. Strickland; Lagrange Circuit, Robert 
Williams, one to be supplied; Randolph and Harmony, James McFerrin; 
Purdy, Isaac C. Foster; Lagrange, Missionary to slaves, J. S. Claunch. 

Huntsvdle District. — A. F. Drislcill, P. E. ; Huntsville, Justinian Williams; 
Madison, William H. Johnson, Henry P. Turner; Lawrence, Garrett W. Mar- 
tin, John F. Collins; Richland, C. B. Harris, J. P. Stanfield; Bellefonte Mis- 
sion, Cornelius McGuire; Limestone, Dawson Phelps, Alexander Chisholm; 
Athens, to be supplied; Pulaski, William E. Doty; Claysville Mission, to be 

Florence District. — R. L. Andrews, P. E. ; Florence, James O. Williams; 
Tuscumbia, Thomas Coke Cropper; Franklin, Lorenzo D. Mullins, Samuel 
Watson, jr. ; Cypress, J. Moore, Joseph Willis; Wayne, Elisha Carr, James 
R. Walker; Shoal, John Sherrill, one to be supplied; Mount Pleasant, Alex. 
R. Dixon; Chickasaw, Mordecai Yell ; Courtland Valley, Missionary to colored 
people, W. W. Phillips; Lagrange College, Robert Paine, R. H. Rivers; John 
W. Hanner and Simpson Shepherd, College Agents. 

John M. Holland and Samuel M. Kingston, transferred to Mississippi Con- 

John C. Parker, Alexander Avery, Jacob Custer, and John M. Steele, trans- 
ferred to Arkansas Conference. 

Learner B. McDonald, transferred to Alabama Conference. 

Littleton Fowler, Missionary to Texas. 

1838. — Conference held at Huntsville, Ala. 

Nashville District— Fountain E.Pitts, P. E. ; Nashville, A. L. P. Green, W. 
D. F. Sawrie, one to be supplied; Nashville Circuit, Cornelius Evans, Warren 
M. Pitts; Mill Creek, H. B. North, N. Sullivan; Duck River, A. McDonald, R. 
W. Cole; Columbia Station, J. C. Mitchell, T. L. Douglass, sup. ; Franklin and 
Spring Hill, Joseph B. Walker; Dixon, Mark W. Gray; Dover Mission, J. B. 
Hollis, J. B. Gardner; Harpeth African Mission, one to be supplied; South- 
western Christian Advocate, T. Stringfield, Editor; J. W. Hanner, Assistant. 

Cumberland District.— J . B. McFerrin, P. E. ; Gallatin and Cairo, T. Maddin; 
Sumner Circuit, Robert C. Hatton ; Fountain Head, E. Carr; White's Creek, 
A. Chisholm; Red River, J. Sherrill, J. M. Nolen; Clarksville Station, S. Wat- 
son, jr. ; Montgomery Circuit, S.Brewer; Cumberland African Mission, John 

Lebanon District. — S. S. Moody, P. E. ; Lebanon Station, J. F. Hughes; 
Lebanon Circuit, J. Kelley, M. Ramey; Smith's Fork, E. J. Allen, J. S. Wil- 
liams ; Goose Creek, G. H. Bransford, B. R. Hester ; Cumberland, J. H. Mann ; 
Caney Fork, J. Lewis; Livingston Mission, C. McGuire; Lebanon African Mis- 
sion, S. Carlisle. 


ShelbyviUe District— Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Shelby ville Station, S. S.Yarbrough ; 
Murfreesboro, J. Boucher; Bedford, J. A. Jones, B. Burrow, G. Green, sup.; 
Stone's River, C. B. Faris, J. K. Wells ; McMinnville and Sparta, G. W. Martin , 
Hickory Creek, A. Young, J. M. Major; Short Mountain, J. A. Walkup; Stone's 
River African Mission, one to be supplied. 

Paris District.— T. Joyner, P. E. ; Paris Station, W. Warren; Paris Circuit, 
G. W. Kelso, one to be supplied; Dresden, J. G. Henning, C. L. Boyce, C. 
Thompson, sup.; Troy, R. M. Tarrant; Hickman, J. R. Walker, W. S. Jones; 
Paducah, E. J. Williams, E. W. Yancev ; Wadesboro, I. T. Sherrill; Hunting- 
don Mission, M. F. Mitchell. 

Wesley District.— G. W. D. Harris, P. E. ; Wesley, James McFerrin, A. G. 
Hunter; Hatchie, T. J. Neely, J. Young; Jackson Station, T. W. Randle; 
Jackson Circuit, A. Davis, W. B. Mason ; Henderson, J. P Standfield, J. A. 
Vincent; Trenton, A. Davidson, P.P. Neely; Hatchie African Mission, L. 
Richardson; Wesley African Mission, W. R. Dickev. 

Memphis District.— D. C. McLeod, P. E.; Memphis Station, T. C. Cropper; 
Somerville Station, L. D. Mullins; Somerville Circuit, R. H. Jones, E. L. Rag- 
lin; Lagrange Station, J.J.Foster; Lagrange Circuit, W. N. Morgan, D. 
Mooney; Randolph and Harmony, J. S. Davis; Purdy, A. Robinson, E. Tid- 
well, sup.; State Line Mission, to be supplied; Somerville African Mission, 
W. M. McFerrin; Lagrange African Mission, to be supplied. 

Hinitsvilte District.— A. F. Driskill, P. E.; Huntsville Station, B. B Hubbard; 
Madison Circuit, A. R. Dixon, J. W Perry; Limestone, J.Williams, H. P. 
Turner; Athens Station, J. E. Douglass; Winchester Circuit, D. Phelps, J. F. 
Collins; Winchester Station, J. A. Bumpass; Bellefonte, W. H. Johnson, J. 
White; Marshall Mission, W.P.Nichols, W. A.Cobb; Madison African Mis- 
sion, to be supplied. 

Florence District. — R. L. Andrews, P. E. : Florence Station, O. E. Raglin; 
Tusetimbia, R. Jones; Franklin Circuit, J. Moore, J. P. Sahastian; Lawrence, 
G. W Casey, T. J. Lovvrey ; Cypress, C. B. Harris, W L. Bonner; Wayne, J. 
Renshaw, one to be supplied; Chickasaw, M. Yell; Decatur and Courtland, J. 
(>. Williams; Courtland Valley African Mission, W. Jared; Lagrange College, 
Robert Paine, President; S. Shepherd, Agent. 

Pulaski District. — F. G. Ferguson, P. E . ; Pulaski Station, A. T. Scruggs; 
Richland, G. Van Buren, T.'P. Holmnn: Shoal, G. W. Sneed, J. D. Smith; 
Lincoln, J. Smith, one to be supplied; Rock Creek, E.J. Dodson ; Mount 
Pleasant, A. Matthews; Centerville Circuit, J. Willis; Butfalo, J. Gaines. 

Littleton Fowler, Jesse Hord, Isaac L. G. Strickland, Samuel A. Williams, 
Missionaries to Texas. 

William E. Doty, left without an appointment, on account of ill health, at 
his own request. 

J. Gwin, without an appointment, hv vote of Conference. 

A. Winburn, J. Williams, A. Goodin, W. Moore, E. Bynum, transferred to 
Alabama Conference. 

G. W. Morris, W. Mulkey, M. S. Ford, S. Waters, S. Holford, transferred to 
Arkansas Conference. 

1839. — Conference held at Nashville, Tenn. 

Nashville District.— F. E. Pitts, P. E.; McKendree Church, J. B. McFerrin; 
College Hill, S. S. Yarbrough; Nashville Circuit, John Kelley, T. N. Lankford; 
Franklin, Philip P. Neely; Spring Hill, John S. Davis, T. L. Douglass, sup.; 
Columbia, B. H. Hubbard; Duck River, E. J. Dodson, R.Davidson; Dixon, 
Jordan Moore; Centerville, John M. Nolan; T. Stringfield, Editor of the 
South-western Christian Advocate. 

Cumberland District.— F. G. Ferguson, P. E.; Carthage, George W. Kelso; 
Goose Creek, Mark W. Gray, one to be supplied; Gallatin, Thomas W. Ran- 
dle; Sumner, R. C. Hatton, E. H. Hatcher; Fountain Head, E. J. Williams; 
Red River, George W. Dye, W. Wilkes; Clarksville, J. Boucher; Montgomery, 
John F. Hughes; Cumberland and Nashville African Missions, John Rains. 

Lebanon District.— A. L. P. Green, P. E. ; Lebanon Station, Joseph B. Walker, 
J. J. Foster, sup. ; Lebanon Circuit, E. J. Allen, T. P. Holman ; Cumberland, 
Thomas Loyd; Canev Fork, John A. Jones; Livingston Mission, William P. 
Nichols; Short Mountain, John H. Mann; Mill Creek, William D. F. Sawne, 
Sterling Brewer; Smith's Fork, C. Evans, F. D. Wrather. 

Murfreesboro District. S. S. Moody, P. E.; Murfreesboro A. T. Sciuggs, 
Stone's River, Charles B. Faris, S. Lassiter; Bedford, C. McGuire, one to be 


supplied; Hickory Creek, James A. Walkup; Shelbyville, G. W. Martin, Gol- 
man Green, sup. ; Lincoln, Joseph Smith, T. B. Craighead ; WincI'vster, Jus- 
tinian Williams; Winchester Circuit, James G. Henning, A. McDonald; Rock 
Creek, G. Van Buren, A. S. Riggs; Stone's River African Mission, Abraham 

Paris District. — Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Paris Circuit, A. Matthews, J. F. Col- 
lins; Dresden, James M. Major, W.S.Jones; Troy, J. S. Williams; Hickman, 
J. R. Walker, J. White; Paducah, J. P. Standfield, one to be supplied; Wades- 
boro, D. Mooney; Camden Mission, B. Barham; Waverley Mission, George 
E. Young; Dover, E. L. Raglin, W.P. Tinsley. 

Wesley District.— George W. D. Harris, P E. ; Wesley, A. Davis, N. Sullivan; 
Hatchie, T. Juyner, O. E. Raglin; Jackson Station, A. Davidson; Jackson 
Circuit, Russell H. Jones, John A.Vincent; Henderson, J. Renshaw, T.J. 
Lowrey; Trenton, T. J. Neeley, R. M. Tarrant; Dyersburg, E. Carr; Hatchie 
African Mission, L. Richardson; Wesley African Mission, W. R. Dickey. 

Memphis District. — D. C. MoLeod, P. E. ; Memphis, Samuel Watson; Somer- 
ville Station, W. E. Doty; Somerville Circuit, E. Dodson, W. L. Bonner; 
Lagrange, Station, T. L. Boswell ; Randolph and Harmony, M. Yell ; Purdy, 
A. C. Chisholm, E. Tidvvell, sup.; State Line Mission, to be supplied; Somer- 
ville African Mission, Win. M. McFerrin; Lagrange African Mission, A. G. 

Huntsville District.— A. F. Driskill, P. E. ; Huntsville, T. Maddin; Madison, 
D. Phelps, J. Walston; Limestone, J. A. Bumpass, W. Burr; Athens, J. C. 
Mitchell; Richland, J. Gaines, E. C. Slater; Lawrence, W. H. Johnson, N. A. 
D. Bryant; Bellefonte, D. H. Jones; Marshall, Jesse W. Perry; Huntsville 
African Mission, to be supplied. 

Florence District. — R. L. Andrews, P. E. ; Florence Station, J. Sherrill ; Tus- 
cumbia, Milton Ramey; Franklin, J. W. Hanner, J. D. Smith ; Chickasaw, 
Joseph Willis; Cypress, C. B. Harris, one to be supplied; Wayne, A. R. 
Dixon, D. R. Hooker; Mount Pleasant, Joseph E. Douglass; Shoal, T. L. 
Young, one to be supplied; Buffalo Mission, George W. Sneed, Sion Record; 
Courtland Valley African Mission, W. Jared; Lagrange College, R. Paine, 
President; F. P. Scruggs, Agent. 

B. R. Hester, Edwin Yancey, W. B. Mason, James Morris, R. W. Cole, W. A. 
Cobb, transferred to the Arkansas Conference. 

Reuben Jones, transferred to the Virginia Conference. 

James O. Williams, Thomas C. Cropper, transferred to Alabama Conference. 

C. Richardson, Johnson Lewis, transferred to Mississippi Conference. 
James I. Hoousan, transferred to Kentucky Conference. 

Thomas Wilkerson, transferred to Holston Conference. 

At the General Conference of 1840, the Memphis Conference 
was organized, and the three Conferences — Tennessee, Holston, 
and Memphis — covered the whole State. The following are the 


Nashville District.— A. L. P. Green, P. E. ; Nashville, J. W. Hanner, S. S. 
Yarbrough, sup. ; College Hill, John Sherrill ; Nashville Circuit, G. W. Martin, 
one to be supplied; Mill Creek Circuit, R. C. Hatton, R. G. Irwin, T. L. 
Douglass, sup.; Franklin Station, E. H. Hatcher; Spring Hill Circuit, G. W. 
Sneed; Columbia Station, J. B. Walker ; Duck River Circuit, J. Gaines; Cen- 
terville Circuit, D. II. Jones ; Editor of the South-western Christian Advocate, J. 
B. McFerrin. 

Cumberland District.— F. E. Pitts, P. E. ; Gallatin Station, T. W. Randle; 
Sumner Circuit, C. Evans,; Goose Creek, M. W. Gray, L. C. Bryan; Carthage 
Circuit, T. P. Holman; Cumberland Circuit, W. H. Johnson, W. Jared, sup.; 
Livingston Mission, Tsaac C.Woodward; Smith's Fork Circuit, E. Carr, A. 
Matthews, J. J. Foster, sup. ; Lebanon Station, W. D. F. Sawrie ; Lebanon Cir- 
cuit, E. J. Allen, A. J. Foster, S. Brewer, sup. 

Murfreesboro District. — S. S. Moody, P. E.; Murfreesboro Station, J. C. Mit- 
chell; Stone's River Circuit, J. A. Walkup, -L. Richardson; Caney Fork Cir- 
cuit, J. H.Mann; Short Mountain Circuit, J. B Hollis: Bedford Circuit, J. 

appenmxv 537 

Smftb r A. S. Kigff» e.GfPeen,. sup..; Stone's River A fufcan. Ww»f<5i»v A. Overall; 
Hickory Creek, C. McGuire, S. lassiter; Shelbyville Station,. J. G. Henning 

Pi^'^^M^^'J LlBC f ln ^cnit -B L^<Hmg,E,J.Dod«on; RockCreeli 
Circuit, A. McDonald, one to-be supplied, 

Hunt&vUlepKtrict.-ThoKMs Maddin, P.E,; Huntsville Station, J. E. Don«- 
lass,A^F.DrisknM, sup.; Madison Circuit, D. Phelps, F. H. Harris; Lime- 
ptone Circuit, J. . S. Davis ,. E. Rynum ; Athens Station, Q. W. Kelso ; Marshall 
Circuit; J Walston; Belletonte, L T.S. Sher*ill r R. Davidson; Winchester and 
McMmirville, J W. Perry; Winchester Circuit,. C. B. Faris, J. J. Pickett; 
Richland Circuit, ©. Va« JBuren, W. Burr; Hantsvjlle African Mission, to be 
supplied. r 

Florence District.— R. L. Andrews, P. E.;. Franklin Circuit, J. Bonelier, W. H, 
Wilkes; Lawrence Circuit, J. Moore r T.-B. Craighead; Chickasaw Circuit, J. 
«;u?i >es; £yR^ ss ' 9? rc !"^ A.T,Scwigg»; Wayne Circuit, C.B.Harris, J. W. 
Whitten; Buffalo Mission, N. A. D. Buy-ant, D. R. Hooker; Mount Pleasant 
Circuit, Justinian WiBliarais; Lawnenceburg Circuit, F. D. Wrather; Shoal Cir- 
cuit, T. D. Harwell, S. Record; Courtland Valley Mission, R. Ellis; Lagrange 
College, R. Paine, President; F.. G. Ferguson, Agent. 

Clarksville District.— G. W. Dye, P. E. ; Clarksville Station, E. C. Slater; 
Montgomery Circuit, J. F. Hughes ; Dover Circuit, J. D. Smith, G. W. Winn ; 
Wavorley Mission, T. N. Lanktord; Dixon Circuit, A. R. Dixon; Red River 
Circuit, M. Ramey, J. N. Nolan; White's Creek Circuit, J. Willis; Fountain 
Head Circuit, L. Adams. 

John Kelley, Agent for Sunday-schools. 

T. Stringfield, transferred teHoleton Conference. 

W. P, Nichols, transferred to Missouri Conference. 

B. H. Hubbard, P. P. Neely r E. J. Williams, E. &. Ragjin, W. P. Tinsley, 
and P. Yell, transferred to Memphis Conference. 

M. B. Lowrie, S. W. MoreJand, and Samuel Robbins, transferred to Arkansas 

G. McClintock, D. Fowler r and G. Hicks, transferred to Alabama Conference. 


Wytheville District.— T. K-Catlett, P. E.; Wytheville Circuit, C. D. Smith, J. 
Atkins; Pearisburg, John M. Crismond; Jeffersomville, William H.Rogers; 
Marion, R. Ganaway; Grayson, Jesse Childers; Jefferson, Daniel Payne; Tug 
Fork Mission, to be supplied. 

Abingdon District. — Samuel Patton, P. E.; Abingdon Circuit, J. S. Weaver, 
Thomas Wilkerson, sup.; Lebanon, O. F. Cunnyngham; Blountville, George 
Ekin; Jonesboro, W Gilmore, John D.Gibson; Elizabethtown, William L. 
Turner; Estilville, Thomas K. Harman; Ge&s River Mission, to be supplied; 
Emory and Henry College, Charles Collins and E.E.Wiley, Professors; T. 
Sullins, E. F. Sevier, and J. Grant, Agents. 

Greenville District. — D. Fleming, P. E. ; Green Circuit, G. F. Page, one to be 
supplied; Rogersville, W. B. Winton, T. K. Munsey; Newmarket, William S. 
Manson; Dandridge, Daniel B. Carter; Newport, George W. Alexander; 
Jonesville, John Gaston; Clinch River Mission, Hiram Tarter; Holston Semi- 
nary, A. H. Mathes, Principal; Rufus.M. Stevens, Agent. 

Knoxville District.— Creed Fulton, P. E.; Knoxville-Sfation, John M. Kelley; 
Knox Circuit, E. K. Hutsel; Maryville, Alexander N. Harris; Sevierville, J. 
Cumming; Tazewell, Wylie B. Murphy; Clinton, George W. Baker; Buffalo 
Mission, J. C. Derrick, one (o be supplied; George Horn, Agent for Preachers' 
Aid Society. 

Athens District.— T. Stringfield, P. E. ; Athens Circuit, R. W. Patty, Andrew 
C. Mitchell; Madisonville, Ira Falls; Philadelphia, Coleman Campbell; King- 
ston, William Rush, J. Bowman, sup. ; Washington, Leander Wilson; Pike- 
ville, Amos B. Broils; Jasper, A. M. Goodykoontz; Dade Mission, David 

Lafayette District.— J. B. Daughtry, P. E.; Cleveland, William Hicks; La- 
fayette, R. Reneau, Thomas Witten ; Springplace, William H. Hickey ; Ellijay 
Mission, John B. Corn; Blairsville Mission, Samuel A. Miller; Murphy Mis- 
sion, R. G. Ketron. , „ 

Ashville District.— D. R. McAnally, P. E. ; Ashville Circuit, F. M. Fanning; 
Franklin, Andrew Pickens; Reems's Creek, C. Stump; Waynesville, B. * . 
Wells; Greenville, to be supplied; Pickens Mission, Alexander Herron ; Lultan 
Mission, David Ring. 



Pontotoc District. — Mordecai Yell, P. E. ; Pontotoc Circuit, William L. 
Bonner; Coffeeville, O. E. Raglin, Daniel W. Garrard; Grenada, William B. 
Walker; Aberdeen Mission, John S. Williams; Fulton, William Maclin; Itta- 
woraba, Jonathan K. Hawkins; Oxford, E. J. Williams. 

Holly Springs District. — Malcom McPherson, P. E. ; Holly Springs Station, 
Philip P. Neely; Holly Springs Circuit, Wilson L. McAllister, Pleasant Yell ; 
Coldwater, Elisha Dodson, N.SulTivan; Moonlake Mission, Thomas D. Stroud ; 
Salem, Samuel R. Davidson; Tishomingo, Samuel B. Carson, H. H. Mont- 
gomery. * 

Memphis District. — John M. Holland, P. E. ; Memphis, Samuel Watson ; 
Somerville Circuit, David J. Allen, William A. Hamill; Somerville Station, 
Joseph Travis; Lagrange Circuit, John W. Ellis, Singleton J. Henderson, 
R. H. Jones, sup. ; Lagrange Station, A. C. Chisholm ; Randolph Circuit, 
Thomas L. Boswell; Purdy, Wesley W. Taylor, E. Tidwell, sup.; Somerville 
Mission, William M. McFerrin; Lagrange Mission, Thomas J. Neely; Agent 
for Lagrange College and for Sunday-schools, Lorenzo D. Mullins. 

Wesley District- — George W. D. Harris, P. E. ; Wesley, Arthur Davis, William 
G. Davidson; Hatchie, Thomas Joyner, John A. Wilcox; Jackson Station, 
Asbury Davidson; Jackson Circuit, William N. Morgan, Joseph Brooks; Hen- 
derson, James W. McFarland, John W. Walkup; Trenton Circuit, John A. Vin- 
cent, William D. Seott; Trenton Station, Benjamin H. Hubbard; Dyersburg, 
Robert M. Tarrant; Wesley Mission, William R. Dickey; Hatchie Mission, 
John Renshavv; Ripley Circuit, Thomas J. Lowrey. 

Paris District. — Thomas Smith, P. E. ; Paris Station, James Young; Paris 
Circuit, John P. Stanfield, William S. Jones, John F. Collins, aup. ; Dresden 
Circuit, Peter B. Hubbard, Thomas C. Nelson; Hickman, James M. Major, 
Daniel Mooney; Paducah, George E. Young, E. L. Raglin; Wadesboro, 
Benjamin Barham; Camden Mission, Isaac N. Manley; Reelfoot Mission, 
Jonathan White. 

E. Powell, transferred to Mississippi Conference. 

E. Cair, L. Richardson, and A. Matthews, transferred to Tennessee Con-